The Myth Of The Born Criminal

✏Book Title : The Myth of the Born Criminal
✏Author : Jarkko Jalava
✏Publisher : University of Toronto Press
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages : 279
✏ISBN : 9781442628366
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Myth of the Born Criminal Book Summary : "[I]s psychopathy a brain disorder, as many scientists now claim? Or is it just a reflection of modern society's deepest fears? The Myth of the Born Criminal offers the first comprehensive critique of the concept of psychopathy from the eighteenth-century origins of the born-criminal theory to the latest neuroimaging, behavioural genetics, and statistical studies. Jarkko Jalava, Stephanie Griffiths, and Michael Maraun use their expertise in neuropsychology, psychometrics, and criminology to dispel the myth that psychopathy is a biologically-based condition. Deconstructing the emotive language with which both research scientists and reporters describe the psychopaths among us, they explain how the idea of psychopathy offers a comforting neurobiological solution to the mystery of evil"--Preliminary page.

📒The Myth Of The Queer Criminal ✍ Jeffery P Dennis

✏Book Title : The Myth of the Queer Criminal
✏Author : Jeffery P Dennis
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2017-10-19
✏Pages : 174
✏ISBN : 9781351684347
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Myth of the Queer Criminal Book Summary : The Myth of the Queer Criminal documents over a century of writings by sociologists, psychologists, criminologists, and forensic scientists, in Europe and the United States, who asserted that LGBT persons were innately and uniquely criminal. Applying the tools of narratology and queer theory, Jeffery P. Dennis examines the ten types of queer criminal that have appeared in seminal texts, both literary and scientific, over the past 140 years - beginning with Lombroso's Criminal Man (1876) and extending to postmodern criminologists and contemporary textbooks. Each type is named after its defining characteristic. The pederast, for example, was believed to be a master-criminal, leading vast criminal empires. The degenerate, intellectually and morally corrupted, was perceived as a symptom or cause of societal decay. The silly, lisping pansy was a figure of ridicule, rather than of dread. The traitor was murderous and depraved, prepared to destroy democratic institutions worldwide. The book aims to contextualize this mythology, revealing the motivations of the agents behind it, the influence of broader preoccupations and anxieties of the age, and its societal, political and cultural impact. This carefully researched, meticulously written history of the queer criminal will be of interest to students and researchers in criminology, gender studies, queer studies, and the history of sexuality.

✏Book Title : Joseph Sheridan LeFanu s Carmilla The typical 19th century born criminal
✏Author : Dorothea Wolschak
✏Publisher : GRIN Verlag
✏Release Date : 2014-07-04
✏Pages : 20
✏ISBN : 9783656689591
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Joseph Sheridan LeFanu s Carmilla The typical 19th century born criminal Book Summary : Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, language: English, abstract: For centuries the myth of Vampirism has fascinated and scared people at the same time. This may be ascribed to the seductive, mysterious and dangerous nature of vampires as well as the uncertainty of their actual existence. As a matter of course, people are frightened by things they cannot define scientifically or by common sense. If they do really exist though, then what are vampires precisely? Are they supernatural creatures, monstruous animals, or simply evil and twisted criminals? People have always tried to explain wrongdoings of mankind in various different ways. In the Middle Ages the common believe was that evil forces led innocent people to commit crimes. However, during the Age of Enlightenment people began to break away from religious interpretation patterns of crime and address themselves to the task of explaining criminal behaviour with empirical facts. During the centuries after the Middle Ages several theories of criminal behaviour came into being. The classical criminologists defined criminal behaviour as a free choice of people, whereas positivist biologists were convinced of the fact that people are born with a criminal predisposition and could not affect that with their free will in any way. This paper is dealing with one special example of vampirism, the lesbian vampire Carmilla, who seduces and kills innocent women with her „deadly eroticism“1. Joseph Sheridan LeFanu (1814 - 1873)2 published this chilling vampire shortstory in 18723, it was probably his most famous Gothic tale. Chapter II of this paper is going to deal with the developement of the aforementioned two main criminalistic theories (the classical and the positivist theory of crime) and their principal statements, concentrating on the Criminal Woman, the Prostitute and the Lesbian. In the next chapter the theories of the biological movement will be applied to LeFanu's shortstory about the vampire Carmilla, to determine whether she can be defined as a Born Criminal according to the Biologists of the 19th century. The term „born criminal“ was coined by Cesare Lombroso, when he discovered the features of the typical criminal man. In this paper, while examining whether Carmilla is a born criminal or not, the term will be used not only according to Lombroso's theory, but will also include some other opinions about criminal women, (criminal) features of the theory of degeneration and the reception of lesbianism in the Viktorian Age. [...]

📒Creating Born Criminals ✍ Nicole Hahn Rafter

✏Book Title : Creating Born Criminals
✏Author : Nicole Hahn Rafter
✏Publisher : University of Illinois Press
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages : 284
✏ISBN : 025206741X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Creating Born Criminals Book Summary : Genetic screening, new reproductive technologies, gene therapies, and the reality of cloning all make biological solutions to human social problems seem possible. Creating Born Criminals shows how history can guide us in our response to the reemergence of eugenics. The first social history origins and content, showing their undue influence on crime control in the United States.

📒Organic Memory ✍ Laura Otis

✏Book Title : Organic Memory
✏Author : Laura Otis
✏Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 297
✏ISBN : 0803235615
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Organic Memory Book Summary : How does the past live in us? Do we inherit our ancestors' memories as we do their physical characteristics? In the nineteenth century, mainstream science embraced a long-standing superstition: the belief that memory could be inherited. Scientists reasoned that, just as bodies were reproduced from generation to generation, so were thoughts, memories, and cultural achievements. Heredity and identity were no mere family matter, but the basis of nations. The glories and sins of the past were not gone: they remained in the tissues of living people, who could be honored or blamed accordingly. Organic Memory surveys the literary and scientific history of an idea that will not go away. Focusing on the years between 1870 and 1918, Otis explores both the origins and the consequences of the idea that memories can be inherited. The organic memory theory contributed to the genocidal programs of the Third Reich, and it erupts in pop-psychology, racist propaganda, and ethnic cleansing. To track the spread, intensity, and endurance of this especially powerful idea, Otis singles out major authors whose work reinforced or ridiculed belief in organic memory. They include writers who were internationally influential yet who simultaneously represented their national traditions: Thomas Mann, Sigmund Freud, C. G. Jung, Emile Zola, Thomas Hardy, Miguel de Unamuno, Po Baroja, Emilia Pardo Baz¾n, and even Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The debates over the human genome project and the explosions of ethnic violence in the former Yugoslavia, in Azerbaijan, Somalia, and elsewhere demonstrate how seriously organic memory continues to affect modern medicine and politics.

✏Book Title : Psychiatric Quarterly
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1952
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCAL:B5447716
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Psychiatric Quarterly Book Summary :

📒Anatomy Of Crime ✍ Mutea Rukwaru

✏Book Title : Anatomy of Crime
✏Author : Mutea Rukwaru
✏Publisher : Mutea Rukwaru
✏Release Date : 2008-12-09
✏Pages : 131
✏ISBN : 9789966728203
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Anatomy of Crime Book Summary : Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 There is no society which is free from crime and criminals. As society advances and new changes sets in crime is bound to increase. Any society which is dynamic should prepare itself to meet the challenge of crime. It is also important to note that even in the dim past crime existed. There were the rules and don'ts of the society though they were not documented. Causes of crime are multifaceted and this means that the treatment plan should also be multifaceted. A question which comes up often is, are criminals born or made by the society? Has hereditary any part to play? Anatomy of crime attempts to address the theories which attempt to explain crime commission, how societies in the older times dealt with crime, the modern ways of dealing with criminals and lastly the book gives detailed and pragmatic approach to crime prevention. Anatomy of crime covers introduction to basic concepts in criminology, Types of crimes, Theories of crime causation, History of punishments; Police, history, functions and challenges, Capital punishment, Corporal punishment, History of prisons Anatomy of crime also covers A view of prisons, prisoners, prison officers; Prison problems, Prisons reforms, Fine, Probation, Parole; Forfeiture, security for good behavior, settlements and absolute and conditional discharge, Extra mural penal employment (EMPE), Guided group interaction programmes and Crime prevention /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

📒Adolescent Education ✍ Frederick Elmer Bolton

✏Book Title : Adolescent Education
✏Author : Frederick Elmer Bolton
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1931
✏Pages : 506
✏ISBN : UCAL:$B96030
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Adolescent Education Book Summary :

✏Book Title : The Reader s Digest
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1928
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105006950054
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Reader s Digest Book Summary :

✏Book Title : Crime Histoire et Soci t s 1998 2
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Librairie Droz
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 144
✏ISBN : 2600003118
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Crime Histoire et Soci t s 1998 2 Book Summary :