Yugoslavia S Bloody Collapse
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📒Yugoslavia S Bloody Collapse ✍ Christopher Bennett
✏Yugoslavia s Bloody Collapse Book Summary : Over the past two years, the entire world watched in horror as one of Europe's most stable countries plunged into an orgy of violence and bloodshed that has invoked comparisons to the Holocaust. Aside from empty threats and diplomatic hand wringing, the West has done little to stop the ethnic cleansing, the sieges, and the brutality that has characterized the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. Contrary to common wisdom, the hyper-violent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia is not simply and exclusively the product of inherent and irrational ethnic animosities and centuries of strife. In this engaging book, journalist Christopher Bennett traces the turning point to the 1987 struggle within the Serbian Communist party which was between adherents of a Serb nationalist ideology -embodied by Slobodan Milosevic- and the other Yugoslavs who clung to the vision of a multinational state. As soon as Milosevic gained the upper hand, he ruthlessly purged his rivals and launched a massive campaign of media indoctrination to stir up Serb nationalism. This new nationalism, which has repelled the world since 1991, is primarily Milosevic's creation and not merely the result of historical enmity. As a student at two different Yugoslav universities in the 1980's, Bennett witnessed firsthand many if the critical events which contributed to Yugoslavia's destruction. He renders an incisive and accessible history, covering the period from Tito's dictatorship to the present day.
📒Revolution And Change In Central And Eastern Europe ✍ Minton F. Goldman
✏Revolution and Change in Central and Eastern Europe Book Summary : A comprehensive introduction to the nations of Central and Eastern Europe and their shared and divergent experiences of post-communist transition to free-market democracies. The first part of the book describes the communist system introduced throughout the region after World War II and the causes of the system's ultimate collapse. Detailed chapters on each country of the region describe --the particular features of the country's communist regime and its collapse; --the country's response to four post-communist challenges: (1) creating democratic political institutions; (2) economic liberalization; (3) achieving social accord; (4) reorienting relations with the world, and in particular with neighboring states; --the social stresses and dislocations associated with system change; ethnic conflict; job insecurity; family and gender relations; environmental degradation. A concluding section sums up the commonalities and patterns characterizing post-communist development and the scope and significance of increased diversity in the region.
📒The Breakup Of Yugoslavia And Its Aftermath ✍ Carole Rogel
✏The Breakup of Yugoslavia and Its Aftermath Book Summary : Rogel examines the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, the war in Bosnia, the peace settlement, and the problems that continue to exist in Bosnia and Serbia today.
📒Liberated Cinema ✍ Daniel J. Goulding
✏Liberated Cinema Book Summary : Originally published in 1985, Liberated Cinema: The Yugoslav Experience received the first annual "Close-up" award from the Yugoslav Film Institute in 1986 for "outstanding scholarship and for promoting the values of Yugoslav film art internationally." This new edition has been revised and updated throughout. It has been expanded to complete the story of the new Yugoslav cinema of the 1980s and to address major film developments that have taken place in the former Yugoslavia's five successor states. As in his analysis of past periods of Yugoslav cinema, Goulding situates the most recent developments within the context of film economics, state subsidies, and changing patterns of political control. Most significantly, however, he provides an insightful discussion of the ways in which critically important domestic feature films produced or co-produced from 1991 to 2001 reflect on recent brutal internecine warfare and other contemporary social, cultural, and political realities after the breakup of Yugoslavia.
📒Yugoslavia As History ✍ John R. Lampe
✏Yugoslavia as History Book Summary : An authoritative history of Yugoslavia with a new chapter on the ethnic wars in Croatia and Bosnia, and Kosovo.
📒Separatism ✍ Metta Spencer
✏Separatism Book Summary : This book offers a comparative view of nine historic separatist movements, some of which have achieved the break-up of an empire or a state, and others that to date have not. The authors analyze the long term effects of secession: after partition, ethnic strife typically continues for generations; minorities decline in status; and democracy and human rights are derogated.
📒Power To The People ✍ Robert K Schaeffer
✏Power To The People Book Summary : Since 1974, more than thirty countries around the world have democratized. The fall of dictators on both sides of the Cold War divide was triggered by regional economic crises and compounded by different political problems: the death of a dictator, defeat in war, or popular protest. The civilians who replaced dictators, juntas, and one-party regimes extended power to people long excluded from politics. They also set about restoring civil society and reviving moribund economies. Power to the People, after documenting the emergence of a new interstate system and the Cold War that divided it in the postwar period, examines the factors that led to the process of democratization in countries around the world, including regimes in southern European countries in the 1970s and those in Latin America and the Philippines during the 1980s. During the late 1980s, Schaeffer documents how communist regimes in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe struggled with stagnant economies, inflation, and mounting debt. Soviet efforts to reform the economy triggered a crisis first for dictators in Eastern Europe and then a crisis in the former Soviet Union itself, developments that in 1989 led to rapid democratization throughout the region. In South Africa, economic problems related to debt and divestment, as well as the political turmoil caused by black protest, created a crisis for apartheid, leading to black majority rule by 1994.While economic crises contributed to political change in many cases, it did not result in democratization everywhere. Power to the People explains why regimes in Mexico, Cuba, China, Vietnam, and North Korea survived despite shared economic crises, and why democratization in the former Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and the former Soviet Union led also to division. Schaeffer contends that even though after taking power, democratic leaders around the world rewrote constitutions, held multi-party elections to restore civil society, and made economic reforms, these solutions may not solve problems that had different regional origins. He concludes this fascinating and readable book by looking ahead to the future and assessing the prospects and problems of democratizing states.
📒Collective Violence ✍ Craig Summers
✏Collective Violence Book Summary : This collection presents a range of theoretical and disciplinary approaches to the subject of collective violence. The distinguished contributors investigate the factors that contribute to the social context of violence, and examine the ways of thinking that allow participation in harmful activities.
📒Countering Terrorism ✍ Michael Chandler
✏Countering Terrorism Book Summary : Five years after 9/11, we question whether or not terrorist activity has actually decreased. Terrorist networks still span the globe and, some argue, they are more powerful than ever. Yet in this era of rigid security and U.S.-led wars on multiple continents, countries are at odds about how to deal with the looming threat—and chaotic aftermath—of terrorist acts. In Countering Terrorism, Rohan Gunaratna and Michael Chandler sift through political commentary, military maneuvering, and the tangled web of international diplomacy to put us on alert: The world has missed a prime opportunity to crush terrorism. Chandler and Gunaratna are among the world’s foremost experts on international terrorism, having logged between them over forty years of firsthand experience in the field and planning rooms, analyzing and dealing with an unceasing succession of terrorist threats and conflicts. Chandler and Gunaratna employ their unparalleled expertise to probe the catastrophic attacks so indelibly seared into the history of the early twenty-first century, from 9/11 to the Madrid bombings to deadly strikes in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Palestine, and elsewhere. They ask the hard questions we never hear on nightly newscasts: Why has the overall response to terrorism after 9/11 been “so abysmal, slow, piecemeal, and to a large extent far from effective?” Why have some countries, despite international criticism, disregarded universally accepted humanitarian norms when handling the prosecution of terrorist suspects? By allowing politics to trump the need for trans-national cooperation, the authors contend, the international community—and particularly the United States—has squandered an opportunity to combat terrorism with a united and powerful force. Thus what should have been a watershed moment in international relations vanished as effective long-term policies were shunned in favor of short-term political expediency. From arguing the Iraq War has been a “strategic defeat” to Afghanistan’s struggle against the Taliban to the rapidly growing geopolitical role of Iran, Countering Terrorism investigates the reality of the changes that followed the bombings and attacks and examines global terrorism from every angle, including the social and economic underpinnings of terror networks. Scholars, experts, and citizens have appealed for a re-evaluation of today’s increasingly ineffective “War on Terror” policies, and Chandler and Gunaratna answer this call with clear and concise proposals for future dealings with global terrorism. The projected end results of the wars, terrorist attacks, and political upheavals tearing nations apart today are rarely anything but bleak. But Countering Terrorism challenges today’s chaotic status quo, offering penetrating analysis and a radically new perspective essential to grappling with the complexities of terrorist activity and counterintelligence today. "A timely book that fills a lacuna in the counter-terrorism literature and has to be on the bookshelf of any decision-maker, scholar, student and anyone who is interested in understanding the current and the future trends of international terrorism and the strategies that has to be taken to combat this threat."--Dr. Boaz Ganor, author of The Counter-Terrorism Puzzle: A Guide for Decisionmakers
📒Nordic Central And Southeastern Europe 2008 ✍ Wayne C. Thompson
✏Nordic Central and Southeastern Europe 2008 Book Summary :