The Ontology Of Spacetime Ii

The Ontology Of Spacetime Ii Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Ontology of Spacetime II
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2008-06-17
✏Pages : 357
✏ISBN : 0080569889
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Ontology of Spacetime II Book Summary : The sixteen papers collected in this volume are expanded and revised versions of talks delivered at the Second International Conference on the Ontology of Spacetime, organized by the International Society for the Advanced Study of Spacetime (John Earman, President) at Concordia University (Montreal) from 9 to 11 June 2006. Most chapters are devoted to subjects directly relating to the ontology of spacetime. The book starts with four papers that discuss the ontological status of spacetime and the processes occurring in it from a point of view that is first of all conceptual and philosophical. The focus then slightly shifts in the five papers that follow, to considerations more directly involving technical considerations from relativity theory. After this, Time, Becoming and Change take centre stage in the next five papers. The book ends with two excursions into relatively uncharted territory: a consideration of the status of Kaluza-Klein theory, and an investigation of possible relations between the nature of spacetime and condensed matter physics, respectively. Space and time in present-day physics and philosophy Relatively low level of technicality, easily accessible Introduction from scratch of the debates surrounding time Broad spectrum of approaches, coherently represented

The Ontology Of Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Ontology of Spacetime
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2006-07-10
✏Pages : 306
✏ISBN : 0080461883
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Ontology of Spacetime Book Summary : This book contains selected papers from the First International Conference on the Ontology of Spacetime. Its fourteen chapters address two main questions: first, what is the current status of the substantivalism/relationalism debate, and second, what about the prospects of presentism and becoming within present-day physics and its philosophy? The overall tenor of the four chapters of the book’s first part is that the prospects of spacetime substantivalism are bleak, although different possible positions remain with respect to the ontological status of spacetime. Part II and Part III of the book are devoted to presentism, eternalism, and becoming, from two different perspectives. In the six chapters of Part II it is argued, in different ways, that relativity theory does not have essential consequences for these issues. It certainly is true that the structure of time is different, according to relativity theory, from the one in classical theory. But that does not mean that a decision is forced between presentism and eternalism, or that becoming has proved to be an impossible concept. It may even be asked whether presentism and eternalism really offer different ontological perspectives at all. The writers of the last four chapters, in Part III, disagree. They argue that relativity theory is incompatible with becoming and presentism. Several of them come up with proposals to go beyond relativity, in order to restore the prospects of presentism. · Space and time in present-day physics and philosophy · Introduction from scratch of the debates surrounding time · Broad spectrum of approaches, coherently represented

Relativity And The Nature Of Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Relativity and the Nature of Spacetime
✏Author : Vesselin Petkov
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2009-06-23
✏Pages : 316
✏ISBN : 9783642019623
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Relativity and the Nature of Spacetime Book Summary : Puts the emphasis on conceptual questions: Why is there no such thing as absolute motion? What is the physical meaning of relativity of simultaneity? But, the most important question that is addressed in this book is "what is the nature of spacetime?" or, equivalently, "what is the dimensionality of the world at the macroscopic level?" Develops answers to these questions via a thorough analysis of relativistic effects and explicitly asking whether the objects involved in those effects are three-dimensional or four-dimensional. Discusses the implication of the result (this analysis clearly shows that if the world and the physical objects were three-dimensional, none of the kinematic relativistic effects and the experimental evidence supporting them would be possible) for physics, philosophy, and our entire world view are discussed.

📒Space Time And Spacetime ✍ Vesselin Petkov

Space Time And Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Space Time and Spacetime
✏Author : Vesselin Petkov
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2010-09-02
✏Pages : 314
✏ISBN : 3642135382
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Space Time and Spacetime Book Summary : Dedicated to the centennial anniversary of Minkowski's discovery of spacetime, this volume contains papers, most presented at the Third International Conference on the Nature and Ontology of Spacetime, that address some of the deepest questions in physics.

Epistemology Of Experimental Gravity Scientific Rationality Book PDF
✏Book Title : Epistemology of Experimental Gravity Scientific Rationality
✏Author : Nicolae Sfetcu
✏Publisher : MultiMedia Publishing
✏Release Date :
✏Pages : 216
✏ISBN : 9786060333210
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Epistemology of Experimental Gravity Scientific Rationality Book Summary : The evolution of gravitational tests from an epistemological perspective framed in the concept of rational reconstruction of Imre Lakatos, based on his methodology of research programmes. Unlike other works on the same subject, the evaluated period is very extensive, starting with Newton's natural philosophy and up to the quantum gravity theories of today. In order to explain in a more rational way the complex evolution of the gravity concept of the last century, I propose a natural extension of the methodology of the research programmes of Lakatos that I then use during the paper. I believe that this approach offers a new perspective on how evolved over time the concept of gravity and the methods of testing each theory of gravity, through observations and experiments. I argue, based on the methodology of the research programmes and the studies of scientists and philosophers, that the current theories of quantum gravity are degenerative, due to the lack of experimental evidence over a long period of time and of self-immunization against the possibility of falsification. Moreover, a methodological current is being developed that assigns a secondary, unimportant role to verification through observations and/or experiments. For this reason, it will not be possible to have a complete theory of quantum gravity in its current form, which to include to the limit the general relativity, since physical theories have always been adjusted, during their evolution, based on observational or experimental tests, and verified by the predictions made. Also, contrary to a widespread opinion and current active programs regarding the unification of all the fundamental forces of physics in a single final theory, based on string theory, I argue that this unification is generally unlikely, and it is not possible anyway for a unification to be developed based on current theories of quantum gravity, including string theory. In addition, I support the views of some scientists and philosophers that currently too much resources are being consumed on the idea of developing quantum gravity theories, and in particular string theory, to include general relativity and to unify gravity with other forces, as long as science does not impose such research programs. CONTENTS: Introduction Gravity Gravitational tests Methodology of Lakatos - Scientific rationality The natural extension of the Lakatos methodology Bifurcated programs Unifying programs 1. Newtonian gravity 1.1 Heuristics of Newtonian gravity 1.2 Proliferation of post-Newtonian theories 1.3 Tests of post-Newtonian theories 1.3.1 Newton's proposed tests 1.3.2 Tests of post-Newtonian theories 1.4 Newtonian gravity anomalies 1.5 Saturation point in Newtonian gravity 2. General relativity 2.1 Heuristics of the general relativity 2.2 Proliferation of post-Einsteinian gravitational theories 2.3 Post-Newtonian parameterized formalism (PPN) 2.4 Tests of general relativity and post-Einsteinian theories 2.4.1 Tests proposed by Einstein 2.4.2 Tests of post-Einsteinian theories 2.4.3 Classic tests 2.4.3.1 Precision of Mercury's perihelion 2.4.3.2 Light deflection 2.4.3.3 Gravitational redshift 2.4.4 Modern tests 2.4.4.1 Shapiro Delay 2.4.4.2 Gravitational dilation of time 2.4.4.3 Frame dragging and geodetic effect 2.4.4.4 Testing of the principle of equivalence 2.4.4.5 Solar system tests 2.4.5 Strong field gravitational tests 2.4.5.1 Gravitational lenses 2.4.5.2 Gravitational waves 2.4.5.3 Synchronization binary pulsars 2.4.5.4 Extreme environments 2.4.6 Cosmological tests 2.4.6.1 The expanding universe 2.4.6.2 Cosmological observations 2.4.6.3 Monitoring of weak gravitational lenses 2.5 Anomalies of general relativity 2.6 The saturation point of general relativity 3. Quantum gravity 3.1 Heuristics of quantum gravity 3.2 The tests of quantum gravity 3.3 Canonical quantum gravity 3.3.1 Tests proposed for the CQG 3.3.2. Loop quantum gravity 3.4 String theory 3.4.1 Heuristics of string theory 3.4.2. Anomalies of string theory 3.5 Other theories of quantum gravity 3.6 Unification (The Final Theory) 4. Cosmology Conclusions Notes Bibliography DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35350.70724

Concepts Of Simultaneity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Concepts of Simultaneity
✏Author : Max Jammer
✏Publisher : JHU Press
✏Release Date : 2006-09-12
✏Pages : 308
✏ISBN : 0801884225
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Concepts of Simultaneity Book Summary : Publisher description

On The Elements Of Ontology Book PDF
✏Book Title : On the Elements of Ontology
✏Author : D. W. Mertz
✏Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
✏Release Date : 2016-02-12
✏Pages : 326
✏ISBN : 9783110454512
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏On the Elements of Ontology Book Summary : Central to Elements is an assay of the attributional union properties and relations have with their subjects, a topic historically left metaphorical. The work critiques eight Aristotelian assumptions concerning attribute dependence and ‘inherence’, per se subjects (‘substances’), attributes as agent-organizers, and unity-by-a-shared-one. Groups of these assumptions are seen to yield contradiction, vicious regress, or other problems. This analysis, joined with insights from an assay of ubiquitous structure, motivate ten theses explicating attribution and its primary ontic status. The theses detail: attributes proper as individuated instances, structure as instance-generated facts and their two forms of composition, the conditioning role and universal nature of instances’ component intensions, the primacy of attribute instances for generating all forms of composition and complex entities, and identity and indiscernibility criteria for the latter. Principal is the insight that attribution is intension-determined combinatorial agency. It is its systematizing implications that provide solutions to classic problems, e.g., Composition, Individuation, and Universals, and in net generate a comprehensive one-category structuralist ontology.

The Structural Foundations Of Quantum Gravity Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity
✏Author : Dean Rickles
✏Publisher : Clarendon Press
✏Release Date : 2006-11-16
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9780199269693
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity Book Summary : What is spacetime? General relativity and quantum field theory answer this question in very different ways. This collection of essays by physicists and philosophers looks at the problem of uniting these two most fundamental theories of our world, focusing on the nature of space and time within this new quantum framework, and the kind of metaphysical picture suggested by recent developments in physics and mathematics. This is a book that will inspire further philosophical reflection on recent advances in modern physics.

Physical Foundations Of Cosmology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Physical Foundations of Cosmology
✏Author : P. J. Steinhardt
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2005-11-10
✏Pages : 421
✏ISBN : 0521563984
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Physical Foundations of Cosmology Book Summary : "This is an ideal textbook both for advanced students of physics and astrophysics and for those with a particular interest in theoretical cosmology. Nearly every formula in the book is derived from basic physical principles covered in undergraduate courses. Each chapter includes all necessary background material and no prior knowledge of general relativity and quantum field theory is assumed."--BOOK JACKET.

The Bloomsbury Companion To Metaphysics Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Bloomsbury Companion to Metaphysics
✏Author : Neil A. Manson
✏Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
✏Release Date : 2014-12-18
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9781472585875
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Bloomsbury Companion to Metaphysics Book Summary : Bridging the gap between the familiar figures of the history of philosophy and the technical approaches favoured by contemporary philosophers, The Bloomsbury Companion to Metaphysics introduces the key ideas and debates needed to understand analytic metaphysics. Presenting an effective syllabus for an introductory course in contemporary metaphysics, this companion brings together a team of leading metaphysicians. It begins with a comprehensive introduction to methodological problems and methods, before tackling the perennial metaphysical questions surrounding core topics such as: • Modality • Universals and Abstract Objects • Naturalism and Physicalism • Mind • Free Will • God

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Time Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Companion to the Philosophy of Time
✏Author : Adrian Bardon
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-01-22
✏Pages : 600
✏ISBN : 9781118522059
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Companion to the Philosophy of Time Book Summary : A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents the broadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissioned articles - written by an international line-up of experts – provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialists alike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of time currently available The first collection to tackle the historical development of the philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporary work Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, covering history of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of the physical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished, well-established scholars and rising stars in the field

Symmetry Structure And Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Symmetry Structure and Spacetime
✏Author : Dean Rickles
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 229
✏ISBN : 9780444531162
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Symmetry Structure and Spacetime Book Summary : In this book Rickles considers several interpretative difficulties raised by gauge-type symmetries (those that correspond to no change in physical state). The ubiquity of such symmetries in modern physics renders them an urgent topic in philosophy of physics. Rickles focuses on spacetime physics, and in particular classical and quantum general relativity. Here the problems posed are at their most pathological, involving the apparent disappearance of spacetime! Rickles argues that both traditional ontological positions should be replaced by a structuralist account according to which relational structure is what the physics is about. · Unified treatment of gauge symmetries and their relationship to ontology in physics · Brings philosophy of space and time into step with developments in modern physics · Argues against the received view on the implications of symmetries in physics · Provides elementary treatments of technical issues · Illustrates a novel defense of structuralism

World Enough And Space Time Book PDF
✏Book Title : World Enough and Space Time
✏Author : John Earman
✏Publisher : Bradford Books
✏Release Date : 1992-03-01
✏Pages : 250
✏ISBN : 0262550210
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏World Enough and Space Time Book Summary : Newton's Principia introduced conceptions of space and time that launched one of themost famous and sustained debates in the history of physics, a controversy that involves fundamentalconcerns in the foundations of physics, metaphysics, and scientific epistemology.This bookintroduces and clarifies the historical and philosophical development of the clash between Newton'sabsolute conception of space and Leibniz's relational one. It separates the issues and provides newperspectives on absolute relational accounts of motion and relational-substantival accounts of theontology of space time.Earman's sustained treatment and imaginative insights raise to a new levelthe debate on these important issues at the boundary of philosophy and physics. He surveys thehistory of the controversy from Newton to Einstein develops the mathematics and physics needed topose the issues in sharp form and provides a persuasive assessment of the philosophical problemsinvolved.Most importantly, Earman revitalizes the connection of the debate to contemporary science.He shows, for example, how concerns raised by Leibniz form the core of ongoing debate on thefoundations of general theory of relativity, moving the discussion into a new and vital arena andintroducing arguments that will be discussed for years to come.John Earman is Professor of Historyand Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. A Bradford Book

📒Cartesian Spacetime ✍ E. Slowik

Cartesian Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cartesian Spacetime
✏Author : E. Slowik
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-03-14
✏Pages : 252
✏ISBN : 9789401709750
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cartesian Spacetime Book Summary : Although Descartes' natural philosophy marked an advance in the development of modern science, many critics over the years, such as Newton, have rejected his particular `relational' theory of space and motion. Nevertheless, it is also true that most historians and philosophers have not sufficiently investigated the viability of the Cartesian theory. This book explores, consequently, the success of the arguments against Descartes' theory of space and motion by determining if it is possible to formulate a version that can eliminate its alleged problems. In essence, this book comprises the first sustained attempt to construct a consistent `Cartesian' spacetime theory: that is, a theory of space and time that consistently incorporates Descartes' various physical and metaphysical concepts. Intended for students in the history of philosophy and science, this study reveals the sophisticated insights, and often quite successful elements, in Descartes' unjustly neglected relational theory of space and motion.

📒What Spacetime Explains ✍ Graham Nerlich

What Spacetime Explains Book PDF
✏Book Title : What Spacetime Explains
✏Author : Graham Nerlich
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1994-08-04
✏Pages : 283
✏ISBN : 0521452619
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏What Spacetime Explains Book Summary : Eleven of Graham Nerlich's essays are here brought together dealing with ontology and methodology in relativity; variable curvature and general relativity; and time and causation.

The Deep Metaphysics Of Space Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Deep Metaphysics of Space
✏Author : Edward Slowik
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-10-12
✏Pages : 342
✏ISBN : 9783319448688
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Deep Metaphysics of Space Book Summary : This volume explores the inadequacies of the two standard conceptions of space or spacetime, substantivalism and relationism, and in the process, proposes a new historical interpretation of these physical theories. This book also examines and develops alternative ontological conceptions of space, and explores additional historical elements of seventeenth century theories and other metaphysical themes. The author first discusses the two main opposing theories of the ontology of space. One, known as substantivalism, proposes space to be an entity that can exist independently of material things. The other, relationism, contends that space is a relation among material things. Readers will learn about specific problems with this dichotomy. First, Newton and Leibniz are often upheld as the retrospective forerunners of substantivalism and relationism. But, their work often contradicts the central tenets of these views. Second, these theories have proven problematic when transferred to a modern setting, especially with regards to general relativity and the recent quantum gravity hypotheses. The author details an alternative set of concepts that address these problems. The author also develops a new classificational system that provides a more accurate taxonomy for the elements of all spatial ontologies. This classification obtains successful analogies between Newton, Leibniz, and other natural philosophers with contemporary physical theories.

📒Decoding Spacetime ✍ Eric Carlson

Decoding Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Decoding Spacetime
✏Author : Eric Carlson
✏Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
✏Release Date : 2010-11-08
✏Pages : 414
✏ISBN : 9781453592595
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Decoding Spacetime Book Summary : This is a book about science, religion, and ‘being’, yours and mine. The study of being is called ‘Ontology’. Our culture is dominated by a naturalist ontology. The question is: does ontology include a supernatural component? Or, is that idea a relic of our primeval past, sort of like appendix and adenoids, parts that can be excised from the body of our belief system? The author argues for the primacy of the transcendent (supernatural) ontology by means of two books: the book of nature, and the book of transcendency (the Bible), each containing its own portion of the evidence. Mr. Carlson argues for the following: • The universe represents a small portion of God’s ontology, a small reality devoted to redemption. The ‘signet’ of redemption is the number ‘7’; its appearance within chronology is deliberate, instructive, and compelling. • The Creation Week account reflects a two-fold metaphor: (1) space-time itself was created to support the redemptive act, and (2) mankind’s history will unfold in a series of seven ages, later quantified as millennia. • The interval between Adam and Abraham literally filled one redemptive bi-millennium, but the catastrophic effects of 3 realities, the Cainite civilization, Noah, and the break-up of Pangaea, contribute to the appearance of myth as viewed by the uniformitarian geologist for whom catastrophes appear invisible. The 2nd bi-millennium, Abraham- to-Messiah, was also fulfilled exactly in redemptive time. The termination of our age is imminent and dependent upon the chronology of Israel, mankind’s chronograph. • A detailed chronology of the history of Israel is flavored with the redemptive signet, especially 70 yrs or 70 heptads of yrs. By decoding Israel’s history in redemptive time and employing the single concept of ‘the favor of God’, the author derives a Biblical-based proof that modern Israel is the same and identical state founded by Samuel in 1096 BC. Three independent proofs of this foundational date are provided. These proofs show that the Monarchy existed for exactly 511 yrs, which period is exactly equal to 73 heptads: Israel is an ‘heptadic state’. • The author concludes that the redemptive corollary to Israel’s ontology is also proven: we have actually entered ‘the end-times’ and the events associated with ‘the last days’ will soon unfold. • Because the reality of Israel is visible to all, it is apparent that the redemptive offer made to mankind is also real and visible, such as that appearing in John 3:16, John 6:40, and Romans 10:9-13. There is much to learn about our world. Start now. Tomorrow may be too late!

📒Scientific Philosophy ✍ Gustavo E. Romero

Scientific Philosophy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Scientific Philosophy
✏Author : Gustavo E. Romero
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2018-11-02
✏Pages : 188
✏ISBN : 9783319976310
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Scientific Philosophy Book Summary : This textbook presents the basics of philosophy that are necessary for the student and researcher in science in order to better understand scientific work. The approach is not historical but formative: tools for semantical analysis, ontology of science, epistemology, and scientific ethics are presented in a formal and direct way. The book has two parts: one with the general theory and a second part with application to some problems such as the interpretation of quantum mechanics, the nature of mathematics, and the ontology of spacetime. The book addresses questions such as "What is meaning?", "What is truth?", "What are truth criteria in science?", "What is a theory?", "What is a model?" "What is a datum?", "What is information?", "What does it mean to understand something?", "What is space?", "What is time?", "How are these concepts articulated in science?" "What are values?" "What are the limits of science?", and many more. The philosophical views presented are "scientific" in the sense that they are informed by current science, they are relevant for scientific research, and the method adopted uses the hypothetical-deductive approach that is characteristic of science. The results and conclusions, as any scientific conclusion, are open to revision in the light of future advances. Hence, this philosophical approach opposes to dogmatic philosophy. Supported by end-of-chapter summaries and a list of special symbols used, the material will be of interest for students and researchers in both science and philosophy. The second part will appeal to physicists and mathematicians.

A Materialist Metaphysics Of The Human Person Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person
✏Author : Hud Hudson
✏Publisher : Cornell University Press
✏Release Date : 2001
✏Pages : 202
✏ISBN : 0801438896
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person Book Summary : Hud Hudson presents an innovative view of the metaphysics of human persons according to which human persons are material objects but not human organisms. In developing his account, he formulates and defends a unique collection of positions on parthood, persistence, vagueness, composition, identity, and various puzzles of material constitution.The author also applies his materialist metaphysics to issues in ethics and in the philosophy of religion. He examines the implications for ethics of his metaphysical views for standard arguments addressing the moral permissibility of our treatment of human persons and their parts, fetuses and infants, the irreversibly comatose, and corpses. He argues that his metaphysics provides the best foundation in the philosophy of religion for the Christian doctrine of the resurrection of the body.Hudson addresses a broad range of metaphysical issues, but among his most strikingly original contributions are his defense of the "Partist" view (according to which a material object can exactly occupy multiple, overlapping regions of spacetime) and his argument for the compatibility of Christianity with a materialistic theory of human persons.

📒Persistence And Spacetime ✍ Yuri Balashov

Persistence And Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : Persistence and Spacetime
✏Author : Yuri Balashov
✏Publisher : OUP Oxford
✏Release Date : 2010-04-29
✏Pages : 248
✏ISBN : 9780191614743
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Persistence and Spacetime Book Summary : Material objects persist through time and survive change. How do they manage to do so? What are the underlying facts of persistence? Do objects persist by being "wholly present" at all moments of time at which they exist? Or do they persist by having distinct "temporal segments" confined to the corresponding times? Are objects three-dimensional entities extended in space, but not in time? Or are they four-dimensional spacetime "worms"? These are matters of intense debate, which is now driven by concerns about two major issues in fundamental ontology: parthood and location. It is in this context that broadly empirical considerations are increasingly brought to bear on the debate about persistence. Persistence and Spacetime pursues this empirically based approach to the questions. Yuri Balashov begins by setting out major rival views of persistence — endurance, perdurance, and exdurance — in a spacetime framework and proceeds to investigate the implications of Einstein's theory of relativity for the debate about persistence. His overall conclusion — that relativistic considerations favour four-dimensionalism over three-dimensionalism — is hardly surprising. It is, however, anything but trivial. Contrary to a common misconception, there is no straightforward argument from relativity to four-dimensionalism. The issues involved are complex, and the debate is closely entangled with a number of other philosophical disputes, including those about the nature and ontology of time, parts and wholes, material constitution, causation and properties, and vagueness.

The Singularities As Ontological Limits Of The General Relativity Book PDF
✏Book Title : The singularities as ontological limits of the general relativity
✏Author : Nicolae Sfetcu
✏Publisher : Nicolae Sfetcu
✏Release Date : 2019-01-31
✏Pages : 33
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The singularities as ontological limits of the general relativity Book Summary : ESSAYS Collection The singularities from the general relativity resulting by solving Einstein's equations were and still are the subject of many scientific debates: Are there singularities in spacetime, or not? Big Bang was an initial singularity? If singularities exist, what is their ontology? Is the general theory of relativity a theory that has shown its limits in this case? In this essay I argue that there are singularities, and the general theory of relativity, as any other scientific theory at present, is not valid for singularities. But that does not mean, as some scientists think, that it must be regarded as being obsolete. After a brief presentation of the specific aspects of Newtonian classical theory and the special theory of relativity, and a brief presentation of the general theory of relativity, the chapter Ontology of General Relativity presents the ontological aspects of general relativity. The next chapter, Singularities, is dedicated to the presentation of the singularities resulting in general relativity, the specific aspects of the black holes and the event horizon, including the Big Bang debate as original singularity, and arguments for the existence of the singularities. In Singularity Ontology, I am talking about the possibilities of ontological framing of singularities in general and black holes in particular, about the hole argument highlighted by Einstein, and the arguments presented by scientists that there are no singularities and therefore that the general theory of relativity is in deadlock. In Conclusions I outline and summarize briefly the arguments that support my above views. CONTENTS Abstract Introduction Classical Theory and Special Relativity General Relativity (GR) 1 Ontology of General Relativity 2 Singularities Black Holes Event Horizon Big Bang Are there Singularities? 3 Ontology of Singularities Ontology of black holes The hole argument There are no singularities Conclusions Notes Bibliography

American Book Publishing Record Book PDF
✏Book Title : American Book Publishing Record
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015066180392
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏American Book Publishing Record Book Summary :

📒What Where When Why ✍ R. McLaughlin

What Where When Why  Book PDF
✏Book Title : What Where When Why
✏Author : R. McLaughlin
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 319
✏ISBN : 9789400977310
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏What Where When Why Book Summary : Only in fairly recent years has History and Philosophy of Science been recog nised - though not always under that name - as a distinct field of scholarly endeavour. Previously, in the Australasian region as elsewhere, those few individuals working within this broad area of inquiry found their base, both intellectually and socially, where they could. In fact, the institutionalisation of History and Philosophy of Science began comparatively early in Australia. An initial lecturing appointment was made at the University of Melbourne immediately after the Second World War, in 1946, and other appointments followed as the subject underwent an expansion during the 1950s and '60s similar to that which took place in other parts of the world. Today there are major Departments at the University of Melbourne, the University of New South Wales and the University of Wollongong, and smaller groups active in many other parts of Australia, and in New Zealand.

Philosophical Problems Of Space And Time Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophical Problems of Space and Time
✏Author : Adolf Grünbaum
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 884
✏ISBN : 9789401026222
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophical Problems of Space and Time Book Summary : It is ten years since Adolf Griinbaum published the first edition of this book. It was promptly recognized to be one of the few major works in the philosophy of the natural sciences of this generation. In part, this is so because Griinbaum has chosen a problem basic both to philosophy and to the natural sciences - the nature of space and time; and in part, this is so because he so admirably exemplifies that Aristotelian devotion to the intimate and mutual dependence of actual science and philosophical understanding. More than this, however, the quality of his work derives from his achievement in combining detail with scope. The problems of space and time have been among the most difficult in contemporary and classical thought, and Griinbaum has been responsible to the full depth and complexity of these difficulties. This revised and enlarged second edition is a work in progress, in the tradition of reflective analysis of modern science of such figures as Ehrenfest and Reichenbach. In publishing this work among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, we hope to contribute to and encourage that broad tradition of natural philosophy which is marked by the close collaboration of philoso phers and scientists. To this end, we have published the proceedings of our Colloquia, of meetings and conferences here and abroad, as well as the works of single authors.

📒Ontology ✍ Dale Jacquette

Ontology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ontology
✏Author : Dale Jacquette
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-12-18
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9781317489597
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ontology Book Summary : The philosophical study of what exists and what it means for something to exist is one of the core concerns of metaphysics. This introduction to ontology provides readers with a comprehensive account of the central ideas of the subject of being. This book is divided into two parts. The first part explores questions of pure philosophical ontology: what is meant by the concept of being, why there exists something rather than nothing, and why there is only one logically contingent actual world. Dale Jacquette shows how logic provides the only possible answers to these fundamental problems. The second part of the book examines issues of applied scientific ontology. Jacquette offers a critical survey of some of the most influential traditional ontologies, such as the distinction between appearance and reality, and the categories of substance and transcendence. The ontology of physical entities - space, time, matter and causation - is examined as well as the ontology of abstract entities such as sets, numbers, properties, relations and propositions. The special problems posed by the subjectivity of mind and of postulating a god are also explored in detail. The final chapter examines the ontology of culture, language and art.

📒Space Time And Geometry ✍ Patrick Suppes

Space Time And Geometry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Space Time and Geometry
✏Author : Patrick Suppes
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-03-09
✏Pages : 428
✏ISBN : 9789401026864
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Space Time and Geometry Book Summary : The articles in this volume have been stimulated in two different ways. More than two years ago the editor of Synthese, laakko Hintikka, an nounced a special issue devoted to space and time, and articles were solicited. Part of the reason for that announcement was also the second source of papers. Several years ago I gave a seminar on special relativity at Stanford, and the papers by Domotor, Harrison, Hudgin, Latzer and myself partially arose out of discussion in that seminar. All of the papers except those of Griinbaum, Fine, the second paper of Friedman, and the paper of Adams appeared in a special double issue of Synthese (24 (1972), Nos. 1-2). I am pleased to have been able to add the four additional papers mentioned in making the special issue a volume in the Synthese Library. Of these four additional articles, only the one by Fine has pre viously appeared in print (Synthese 22 (1971), 448-481); its relevance to the present volume is apparent. In preparing the papers for publication and in carrying out the various editonal chores of such a task, I am very much indebted to Mrs. Lillian O'Toole for her extensive assistance. INTRODUCTION The philosophy of space and time has been of permanent importance in philosophy, and most of the major historical figures in philosophy, such as Aristotle, Descartes and Kant, have had a good deal to say about the nature of space and time.

A Collection Of Polish Works On Philosophical Problems Of Time And Spacetime Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Collection of Polish Works on Philosophical Problems of Time and Spacetime
✏Author : Helena Eilstein
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-04-17
✏Pages : 160
✏ISBN : 9789401700979
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Collection of Polish Works on Philosophical Problems of Time and Spacetime Book Summary : This is a collection of some works of Polish philosophers and physicists on philosophical problems of time and spacetime. Without restricting the thematic scope of the papers, the issue conceming objectivity of time flow runs as a uniting thread through most of them. Partly it is discussed directIy, and partly the authors focus on themes which are of paramount importance for one's attitude to that question. In the first six papers the authors deal with their topics against the background of contemporary physics, its theories, its difficulties and discussed conjectures. For the paper of S. Snihur that background is provided by everyday worId-outlook, and the author discusses the problem of existence and character of the future in the light of basic principles of cIassical logic. The paper of A. P61tawski, about the views of the outstanding polish philosopher Roman Ingarden, enriches the thematic scope of the coIIection introducing into it some questions from philosophical anthropology and ethics. JERZY GOLOSZ MOTION, SPACE, TIME*. Abstract. The paper discusses the properties of spacetime we study by analyzing the phenomenon of motion. Of special interest are the spacetime symmetries. the spacetime structures and the ontological status of spacetime. These problems are considered on the grounds of the c1assical theories of motion contained in Newtonian physics, special and general theory of relativity. The controversy between an absolute and a relational conception of motion and its ontological implications are also analyzed.

📒The Physics Of Theism ✍ Jeffrey Koperski

The Physics Of Theism Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Physics of Theism
✏Author : Jeffrey Koperski
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-11-05
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9781118932773
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Physics of Theism Book Summary : The Physics of Theism provides a timely, critical analysis of the ways in which physics intertwines with religion. Koperski brings clarity to a range of arguments including the fine-tuning argument, naturalism, the laws of nature, and the controversy over Intelligent Design. A single author text providing unprecedented scope and depth of analysis of key issues within the Philosophy of Religion and the Philosophy of Science Critically analyses the ways in which physics is brought into play in matters of religion Self-contained chapters allow readers to directly access specific areas of interest The area is one of considerable interest, and this book is a timely and well-conceived contribution to these debates Written by an accomplished scholar working in the philosophy of physics in a style that renders complex arguments accessible

📒Space Time And Einstein ✍ J.B. Kennedy

Space Time And Einstein Book PDF
✏Book Title : Space Time and Einstein
✏Author : J.B. Kennedy
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-12-18
✏Pages : 224
✏ISBN : 9781317489443
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Space Time and Einstein Book Summary : This introduction to one of the liveliest and most popular fields in philosophy is written specifically for a beginning readership with no background in philosophy or science. Step-by-step analyses of the key arguments are provided and the philosophical heart of the issues is revealed without recourse to jargon, maths, or logical formulas. The book introduces Einstein's revolutionary ideas in a clear and simple way, along with the concepts and arguments of philosophers, both ancient and modern that have proved of lasting value. Specifically, the theories of the ancient Greek philosophers, Zeno, Euclid and Parmenides are considered alongside the ideas of Newton, Leibniz and Kant as well as the giants of twentieth-century physics, Einstein and Lorentz. The problems at the heart of the philosophy of space and time, such as change, motion, infinity, shape, and inflation, are examined and the seismic impact made by relativity theory and quantum theory is assessed in the light of the latest research. The writing is lucid and entertaining, allowing a beginning readership to grasp some difficult concepts while offering the more experienced reader a succinct and illuminating presentation of the state of the debate. "Space, Time and Einstein" shows the reader the excitement of scientific discovery and the beauty of theory in the search for answers to these fundamental questions.

📒God In An Open Universe ✍ William Hasker

God In An Open Universe Book PDF
✏Book Title : God in an Open Universe
✏Author : William Hasker
✏Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
✏Release Date : 2011-08-01
✏Pages : 214
✏ISBN : 9781630877835
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏God in an Open Universe Book Summary : Since its inception, the discussion surrounding Open Theism has been dominated by polemics. On crucial philosophical issues, Openness proponents have largely been devoted to explicating the underlying framework and logical arguments supporting their perspective against competing theological and philosophical perspectives. As a result, very little constructive work has been done on the interconnections between Open Theism and the natural sciences. Given the central place of sciences in today's world, any perspective that hopes to have a broad impact must necessarily address such disciplines in a sustained and constructive manner. To date such engagements from the Openness perspective have been rare. God in an Open Universe addresses this deficiency. This book demonstrates that Open Theism makes a distinctive and highly fruitful contribution to the conversation and constructive work occurring between philosophy, theology, and the sciences. The various essays explore subjects ranging from physics to prayer, from special relativity to divine providence, from metaphysics to evolution, and from space-time to God. All who work at the intersection of theology and the sciences will benefit greatly from these essays that break new ground in this important conversation.