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📒The Signal And The Noise ✍ Nate Silver
✏The Signal and the Noise Book Summary : "One of the more momentous books of the decade." -The New York Times Book Review Nate Silver built an innovative system for predicting baseball performance, predicted the 2008 election within a hair’s breadth, and became a national sensation as a blogger—all by the time he was thirty. He solidified his standing as the nation's foremost political forecaster with his near perfect prediction of the 2012 election. Silver is the founder and editor in chief of the website FiveThirtyEight. Drawing on his own groundbreaking work, Silver examines the world of prediction, investigating how we can distinguish a true signal from a universe of noisy data. Most predictions fail, often at great cost to society, because most of us have a poor understanding of probability and uncertainty. Both experts and laypeople mistake more confident predictions for more accurate ones. But overconfidence is often the reason for failure. If our appreciation of uncertainty improves, our predictions can get better too. This is the “prediction paradox”: The more humility we have about our ability to make predictions, the more successful we can be in planning for the future. In keeping with his own aim to seek truth from data, Silver visits the most successful forecasters in a range of areas, from hurricanes to baseball, from the poker table to the stock market, from Capitol Hill to the NBA. He explains and evaluates how these forecasters think and what bonds they share. What lies behind their success? Are they good—or just lucky? What patterns have they unraveled? And are their forecasts really right? He explores unanticipated commonalities and exposes unexpected juxtapositions. And sometimes, it is not so much how good a prediction is in an absolute sense that matters but how good it is relative to the competition. In other cases, prediction is still a very rudimentary—and dangerous—science. Silver observes that the most accurate forecasters tend to have a superior command of probability, and they tend to be both humble and hardworking. They distinguish the predictable from the unpredictable, and they notice a thousand little details that lead them closer to the truth. Because of their appreciation of probability, they can distinguish the signal from the noise. With everything from the health of the global economy to our ability to fight terrorism dependent on the quality of our predictions, Nate Silver’s insights are an essential read.
📒A Signal Theoretic Introduction To Random Processes ✍ Roy M. Howard
✏A Signal Theoretic Introduction to Random Processes Book Summary : Presenting a rigorous introduction to the modelling and characterization of random phenomena, this book stands out from the existing texts in this field by characterizing random processes in signal theory. Instead of approaching randomness directly from random processes theory, the author places an emphasis on statistical signal theory, mathematical rigor, and using finite-time interval to establish results of random processes. One advantage to this theoretical approach is the unique framework provided to augment existing theory in the context of many unsolved problems. The use of a signal theory basis provides a general framework for defining functions used for characterizing random phenomena including the autocorrelation function and the power spectral density. The signal basis set approach for defining the power spectral density, which is the most widely used measure for characterizing random phenomena, provides a simple and natural interpretation of this function for the general case and for the usual case where a sinusoidal basis set is assumed. The usual approach to the power spectral density is through an autocorrelation function where an indirect interpretation can be provided for the restricted sinusoidal basis set case. Also, results for the important random phenomena encountered in the electronic and communications engineering field are given and include: the random walk, Brownian motion, the random telegraph signal, the Poisson point process, the Poisson counting process, shot noise, white noise, 1/f noise, signaling random processes, jittered random processes, random clustering, and birth-death random processes. Finally, the mathematical rigor underpins all aspects throughout the book, which demonstrates clarity and precision in the statement of results. The first five chapters provides the necessary background on the mathematical, signal theory, random variable theory, and random process theory to facilitate further development of random processes and random phenomena in the next chapters. Chapter 6 provides details the prototypical random processes that are fundamental to electrical, electronic, and communication engineering. Consequently, chapter 7-10 coverage includes details of the characterization of random phenomena from an engineering perspective: probability mass function/probability density function evolution, autocorrelation function, and power spectral density. Chapter 11 features an introduction to order statistics, which provides the background for a discussion of the Poisson point random process in Chapter 12. Chapter 13 introduces birth-death random processes and then Chapter 14 provides an introduction to first passage time theory.
📒Wdm Systems And Networks ✍ Neophytos (Neo) Antoniades
✏WDM Systems and Networks Book Summary : Modeling, Simulation, Design and Engineering of WDM Systems and Networks provides readers with the basic skills, concepts, and design techniques used to begin design and engineering of optical communication systems and networks at various layers. The latest semi-analytical system simulation techniques are applied to optical WDM systems and networks, and a review of the various current areas of optical communications is presented. Simulation is mixed with experimental verification and engineering to present the industry as well as state-of-the-art research. This contributed volume is divided into three parts, accommodating different readers interested in various types of networks and applications. The first part of the book presents modeling approaches and simulation tools mainly for the physical layer including transmission effects, devices, subsystems, and systems), whereas the second part features more engineering/design issues for various types of optical systems including ULH, access, and in-building systems. The third part of the book covers networking issues related to the design of provisioning and survivability algorithms for impairment-aware and multi-domain networks. Intended for professional scientists, company engineers, and university researchers, the text demonstrates the effectiveness of computer-aided design when it comes to network engineering and prototyping.
📒Acoustic Communication In Birds ✍ Kroodsma
✏Acoustic Communication in Birds Book Summary : Acoustic Communication in Birds, Volume 1: Production, Perception, and Design Features of Sounds presents the scientific study of bird vocalizations. This book discusses the relations between the physical structure of bird vocalization and their quality as perceived by the recipient. Organized into nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the first sound recording of bird sound. This text then outlines some of the complex processes and events between sound production and behavior response to sound. Other chapters consider the study of neural control of vocalizations in birds. This book discusses as well the acoustic information transmitted through the wide range of habitats plays a crucial role in different avian behaviors, including individual and species recognition, territorial defense, mate selection, and song learning. The final chapter deals with a more detailed functional interpretation of a particular sound. This book is a valuable resource for ornithologists, ethologists, and research workers.
📒Detection Of Signals In Noise ✍ Robert N. McDonough
✏Detection of Signals in Noise Book Summary : The Second Edition is an updated revision to the authors highly successful and widely used introduction to the principles and application of the statistical theory of signal detection. This book emphasizes those theories that have been found to be particularly useful in practice including principles applied to detection problems encountered in digital communications, radar, and sonar. Detection processing based upon the fast Fourier transform
📒Signal Processing For Cognitive Radios ✍ Sudharman K. Jayaweera
✏Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios Book Summary : This book examines signal processing techniques for cognitive radios. The book is divided into three parts: Part I, is an introduction to cognitive radios and presents a history of the cognitive radio (CR), and introduce their architecture, functionalities, ideal aspects, hardware platforms, and state-of-the-art developments. Dr. Jayaweera also introduces the specific type of CR that has gained the most research attention in recent years: the CR for Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). Part II of the book, Theoretical Foundations, guides the reader from classical to modern theories on statistical signal processing and inference. The author addresses detection and estimation theory, power spectrum estimation, classification, adaptive algorithms (machine learning), and inference and decision processes. Applications to the signal processing, inference and learning problems encountered in cognitive radios are interspersed throughout with concrete and accessible examples. Part III of the book, Signal Processing in Radios, identifies the key signal processing, inference, and learning tasks to be performed by wideband autonomous cognitive radios. The author provides signal processing solutions to each task by relating the tasks to materials covered in Part II. Specialized chapters then discuss specific signal processing algorithms required for DSA and DSS cognitive radios.
📒Signal Noise Separation And Seismic Inversion ✍ William S. Harlan
✏Signal noise separation and seismic inversion Book Summary :
✏Impact of Littoral Environmental Variability on Acoustic Predictions and Sonar Performance Book Summary : The limiting influence of the environment on sonar has long been recognised as a major challenge to science and technology. As the area of interest shifts towards the littoral, environmental influences become dominant both in time and space. The manifold challenges encompass prediction, measurement, assessment, and adaptive responses to maximize the effectiveness of systems. Although MCM and ASW activities are dominated in different ways and scales by the environment, both warfare areas have had to consider the significantly changing requirements posed by operations in the littoral. The fundamental scientific issues involved in developing models relating acoustics to the environment are matched in difficulty by the need for data for their validation and eventual practical use for prediction. In many instances the need is for the longer term planning activities. This book and the enclosed CD-ROM are the proceedings of a conference organised by the SACLANT Undersea Research Centre, and held at the Villa Marigola, Lerici, Italy, on 16-20 September 2002. CD-ROM Included: This volume contains a CD-ROM which in addition to an electronically searchable version of the proceedings, has full colour versions of figures which are printed in black and white in the book.
📒Fixed Broadband Wireless System Design ✍ Harry R. Anderson
✏Fixed Broadband Wireless System Design Book Summary : Fixed broadband networks can provide far higher data rates and capacity than the currently envisioned 3G and 4G mobile cellular systems. Achieving higher data rates is due to the unique technical properties of fixed systems, in particular, the use of high gain and adaptive antennas, wide frequency bands, dynamic data rate and channel resource allocation, and advanced multiple access techniques. Fixed Broadband Wireless System Design is a comprehensive presentation of the engineering principles, advanced engineering techniques, and practical design methods for planning and deploying fixed wireless systems, including: Point-to-point LOS and NLOS network design Point-to-point microwave link design including active and passive repeaters Consecutive point and mesh network planning Advanced empirical and physical propagation modeling including ray-tracing Detailed microwave fading models for multipath and rain NLOS (indoor and outdoor) propagation and fading models Propagation environment models including terrain, morphology, buildings, and atmospheric effects Novel mixed application packet traffic modeling for dimensioning network capacity Narrow beam, wide beam, and adaptive (smart) antennas MIMO systems and space-time coding Channel planning including fixed and dynamic channel assignment and dynamic packet assignment IEEE 802.11b and 802.11a (WLAN) system design Free space optic (FSO) link design At present, there are no titles available that provide such a concise presentation of the wide variety of systems, frequency bands, multiple access techniques, and other factors that distinguish fixed wireless systems from mobile wireless systems. Fixed Broadband Wireless System Design is essential reading for design, system and RF engineers involved in the design and deployment of fixed broadband wireless systems, fixed wireless equipment vendors, and academics and postgraduate students in the field.
📒Lock In Amplifiers ✍ M. L. Meade
✏Lock in Amplifiers Book Summary :