The Warrior Military Ethics And Contemporary Warfare
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📒The Warrior Military Ethics And Contemporary Warfare ✍ Pauline M. Kaurin
✏The Warrior Military Ethics and Contemporary Warfare Book Summary : When it comes to thinking about war and warriors, first there was Achilles, and then the rest followed. The choice of the term warrior is an important one for this discussion. While there has been extensive discussion on what counts as military professionalism, that is what makes a soldier, sailor or other military personnel a professional, the warrior archetype (varied for the various roles and service branches) still holds sway in the military self-conception, rooted as it is in the more existential notions of war, honor and meaning. In this volume, Kaurin uses Achilles as a touch stone for discussing the warrior, military ethics and the aspects of contemporary warfare that go by the name of 'asymmetrical war.' The title of the book cuts two ways-Achilles as a warrior archetype to help us think through the moral implications and challenges posed by asymmetrical warfare, but also as an archetype of our adversaries to help us think about asymmetric opponents.
📒Routledge Handbook Of Military Ethics ✍ George Lucas
✏Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics Book Summary : The Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics is a comprehensive reference work that addresses concerns held in common by the military services of many nations. It attempts to discern both moral dilemmas and clusters of moral principles held in common by all practitioners of this profession, regardless of nation or culture. Comprising essays by contributors drawn from the four service branches (Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine corps) as well as civilian academics specializing in this field, this handbook discusses the relationship of "ethics" in the military setting to applied and professional ethics generally. Leading scholars and senior military practitioners from countries including the US, UK, France, China, Australia and Japan, discuss various national cultural views of the moral dimensions of military service. With reference to the responsibilities of professional orientation and education, as well as the challenges posed by recent technological developments, this handbook examines the difficulties underpinning the fundamental framework of military service. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, war theory, ethics philosophy, sociology, war and conflict studies, and security studies.
📒On Obedience ✍ Pauline Shanks Kaurin
✏On Obedience Book Summary : This volume is designed to be an in-depth and nuanced philosophical treatment of the virtue of obedience in the context of the professional military and the broader civilian political community, including the general citizenry. The nature and components of obedience are critical factors leading to further discussions of the moral obligations related to obedience, as well as the related practical issues and implications. Pauline Shanks Kaurin seeks to address the following questions: What is obedience? Is it a virtue, and if it is, why? What are the moral grounds of obedience? Why ought military members and citizens be obedient? Are there times that one ought not be obedient? Why? How should we think about obedience in contemporary political communities? In answering these questions, the book draws on arguments and materials from a variety of disciplines including classical studies, philosophy, history, international relations, literature and military studies, with a particular focus on cases and examples to illustrate the conceptual points. While a major focus of the book is the question of obedience in the contemporary military context, many similar (although not exactly the same) issues and considerations apply to other political communities and in, particular, citizens in a nation-state.
📒The Ashgate Research Companion To Modern Warfare ✍ Professor John Buckley
✏The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Warfare Book Summary : This research collection provides a comprehensive study of important strategic, cultural, ethical and philosophical aspects of modern warfare. It offers a refreshing analysis of key issues in modern warfare, not only in terms of the conduct of war and the wider complexities and ramifications of modern conflict, but also concepts of war, the crucial shifts in the structure of warfare, and the morality and legality of the use of force in a post-9/11 age.
📒Ethics And The Laws Of War ✍ Antony Lamb
✏Ethics and the Laws of War Book Summary : This book is an examination of the permissions, prohibitions and obligations found in just war theory, and the moral grounds for laws concerning war. Pronouncing an action or course of actions to be prohibited, permitted or obligatory by just war theory does not thereby establish the moral grounds of that prohibition, permission or obligation; nor does such a pronouncement have sufficient persuasive force to govern actions in the public arena. So what are the moral grounds of laws concerning war, and what ought these laws to be? Adopting the distinction between jus ad bellum and jus in bello, the author argues that rules governing conduct in war can be morally grounded in a form of rule-consequentialism of negative duties. Looking towards the public rules, the book argues for a new interpretation of existing laws, and in some cases the implementation of completely new laws. These include recognising rights of encompassing groups to necessary self-defence; recognising a duty to rescue; and considering all persons neither in uniform nor bearing arms as civilians and therefore fully immune from attack, thus ruling out ‘targeted’ or ‘named’ killings. This book will be of much interest to students of just war theory, ethics of war, international law, peace and conflict studies, and Security Studies/IR in general.
✏The Renegotiation of the Just War Tradition and the Right to War in the Twenty First Century Book Summary : This book examines the manner by which the just war tradition has been invoked, engaged, and developed in the context of the war on terror. It pays particular attention to the questions of anticipatory war, humanitarian intervention, and punitive war, and looks to compare current thinking on these issues to classical ideas about when and how war might be justified. In doing so, it draws our attention to the renegotiation of the right to war that is taking place in the post-9/11 world, while also illuminating the stories of change, continuity, and contestation that underpin the ongoing development of the just war tradition.
📒Ethics And War In The 21st Century ✍ Christopher Coker
✏Ethics and War in the 21st Century Book Summary : This book explores the ethical implications of war in the contemporary world. The author, a leading theorist of warfare, explains why it is of crucial importance that Western countries should continue to apply traditional ethical rules and practices in war, even when engaging with international terrorist groups. The book uses the work of the late American philosopher Richard Rorty to explain the need to make ethical rules central to the conduct of military operations. Arguing that the question of ethics was re-opened by the ‘War on Terror’, the book then examines America’s post-9/11 redefinition of its own prevailing discourse of war. It ends with a discussion of other key challenges to the ethics of war, such as the rise of private security companies and the use of robots in war. In exploring these issues, this book seeks to place ethics at the centre of debates about the conduct of future warfare. This book will be of great interest to all students of military ethics, war studies, military history and strategic studies in general, and to military colleges in particular.
📒War And The Politics Of Ethics ✍ Maja Zehfuss
✏War and the Politics of Ethics Book Summary : Contemporary Western war is represented as enacting the West's ability and responsibility to help make the world a better place for others, in particular to protect them from oppression and serious human rights abuses. That is, war has become permissible again, indeed even required, as ethicalwar. At the same time, however, Western war kills and destroys. This creates a paradox: Western war risks killing those it proposes to protect. This book examines how we have responded to this dilemma and challenges the vision of ethical war itself, exploring how the commitment to ethics shapes the practice of war and indeed how practices come, in turn, to shape what is considered ethical in war. The book closely examines particularpractices of warfare, such as targeting, the use of cultural knowledge, and ethics training for soldiers. What emerges is that instead of constraining violence, the commitment to ethics enables and enhances it. The book argues that the production of ethical war relies on an impossible but obscuredseparation between ethics and politics, that is, the problematic politics of ethics, and reflects on the need to make decisions at the limit of ethics.
📒New Wars And New Soldiers ✍ Asst Prof Jessica Wolfendale
✏New Wars and New Soldiers Book Summary : Modern conflicts now bear little relation to traditional wars between states. The threat of terrorism, the creation of new military technologies, the rise of private military companies, and the increasing involvement of the military in counter-terrorism and humanitarian operations all pose challenges to traditional ideas about the ethics of war, the relevance of current international law governing armed conflict, and Just War theory. How, then, should military ethics approach these new forms of conflict? Modern military ethics now includes work from disciplines as diverse as philosophy, history, sociology, international relations, politics, and psychology. This diversity of approaches suggests that the approach to contemporary military ethics that is best suited to understanding the wars of today is a broad multidisciplinary vision. By bringing together contributors from philosophy, international relations, security studies, and strategic studies, this volume offers just such an interdisciplinary analysis. The chapters in this volume explore the ethical issues posed by recent developments in both the nature and conduct of war, as well as focusing on the role and needs of modern military personnel. This comprehensive approach allows the reader to see the broad scope of modern military ethics, and to understand the numerous questions about modern conflict that require critical scrutiny. Aimed at both military and academic audiences, this volume will be of significant interest to researchers and students in philosophy, sociology, military and strategic studies, international relations, politics, and security studies.
📒Moral Warrior The ✍ Martin L. Cook
✏Moral Warrior The Book Summary : Explores the moral dimensions of the current global role of the U.S. military. For the first time in history, the capabilities of the U.S. military far outstrip those of any potential rival, either singly or collectively, and this reality raises fundamental questions about its role, nature, and conduct. The Moral Warrior explores a wide range of ethical issues regarding the nature and purpose of voluntary military service, the moral meaning of the unique military power of the United States in the contemporary world, and the moral challenges posed by the “war” on terrorism. “Cook’s commanding knowledge of the U.S. military, and his extensive reflection on the moral aspects of the military profession and strategy, make this book both timely and well worth the read … This is … a sobering and alarming sketch of recent U.S. international policy. Let us hope that the U.S. leaders find the imagination and humility necessary to reverse course in the direction recommended by Cook.” — Political Theology “The author is uncommonly familiar with and sensitive to military practice; the result is an intelligent volume, which examines timely issues from an unfamiliar perspective. Not merely of value to a military audience, this clear and accessible book will provide many valuable insights to all readers interested in the morality of war in the contemporary context.” — Religious Studies Review “…so densely packed with issues and analysis that it could easily sustain a semester or two of intense study in military ethics by itself … a must-read for anyone struggling to disentangle the many troubling, interconnected questions that worry all those who hope to see the United States retain its global supremacy without undermining its moral foundations. Cook … is a master of the rare art of clarifying complex problems without minimizing their depth and significance or losing sight of their vital real-life implications.” — Parameters “The Moral Warrior is a thoughtful, subtle, and penetrating study of the ethical challenges that military leaders need to meet as they respond to demanding new missions from Kosovo to Iraq. Martin L. Cook is a fine teacher: clear, undogmatic, and compassionate. I hope his views find a wide audience.” — Michael Ignatieff, Carr Professor of Human Rights Policy at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University “The book reflects the author’s unique personal and academic background: trained in the study of ethics, he chose to teach at one of the nation’s war colleges, where he became deeply familiar with contemporary military issues in a way unavailable to most. This is throughout a highly intelligent, engaging, and accessible book. It adds the important perspective of what it means in moral terms to be a soldier and sets a new standard for what needs to be included in thinking seriously about the United States’ use of military force.” — James Turner Johnson, author of Morality and Contemporary Warfare “Martin Cook reflects on the difficult moral choices facing American military and policy planners as they employ the latest technologies to fight a new global war. Cook brings to that reflection not only expertise in philosophy, law, and history, but also a deep appreciation of ground-level, operational detail. He has produced an indispensable resource.” — Joel H. Rosenthal, President of the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs