The Social Ecology Of Infectious Diseases

The Social Ecology Of Infectious Diseases Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases
✏Author : Kenneth H. Mayer
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2011-04-28
✏Pages : 528
✏ISBN : 0080557147
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book Summary : Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

Human Ecology And Infectious Diseases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases
✏Author : Neil A. Croll
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2013-09-03
✏Pages : 380
✏ISBN : 9781483267937
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases Book Summary : Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases investigates the interrelationships among human behavior, ecology, and infectious diseases, with emphasis on parasitic and zoonotic diseases. The cultural, behavioral, anthropological, and social factors in the transmission of infectious diseases are discussed, along with methods used to make human ecology a more quantitative predictive science in the global challenge of such diseases. Behavioral patterns that place humans at risk to infections and the nature of risk factors are also analyzed. Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of some of the research into those aspects of human behavior that determine risk of helminth infection. The discussion then turns to studies on hookworm and includes an analysis of human behavior and religions that affect transmission of the parasitoses. Human behavior and transmission of zoonotic diseases in North America and Malaysia are documented as are the habits, customs, and superstitions associated with the epidemic of intestinal capillariasis that occurred in the Philippines. Filarial diseases in Southeast Asia are also reviewed, along with the changing patterns of parasitic infections and the cooperation of government and the private sector to lower infection rates in Japan. Cases from Nigeria and Brazil are considered as well. The volume concludes with an assessment of the importance of behavioral and socialcultural factors in determining regional and national patterns in disease incidence and transmission. This monograph should be valuable to students of tropical diseases and public health and to physicians, epidemiologists, anthropologists, veterinarians, and parasitologists.

Infectious Disease Movement In A Borderless World Book PDF
✏Book Title : Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World
✏Author : Institute of Medicine
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2010-03-10
✏Pages : 322
✏ISBN : 030915197X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World Book Summary : Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants--and the pathogens they carry--to travel more easily than ever before. The ease and speed of travel, tourism, and international trade connect once-remote areas with one another, eliminating many of the geographic and cultural barriers that once limited the spread of disease. Because of our global interconnectedness through transportation, tourism and trade, infectious diseases emerge more frequently; spread greater distances; pass more easily between humans and animals; and evolve into new and more virulent strains. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the workshop "Globalization, Movement of Pathogens (and Their Hosts) and the Revised International Health Regulations" December 16-17, 2008 in order to explore issues related to infectious disease spread in a "borderless" world. Participants discussed the global emergence, establishment, and surveillance of infectious diseases; the complex relationship between travel, trade, tourism, and the spread of infectious diseases; national and international policies for mitigating disease movement locally and globally; and obstacles and opportunities for detecting and containing these potentially wide-reaching and devastating diseases. This document summarizes the workshop.

Infectious Diseases In Primates Book PDF
✏Book Title : Infectious Diseases in Primates
✏Author : Charles L. Nunn
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 0198565852
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Infectious Diseases in Primates Book Summary : Recent progress in the field of wildlife disease ecology demonstrates that infectious disease plays a crucial role in the lives of wild animals. Parasites and pathogens should be especially important for social animals in which high contact among individuals increases the potential for disease spread. As one of the best studied mammalian groups, primates offer a unique opportunity to examine how complex behaviours (including social organization) influence the risk of acquiring infectiousdiseases, and the defences used by animals to avoid infection. This book explores the correlates of disease risk in primates, including not only social and mating behaviour but also diet, habitat use, life history, geography and phylogeny. The authors examine how a core set of host and parasite traits influence patterns of parasitism at three levels of biological organization: among individuals, among populations, and across species. A major goal is to synthesize, for the first time, fourdisparate areas of research: primate behavioural ecology, parasite biology, wildlife epidemiology, and the behavioural and immune defences employed by animals to counter infectious disease. Throughout, the authors provide an overview of the remarkable diversity of infectious agents found in wild primate populations. Additional chapters consider how knowledge of infectious diseases in wild primates can inform efforts focused on primate conservation and human health. More generally, this book identifies infectious disease as an important frontier in our understanding of primate behaviour and ecology. It highlights future challenges for testing the links between host and parasite traits, including hypotheses for the effects of disease on primate social and mating systems.

📒Health And Ethnicity ✍ Helen Macbeth

Health And Ethnicity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Health and Ethnicity
✏Author : Helen Macbeth
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2000-11-23
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 0415241677
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Health and Ethnicity Book Summary : It is becoming increasingly apparent that certain diseases occur at higher frequencies in different ethnic groups (e.g. Afro-Carribeans and sickle-cell anaemia). The causes for such differences are only just being investigated and the factors involved are clearly both genetic and non-genetic. The biological complexity lies in the interaction of genetic variation and lifestyle differences. Cultural differences range from diet to traditional remedies, from religious beliefs to marriage patterns and much more. This multidisciplinary volume discusses these factors, with contributions from geneticists, medics, anthropologists, epidemiologists and social scientists. Anyone considering variation in health experience due to ethnic factors would be enriched by reading the different perspectives presented in this volume.

Medical Research Council Annual Report And Accounts 2010 11 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Medical Research Council annual report and accounts 2010 11
✏Author : Medical Research Council
✏Publisher : The Stationery Office
✏Release Date : 2012-04-16
✏Pages : 156
✏ISBN : 0102974977
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Medical Research Council annual report and accounts 2010 11 Book Summary : The Medical Research Council is a publicly-funded organisation dedicated to improving human health. It supports research across the entire spectrum of medical sciences, in universities and hospitals, in its own units and institutes in the UK and in Africa. The MRC works closely with key stakeholders and research funders - UK health departments, other departments and agencies, the six sister research councils, industry, and the academic and charity sectors - giving a high priority to research that is likely to make a real difference to clinical practice and the health of the population. This annual report describes progress in 2008-09, highlights key awards and partnerships, and outlines plans for the future.

📒Social Bioarchaeology ✍ Sabrina C. Agarwal

Social Bioarchaeology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Social Bioarchaeology
✏Author : Sabrina C. Agarwal
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2011-03-21
✏Pages : 496
✏ISBN : 144439052X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Social Bioarchaeology Book Summary : Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

📒Research Priorities For The Environment Agriculture And Infectious Diseases Of Poverty ✍ TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty

Research Priorities For The Environment Agriculture And Infectious Diseases Of Poverty Book PDF
✏Book Title : Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
✏Author : TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages : 125
✏ISBN : 9241209763
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty Book Summary : The Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG 4) addresses the nature of the intersections and interactions between environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty in order to identify research priorities for improved disease control. This report reviews the connections between environmental change, modern agricultural practices and the occurrence of infectious diseases--especially those of poverty--and proposes a methodology that can be used to prioritize research on such diseases. Although there is some comprehension of the underlying and growing systemic influence of today s large-scale social and environmental changes on some infectious diseases, the significance and potential future impacts of these changes are poorly understood. Nevertheless, such changes now constitute a significant influence on the working of the Earth's systems that will have increasing consequences for patterns of occurrence of infectious diseases. Many of these changes are illustrated in this report. A common theme of this report is bidirectional causation, effectively "trapping" complex, linked eco-social systems in stable states that are resistant to intervention. For example, poverty is associated with ill health, low education and often with poor diets, either because of under-nutrition (and diarrhoea) or intakes that have excessive calories but insufficient micronutrients. In either case, poverty impairs health; and ill health impairs the escape from poverty. Another example is provided by a recent abundant agricultural harvest in India that has far exceeded storage capacity. A substantial fraction of this harvest will be wasted due to inadequate storage. Some grain that is badly stored will be contaminated by aflatoxins and other fungi, which increases the risk of cancer. This report presents the case for a more integrated approach across sectors, research disciplines and diseases, taking greater account of the increasingly widespread and systemic influences on disease emergence and spread.

📒Ecoimmunology ✍ Gregory Demas

Ecoimmunology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ecoimmunology
✏Author : Gregory Demas
✏Publisher : OUP USA
✏Release Date : 2011-12-09
✏Pages : 636
✏ISBN : 9780199737345
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ecoimmunology Book Summary : This book critically reviews recent advances in ecoimmunology, a newly emergent, interdisciplinary research field that examines interactions among host physiology and disease ecology in a wide range of environmentally relevant contexts.

Public Health And Infectious Diseases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Public Health and Infectious Diseases
✏Author : Jeffrey Griffiths
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2010-03-09
✏Pages : 512
✏ISBN : 9780123815071
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Public Health and Infectious Diseases Book Summary : Emerging infectious diseases may be defined as diseases being caused by pathogens only recently recognized to exist. This group of diseases is important globally, and the experience of the last 30 years suggests that new emerging diseases are likely to bedevil us. As the global climate changes, so changes the environment, which can support not only the pathogens, but also their vectors of transmission. This expands the exposure and effects of infectious disease and, therefore, the importance of widespread understanding of the relationship between public health and infectious disease. This work brings together chapters that explain reasons for the emergence of these infectious diseases. These include the ecological context of human interactions with other humans, with animals that may host human pathogens, and with a changing agricultural and industrial environment, increasing resistance to antimicrobials, the ubiquity of global travel, and international commerce. * Features the latest discoveries related to influenza with a newly published article by Davidson Hamer and Jean van Seventer * Provides a listing of rare diseases that have become resurgent or spread their geographic distribution and are re-emergent * Highlights dengue and malaria, as well as agents such as West Nile and other arboviruses that have spread to new continents causing widespread concerns * Includes discussions of climate influencing the spread of infectious disease and political and societal aspects

📒Social Ecological Resilience And Law ✍ Ahjond S. Garmestani

Social Ecological Resilience And Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : Social Ecological Resilience and Law
✏Author : Ahjond S. Garmestani
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2014-02-25
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9780231536356
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Social Ecological Resilience and Law Book Summary : Environmental law envisions ecological systems as existing in an equilibrium state, reinforcing a rigid legal framework unable to absorb rapid environmental changes and innovations in sustainability. For the past four decades, "resilience theory," which embraces uncertainty and nonlinear dynamics in complex adaptive systems, has provided a robust, invaluable foundation for sound environmental management. Reforming American law to incorporate this knowledge is the key to sustainability. This volume features top legal and resilience scholars speaking on resilience theory and its legal applications to climate change, biodiversity, national parks, and water law.

📒Social Ecology ✍ Mary A. Vance

Social Ecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Social Ecology
✏Author : Mary A. Vance
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 28
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105130843654
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Social Ecology Book Summary :

📒Primate Parasite Ecology ✍ Michael A. Huffman

Primate Parasite Ecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Primate Parasite Ecology
✏Author : Michael A. Huffman
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2020-06-25
✏Pages : 547
✏ISBN : 1108829406
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Primate Parasite Ecology Book Summary : Anyone who has spent an extended period in the tropics has an idea, through caring for others or first-hand experience, just what it is like to be a primate parasite host. Monkeys and apes often share parasites with humans, for example the HIV viruses which evolved from related viruses of chimpanzees and sooty mangabeys, and so understanding the ecology of infectious diseases in non-human primates is of paramount importance. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that environmental change may promote contact between humans and non-human primates and increase the possibility of sharing infectious disease. Written for academic researchers, this book addresses these issues and provides up-to-date information on the methods of study, natural history and ecology/theory of the exciting field of primate parasite ecology.

The Anthropology Of Infectious Disease Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Anthropology of Infectious Disease
✏Author : Peter J. Brown
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-11-05
✏Pages : 512
✏ISBN : 9781134386420
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Anthropology of Infectious Disease Book Summary : Anthropological contributions to the study of infectious disease and to the study of actual infectious disease eradication programmes have rarely been collected in one volume. In the era of AIDS and the global resurgance of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria, there is widespread interest and concern about the cultural, ecological and political factors that are directly related to the increased prevalence of infectious disease. In this book, the authors have assembled the growing scholarship in one volume. Chapters explore the coevolution of genes and cultural traits; the cultural construction of 'disease' and how these models influence health-seeking behaviour; cultural adaptive strategies to infectious disease problems; the ways in which ethnography sheds light on epidemiological patterns of infectious disease; the practical and ethical dilemmas that anthropologists face by participating in infectious disease programmes; and the political ecology of infectious disease.

Population Mobility And Infectious Disease Book PDF
✏Book Title : Population Mobility and Infectious Disease
✏Author : Yorghos Apostolopoulos
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-05-06
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9780387497112
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Population Mobility and Infectious Disease Book Summary : This book explores the complex roles of mobile, transient, and displaced populations in the worldwide spread of disease. While biomedical events cause disease, social forces such as poverty and marginalization magnify them by giving them opportunities to take hold. From Katrina to Darfur, and from influenza to AIDS, an expert panel of health and social scientists brings the social context of epidemics into clear focus.

📒Estuarine Ecology ✍ John W. Day, Jr.

Estuarine Ecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Estuarine Ecology
✏Author : John W. Day, Jr.
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2012-09-19
✏Pages : 568
✏ISBN : 9781118391914
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Estuarine Ecology Book Summary : Estuaries are among the most biologically productive ecosystems on the planet--critical to the life cycles of fish, other aquatic animals, and the creatures which feed on them. Estuarine Ecology, Second Edition, covers the physical and chemical aspects of estuaries, the biology and ecology of key organisms, the flow of organic matter through estuaries, and human interactions, such as the environmental impact of fisheries on estuaries and the effects of global climate change on these important ecosystems. Authored by a team of world experts from the estuarine science community, this long-awaited, full-color edition includes new chapters covering phytoplankton, seagrasses, coastal marshes, mangroves, benthic algae, Integrated Coastal Zone Management techniques, and the effects of global climate change. It also features an entriely new section on estuarine ecosystem processes, trophic webs, ecosystem metabolism, and the interactions between estuaries and other ecosystems such as wetlands and marshes

📒Infectious Disease Ecology ✍ Richard S. Ostfeld

Infectious Disease Ecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Infectious Disease Ecology
✏Author : Richard S. Ostfeld
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2010-12-16
✏Pages : 520
✏ISBN : 9781400837885
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Infectious Disease Ecology Book Summary : News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Anthropology Of Infectious Disease Book PDF
✏Book Title : Anthropology of Infectious Disease
✏Author : Merrill Singer
✏Publisher : Left Coast Press
✏Release Date : 2014-11-15
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9781629580449
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Anthropology of Infectious Disease Book Summary : This book synthesizes the flourishing field of anthropology of infectious disease in a critical, biocultural framework, advancing research in this multifaceted area and offering an ideal supplemental text.

Tropical Diseases An Issue Of Infectious Disease Clinics E Book Book PDF
✏Book Title : Tropical Diseases An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics E Book
✏Author : Alimuddin Zumla
✏Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
✏Release Date : 2012-06-11
✏Pages : 399
✏ISBN : 9781455744107
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Tropical Diseases An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics E Book Book Summary : Tropical diseases pose an increasing problem for US and international travellers who travel to tropical regions. Physicians need to be aware of the wide spectrum of tropical, infectious, and parasitic diseases that patients may be exposed to. This issue of Infectious Disease Clinics includes articles written by global experts and includes topics such as range/classification of tropical diseases, venomous bites and stings, malaria, and bacterial gastrointestinal infections.

The Urban Zoo Newsletter On Epidemiology Ecology And Socio Economics Of Disease Emergence In Nairobi Issue 3 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Urban Zoo Newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Issue 3
✏Author : Urban Zoo Project
✏Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
✏Release Date : 2014-05-15
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📒Plagues And Epidemics ✍ D. Ann Herring

Plagues And Epidemics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plagues and Epidemics
✏Author : D. Ann Herring
✏Publisher : Berg
✏Release Date : 2010-04-01
✏Pages : 416
✏ISBN : 9781847887559
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plagues and Epidemics Book Summary : Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.

Urban Zoo Newsletter On Epidemiology Ecology And Socio Economics Of Disease Emergence In Nairobi Volume 2 Issue 1 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Urban Zoo Newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Volume 2 Issue 1
✏Author : Urban Zoo Project
✏Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
✏Release Date : 2014-11-30
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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Phylogenetic Analysis Of Pathogens From Faeces To Phylogeny  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Phylogenetic analysis of pathogens From faeces to phylogeny
✏Author : ILRI
✏Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
✏Release Date : 2014-06-16
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Phylogenetic analysis of pathogens From faeces to phylogeny Book Summary :

Sanitation Latrines And Intestinal Parasites In Past Populations Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sanitation Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations
✏Author : Piers D. Mitchell
✏Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
✏Release Date : 2015-03-28
✏Pages : 290
✏ISBN : 9781472449092
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sanitation Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations Book Summary : Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take for granted today. However, people living in many regions of the developing world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to the lack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in modern times, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has received surprisingly little attention. This book brings together key experts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects of life in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected our ancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in use in ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, and that flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology of ancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see how sanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and will take a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time of the Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinal parasites infected humans in different regions of the world over different time periods, what these parasites tell us about early human evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle, and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidence that over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitation mattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains, waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views on sanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear than many past societies took sanitation much more seriously than was previously thought.

Hepatitis C A Perspective Through The Social Ecological Model Book PDF
✏Book Title : Hepatitis C A Perspective Through the Social Ecological Model
✏Author : Sandra H. Vulis
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:948757463
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Hepatitis C A Perspective Through the Social Ecological Model Book Summary : Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major global public health problem. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects 3.2 million Americans and 500 million people from a global standpoint (CDC, 2012). HCV contributes to significant morbidity and mortality with about 1 million deaths due to liver disease (World Hepatitis Alliance, 2010). Chronic liver disease has origins ranging from acquired, infectious, toxic and metabolic causes. Long-term consequences include cancer, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), and liver failure. Given the substantial data attributable to HCV-related liver disease, it is necessary to develop an HCV-related public health plan for the prevention of new HCV infections. The source of HCV infection includes transfusion of blood or blood products from unscreened donors, exposure to blood through the use of contaminated and inadequately sterilized instruments and needles used in medical and "traditional" medicine, persons who participate in high-risk sexual practices, or sexual interactions with HCV-infected persons. The relative contribution of these various sources of infection has not yet been defined with population-based epidemiological studies. Many do not seek care because they don't know they are infected; the incubation period for HCV can be decades long (Kamal, 2008). It is difficult to prevent and control chronic liver disease due to the contributing factors. There is also lack of knowledge and awareness about HCV treatment, which is a major barrier to those already diagnosed. Future challenges to public health practice will be significant as more adults are diagnosed with HCV.

The Urban Zoo Newsletter On Epidemiology Ecology And Socio Economics Of Disease Emergence In Nairobi Issue 4 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Urban Zoo newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Issue 4
✏Author : ILRI
✏Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
✏Release Date : 2014-08-15
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Urban Zoo newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Issue 4 Book Summary :

The Urban Zoo Newsletter On Epidemiology Ecology And Socio Economics Of Disease Emergence In Nairobi Issue 2 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Urban Zoo Newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Issue 2
✏Author : Urban Zoo project
✏Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
✏Release Date : 2014-02-02
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Urban Zoo Newsletter on epidemiology ecology and socio economics of disease emergence in Nairobi Issue 2 Book Summary :

📒Making Climate Forecasts Matter ✍ National Research Council

Making Climate Forecasts Matter Book PDF
✏Book Title : Making Climate Forecasts Matter
✏Author : National Research Council
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 1999-05-27
✏Pages : 192
✏ISBN : 030917340X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Making Climate Forecasts Matter Book Summary : El Nino has been with us for centuries, but now we can forcast it, and thus can prepare far in advance for the extreme climatic events it brings. The emerging ability to forecast climate may be of tremendous value to humanity if we learn how to use the information well. How does society cope with seasonal-to-interannual climatic variations? How have climate forecasts been used--and how useful have they been? What kinds of forecast information are needed? Who is likely to benefit from forecasting skill? What are the benefits of better forecasting? This book reviews what we know about these and other questions and identifies research directions toward more useful seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts. In approaching their recommendations, the panel explores: Vulnerability of human activities to climate. State of the science of climate forecasting. How societies coevolved with their climates and cope with variations in climate. How climate information should be disseminated to achieve the best response. How we can use forecasting to better manage the human consequences of climate change.

📒Research Priorities For The Environment Agriculture And Infectious Diseases Of Poverty ✍ TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty

Research Priorities For The Environment Agriculture And Infectious Diseases Of Poverty Book PDF
✏Book Title : Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
✏Author : TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
✏Publisher : World Health Organization
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages : 125
✏ISBN : 9789241209762
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty Book Summary : The Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG 4) addresses the nature of the intersections and interactions between environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty in order to identify research priorities for improved disease control. This report reviews the connections between environmental change, modern agricultural practices and the occurrence of infectious diseases--especially those of poverty--and proposes a methodology that can be used to prioritize research on such diseases. Although there is some comprehension of the underlying and growing systemic influence of today s large-scale social and environmental changes on some infectious diseases, the significance and potential future impacts of these changes are poorly understood. Nevertheless, such changes now constitute a significant influence on the working of the Earth's systems that will have increasing consequences for patterns of occurrence of infectious diseases. Many of these changes are illustrated in this report. A common theme of this report is bidirectional causation, effectively "trapping" complex, linked eco-social systems in stable states that are resistant to intervention. For example, poverty is associated with ill health, low education and often with poor diets, either because of under-nutrition (and diarrhoea) or intakes that have excessive calories but insufficient micronutrients. In either case, poverty impairs health; and ill health impairs the escape from poverty. Another example is provided by a recent abundant agricultural harvest in India that has far exceeded storage capacity. A substantial fraction of this harvest will be wasted due to inadequate storage. Some grain that is badly stored will be contaminated by aflatoxins and other fungi, which increases the risk of cancer. This report presents the case for a more integrated approach across sectors, research disciplines and diseases, taking greater account of the increasingly widespread and systemic influences on disease emergence and spread.

Archives N Erlandaises De Zoologie Book PDF
✏Book Title : Archives N erlandaises de Zoologie
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1988
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105003060725
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Archives N erlandaises de Zoologie Book Summary :