They Came Before Columbus

📒They Came Before Columbus ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

They Came Before Columbus Book PDF
✏Book Title : They Came Before Columbus
✏Author : Ivan Van Sertima
✏Publisher : Random House Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 284
✏ISBN : UCSC:32106017436624
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏They Came Before Columbus Book Summary : Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

They Came Before Columbus The African Presence In Ancient America Book PDF
✏Book Title : They Came Before Columbus The African Presence in Ancient America
✏Author : Ivan Van Sertima
✏Publisher : African classicals
✏Release Date : 2020-02-20
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏They Came Before Columbus The African Presence in Ancient America Book Summary : They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

📒Early America Revisited ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

Early America Revisited Book PDF
✏Book Title : Early America Revisited
✏Author : Ivan Van Sertima
✏Publisher : Transaction Publishers
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 209
✏ISBN : 0765804638
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Early America Revisited Book Summary : Early America Revisited is a vigorous defense and amplification of Ivan Van Sertima's classic work, They Came Before Columbus. The book makes a carefully balanced case for an African presence in America before Columbus' voyages. At the same time, the work in no way denies the importance of the Columbus voyages for opening up the New World to Europe, and hence changing the economic and political map of the world for all time. Van Sertima's critical cutting edge is that there is an anthropological and ethnographic dimension to the process of discovery, one in which black Africans of non-European origins played a central role. He marshals literary and pictorial evidence and shows its authenticity to be beyond question. The impact of these early discoveries is of far more than historical interest. They serve as a basis to examine anew the study of culture contacts between civilizations, and in so doing, offer a serious base to a multifaceted re-examination of earlier hypotheses of influences in both directions. Early America Revisited provides anthropological evidence about the physical presence of Africans in pre-Columbian America. It is also the study of how two peoples and cultures can lead to cross-fertilization. The borrowing of artifacts and ideas does not mean that the outsider is superior to the native, or that indigenous cultures are insignificant. Van Sertima contends that such relationships can be unpleasant as well as pleasant, conflictual as well as consensual. But, whatever the character of the interaction, its very existence merits awareness. This book is likely to engender disputes and disagreements. But there is no question that it will enrich the study of a wide range of subjects, from archaeology to anthropology, and result in profound changes in the reordering of historical priorities and pedagogy. It should be of wide interest to social scientists, historians, and all those for whom the question of race and culture is a central facet of their own work and lives. Jacqueline L. Patten Van Sertima, who is responsible for the photographic materials in this volume, has had her work exhibited at the Museum of the City of New York, the National Urban League, Columbia University, and many galleries across the country. Her publications include The Black Photographers Annual and Black Photographers.

📒Blacks In America Before Columbus ✍ Aylmer von Fleischer

Blacks In America Before Columbus Book PDF
✏Book Title : Blacks in America Before Columbus
✏Author : Aylmer von Fleischer
✏Publisher : Aylmer von Fleischer
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Blacks in America Before Columbus Book Summary : Christopher Columbus was not the first person to 'discover' the Americas. Several other peoples had already been there, including the Chinese, Norwegians, Japanese, the Vikings and Romans. This work, however, proves that Blacks were the first peoples in the Americas. Those who have a copy of 'Retake Your Fame' need not buy this book.

📒Egypt Revisited ✍ Van Sertima Ivan

Egypt Revisited Book PDF
✏Book Title : Egypt Revisited
✏Author : Van Sertima Ivan
✏Publisher : Transaction Publishers
✏Release Date : 1989
✏Pages : 441
✏ISBN : 0887387993
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Egypt Revisited Book Summary : This volume represents a new departure in the examination of Egypt's place in the African context. It brings together the latest research of the 1980s on Nile Valley civilizations, what they achieved, and their impact on Africa and the world. The authors take an "Afrocentric" in contrast to a "Eurocentric" perspective in their studies of the birthplace of civilization. This volume includes sections on the race and origin of the ancient Egyptians, black dynasties and rulers, Egyptian science and philosophy, and great Egyptologists. It sheds new light on neglected aspects of history. Ivan Van Sertima is professor of African studies, Rutgers University, and editor of the Journal of African Civilizations. He is the author of They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America, winner of the Clarence L. Holte International Prize.

📒Before Columbus ✍ Don L. Wulffson

Before Columbus Book PDF
✏Book Title : Before Columbus
✏Author : Don L. Wulffson
✏Publisher : Twenty-First Century Books
✏Release Date : 2007-10-01
✏Pages : 128
✏ISBN : 9780822559788
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Before Columbus Book Summary : Presents the archaeological evidence for and historical theories of the exploration of North America by numerous civilizations long before Columbus, discussing seven groups spanning 146 B.C. to 1492.

Lies My Teacher Told Me Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lies My Teacher Told Me
✏Author : James Loewen
✏Publisher : The New Press
✏Release Date : 2008-04-08
✏Pages : 444
✏ISBN : 9781595586537
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lies My Teacher Told Me Book Summary : Since its first publication in 1995, Lies My Teacher Told Me has gone on to win an American Book Award, the Oliver Cromwell Cox Award for Distinguished Anti-Racist Scholarship, and to sell over half a million copies in its various editions. What started out as a survey of the twelve leading American history textbooks has ended up being what the San Francisco Chronicle calls “an extremely convincing plea for truth in education.” In Lies My Teacher Told Me, James W. Loewen brings history alive in all its complexity and ambiguity. Beginning with pre-Columbian history and ranging over characters and events as diverse as Reconstruction, Helen Keller, the first Thanksgiving, and the Mai Lai massacre, Loewen offers an eye-opening critique of existing textbooks, and a wonderful retelling of American history as it should—and could—be taught to American students. This 10th anniversary edition features a handsome new cover and a new introduction by the author.

The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia
✏Author : Silvio A. Beding
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-02-08
✏Pages : 787
✏ISBN : 9781349125739
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia Book Summary : The European discovery of the Americas in 1492 was one of the most important events of the Renaissance, and with it Christopher Columbus changed the course of world history. Now, five hundred years later, this 2-volume reference work will chart new courses in the study and understanding of Columbus and the Age of Discovery. Much more than an account of the man and his voyages, The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia is a complete A-Z look at the world during this momentous era. In two volumes, The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia contains more than 350 signed original articles ranging from 250 to more than 10,000 words, written by nearly 150 contributors from around the world. The work includes cross-references, bibliographies for each article, and a comprehensive index. The work is fully illustrated, with hundreds of maps, drawings and photographs.

📒Amendments To Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Act ✍ United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population

Amendments To Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Act Book PDF
✏Book Title : Amendments to Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Act
✏Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 36
✏ISBN : UCR:31210016341750
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Amendments to Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Act Book Summary :

📒Egypt Revisited ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

Egypt Revisited Book PDF
✏Book Title : Egypt Revisited
✏Author : Ivan Van Sertima
✏Publisher : Transaction Publishers
✏Release Date : 1989-01-01
✏Pages : 441
✏ISBN : 0887387993
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Egypt Revisited Book Summary : This volume represents a new departure in the examination of Egypt's place in the African context. It brings together the latest research of the 1980s on Nile Valley civilizations, what they achieved, and their impact on Africa and the world. The authors take an "Afrocentric" in contrast to a "Eurocentric" perspective in their studies of the birthplace of civilization. This volume includes sections on the race and origin of the ancient Egyptians, black dynasties and rulers, Egyptian science and philosophy, and great Egyptologists. It sheds new light on neglected aspects of history. Ivan Van Sertima is professor of African studies, Rutgers University, and editor of the Journal of African Civilizations. He is the author of They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America, winner of the Clarence L. Holte International Prize.

Ancient African History A Journey Highlighting Africa S Past Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ancient AFRICAN History A Journey Highlighting Africa s Past
✏Author : Sedrick Sims
✏Publisher : Lulu.com
✏Release Date : 2009-09-24
✏Pages : 117
✏ISBN : 9780557096947
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ancient AFRICAN History A Journey Highlighting Africa s Past Book Summary : A selective journey into Africa's often untold rich history.

Guyanese Achievers Usa Canada Book PDF
✏Book Title : Guyanese Achievers USA Canada
✏Author : Vidur Dindayal
✏Publisher : Trafford Publishing
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 603
✏ISBN : 9781426958618
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Guyanese Achievers USA Canada Book Summary : "Guyanese Achievers, USA and Canada" is the result of collaboration between Vidur Dindayal and the Guyanese diaspora, who shared with him its recommendations on whom to identify as examples of achievement. This volume chronicles Guyanese people who reflect their nation's rich multi-ethnic heritage. These people demonstrate that Guyanese have been successful in North America for a long time. For example, Sir James Douglas became the governor of the colony of Vancouver Island and later the colony of British Columbia in the 1850s. Today, he is considered the "father of British Columbia." For Guyanese, he is Guyana's "first gift to Canada." A statue of Sir James Douglas was unveiled in 2008 at his birthplace in Belmont, Mahaica. At the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, the list of Guyanese who have been gifts to the United States and Canada is impressive. "Guyanese Achievers, USA and Canada" celebrates the academics, actors, doctors, educators, entrepreneurs, and others who, by demonstrating inventiveness and persistence, have been recognized as exemplars of Guyanese achievement in North America.

📒Retake Your Fame ✍ Aylmer von Fleischer

Retake Your Fame Book PDF
✏Book Title : Retake Your Fame
✏Author : Aylmer von Fleischer
✏Publisher : Aylmer von Fleischer
✏Release Date : 2004-09
✏Pages : 213
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Retake Your Fame Book Summary : This revised and expanded edition is an invaluable source of information about the contributions of Blacks to world civilization, from ancient to modern times. Among the topics discussed are the ancient Black Hebrews, the Black Moors who invaded and occupied parts of Europe for centuries, great Blacks like Hannibal and Jesus Christ, and the forgotten Black civilizations of Europe, Egypt, Asia, and the Americas.

Carved In Stone A Conversation With Our Ancestors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Carved In Stone A Conversation with Our Ancestors
✏Author : William Everett
✏Publisher : Lulu.com
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9780557818259
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Carved In Stone A Conversation with Our Ancestors Book Summary :

📒Templars In America ✍ Tim Wallace-Murphy

Templars In America Book PDF
✏Book Title : Templars in America
✏Author : Tim Wallace-Murphy
✏Publisher : Weiser Books
✏Release Date : 2004-10-01
✏Pages : 276
✏ISBN : 9781609257606
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Templars in America Book Summary : Two historians reveal the hidden history of the Knights Templar in pre-Columbian America and their influence on the Founding Fathers. Templars in America reveals the story of two leading European Templar families who combined forces to create a new commonwealth in America nearly a century before the voyages of Christopher Columbus. Henry St. Clair of the Orkney Islands, then part of Normandy, and Carlo Zeno, a Venetian trader, made peaceful and mutually beneficial contact with the Mi’kmaq people of what is now Canada. Historians Tim Wallace-Murphy and Marilyn Hopkins draw on archival and archaeological evidence to prove the Templar voyage. They then demonstrate how this early contact with the Americas ties into the centuries-long development of the Templars and Freemasonry, which in turn shaped the thinking of the founding fathers—and the American Constitution. Wallace-Murphy and Hopkins also reveal the continuous history of American exploration from the time of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, through the age of the Vikings. Templars in America is a wild ride from the golden age of exploration to the founding of the United States.

📒Black Looks ✍ bell hooks

Black Looks Book PDF
✏Book Title : Black Looks
✏Author : bell hooks
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-10-10
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 9781317588498
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Black Looks Book Summary : In the critical essays collected in Black Looks, bell hooks interrogates old narratives and argues for alternative ways to look at blackness, black subjectivity, and whiteness. Her focus is on spectatorship—in particular, the way blackness and black people are experienced in literature, music, television, and especially film—and her aim is to create a radical intervention into the way we talk about race and representation. As she describes: "the essays in Black Looks are meant to challenge and unsettle, to disrupt and subvert." As students, scholars, activists, intellectuals, and any other readers who have engaged with the book since its original release in 1992 can attest, that's exactly what these pieces do.

📒The Coldest Winter Ever ✍ Sister Souljah

The Coldest Winter Ever Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Coldest Winter Ever
✏Author : Sister Souljah
✏Publisher : Simon and Schuster
✏Release Date : 2010-11-30
✏Pages : 544
✏ISBN : 9781439119976
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Coldest Winter Ever Book Summary : Nominated as one of America’s best-loved novels by PBS’s The Great American Read. Renowned hip-hop artist, writer, and activist Sister Souljah brings the streets of New York to life in a powerful and utterly unforgettable first novel. I came busting into the world during one of New York's worst snowstorms, so my mother named me Winter. Ghetto-born, Winter is the young, wealthy daughter of a prominent Brooklyn drug-dealing family. Quick-witted, sexy, and business-minded, she knows and loves the streets like the curves of her own body. But when a cold Winter wind blows her life in a direction she doesn't want to go, her street smarts and seductive skills are put to the test of a lifetime. Unwilling to lose, this ghetto girl will do anything to stay on top. The Coldest Winter Ever marks the debut of a gifted storyteller. You will never forget this Winter's tale.

📒The World Of Jazz Trumpet ✍ Scotty Barnhart

The World Of Jazz Trumpet Book PDF
✏Book Title : The World of Jazz Trumpet
✏Author : Scotty Barnhart
✏Publisher : Hal Leonard Corporation
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 246
✏ISBN : 0634095277
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The World of Jazz Trumpet Book Summary : In The World of Jazz Trumpet - A Comprehensive History and Practical Philosophy, acclaimed jazz trumpet soloist Scotty Barnhart examines the political, social and musical conditions that led to the creation of jazz as America's premier art form. He traces the many factors that enabled freed slaves and their descendants to merge the blues, gospel, classical marches, and African rhythms to create a timeless and profound art that, since its inception, circa 1900, continues to have a major impact on all music. The World of Jazz Trumpet is a must-have study of the jazz trumpet for students, instructors, and professional musicians, as well as for anyone who appreciates the genre. Readers will appreciate Barnhart's personal and professional connection to a major part of American and world history. This book fills a major void in the world of jazz education as well as in general music education. With entries on 800 trumpeters, it is destined to become required reading in thousands of colleges, schools and homes around the world.

African Immigrant Religions In America Book PDF
✏Book Title : African Immigrant Religions in America
✏Author : Jacob Olupona
✏Publisher : NYU Press
✏Release Date : 2007-05-01
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9780814762400
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏African Immigrant Religions in America Book Summary : African immigration to North America has been rapidly increasing. Yet, little has been written about this significant group of immigrants and the particular religious traditions that they are transplanting on our shores, as scholars continue largely to focus instead on immigrants from Europe and Asia. African Immigrant Religions in America focuses on new understandings and insights concerning the presence and relevance of African immigrant religious communities in the United States. It explores the profound significance of religion in the lives of immigrants and the relevance of these growing communities for U.S. social life. It describes key social and historical aspects of African immigrant religion in the U.S. and builds a conceptual framework for theory and analysis. The volume broadens our understandings of the ways in which new immigration is changing the face of Christianity in the U.S. and adds needed breadth to the study of the black church, incorporating the experiences of African immigrant religious communities in America.

📒My Father S Faith ✍ John E. Bush

My Father S Faith Book PDF
✏Book Title : My Father s Faith
✏Author : John E. Bush
✏Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
✏Release Date : 2008-09-29
✏Pages : 255
✏ISBN : 9781436347990
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏My Father s Faith Book Summary : This collection of essays, speeches and lectures represent much of my writings during the eighties, nineties, and early years of two thousand. They certainly are not current; however, in reviewing these selected writings, I discovered that the problems addressed are ongoing. Moreover, I am convinced that the situations and subjects that I have discussed will be with us until the end of time as we know it; therefore what I have written should be relevant for many years to come. I hope, after reading some or all of these essays, you will agree that I have been fair in my appraisal of the events discussed.

📒From Agriculture To Agricology ✍ Professor Dani Wadada Nabudere

From Agriculture To Agricology Book PDF
✏Book Title : From Agriculture to Agricology
✏Author : Professor Dani Wadada Nabudere
✏Publisher : Real African Publishers
✏Release Date : 2013-07-01
✏Pages : 222
✏ISBN : 9781920655310
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏From Agriculture to Agricology Book Summary : In this meditation, respected Ugandan academic Dani Wadada Nabudere traces the roots of the global economic crisis and warns of the threat that the decline of Western nations poses to the African continent—the final frontier for those in search of new lands and resources to exploit. As a deterrent to what he sees as the encroachment of super-profiteers looking to Africa for the land to increase their profits in industrial agriculture, Nabudere advocates for what he terms “community sites of knowledge,” that is, the use of indigenous tools and knowledge to revitalize the lives of Africa’s people. The book puts forth the belief that any dependence on imported knowledge and material instruments will only lead to the entrenchment of colonial stereotypes, and that indigenous knowledge is imbued with the roots of “complex ecosystems” that require the inputs of a diversity of expertise and experiences and that are capable of producing the knowledge necessary for the residents of the African continent to reclaim the future.

A History Of Literature In The Caribbean Book PDF
✏Book Title : A History of Literature in the Caribbean
✏Author : A. James Arnold
✏Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
✏Release Date : 2001-07-23
✏Pages : 672
✏ISBN : 9789027298331
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A History of Literature in the Caribbean Book Summary : For the first time the Dutch-speaking regions of the Caribbean and Suriname are brought into fruitful dialogue with another major American literature, that of the anglophone Caribbean. The results are as stimulating as they are unexpected. The editors have coordinated the work of a distinguished international team of specialists. Read separately or as a set of three volumes, the History of Literature in the Caribbean is designed to serve as the primary reference book in this area. The reader can follow the comparative evolution of a literary genre or plot the development of a set of historical problems under the appropriate heading for the English- or Dutch-speaking region. An extensive index to names and dates of authors and significant historical figures completes the volume. The subeditors bring to their respective specialty areas a wealth of Caribbeanist experience. Vera M. Kutzinski is Professor of English, American, and Afro-American Literature at Yale University. Her book Sugar’s Secrets: Race and The Erotics of Cuban Nationalism, 1993, treated a crucial subject in the romance of the Caribbean nation. Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger has been very active in Latin American and Caribbean literary criticism for two decades, first at the Free University in Berlin and later at the University of Maryland. The editor of A History of Literature in the Caribbean, A. James Arnold, is Professor of French at the University of Virginia, where he founded the New World Studies graduate program. Over the past twenty years he has been a pioneer in the historical study of the Négritude movement and its successors in the francophone Caribbean.

📒Big History ✍ Cynthia Stokes Brown

Big History Book PDF
✏Book Title : Big History
✏Author : Cynthia Stokes Brown
✏Publisher : New Press/ORIM
✏Release Date : 2012-11-06
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9781595588456
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Big History Book Summary : Extend the human story backward for the five thousand years of recorded history and it covers no more than a millionth of a lifetime of the Earth. Yet how do we humans take stock of the history of our planet, and our own place within it? A “vast historical mosaic” (Publishers Weekly) rendered engaging and accessible, Big History interweaves different disciplines of knowledge to offer an all-encompassing account of history on Earth. Since its publication, Cynthia Brown’s “world history on a grand scale” (Kirkus) has been translated into nine languages and has helped propel the “big history” concept to viral status. This new edition of Brown’s seminal work is more relevant today than ever before, as we increasingly must grapple with accelerating rates of change and, ultimately, the legacy we will bequeath to future generations. Here is a pathbreaking portrait of our world, from the birth of the universe from a single point the size of an atom to life on a twenty-first-century planet inhabited by 7 billion people.

The Norsemen In The West Or America Before Columbus Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Norsemen in the West or America before Columbus
✏Author : Robert Michael Ballantyne
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1872
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OXFORD:600057664
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Norsemen in the West or America before Columbus Book Summary :

Concise Encyclopedia Of Latin American Literature Book PDF
✏Book Title : Concise Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature
✏Author : Verity Smith
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-01-14
✏Pages : 702
✏ISBN : 9781135960261
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Concise Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature Book Summary : First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

A History Of Literature In The Caribbean English And Dutch Speaking Countries Book PDF
✏Book Title : A History of Literature in the Caribbean English and Dutch speaking countries
✏Author : Albert James Arnold
✏Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
✏Release Date : 2001-01-01
✏Pages : 672
✏ISBN : 9027234485
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A History of Literature in the Caribbean English and Dutch speaking countries Book Summary : For the first time the Dutch-speaking regions of the Caribbean and Suriname are brought into fruitful dialogue with another major American literature, that of the anglophone Caribbean. The results are as stimulating as they are unexpected. The editors have coordinated the work of a distinguished international team of specialists. Read separately or as a set of three volumes, the History of Literature in the Caribbean is designed to serve as the primary reference book in this area. The reader can follow the comparative evolution of a literary genre or plot the development of a set of historical problems under the appropriate heading for the English- or Dutch-speaking region. An extensive index to names and dates of authors and significant historical figures completes the volume. The subeditors bring to their respective specialty areas a wealth of Caribbeanist experience. Vera M. Kutzinski is Professor of English, American, and Afro-American Literature at Yale University. Her book Sugar's Secrets: Race and The Erotics of Cuban Nationalism, 1993, treated a crucial subject in the romance of the Caribbean nation. Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger has been very active in Latin American and Caribbean literary criticism for two decades, first at the Free University in Berlin and later at the University of Maryland. The editor of A History of Literature in the Caribbean, A. James Arnold, is Professor of French at the University of Virginia, where he founded the New World Studies graduate program. Over the past twenty years he has been a pioneer in the historical study of the Négritude movement and its successors in the francophone Caribbean.

📒Foul Means ✍ Anthony S. Parent Jr.

Foul Means Book PDF
✏Book Title : Foul Means
✏Author : Anthony S. Parent Jr.
✏Publisher : UNC Press Books
✏Release Date : 2012-12-01
✏Pages : 312
✏ISBN : 9780807839133
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Foul Means Book Summary : Challenging the generally accepted belief that the introduction of racial slavery to America was an unplanned consequence of a scarce labor market, Anthony Parent, Jr., contends that during a brief period spanning the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries a small but powerful planter class, acting to further its emerging economic interests, intentionally brought racial slavery to Virginia. Parent bases his argument on three historical developments: the expropriation of Powhatan lands, the switch from indentured to slave labor, and the burgeoning tobacco trade. He argues that these were the result of calculated moves on the part of an emerging great planter class seeking to consolidate power through large landholdings and the labor to make them productive. To preserve their economic and social gains, this planter class inscribed racial slavery into law. The ensuing racial and class tensions led elite planters to mythologize their position as gentlemen of pastoral virtue immune to competition and corruption. To further this benevolent image, they implemented a plan to Christianize slaves and thereby render them submissive. According to Parent, by the 1720s the Virginia gentry projected a distinctive cultural ethos that buffered them from their uncertain hold on authority, threatened both by rising imperial control and by black resistance, which exploded in the Chesapeake Rebellion of 1730.

The Black Indian In American Literature Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Black Indian in American Literature
✏Author : K. Byars-Nichols
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2013-11-29
✏Pages : 129
✏ISBN : 9781137389183
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Black Indian in American Literature Book Summary : The first book-length study of the figure of the black Indian in American Literature, this project explores themes of nation, culture, and performativity. Moving from the Post-Independence period to the Contemporary era, Byars-Nichols re-centers a marginalized group challenges stereotypes and conventional ways of thinking about race and culture.

📒We Real Cool ✍ bell hooks

We Real Cool Book PDF
✏Book Title : We Real Cool
✏Author : bell hooks
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2004-08-02
✏Pages : 184
✏ISBN : 9781135880545
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏We Real Cool Book Summary : "When women get together and talk about men, the news is almost always bad news," writes bell hooks. "If the topic gets specific and the focus is on black men, the news is even worse." In this powerful new book, bell hooks arrests our attention from the first page. Her title--We Real Cool; her subject--the way in which both white society and weak black leaders are failing black men and youth. Her subject is taboo: "this is a culture that does not love black males:" "they are not loved by white men, white women, black women, girls or boys. And especially, black men do not love themselves. How could they? How could they be expected to love, surrounded by so much envy, desire, and hate?"

📒Counseling Across Cultures ✍ Paul B. Pedersen

Counseling Across Cultures Book PDF
✏Book Title : Counseling Across Cultures
✏Author : Paul B. Pedersen
✏Publisher : SAGE Publications
✏Release Date : 2015-01-14
✏Pages : 584
✏ISBN : 9781483321684
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Counseling Across Cultures Book Summary : Offering a primary focus on North American cultural and ethnic diversity while addressing global questions and issues, Counseling Across Cultures, Seventh Edition, edited by Paul B. Pederson, Walter J. Lonner, Juris G. Draguns, Joseph E. Trimble, and María R. Scharrón-del Río, draws on the expertise of 48 invited contributors to examine the cultural context of accurate assessment and appropriate interventions in counseling diverse clients. The book’s chapters highlight work with African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos/as, American Indians, refugees, individuals in marginalized situations, international students, those with widely varying religious beliefs, and many others. Edited by pioneers in multicultural counseling, this volume articulates the positive contributions that can be achieved when multicultural awareness is incorporated into the training of counselors.