Ultracold Bosonic And Fermionic Gases

Ultracold Bosonic And Fermionic Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Bosonic and Fermionic Gases
✏Author : Kathy Levin
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2012-11-15
✏Pages : 260
✏ISBN : 9780444538628
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Bosonic and Fermionic Gases Book Summary : The rapidly developing topic of ultracold atoms has many actual and potential applications for condensed-matter science, and the contributions to this book emphasize these connections. Ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases are introduced at a level appropriate for first-year graduate students and non-specialists such as more mature general physicists. The reader will find answers to questions like: how are experiments conducted and how are the results interpreted? What are the advantages and limitations of ultracold atoms in studying many-body physics? How do experiments on ultracold atoms facilitate novel scientific opportunities relevant to the condensed-matted community? This volume seeks to be comprehensible rather than comprehensive; it aims at the level of a colloquium, accessible to outside readers, containing only minimal equations and limited references. In large part, it relies on many beautiful experiments from the past fifteen years and their very fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas. In this particular context, phenomena most relevant to condensed-matter science have been emphasized. Introduces ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases at a level appropriate for non-specialists Discusses landmark experiments and their fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas Comprehensible rather than comprehensive, containing only minimal equations

📒Ultra Cold Fermi Gases ✍ M. Inguscio

Ultra Cold Fermi Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultra cold Fermi Gases
✏Author : M. Inguscio
✏Publisher : IOS Press
✏Release Date : 2008-04-18
✏Pages : 932
✏ISBN : 9781607503187
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultra cold Fermi Gases Book Summary : The field of cold atomic gases faced a revolution in 1995 when Bose-Einstein condensation was achieved. Since then, there has been an impressive progress, both experimental and theoretical. The quest for ultra-cold Fermi gases started shortly after the 1995 discovery, and quantum degeneracy in a gas of fermionic atoms was obtained in 1999. The Pauli exclusion principle plays a crucial role in many aspects of ultra-cold Fermi gases, including inhibited interactions with applications to precision measurements, and strong correlations. The path towards strong interactions and pairing of fermions opened up with the discovery in 2003 that molecules formed by fermions near a Feshbach resonance were surprisingly stable against inelastic decay, but featured strong elastic interactions. This remarkable combination was explained by the Pauli exclusion principle and the fact that only inelastic collisions require three fermions to come close to each other. The unexpected stability of strongly interacting fermions and fermion pairs triggered most of the research which was presented at this summer school. It is remarkable foresight (or good luck) that the first steps to organize this summer school were already taken before this discovery. It speaks for the dynamics of the field how dramatically it can change course when new insight is obtained. The contributions in this volume provide a detailed coverage of the experimental techniques for the creation and study of Fermi quantum gases, as well as the theoretical foundation for understanding the properties of these novel systems.

Many Body Physics With Ultracold Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Many Body Physics with Ultracold Gases
✏Author : Christophe Salomon
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages : 345
✏ISBN : 9780199661886
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Many Body Physics with Ultracold Gases Book Summary : This book provides authoritative tutorials on the most recent achievements in the field of quantum gases at the interface between atomic physics and quantum optics, condensed matter physics, nuclear and high-energy physics, non-linear physics, and quantum information.

Proceedings Of The Xviii International Conference Book PDF
✏Book Title : Proceedings of the XVIII International Conference
✏Author : Leo William Hollberg
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 319
✏ISBN : 9789812813190
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Proceedings of the XVIII International Conference Book Summary : The eighteenth International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy was held on 24-29 June 2007 in Telluride, Colorado. In keeping with its rich tradition, ICOLS-07 was truly an international gathering with 173 delegates and 34 accompanying guests from 21 countries (Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, and the United States).This volume presents the invited talks comprising the technical program of the Conference, arranged in the general topic areas of degenerate quantum gases, quantum information and control, precision measurements, fundamental physics and applications, ultra-fast control and spectroscopy, novel spectroscopic applications, spectroscopy on the small scale, cold atoms and molecules, single atoms and quantum optics, and optical atomic clocks. The vibrant exchange of ideas provided the real strength and foundation of the Conference, especially in areas of the ever-expanding field of laser spectroscopy.

Ultracold Gases In Two Dimensions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Gases in Two Dimensions
✏Author : L. K. Lim
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:847830568
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Gases in Two Dimensions Book Summary :

Ultracold Gases And Quantum Information Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information
✏Author : Christian Miniatura
✏Publisher : OUP Oxford
✏Release Date : 2011-05-05
✏Pages : 668
✏ISBN : 9780191621239
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information Book Summary : In recent years, there has been much synergy between the exciting areas of quantum information science and ultracold atoms. This volume, as part of the proceedings for the XCI session of Les Houches School of Physics (held for the first time outside Europe in Singapore) brings together experts in both fields. The theme of the school focused on two principal topics: quantum information science and ultracold atomic physics. The topics range from Bose Einstein Condensates to Degenerate Fermi Gases to fundamental concepts in Quantum Information Sciences, including some special topics on Quantum Hall Effects, Quantum Phase Transition, Interactions in Quantum Fluids, Disorder and Interference Phenomenoma, Trapped Ions and Atoms, and Quantum Optical Devices.

Functional Renormalization And Ultracold Quantum Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Functional Renormalization and Ultracold Quantum Gases
✏Author : Stefan Flörchinger
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2010-09-14
✏Pages : 202
✏ISBN : 3642141137
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Functional Renormalization and Ultracold Quantum Gases Book Summary : Modern techniques from quantum field theory are applied in this work to the description of ultracold quantum gases. This leads to a unified description of many phenomena including superfluidity for bosons and fermions, classical and quantum phase transitions, different dimensions, thermodynamic properties and few-body phenomena as bound state formation or the Efimov effect. The non-perturbative treatment with renormalization group flow equations can account for all known limiting cases by solving one single equation. It improves previous results quantitatively and brings qualitatively new insights. As an example, new quantum phase transitions are found for fermions with three spin states. Ultracold atomic gases can be seen as an interesting model for features of high energy physics and for condensed matter theory. The research reported in this thesis helps to solve the difficult complexity problem in modern theoretical physics.

From Atom Optics To Quantum Simulation Book PDF
✏Book Title : From Atom Optics to Quantum Simulation
✏Author : Sebastian Will
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-15
✏Pages : 258
✏ISBN : 9783642336331
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏From Atom Optics to Quantum Simulation Book Summary : This thesis explores ultracold quantum gases of bosonic and fermionic atoms in optical lattices. The highly controllable experimental setting discussed in this work, has opened the door to new insights into static and dynamical properties of ultracold quantum matter. One of the highlights reported here is the development and application of a novel time-resolved spectroscopy technique for quantum many-body systems. By following the dynamical evolution of a many-body system after a quantum quench, the author shows how the important energy scales of the underlying Hamiltonian can be measured with high precision. This achievement, its application, and many other exciting results make this thesis of interest to a broad audience ranging from quantum optics to condensed matter physics. A lucid style of writing accompanied by a series of excellent figures make the work accessible to readers outside the rapidly growing research field of ultracold atoms.

Probing Correlated Quantum Many Body Systems At The Single Particle Level Book PDF
✏Book Title : Probing Correlated Quantum Many Body Systems at the Single Particle Level
✏Author : Manuel Endres
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business
✏Release Date : 2014-04-26
✏Pages : 165
✏ISBN : 9783319057538
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Probing Correlated Quantum Many Body Systems at the Single Particle Level Book Summary : How much knowledge can we gain about a physical system and to what degree can we control it? In quantum optical systems, such as ion traps or neutral atoms in cavities, single particles and their correlations can now be probed in a way that is fundamentally limited only by the laws of quantum mechanics. In contrast, quantum many-body systems pose entirely new challenges due to the enormous number of microscopic parameters and their small length- and short time-scales. This thesis describes a new approach to probing quantum many-body systems at the level of individual particles: Using high-resolution, single-particle-resolved imaging and manipulation of strongly correlated atoms, single atoms can be detected and manipulated due to the large length and time-scales and the precise control of internal degrees of freedom. Such techniques lay stepping stones for the experimental exploration of new quantum many-body phenomena and applications thereof, such as quantum simulation and quantum information, through the design of systems at the microscopic scale and the measurement of previously inaccessible observables.

Atoms Molecules And Optical Physics 1 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Atoms Molecules and Optical Physics 1
✏Author : Ingolf V. Hertel
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-10-24
✏Pages : 689
✏ISBN : 9783642543227
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Atoms Molecules and Optical Physics 1 Book Summary : This is the first volume of textbooks on atomic, molecular and optical physics, aiming at a comprehensive presentation of this highly productive branch of modern physics as an indispensable basis for many areas in physics and chemistry as well as in state of the art bio- and material-sciences. It primarily addresses advanced students (including PhD students), but in a number of selected subject areas the reader is lead up to the frontiers of present research. Thus even the active scientist is addressed. This volume 1 provides the canonical knowledge in atomic physics together with basics of modern spectroscopy. Starting from the fundamentals of quantum physics, the reader is familiarized in well structured chapters step by step with the most important phenomena, models and measuring techniques. The emphasis is always on the experiment and its interpretation, while the necessary theory is introduced from this perspective in a compact and occasionally somewhat heuristic manner, easy to follow even for beginners.

📒Ultracold Quantum Fields ✍ Henk T. C. Stoof

Ultracold Quantum Fields Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Quantum Fields
✏Author : Henk T. C. Stoof
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-11-30
✏Pages : 485
✏ISBN : 9781402087639
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Quantum Fields Book Summary : On June 19th 1999, the European Ministers of Education signed the Bologna Dec laration, with which they agreed that the European university education should be uniformized throughout Europe and based on the two cycle bachelor master’s sys tem. The Institute for Theoretical Physics at Utrecht University quickly responded to this new challenge and created an international master’s programme in Theoret ical Physics which started running in the summer of 2000. At present, the master’s programme is a so called prestige master at Utrecht University, and it aims at train ing motivated students to become sophisticated researchers in theoretical physics. The programme is built on the philosophy that modern theoretical physics is guided by universal principles that can be applied to any sub?eld of physics. As a result, the basis of the master’s programme consists of the obligatory courses Statistical Field Theory and Quantum Field Theory. These focus in particular on the general concepts of quantum ?eld theory, rather than on the wide variety of possible applica tions. These applications are left to optional courses that build upon the ?rm concep tual basis given in the obligatory courses. The subjects of these optional courses in clude, for instance, Strongly Correlated Electrons, Spintronics, Bose Einstein Con densation, The Standard Model, Cosmology, and String Theory.

Tunneling Dynamics In Open Ultracold Bosonic Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Tunneling Dynamics in Open Ultracold Bosonic Systems
✏Author : Axel U. J. Lode
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-07-22
✏Pages : 139
✏ISBN : 9783319070858
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Tunneling Dynamics in Open Ultracold Bosonic Systems Book Summary : This thesis addresses the intriguing topic of the quantum tunnelling of many-body systems such as Bose-Einstein condensates. Despite the enormous amount of work on the tunneling of a single particle through a barrier, we know very little about how a system made of several or of many particles tunnels through a barrier to open space. The present work uses numerically exact solutions of the time-dependent many-boson Schrödinger equation to explore the rich physics of the tunneling to open space process in ultracold bosonic particles that are initially prepared as a Bose-Einstein condensate and subsequently allowed to tunnel through a barrier to open space. The many-body process is built up from concurrently occurring single particle processes that are characterized by different momenta. These momenta correspond to the chemical potentials of systems with decreasing particle number. The many-boson process exhibits exciting collective phenomena: the escaping particles fragment and lose their coherence with the source and among each other, whilst correlations build up within the system. The detailed understanding of the many-body process is used to devise and test a scheme to control the final state, momentum distributions and even the correlation dynamics of the tunneling process.

Vortex Structures In Ultra Cold Atomic Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Vortex Structures in Ultra Cold Atomic Gases
✏Author : Nick Verhelst
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1154216225
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Vortex Structures in Ultra Cold Atomic Gases Book Summary : In this chapter a basic introduction to the theory of vortices in ultra-cold (superfluid) atomic gases is given. The main focus will be on bosonic atomic gases, since these contain the same basic physics, but with simpler formulas. Towards the end of the chapter, the difference between bosonic and fermionic atomic gases is discussed. This discussion will allow the reader to make the conceptual step from bosonic to fermionic gases, while pinpointing the main differences and difficulties when working with fermionic gases rather than bosonic gases. The goal of this chapter is to provide a good and general starting point for researchers, or other interested parties, who wish to start exploring the physics of ultra-cold gases.

Cfn Lectures On Functional Nanostructures Volume 2 Book PDF
✏Book Title : CFN Lectures on Functional Nanostructures Volume 2
✏Author : Christian Röthig
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2011-08-24
✏Pages : 178
✏ISBN : 9783642143762
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏CFN Lectures on Functional Nanostructures Volume 2 Book Summary : This series of books contains selected and edited lectures from summer schools organized by the Center for Functional nanostructures (CFN) at the University of Karlsruhe. The mission of the CFN is to carry out research in the following areas: nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, molecular nanostructures and nanostructured materials. The aim of the summer schools is mainly to exchange new ideas and illustrate emerging research methodologies through a series of topical, introductory lectures. This is reflected by both the selection of topics addressed in the present volume, nanoelectronics, as well as the tutorial aspect of the contributions.

Atomic Physics Precise Measurements And Ultracold Matter Book PDF
✏Book Title : Atomic Physics Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter
✏Author : Massimo Inguscio
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2013-09-19
✏Pages : 331
✏ISBN : 9780198525844
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Atomic Physics Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter Book Summary : This book illustrates the frontiers of precise measurements in Atomic Physics. It is written in an introductory style, which makes it useful for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as for more experienced researchers who want to remain up-to-date with the most recent advances. The book focuses on experimental investigations, illustrating both milestone experiments and key experimental techniques, and discussing the results and perspectives ofcurrent research activities. Emphasis is put on the investigations of precision physics: from the determination of fundamental constants of Nature to tests of General Relativity and QuantumElectrodynamics, from the realization of ultra-stable atomic clocks to the precise simulation of condensed matter theories with ultracold gases.

Ultracold Bose And Fermi Dipolar Gases A Quantum Monte Carlo Study Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Bose and Fermi Dipolar Gases a Quantum Monte Carlo Study
✏Author : Raúl Bombín Escudero
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2020
✏Pages : 158
✏ISBN : OCLC:1151055573
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Bose and Fermi Dipolar Gases a Quantum Monte Carlo Study Book Summary : The object of study of this thesis are dipolar systems in the quantum degenerate regime. In general, dealing with many-body systems and evaluating their properties requires to deal with the the Schrödinger equation. In the present study we employ different Monte Carlo methods that allow to find numerical solutions to it by employing a set of stochastic techniques. The simplest one that we introduce corresponds to the Variational Monte Carlo (VMC) method, that despite its simplicity, allows to obtain variational solutions to the many-body problem. A more accurate description is provided by Diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC), that provides exact solutions for the ground state of the system when dealing with bosons. We continue presenting two methods that rely on the Feynman's path integral formalism of quantum mechanics: Path Integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) and Path Integral Ground State (PIGS), that provide exact solutions for the bosonic problem at finite and zero temperature respectively. In order to work with fermionic systems, as we do in chapter 4 of this thesis, the DMC algorithm has to be modified with the Fixed-Node (FN) approximation, what alows to avoid the sign problem. Doing so, the results obtained with DMC correspond to variational upper bounds to the energy.In chapter 3 we study the superfluid properties of a system of dipolar bosons that are fully polarized and in which the atoms are restricted to move in the plane. We also consider that all the dipolar moments form a certain tilting angle with the axis perpendicular to the plane, what allows to introduce anisotropy in the system. The phase diagram at zero temperature of this system reveals the existence of three different phases: gas, stripe and solid. Here we focus on the characterization of the superfluid properties across that phase diagram. Our calculations allow to address the question of whether the stripe phase of this system could be a candidate for the supersolid, a system that simultaneously exhibit spatial long-range order and superfluidity. By the employment of DMC and PIGS, we report finite supefluid and condensate fractions, both in the gas and the stripe phases. Then, the study is completed by performing finite temperature calculations, where the use of PIMC allows to characterize the BKT transition and to report the critical temperature at which it occurs in the different phases. Finally, by direct comparison with the predictions of the Luttinger Liquid theory, we explicitly show that the stripe phase can not be described as an ensemble of 1D isolated systems.In chapter 4, we study the fermionic dipolar system in two dimensions, focusing in the case in which all dipoles are polarized along the direction, that in this case is chosen to be the one perpendicular to the plane containing their movement. We compute the equation of state of the system in a wide range of interaction parameters. In the low density regime, the comparison of our results for the dipolar model with those of a hard-disks one allows to determine the regime of universality. On the other hand, at higher densities ( and before crystallization), we discuss the issue of itinerant ferromagnetism, that is, the possibility of having a polarized phase as the ground state of the system. The repulsive Fermi polaron with dipolar interaction, that corresponds to the limit of ultralow concentration of impurities embebed in a fermionic bath is also studied. Here we determine the regime of universality for this problem and compute observables that allow to discuss the validity of the quasi-particle picture.In the last part of the thesis, the formation of ultra-dilute dipolar droplets is studied. Our results are in agreement with experimental measurements performed with dysprosium atoms. On the other hand, the evaluation of their differences with the prediction of the extended Gross-Pitaevskii equation makes it possible to determine the limits of the mean-field approach to this problem.

Postconference Digest Book PDF
✏Book Title : Postconference Digest
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015058745822
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Postconference Digest Book Summary :

Cold And Ultracold Molecules Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cold and Ultracold Molecules
✏Author : Philip Earis
✏Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 488
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105131250362
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cold and Ultracold Molecules Book Summary : "There have been enormous recent advances in our ability to produce and trap samples of translationally cold molecules (below 1 K) and ultracold molecules (below 1 mK). Molecules such as NH3, OH and NH have been cooled from room temperature to the milliKelvin regime by a variety of methods including buffer-gas cooling and Stark deceleration. Molecules have also been produced in ultracold atomic gases by photoassociation and magnetoassociation of pairs of atoms. Bose-Einstein condensates have been produced for dimers of both bosonic and fermionic alkali metal atoms, and the first signatures of ultracold triatomic and tetraatomic molecules have been observed. The new capabilities open up many exciting prospects, including: the study of collision processes in unprecedented detail using cooled or velocity-controlled species; the use of cold molecules in high-precision measurement to observe fundamentally important quantities; the production of quantum gases of dipolar molecules, which would exhibit many new properties; the use of cold molecules as qubits in quantum computing; and controlled ultracold chemistry, in which controlled chemical changes are achieved coherently for large samples using external fields."--Publisher's description.

Dynamics And Thermodynamics Of Systems With Long Range Interactions Theory And Experiments Book PDF
✏Book Title : Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Systems with Long Range Interactions Theory and Experiments
✏Author : Alessandro Campa
✏Publisher : American Institute of Physics
✏Release Date : 2008-01-17
✏Pages : 364
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822036080810
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Systems with Long Range Interactions Theory and Experiments Book Summary : The workshop was about the developments of the thermodynamical and dynamical behavior of many-body systems in which the interactions decay very slowly with the distance: they present very strange properties, not found in the other systems. The possibility of testing the theoretical ideas in laboratory systems was the most innovative issue.

Proceedings Of The 240 Conference Book PDF
✏Book Title : Proceedings of the 240 Conference
✏Author : Aaron R. Dinner
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-11-06
✏Pages : 368
✏ISBN : 9781118959619
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Proceedings of the 240 Conference Book Summary : Based on the '240' Conference held at the University of Chicagoin September of 2012, this special volume of The Advances inChemical Physics series celebrates scientific researchcontributions and careers of R. Stephen Berry, Stuart A. Rice andJoshua Jortner. In addition to continuing the chemicalphysics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluationsof advances in the discipline, Volume 157 exploresthe following topics: The Emergence and Breakdown of Complexity Dynamics at Extremes Grand Questions Regarding Biomolecular Homochirality in the Originand Evolution of Life The book: celebrates the scientific research contributions andcareers of R. Stephen Berry, Stuart A. Rice and Joshua Jortner contributes to the only series available that presents thecutting edge of research in chemical physics includes contributions from experts in this field ofresearch structured with an editorial framework that makes the book anexcellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physicalchemistry or chemical physics

Bose Einstein Condensation And Superfluidity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bose Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity
✏Author : Lev. P. Pitaevskii
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016-01-21
✏Pages : 512
✏ISBN : 9780198758884
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bose Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity Book Summary : Ultracold atomic gases is a rapidly developing area of physics that attracts many young researchers around the world. Written by world renowned experts in the field, this book gives a comprehensive overview of exciting developments in Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity from a theoretical perspective. The authors also make sense of key experiments from the past twenty years with a special focus on the physics of ultracold atomic gases. These systems are characterized by a rich variety of features which make them similar to other important systems of condensed matter physics (like superconductors and superfluids). At the same time they exhibit very peculiar properties which are the result of their gaseous nature, the possibility of trapping in a variety of low dimensional and periodical configurations, and of manipulating the two-body interaction. The book presents a systematic theoretical description based on the most successful many-body approaches applied both to bosons and fermions, at equilibrium and out of equilibrium, at zero as well as at finite temperature. Both theorists and experimentalists will benefit from the book, which is mainly addressed to beginners in the field (master students, PhD students, young postdocs), but also to more experienced researchers who can find in the book novel inspirations and motivations as well as new insightful connections. Building on the authors' first book, Bose-Einstein Condensation (Oxford University Press, 2003), this text offers a more systematic description of Fermi gases, quantum mixtures, low dimensional systems and dipolar gases. It also gives further emphasis on the peculiar phenomenon of superfluidity and its key role in many observable properties of these ultracold quantum gases.

Ultracold Atoms In Optical Lattices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices
✏Author : Maciej Lewenstein
✏Publisher : OUP Oxford
✏Release Date : 2012-03-08
✏Pages : 496
✏ISBN : 9780191627439
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices Book Summary : Quantum computers, though not yet available on the market, will revolutionize the future of information processing. Quantum computers for special purposes like quantum simulators are already within reach. The physics of ultracold atoms, ions and molecules offer unprecedented possibilities of control of quantum many body systems and novel possibilities of applications to quantum information processing and quantum metrology. Particularly fascinating is the possibility of using ultracold atoms in lattices to simulate condensed matter or even high energy physics. This book provides a complete and comprehensive overview of ultracold lattice gases as quantum simulators. It opens up an interdisciplinary field involving atomic, molecular and optical physics, quantum optics, quantum information, condensed matter and high energy physics. The book includes some introductory chapters on basic concepts and methods, and then focuses on the physics of spinor, dipolar, disordered, and frustrated lattice gases. It reviews in detail the physics of artificial lattice gauge fields with ultracold gases. The last part of the book covers simulators of quantum computers. After a brief course in quantum information theory, the implementations of quantum computation with ultracold gases are discussed, as well as our current understanding of condensed matter from a quantum information perspective.

Quantum World Of Ultra Cold Atoms And Light The Book Iii Ultra Cold Atoms Book PDF
✏Book Title : Quantum World Of Ultra cold Atoms And Light The Book Iii Ultra cold Atoms
✏Author : Gardiner Crispin W
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2017-09-07
✏Pages : 584
✏ISBN : 9781786344199
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Quantum World Of Ultra cold Atoms And Light The Book Iii Ultra cold Atoms Book Summary :

📒Atomica Physics 20 ✍ Christian Roos

Atomica Physics 20 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Atomica Physics 20
✏Author : Christian Roos
✏Publisher : American Institute of Physics
✏Release Date : 2006-12-05
✏Pages : 316
✏ISBN : 0735403678
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Atomica Physics 20 Book Summary : The 20th International Conference on Atomic Physics brought together more than 800 scientists discussing the most recent advances in atomic physics. Among other topics, this book covers new trends in quantum information, the physics of cold degenerate gases, cold molecules and precision measurements discussed by experts in the respective fields.

The Bcs Bec Crossover And The Unitary Fermi Gas Book PDF
✏Book Title : The BCS BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas
✏Author : Wilhelm Zwerger
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-10-22
✏Pages : 532
✏ISBN : 9783642219771
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The BCS BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas Book Summary : Recent experimental and theoretical progress has elucidated the tunable crossover, in ultracold Fermi gases, from BCS-type superconductors to BEC-type superfluids. The BCS-BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas is a collaborative effort by leading international experts to provide an up-to-date introduction and a comprehensive overview of current research in this fast-moving field. It is now understood that the unitary regime that lies right in the middle of the crossover has remarkable universal properties, arising from scale invariance, and has connections with fields as diverse as nuclear physics and string theory. This volume will serve as a first point of reference for active researchers in the field, and will benefit the many non-specialists and graduate students who require a self-contained, approachable exposition of the subject matter.

Quantum Matter At Ultralow Temperatures Book PDF
✏Book Title : Quantum Matter at Ultralow Temperatures
✏Author : M. Inguscio
✏Publisher : IOS Press
✏Release Date : 2016-09-27
✏Pages : 592
✏ISBN : 9781614996941
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Quantum Matter at Ultralow Temperatures Book Summary : The Enrico Fermi summer school on Quantum Matter at Ultralow Temperatures held on 7-15 July 2014 at Varenna, Italy, featured important frontiers in the field of ultracold atoms. For the last 25 years, this field has undergone dramatic developments, which were chronicled by several Varenna summer schools, in 1991 on Laser Manipulation of Atoms, in 1998 on Bose-Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases, and in 2006 on Ultra-cold Fermi Gases. The theme of the 2014 school demonstrates that the field has now branched out into many different directions, where the tools and precision of atomic physics are used to realise new quantum systems, or in other words, to quantum-engineer interesting Hamiltonians. The topics of the school identify major new directions: Quantum gases with long range interactions, either due to strong magnetic dipole forces, due to Rydberg excitations, or, for polar molecules, due to electric dipole interactions; quantum gases in lower dimensions; quantum gases with disorder; atoms in optical lattices, now with single-site optical resolution; systems with non-trivial topological properties, e.g. with spin-orbit coupling or in artificial gauge fields; quantum impurity problems (Bose and Fermi polarons); quantum magnetism. Fermi gases with strong interactions, spinor Bose-Einstein condensates and coupled multi-component Bose gases or Bose-Fermi mixtures continue to be active areas. The current status of several of these areas is systematically summarized in this volume.

Journal Of The Physical Society Of Japan Book PDF
✏Book Title : Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015085199126
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Journal of the Physical Society of Japan Book Summary :

📒Quantum Gases ✍ Nick Proukakis

Quantum Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Quantum Gases
✏Author : Nick Proukakis
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages : 554
✏ISBN : 9781848168121
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Quantum Gases Book Summary : This volume provides a broad overview of the principal theoretical techniques applied to non-equilibrium and finite temperature quantum gases. Covering Bose-Einstein condensates, degenerate Fermi gases, and the more recently realised exciton-polariton condensates, it fills a gap by linking between different methods with origins in condensed matter physics, quantum field theory, quantum optics, atomic physics, and statistical mechanics.

📒Bose Einstein Condensation In Atomic Gases ✍ Società italiana di fisica

Bose Einstein Condensation In Atomic Gases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bose Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases
✏Author : Società italiana di fisica
✏Publisher : IOS Press
✏Release Date : 1999
✏Pages : 664
✏ISBN : 9781614992257
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bose Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases Book Summary : Although first proposed by Einstein in 1924, Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in a gas was not achieved until 1995 when, using a combination of laser cooling and trapping, and magnetic trapping and evaporation, it was first observed in rubidium and then in lithium and sodium, cooled down to extremely low temperatures. This book brought together many leaders in both theory and experiment on Bose-Einstein condensation in gases. Their lectures provided a detailed coverage of the experimental techniques for the creation and study of BEC, as well as the theoretical foundation for understanding the properties of this novel system. This volume provides the first systematic review of the field and the many developments that have taken place in the past three years.

Quantum Gas Experiments Exploring Many Body States Book PDF
✏Book Title : Quantum Gas Experiments Exploring Many body States
✏Author : Torma Paivi
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2014-09-16
✏Pages : 340
✏ISBN : 9781783264773
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Quantum Gas Experiments Exploring Many body States Book Summary : Quantum phenomena of many-particle systems are fascinating in their complexity and are consequently not fully understood and largely untapped in terms of practical applications. Ultracold gases provide a unique platform to build up model systems of quantum many-body physics with highly controlled microscopic constituents. In this way, many-body quantum phenomena can be investigated with an unprecedented level of precision, and control and models that cannot be solved with present day computers may be studied using ultracold gases as a quantum simulator.This book addresses the need for a comprehensive description of the most important advanced experimental methods and techniques that have been developed along with the theoretical framework in a clear and applicable format. The focus is on methods that are especially crucial in probing and understanding the many-body nature of the quantum phenomena in ultracold gases and most topics are covered both from a theoretical and experimental viewpoint, with interrelated chapters written by experts from both sides of research.Graduate students and post-doctoral researches working on ultracold gases will benefit from this book, as well as researchers from other fields who wish to gain an overview of the recent fascinating developments in this very dynamically evolving field. Sufficient level of both detailed high level research and a pedagogical approach is maintained throughout the book so as to be of value to those entering the field as well as advanced researchers. Furthermore, both experimentalists and theorists will benefit from the book; close collaboration between the two are continuously driving the field to a very high level and will be strengthened to continue the important progress yet to be made in the field.