The Story Of The Congo Free State

📒The Story Of The Congo Free State ✍ Henry Wellington Wack

The Story Of The Congo Free State Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Story of the Congo Free State
✏Author : Henry Wellington Wack
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1905
✏Pages : 634
✏ISBN : HARVARD:32044072252968
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Story of the Congo Free State Book Summary :

The Congo And The Founding Of Its Free State Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Congo and the Founding of Its Free State
✏Author : Henry Morton Stanley
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2011-08-25
✏Pages : 624
✏ISBN : 9781108031318
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Congo and the Founding of Its Free State Book Summary : Sir Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904) was a journalist and explorer renowned for his adventures in Africa. After emigrating to America in 1859, Stanley worked as a journalist for the New York Herald. In 1869 he was instructed to undertake an expedition to find the missionary David Livingstone, and the success of this mission brought him public recognition and financial success. These volumes, first published in 1885, provide an account of Stanley's exploration of the Congo river in the service of Leopold II of Belgium between 1879 and 1884. Deriving from Stanley's personal journal, the books describe the difficulties he faced as he founded permanent trading stations, and his negotiations with indigenous leaders, together with his plans for the commercial exploitation of Africa. Stanley's controversial methods to achieve this aim, which led to his modern reputation as a racist and imperialist, are also revealed. Volume 1 covers 1879-83.

Church State And Colonialism In Southeastern Congo 1890 1962 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Church State and Colonialism in Southeastern Congo 1890 1962
✏Author : Reuben A. Loffman
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2019-05-23
✏Pages : 281
✏ISBN : 9783030173807
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Church State and Colonialism in Southeastern Congo 1890 1962 Book Summary : This book examines the relationship between Catholic missionaries and the colonial administration in southeastern Belgian Congo. It challenges the perception that the Church and the state worked seamlessly together. Instead, using the territory of Kongolo as a case study, the book reconfigures their relationship as one of competitive co-dependency. Based on extensive archival research and oral histories, the book argues that both institutions retained distinct agendas that, while coinciding during certain periods, clashed on many occasions. The study begins by outlining the pre-colonial history of southeastern Congo. The second chapter examines how the Church began its encounters with the peoples in Kongolo and the Tanganyika province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Subsequent chapters highlight how missionaries exerted significant influence over the colonial construction of chieftainship and the politics of Congolese decolonization. The book ends in 1962, with the massacre of a number of Holy Ghost Fathers in an event that signaled the beginning of a more Africanized Church in Kongolo. ‘The author gratefully acknowledges support from the Economic and Social Research Council in the completion of this project.’

📒In Search Of Brightest Africa ✍ Jeannette Eileen Jones

In Search Of Brightest Africa Book PDF
✏Book Title : In Search of Brightest Africa
✏Author : Jeannette Eileen Jones
✏Publisher : University of Georgia Press
✏Release Date : 2011-11-01
✏Pages : 260
✏ISBN : 9780820341965
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏In Search of Brightest Africa Book Summary : In the decades between the Berlin Conference that partitioned Africa and the opening of the African Hall at the American Museum of Natural History, Americans in several fields and from many backgrounds argued that Africa had something to teach them. Jeannette Eileen Jones traces the history of the idea of Africa with an eye to recovering the emergence of a belief in "Brightest Africa"--a tradition that runs through American cultural and intellectual history with equal force to its "Dark Continent" counterpart. Jones skillfully weaves disparate strands of turn-of-the-century society and culture to expose a vivid trend of cultural engagement that involved both critique and activism. Filmmakers spoke out against the depiction of "savage" Africa in the mass media while also initiating a countertradition of ethnographic documentaries. Early environmentalists celebrated Africa as a pristine continent while lamenting that its unsullied landscape was "vanishing." New Negro political thinkers also wanted to "save" Africa but saw its fragility in terms of imperiled human promise. Jones illuminates both the optimism about Africa underlying these concerns and the racist and colonial interests these agents often nevertheless served. The book contributes to a growing literature on the ongoing role of global exchange in shaping the African American experience as well as debates about the cultural place of Africa in American thought.

Joseph Conrad And Mark Twain On The Congo Free State Book PDF
✏Book Title : Joseph Conrad and Mark Twain on the Congo Free State
✏Author : Hunt Hawkins
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1976
✏Pages : 768
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105004950221
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Joseph Conrad and Mark Twain on the Congo Free State Book Summary :

📒The Eyes Of Another Race ✍ Roger Casement

The Eyes Of Another Race Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Eyes of Another Race
✏Author : Roger Casement
✏Publisher : Univ College Dublin Press
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 350
✏ISBN : UOM:39015058081921
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Eyes of Another Race Book Summary : The story of the colonisation of the Congo Free State by King Leopold II of Belgium during the scramble for Africa is one of the greatest human rights tragedies of recent history. At its core was the exploitation of wild rubber, then in increasing demand in Western markets. The population of the region was subjected to what was in effect slave labour - a regime of unbridled savagery which included imprisonment, whipping, bodily mutilations and killing. On 5 June 1903, Roger Casement left his consular base on the Lower Congo River and made a journey through the regions of the Upper Congo to investigate at first hand reports of alleged atrocities. After three months travelling, he arrived back in Leopoldville on Stanley Pool on 15 September and telegraphed the Foreign Office immediately: 'I have returned from the Upper Congo today with convincing evidence of shocking misgovernment and wholesale oppression.' Towards the end of the year Casement returned to London, where he put together his formal report in consultation with officials of the Foreign Office. The Congo Report was presented to Parliament in 1904. It was a crucial instrument in the British government's efforts to bring about change in King Leopold's Congo Free State. This edition includes not only the report, which has long been unavailable in English, but also Casement's diary of that year. The diary provides invaluable glimpses of the details of his investigation of the human relationships involved and of the life of a remarkable consul during a key year of his life. Both documents have been carefully edited: names which were omitted from the original published report have been reinstated, and explanatory notes provided for the report and diary. -- Publisher description.

British Humanitarianism And The Congo Reform Movement 1896 1913 Book PDF
✏Book Title : British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement 1896 1913
✏Author : Dean Pavlakis
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2016-03-09
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9781317171935
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement 1896 1913 Book Summary : The Congo Free State was under the personal rule of King Leopold II of the Belgians from 1885 to 1908. The accolades that attended its founding were soon contested by accusations of brutality, oppression, and murderous misrule, but the controversy, by itself, proved insufficient to prompt changes. Starting in 1896, concerned men and women used public opinion to influence government policy in Britain and the United States to create space for reforming forces in Belgium itself to pry the Congo from Leopold’s grasp and implement reforms. Examining key factors in the successes and failures of a pivotal movement that aided the colonized people of the Congo and broadened the idea of human rights, British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement provides a valuable update to scholarship on the history of humanitarianism in Africa. The Congo Reform movement built on the institutional experience of overseas humanitarianism, the energy of evangelical political involvement, and innovations in racial, imperial, and nationalist discourse to create political energy. Often portrayed as the efforts of a few key people, especially E.D. Morel, this book demonstrates that the movement increasingly manifested itself as an institutionalized and transnational campaign with support from key government officials that ultimately made a material difference to the lives of the people of the Congo.

📒Land Of Tears ✍ Robert Harms

Land Of Tears Book PDF
✏Book Title : Land of Tears
✏Author : Robert Harms
✏Publisher : Hachette UK
✏Release Date : 2019-12-03
✏Pages : 544
✏ISBN : 9781541699663
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Land of Tears Book Summary : A prizewinning historian's epic account of the scramble to control equatorial Africa In just three decades at the end of the nineteenth century, the heart of Africa was utterly transformed. Virtually closed to outsiders for centuries, by the early 1900s the rainforest of the Congo River basin was one of the most brutally exploited places on earth. In Land of Tears, historian Robert Harms reconstructs the chaotic process by which this happened. Beginning in the 1870s, traders, explorers, and empire builders from Arabia, Europe, and America moved rapidly into the region, where they pioneered a deadly trade in ivory and rubber for Western markets and in enslaved labor for the Indian Ocean rim. Imperial conquest followed close behind. Ranging from remote African villages to European diplomatic meetings to Connecticut piano-key factories, Land of Tears reveals how equatorial Africa became fully, fatefully, and tragically enmeshed within our global world.

📒Congoism ✍ Johnny Van Hove

Congoism Book PDF
✏Book Title : Congoism
✏Author : Johnny Van Hove
✏Publisher : transcript Verlag
✏Release Date : 2017-10-31
✏Pages : 360
✏ISBN : 9783839440377
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Congoism Book Summary : To justify the plundering of today's Democratic Republic of the Congo, U.S. intellectual elites have continuously produced dismissive Congo discourses. Tracing these discourses in great depth and breadth for the first time, Johnny Van Hove shows how U.S. intellectuals (and their influential European counterparts) have been using the Congo in similar fashions for their own goals. Analyzing intellectuals as diverse as W.E.B. Du Bois, Joseph Conrad, and David Van Reybrouck, the book offers a theorization of Central West Africa, a case study of normalized narratives on the "Other", and a stirring wake up call for all contemporary writers on international history and politics.

📒The Crime Of The Congo ✍ Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir

The Crime Of The Congo Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Crime of the Congo
✏Author : Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir
✏Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
✏Release Date : 2015-08-15
✏Pages : 128
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Crime of the Congo Book Summary : The book was intended as an exposé of the situation in the so-called Congo Free State (labelled a "rubber regime" by Conan Doyle), an area occupied and designated as the personal property of Leopold II of Belgium and where the serious human rights abuses were occurring. Indigenous people in the region were being brutally exploited and tortured, particularly in the lucrative rubber trade. In the introduction to The Crime of the Congo Conan Doyle wrote: "I am convinced that the reason why public opinion has not been more sensitive upon the question of the Congo Free State is that the terrible story has not been brought thoroughly home to the people", a situation he intended to rectify. Conan Doyle was "strongly of the opinion" that the crimes committed on the Congo were "the greatest to be ever known",and he lauded the work of the Congo Reform Association. Conan Doyle was dismissive of the annexation of the state by Belgium, a situation intended to end the personal rule of the King. Conan Doyle noted that slavery and ivory poaching continued to occur after annexation and that "The Congo State was founded by the Belgian King, and exploited by Belgian capital, Belgian soldiers and Belgian concessionnaires. It was defended and upheld by successive Belgian Governments, who did all they could to discourage the Reformers".In the Daily Express the book was praised as "the most powerful indictment yet launched against the Belgian rulers of this bloodstained colony". The Express also noted that "After reviewing the early history of the Congo Free State Sir Arthur quotes the testimony of many unimpeachable witnesses regarding the brutalities of the 'rubber system' and the coldblooded mutilation and massacre of natives during the past fifteen years".128 p. ; 21 cm