The X Club

📒The X Club ✍ Ruth Barton

The X Club Book PDF
✏Book Title : The X Club
✏Author : Ruth Barton
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2018-11-21
✏Pages : 616
✏ISBN : 9780226551616
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The X Club Book Summary : In 1864, amid headline-grabbing heresy trials, members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science were asked to sign a declaration affirming that science and scripture were in agreement. Many criticized the new test of orthodoxy; nine decided that collaborative action was required. The X Club tells their story. These six ambitious professionals and three wealthy amateurs—J. D. Hooker, T. H. Huxley, John Tyndall, John Lubbock, William Spottiswoode, Edward Frankland, George Busk, T. A. Hirst, and Herbert Spencer—wanted to guide the development of science and public opinion on issues where science impinged on daily life, religious belief, and politics. They formed a private dining club, which they named the X Club, to discuss and further their plans. As Ruth Barton shows, they had a clear objective: they wanted to promote “scientific habits of mind,” which they sought to do through lectures, journalism, and science education. They devoted enormous effort to the expansion of science education, with real, but mixed, success. ​For twenty years, the X Club was the most powerful network in Victorian science—the men succeeded each other in the presidency of the Royal Society for a dozen years. Barton’s group biography traces the roots of their success and the lasting effects of their championing of science against those who attempted to limit or control it, along the way shedding light on the social organization of science, the interactions of science and the state, and the places of science and scientific men in elite culture in the Victorian era.

📒The X Club ✍ Anna Zaires

The X Club Book PDF
✏Book Title : The X Club
✏Author : Anna Zaires
✏Publisher : Mozaika LLC
✏Release Date : 2018-10-02
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781631423901
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The X Club Book Summary : A young journalist. An alien sex club. A Krinar who won’t take no for an answer. Amy Myers is tired of writing fluff. She wants to work on serious assignments—and what better way to prove herself than to uncover something new about the mysterious Krinar, the aliens who took over the Earth just two years earlier? But when she meets Vair, the dark and sexy owner of a Manhattan x-club, she may get more than she bargained for...

The X Club Science Religion Social Change In Victorian Book PDF
✏Book Title : The X club science religion Social Change in Victorian
✏Author : ruth barton
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1976
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1181442448
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The X club science religion Social Change in Victorian Book Summary :

📒Making Nature ✍ Melinda Baldwin

Making Nature  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Making Nature
✏Author : Melinda Baldwin
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2015-08-18
✏Pages : 309
✏ISBN : 9780226261454
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Making Nature Book Summary : Nature's shifting audience : 1869-1875 -- Nature's contributors and the changing of Britain's scientific guard : 1872-1895 -- Defining the "man of science" in Nature -- Scientific internationalism and scientific nationalism -- Nature, interwar politics, and intellectual freedom -- "It almost came out on its own" : Nature under L.J.F. Brimble and A.J.V. Gale -- Nature, the Cold War, and the rise of the United States -- "Disorderly publication" : Nature and scientific self-policing in the 1980s.

📒Thomas Henry Huxley ✍ John Vernon Jensen

Thomas Henry Huxley Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thomas Henry Huxley
✏Author : John Vernon Jensen
✏Publisher : Associated University Presse
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages : 253
✏ISBN : 0874133793
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thomas Henry Huxley Book Summary : This volume presents a fresh view of Huxley's rhetorical experiences and legacy and closely analyzes his battle with orthodox theology. Careful attention is given to his reliance on three confidants, his maiden public lecture in 1852, his debate with Bishop Wilberforce in 1860, and his 1876 lecture tour of the United States.

The Heretic In Darwin S Court Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Heretic in Darwin s Court
✏Author : Ross A. Slotten
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2004-06-23
✏Pages : 640
✏ISBN : 9780231503563
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Heretic in Darwin s Court Book Summary : During their lifetimes, Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin shared credit and fame for the independent and near-simultaneous discovery of natural selection. Together, the two men spearheaded one of the greatest intellectual revolutions in modern history, and their rivalry, usually amicable but occasionally acrimonious, forged modern evolutionary theory. Yet today, few people today know much about Wallace. The Heretic in Darwin's Court explores the controversial life and scientific contributions of Alfred Russel Wallace—Victorian traveler, scientist, spiritualist, and co-discoverer with Charles Darwin of natural selection. After examining his early years, the biography turns to Wallace's twelve years of often harrowing travels in the western and eastern tropics, which place him in the pantheon of the greatest explorer-naturalists of the nineteenth century. Tracing step-by-step his discovery of natural selection—a piece of scientific detective work as revolutionary in its implications as the discovery of the structure of DNA—the book then follows the remaining fifty years of Wallace's eccentric and entertaining life. In addition to his divergence from Darwin on two fundamental issues—sexual selection and the origin of the human mind—he pursued topics that most scientific figures of his day conspicuously avoided, including spiritualism, phrenology, mesmerism, environmentalism, and life on Mars. Although there may be disagreement about his conclusions, Wallace's intellectual investigations into the origins of life, consciousness, and the universe itself remain some of the most inspired scientific accomplishments in history. This authoritative biography casts new light on the life and work of Alfred Russel Wallace and the importance of his twenty-five-year relationship with Charles Darwin.

Notes And Queries Book PDF
✏Book Title : Notes and Queries
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1883
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCLA:L0063755540
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Notes and Queries Book Summary :

📒The Darkness And The Light ✍ Charles Hartshorne

The Darkness And The Light Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Darkness and the Light
✏Author : Charles Hartshorne
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1990-10-01
✏Pages : 426
✏ISBN : 0791403386
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Darkness and the Light Book Summary : In this book Charles Hartshorne continues his contribution to the field with autobiographical reflections, showing the causal conditions which made his career possible. “There is some advantage in associating philosophical beliefs with specific life situations. The reader will find suggestions for a philosophy of life and of religion. The religion is not the orthodox Protestant Christianity which I grew up in, although it is closely related, but also includes Judaism, Buddhism, and some forms of Hinduism. It will in some ways be found close to the beliefs of C.S. Peirce and also those of A.N. Whitehead. Of the persons, famous or not famous, that I have known, I recall many things that seem worth making available to others, sometimes witty remarks, expressions of outstanding goodness, remarkable wisdom, or ludicrous foolishness. In such ways the book is a celebration of life in its variety, depths, and heights.” — Charles Hartshorne

📒Test Of Faith ✍ Jenny Baker

Test Of Faith Book PDF
✏Book Title : Test of Faith
✏Author : Jenny Baker
✏Publisher : The Stapleford Centre
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 60
✏ISBN : 1902234812
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Test of Faith Book Summary :

Wolverine The X Men By Jason Aaron Vol 2 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Wolverine The X Men by Jason Aaron Vol 2
✏Author : Jason Aaron
✏Publisher : Marvel Entertainment
✏Release Date : 2012-09-05
✏Pages : 104
✏ISBN : 9781302367527
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Wolverine The X Men by Jason Aaron Vol 2 Book Summary : When Kitty Pryde appears to have become pregnant overnight, Beast, Iceman and Rachel Grey shrink down and enter Kitty's bloodstream to discover the truth behind her...condition! Meanwhile, Wolverine and Kid Omega travel to an intergalactic casino to win enough money to keep the Jean Grey School going! And when a billion Brood invade the school, Kitty, Broo the Broodling and an army of Bamfs must face a new, unstoppable foe! And if all that weren't enough, Sabretooth takes on Beast in the most vicious fight ever set to paper, and Angel undertakes a dangerous repair mission when Wolverine is stricken with a problem nobody ever thought he'd face. Collecting WOLVERINE & THE X-MEN #5-8.

Science Politics And Business In The Work Of Sir John Lubbock Book PDF
✏Book Title : Science Politics and Business in the Work of Sir John Lubbock
✏Author : Mark Patton
✏Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
✏Release Date : 2013-06-28
✏Pages : 284
✏ISBN : 9781409479772
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Science Politics and Business in the Work of Sir John Lubbock Book Summary : Sir John Lubbock (1834–1913), first Lord Avebury, was a leading figure in the scientific, political and economic world of Victorian Britain, and his life provides an illuminating case study into the ways that these different facets were interlinked during the nineteenth century. Born into a Kent banking family, Lubbock's education was greatly influenced by his neighbour, Charles Darwin, and after the publication of The Origin of Species, he was one of his most vocal supporters. A pioneer of both entomology and archaeology and a successful author, Lubbock also ran the family bank from 1865 until his death in 1913, and served as a Liberal MP from 1870 until his ennoblement in 1900. In all these roles he proved extremely successful, but it is the inter-relations between science, politics and business that forms the core of this book. In particular it explores the way in which Lubbock acted as a link between the scientific worlds of Darwin, Huxley and Tyndall, the political world of Gladstone and Chamberlain and the business world of Edison and Carnegie. By tying these threads together this study shows the important role Lubbock played in defining and popularising the Victorian ideal of progress and its relationship to society, culture and Empire.

📒The X And Y Of Buy ✍ Elizabeth Pace

The X And Y Of Buy Book PDF
✏Book Title : The X and Y of Buy
✏Author : Elizabeth Pace
✏Publisher : Thomas Nelson
✏Release Date : 2010-03-29
✏Pages : 240
✏ISBN : 9781418578220
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The X and Y of Buy Book Summary : Shopping for a man’s suit? Walk into a department store, and they’re right by the door?men’s suits in every color and size. A guy gets in and out in plenty of time for kick-off. Need a woman’s suit? Block out the afternoon?her clothing is strategically placed in the farthest corner of the store, past the handbags (on sale!), behind the lingerie, and through the jewelry section. Men and women are wired to shop and buy differently, and smart business people not only know it, they know just how to put it to use every day. In The X and Y of Buy, veteran branding, marketing, and salesperson Elizabeth Pace breaks the gender code for you to be successful, generate revenue, and market and sell more effectively. “Wow, what an awesome book! I wish it had been written earlier in my career because I definitely would have made more sales. This book is a must read for sales people in all levels of business. I’ve always said you must be a chameleon to be a successful seller when working with various types of people. The X and Y of Buy takes this a step further, revealing fascinating, successful strategies in working with men and women.” Michael Oppenheimer, Market Manager, Clear Channel Radio-Memphis “Reading Elizabeth Pace’s The X and Y of Buy is like having the “answers to the test”...knowing the key in communicating to women vs. men makes it simple to be successful! This is a great tool, with great insight, and it is hilarious! I love to laugh and learn, and with this book you do both. It is definitely a “must read” for my Leadership Team!” Cordia Harrington, CEO & the “Bun Lady,” Tennessee Bun Company

📒Evolution ✍ Edward J. Larson

Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution
✏Author : Edward J. Larson
✏Publisher : Modern Library
✏Release Date : 2006-08-08
✏Pages : 368
✏ISBN : 1588365387
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution Book Summary : “I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

📒Political Descent ✍ Piers J. Hale

Political Descent Book PDF
✏Book Title : Political Descent
✏Author : Piers J. Hale
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2014-08-05
✏Pages : 464
✏ISBN : 9780226108520
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Political Descent Book Summary : Historians of science have long noted the influence of the nineteenth-century political economist Thomas Robert Malthus on Charles Darwin. In a bold move, Piers J. Hale contends that this focus on Malthus and his effect on Darwin’s evolutionary thought neglects a strong anti-Malthusian tradition in English intellectual life, one that not only predated the 1859 publication of the Origin of Species but also persisted throughout the Victorian period until World War I. Political Descent reveals that two evolutionary and political traditions developed in England in the wake of the 1832 Reform Act: one Malthusian, the other decidedly anti-Malthusian and owing much to the ideas of the French naturalist Jean Baptiste Lamarck. These two traditions, Hale shows, developed in a context of mutual hostility, debate, and refutation. Participants disagreed not only about evolutionary processes but also on broader questions regarding the kind of creature our evolution had made us and in what kind of society we ought therefore to live. Significantly, and in spite of Darwin’s acknowledgement that natural selection was “the doctrine of Malthus, applied to the whole animal and vegetable kingdoms,” both sides of the debate claimed to be the more correctly “Darwinian.” By exploring the full spectrum of scientific and political issues at stake, Political Descent offers a novel approach to the relationship between evolution and political thought in the Victorian and Edwardian eras.

The Living Age  Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Living Age
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1894
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105119094824
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Living Age Book Summary :

📒Science Talk ✍ Daniel Patrick Thurs

Science Talk Book PDF
✏Book Title : Science Talk
✏Author : Daniel Patrick Thurs
✏Publisher : Rutgers University Press
✏Release Date : 2007-07-24
✏Pages : 252
✏ISBN : 9780813541525
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Science Talk Book Summary : Science news is met by the public with a mixture of fascination and disengagement. On the one hand, Americans are inflamed by topics ranging from the question of whether or not Pluto is a planet to the ethics of stem-cell research. But the complexity of scientific research can also be confusing and overwhelming, causing many to divert their attentions elsewhere and leave science to the “experts.” Whether they follow science news closely or not, Americans take for granted that discoveries in the sciences are occurring constantly. Few, however, stop to consider how these advances—and the debates they sometimes lead to—contribute to the changing definition of the term “science” itself. Going beyond the issue-centered debates, Daniel Patrick Thurs examines what these controversies say about how we understand science now and in the future. Drawing on his analysis of magazines, newspapers, journals and other forms of public discourse, Thurs describes how science—originally used as a synonym for general knowledge—became a term to distinguish particular subjects as elite forms of study accessible only to the highly educated.

Science In The Marketplace Book PDF
✏Book Title : Science in the Marketplace
✏Author : Aileen Fyfe
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2007-09-10
✏Pages : 432
✏ISBN : 9780226150024
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Science in the Marketplace Book Summary : The nineteenth century was an age of transformation in science, when scientists were rewarded for their startling new discoveries with increased social status and authority. But it was also a time when ordinary people from across the social spectrum were given the opportunity to participate in science, for education, entertainment, or both. In Victorian Britain science could be encountered in myriad forms and in countless locations: in panoramic shows, exhibitions, and galleries; in city museums and country houses; in popular lectures; and even in domestic conversations that revolved around the latest books and periodicals. Science in the Marketplace reveals this other side of Victorian scientific life by placing the sciences in the wider cultural marketplace, ultimately showing that the creation of new sites and audiences was just as crucial to the growing public interest in science as were the scientists themselves. By focusing attention on the scientific audience, as opposed to the scientific community or self-styled popularizers, Science in the Marketplace ably links larger societal changes—in literacy, in industrial technologies, and in leisure—to the evolution of “popular science.”

Wolverine The X Men By Jason Aaron Vol 1 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Wolverine The X Men by Jason Aaron Vol 1
✏Author : Jason Aaron
✏Publisher : Marvel Entertainment
✏Release Date : 2012-05-02
✏Pages : 112
✏ISBN : 9780785181934
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Wolverine The X Men by Jason Aaron Vol 1 Book Summary : Spinning directly out of X-MEN: SCHISM, the X-Men are split in two. In the oversized debut issue of the new ongoing flagship X-series, Wolverine takes one half of the X-Men back to Westchester to start over again with a new school, a new student body and a lot of surprises up his sleeve. But when the new Hellfire Club decides they don't like what the ol' Canucklehead has started, and decide to burn the place to the ground, will the school even outlast its first day? COLLECTING: Wolverine & The X-Men 1-4

📒The X Machine ✍ John E. Muller

The X Machine Book PDF
✏Book Title : The X Machine
✏Author : John E. Muller
✏Publisher : Hachette UK
✏Release Date : 2014-07-31
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9781473204492
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The X Machine Book Summary : Sally McQuire worked for an unusual organisation. She was an undercover agent for the I.P.F., but her friends knew her only as a scatter-brained night club dancer. Then came the Thing. At first there were just off paragraphs in provincial papers. A cow disappeared. Fish stopped biting. Finally Jon Vardo, a shepherd, vanished without a trace. The I.P.F. put Sally on the track. She discovered a strange common denominator linking the events. There was a mathematical and geographical sequence. Sally arranged to be at the next danger zone, and then she too vanished. This is a story of humanity at its best, locked in a life and death struggle with a cruel, cold culture of Beings from the Beyond. This is a story of humanity fighting against incredible odds and fantastic weapons. Can the mind of man hold its own against deadly, sinister Intelligence from beyond the stars?

The Life And Letters Of Herbert Spencer Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer
✏Author : David Duncan
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2013-11-21
✏Pages : 666
✏ISBN : 9781108066815
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer Book Summary : Based on his correspondence, a 1908 biography of one of the late nineteenth century's most influential and controversial thinkers.

Life And Letters Of Thomas Henry Huxley Book PDF
✏Book Title : Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
✏Author : Leonard Huxley
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2011-12-22
✏Pages : 482
✏ISBN : 9781108040457
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Book Summary : This three-volume work is the 1903 second edition of the biography and selected letters of 'Darwin's Bulldog', T. H. Huxley.

📒The Land Of Prehistory ✍ Alice Beck Kehoe

The Land Of Prehistory Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Land of Prehistory
✏Author : Alice Beck Kehoe
✏Publisher : Psychology Press
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 0415920558
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Land of Prehistory Book Summary : This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

📒The Content Machine ✍ Michael Bhaskar

The Content Machine Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Content Machine
✏Author : Michael Bhaskar
✏Publisher : Anthem Press
✏Release Date : 2013-10-01
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 9780857281227
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Content Machine Book Summary : This ground-breaking study, the first of its kind, outlines a theory of publishing that allows publishing houses to focus on their core competencies in times of crisis. Tracing the history of publishing from the press works of fifteenth-century Germany to twenty-first-century Silicon Valley, via Venice, Beijing, Paris and London, and fusing media theory and business experience, ‘The Content Machine’ offers a new understanding of content, publishing and technology, and defiantly answers those who contend that publishing has no future in a digital age.

The Life Of Prayer In A World Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Life of Prayer in a World of Science
✏Author : Rick Ostrander
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2000-11-02
✏Pages : 248
✏ISBN : 0198031149
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Life of Prayer in a World of Science Book Summary : During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Christians carried on an intense debate concerning the doctrine of prayer. This ideological revolution affected not only the ways that they interpreted the Bible but also how they prayed. In this book, Rick Ostrander explores the attempts of American Christians to articulate a convincing and satisfying ethic of prayer amidst these changing circumstances.

Sigmund Freud S The Interpretation Of Dreams Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sigmund Freud s the Interpretation of Dreams
✏Author : Laura Marcus
✏Publisher : Manchester University Press
✏Release Date : 1999-06-12
✏Pages : 242
✏ISBN : 0719039746
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sigmund Freud s the Interpretation of Dreams Book Summary : This volume is an ideal introduction to Freud's work, and gives a clear sense both of the context of Freud's text and of its influence throughout the twentieth century. It shows how his work shaped a vast amount of work in linguistics and semiotics, literary studies, film theory, psychology, philosophical hermeneutics and the history of ideas.

📒The Book Club ✍ Hope C. Hill

The Book Club Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Book Club
✏Author : Hope C. Hill
✏Publisher : Hope C. Hill
✏Release Date : 2014-11-21
✏Pages : 116
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Book Club Book Summary : At the book club, strange things begin to happen at one of their weekly meetings. Geared with a massive storage facility of secret rooms they find, unchangeable books, and a pen that can put things right and also bring things to life, the group faces daring challenges. From the America that never won its independence, to a world of only old people, to real things like dragons, vampires, and demons coming out of the books into their world, the group faces its “novel” challenges and danger with bravery, daring, sacrifice, and growing friendship throughout it.

📒Sparks Of Life ✍ James E. Strick

Sparks Of Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sparks of Life
✏Author : James E. Strick
✏Publisher : Harvard University Press
✏Release Date : 2009-06
✏Pages : 304
✏ISBN : 0674044088
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sparks of Life Book Summary : How, asks James E. Strick, could spontaneous generation--the idea that living things can suddenly arise from nonliving materials--come to take root for a time (even a brief one) in so thoroughly unsuitable a field as British natural theology? No less an authority than Aristotle claimed that cases of spontaneous generation were to be observed in nature, and the idea held sway for centuries. Beginning around the time of the Scientific Revolution, however, the doctrine was increasingly challenged; attempts to prove or disprove it led to important breakthroughs in experimental design and laboratory techniques, most notably sterilization methods, that became the cornerstones of modern microbiology and sped the ascendancy of the germ theory of disease. The Victorian debates, Strick shows, were entwined with the public controversy over Darwin's theory of evolution. While other histories of the debates between 1860 and 1880 have focused largely on the experiments of John Tyndall, Henry Charlton Bastian, and others, Sparks of Life emphasizes previously understudied changes in the theories that underlay the debates. Strick argues that the disputes cannot be understood without full knowledge of the factional infighting among Darwinians themselves, as they struggled to create a socially and scientifically viable form of Darwinian science. He shows that even the terms of the debate, such as biogenesis, usually but incorrectly attributed to Huxley, were intensely contested.

The Christmas Cookie Club Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Christmas Cookie Club
✏Author : Ann Pearlman
✏Publisher : Simon and Schuster
✏Release Date : 2009-10-20
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9781439166215
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Christmas Cookie Club Book Summary : Ann Pearlman’s irresistible novel provides the perfect ingredients for a fun and touching read about a group of women who gather each year to share a journey of friendship, hope, heartbreak—and recipes. Every year at Christmastime, Marnie and her closest girlfriends mark their calendars for the cookie exchange. Everyone has to bring a batch of homemade cookies and a bottle of wine, but this year, it’s their stories that are especially important—the passion and hopefulness of new romance, the betrayal and disillusionment some relationships bring, the joys and fears of motherhood, the stress of financial troubles. On this evening, at least, the sisterly love they have for one another rises above it all. Celebrating courage and joy in spite of hard times and honoring the importance of women’s friendships as well as the embracing bonds of community, Ann Pearlman’s delightful novel speaks to us all.

📒The Hunt Club ✍ Bret Lott

The Hunt Club Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Hunt Club
✏Author : Bret Lott
✏Publisher : Villard
✏Release Date : 2011-09-07
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9780307804815
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Hunt Club Book Summary : It started with a body, the head of it pretty much gone, the hands skinned. We found it the Saturday after Thanksgiving, out to Hungry Neck Hunt Club. Uncle Leland owns the Hunt Club, which might make him sound important, or rich. But he's not. Huger Dillard is no ordinary fifteen-year-old from the Lowcountry of South Carolina. He may not have a father to help him grow up, but day-to-day guiding of his blind Uncle Leland--Unc, for short--and weekends spent at the Hunt Club have made him an expert on the habits of deer, the pompous attorneys and doctors of nearby Charleston, and the ways of the world. But with Unc's discovery of a mutilated body, Huger suddenly learns that he is expert at nothing--least of all his own life. Everything he knows and everyone he loves--Unc, his mother, his foundering teenage romance--is at risk, and Huger must use every ounce of resourcefulness and bravery to stay alive and protect what he believes in. Yet, when he finally discovers precisely what happened that Saturday morning, there is still one more secret to uncover, this one too dark, too deep, for him to even imagine. From Bret Lott, the critically acclaimed author the Los Angeles Times called "one of the most im-portant and imaginative writers in America today," The Hunt Club is a novel of deft pacing and remark-able detail, and a sultry evocation of a land and culture that has existed for generations but soon may be lost forever. From the Hardcover edition.

The Estate Of Social Knowledge Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Estate of Social Knowledge
✏Author : JoAnne Brown
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages : 266
✏ISBN : UCAL:B4422198
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Estate of Social Knowledge Book Summary :