The Failure Of The Muslim Brotherhood In The Arab World

✏Book Title : The Failure of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Arab World
✏Author : Nawaf Obaid
✏Publisher : ABC-CLIO
✏Release Date : 2020-01-31
✏Pages : 339
✏ISBN : 9781440873973
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Failure of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Arab World Book Summary : This book is an indispensable resource for anyone looking to understand the Muslim Brotherhood, Qatar's role in promoting the group, and the ideological, social, and religious factors that have led to its ultimate failure. The book begins by looking at the birth of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) in 1928 in Egypt. It then traces its ideology and expansion via the various affiliate organizations in the Arab world as well as its international presence up to the present day. Throughout this historical analysis, evidence is presented linking the MB again and again to political violence and a lack of a coherent policy. The book weaves into this history the influence of Qatari support, a clarification of the division between true Salafism and the MB's radical ideology, an explanation of how Jamal Khashoggi was a living metaphor for this misunderstanding, and the role the MB has played in various revolutionary movements throughout the Middle East. The book concludes with a current geopolitical outlook on the MB itself and the Arab world in which it resides. The book is extensively sourced with first-hand primary source quotes from numerous exclusive personal interviews conducted by the author, both with experts on the subject and officials in the region. Provides a detailed account of the Muslim Brotherhood's history and its affiliates in every relevant country Fully documents Qatar's support for the Muslim Brotherhood and the nature of the current boycott against it led by Saudi Arabia Gives a novel perspective on the Muslim Brotherhood's ideology via a chapter-long discussion of Salafism Offers a candid, personal look at Jamal Khashoggi's struggle with his loyalty to the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and Saudi Arabia and shows how this serves as a metaphor for the MB and its members

📒The Failure Of The Arab Spring ✍ Khalifa A. Alfadhel

✏Book Title : The Failure of the Arab Spring
✏Author : Khalifa A. Alfadhel
✏Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
✏Release Date : 2016-09-23
✏Pages : 105
✏ISBN : 9781443816458
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Failure of the Arab Spring Book Summary : A concise guide on how and why the Arab Spring failed, this book presents a detailed narrative of events in the Arab World, from the moment Mohammed Bouazizi lit himself – and the region – on fire. It presents an original investigation into why the Arab Spring cannot be seen as a wave of democratization, due to the contribution of intolerant Islamist actors in its failure, through their application of a distinctive conception of “the good” inconsistent with liberal democracy.

📒How Capitalism Failed The Arab World ✍ Richard Javad Heydarian

✏Book Title : How Capitalism Failed the Arab World
✏Author : Richard Javad Heydarian
✏Publisher : Zed Books Ltd.
✏Release Date : 2014-02-13
✏Pages : 224
✏ISBN : 9781780329604
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏How Capitalism Failed the Arab World Book Summary : Economic liberalization has failed in the Arab world. Instead of ushering in economic dynamism and precipitating democratic reform, it has over the last three decades resulted in greater poverty, rising income inequality and sky-rocketing rates of youth unemployment. In How Capitalism Failed the Arab World, Richard Javad Heydarian shows how years of economic mismanagement, political autocracy and corruption have encouraged people to revolt, and how the initial optimism of the uprisings is now giving way to bitter power struggles, increasing uncertainty and continued economic stagnation. A unique and provocative analysis of some of the key social and political events of the last decade.

✏Book Title : The Failure of Political Islam
✏Author : Olivier Roy
✏Publisher : Harvard University Press
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 238
✏ISBN : 0674291417
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Failure of Political Islam Book Summary : Olivier Roy demonstrates that Islamic Fundamentalism of today is still the Third Worldism of the 1960s: populist politics and mixed economies of laissez-faire for the rich and subsidies for the poor. In Roy's striking formulation, those marching today beneath Islam's green banners are the same as the 'reds' of yesterday, with similarly dim prospects of success. Richly informed, powerfully argued, and clearly written, this is a book that no one trying to understand Islamism can afford to overlook.

✏Book Title : Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World
✏Author : Larry Diamond
✏Publisher : JHU Press
✏Release Date : 2014-03-25
✏Pages : 424
✏ISBN : 9781421414164
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World Book Summary : Beginning in December 2010, a series of uprisings swept the Arab world, toppling four longtime leaders and creating an apparent political opening in a region long impervious to the "third wave" of democratization. Despite the initial euphoria, the legacies of authoritarianism--polarized societies, politicized militaries, state-centric economies, and pervasive clientelism--have proven stubborn obstacles to the fashioning of new political and social contracts. Meanwhile, the strong electoral performance of political Islamists and the ensuing backlash in Egypt have rekindled arguments about the compatibility of democracy and political Islam. Even though progress toward democracy has been halting at best, the region's political environment today bears little resemblance to what it was before the uprisings. In "Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World," leading scholars address the questions posed by this period of historic change in the Middle East and North Africa. This volume includes chapters examining several broad themes: the region's shifting political culture, the relationship between democracy and political Islam, the legacy of authoritarian ruling arrangements, the strengths and vulnerabilities of remaining autocracies, and the lessons learned from transitions to democracy in other parts of the world. It also features chapters analyzing the political development of individual countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen, and the monarchies of the Gulf. In Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World, leading scholars address the questions posed by this period of historic change in the Middle East and North Africa. This volume includes chapters examining several broad themes: the region's shifting political culture, the relationship between democracy and political Islam, the legacy of authoritarian ruling arrangements, the strengths and vulnerabilities of remaining autocracies, and the lessons learned from transitions to democracy in other parts of the world. It also features chapters analyzing the political development of individual countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen, and the monarchies of the Gulf -- Provided by publisher.

✏Book Title : Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World
✏Author : Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1996-01-01
✏Pages : 370
✏ISBN : 0791426645
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World Book Summary : Foreword Acknowledgments 1 The Context: Modern Arab Intellectual History, Themes, and Questions 2 Turath Resurgent? Arab Islamism and the Problematic of Tradition 3 Hasan al-Banna and the foundation fo the Ikhwan: Intellectual Underpinnings 4 Sayyid Qutb: The Pre-Ikhwan Phase 5 Sayyid Qutb’s Thought between 1952 and 1962: A Prelude to His Qur’anic Exegesis 6 Qur’anic Contents of Sayyid Qutb’s Thought 7 Toward an Islamic Liberation Theology: Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah and the Principles of Shi’i Resurgence 8 Islamic Revivalism: The Contemporary Debate Notes Bibliography Index

📒The Arab Winter ✍ Noah Feldman

✏Book Title : The Arab Winter
✏Author : Noah Feldman
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2020-05-12
✏Pages : 216
✏ISBN : 9780691194929
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Arab Winter Book Summary : "Suddenly and unpredictably, non-violent mass demonstrations and protests erupted throughout the Arabic-speaking world in the spring of 2011, as large numbers of ordinary Arabs sought to take their political fate into their own hands and shape a better future for themselves. The optimism of their aspirations and the bravery of their efforts met with sympathy and excitement around the globe. For the first time, people in countries across North Africa and the Middle East were acting on their own, wresting control away from repressive governments and the great international powers that had long supported them. Yet as we all know, the electrifying events that began in Tunisia and that swept through Egypt, Syria, Iraq and elsewhere ultimately led to something much darker - except perhaps in the place where they began. Many long-time observers of the Middle East have arrived at a consensus about what happened to the Arab spring: it was doomed to fail. The Arab world, we are told, was unready for regime change in the direction of democracy. There is some variance among the purveyors of this consensus: some attribute the predestined failure and resulting horrors to a shared - and flawed - Arab political culture; others are inclined to blame Islam; and still others point the finger at the continued interference in the region of outside imperial powers (in particular, the United States). The purpose of Noah Feldman's new book is to rescue the Arab spring from the narrative of predestined failure. Feldman readily admits that in many ways the Arab spring ultimately made most people's lives worse than they were before. The ratio of success in the aftermath of the spring 2011 events has been atrocious. Yet it has not been zero. And even where these events took a turn for the horrifically worse, those outcomes were not inevitable. In place of the narrative of inevitability, Feldman tells a different story of the arc from spring to winter. His short book - ca 50,000 words - contains five chapters. In a first introductory chapter he analyzes the basic demands made by the Arab spring protesters (who were the people who took to the streets, what did they want, who was supposed to perform the overthrow of "the regime", and what was meant to replace it?). His main claim is that across the region demands for change were vague and general, not specific and concrete, and that - surprisingly - democracy went unmentioned. The result of this vagueness was an implicit invitation to military takeover. In chapter two, Feldman turns to Egypt and examines both key moments in the Egyptian drama: the January 2011 demonstrations in Tahrir Square in Cairo that led to the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak, and the June 2013 demonstrations in that same Square that encouraged the military to overthrow the recently-elected President and Muslim Brotherhood head, Mohamed Morsi. Feldman is of the view that the people took matters into their hands in both moments - in the first instance to remove a dictator, and in the second instance - sadly - to repudiate the country's nascent constitutional democracy. Chapter three moves to Syria and considers the thorny question of who was responsible for the disastrous civil war that followed the Arab spring there. Feldman's controversial argument is that responsibility lies not with the U.S. or other past imperial powers but with Syrians themselves. Chapter four addresses the Islamic State (ISIS, ISIL), claiming that although it was a dystopian political phenomenon when viewed from the outside it is best understood as a utopian, revolutionary movement that attained success locally and globally because it reflected its members' aspiration ot self-determining political action. In this way the Islamic State belongs squarely to the Arab spring moment. Lastly, in chapter five, Feldman describes the extraordinary success of Tunisia, the country where the Arab spring began. Tunisia, he claims, succeeded because its people and its leadership took political responsibility for the consequences of their actions, rather than seeking help from outside or hoping for internal forces to save them from themselves. The consequence was the compromise-driven creation of an original form of government: Islamic liberal democracy"--

📒The Islamic Threat ✍ John L. Esposito

✏Book Title : The Islamic Threat
✏Author : John L. Esposito
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 1999-10-07
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9780199826650
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Islamic Threat Book Summary : Are Islam and the West on a collision course? From the Ayatollah Khomeini to Saddam Hussein, the image of Islam as a militant, expansionist, and rabidly anti-American religion has gripped the minds of Western governments and media. But these perceptions, John L. Esposito writes, stem from a long history of mutual distrust, criticism, and condemnation, and are far too simplistic to help us understand one of the most important political issues of our time. In this new edition of The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Esposito places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective. Exploring the vitality of this religion as a global force and the history of its relations with the West, Esposito demonstrates the diversity of the Islamic resurgence--and the mistakes our analysts make in assuming a hostile, monolithic Islam. This third edition has been expanded to include new material on current affairs in Turkey, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Southeast Asia, as well as a discussion of international terrorism.

✏Book Title : Middle Eastern Politics and Historical Memory
✏Author : Jacob Lassner
✏Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
✏Release Date : 2020-07-09
✏Pages : 248
✏ISBN : 9781838607296
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Middle Eastern Politics and Historical Memory Book Summary : How is the complex history of the ancient Near East and Islamic World brought to bear in contemporary political discourse? In this book, Medieval Near Eastern historian Jacob Lassner explores the resonance of ancient and medieval history in the political disputes that dominate the contemporary Middle East. From identification with ancient forbears as a method of legitimization and nation-building, to tracing the deep history of the concept of revolution in the Arab world, the author probes the historical foundations of modern conflicts in the region. A medievalist, the author takes the position that an appreciation of cultural history is essential to understanding the debate surrounding the Israel/Palestine conflict. In turn, the book identifies the misappropriation and misunderstanding of the past, deliberate or accidental, as key weapon in the ongoing conflict.

✏Book Title : The New Muslim Brotherhood in the West
✏Author : Lorenzo Vidino
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2010-08-25
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9780231522298
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The New Muslim Brotherhood in the West Book Summary : In Europe and North America, networks tracing their origins back to the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist movements have rapidly evolved into multifunctional and richly funded organizations competing to become the major representatives of Western Muslim communities and government interlocutors. Some analysts and policy makers see these organizations as positive forces encouraging integration. Others cast them as modern-day Trojan horses, feigning moderation while radicalizing Western Muslims. Lorenzo Vidino brokers a third, more informed view. Drawing on more than a decade of research on political Islam in the West, he keenly analyzes a controversial movement that still remains relatively unknown. Conducting in-depth interviews on four continents and sourcing documents in ten languages, Vidino shares the history, methods, attitudes, and goals of the Western Brothers, as well as their phenomenal growth. He then flips the perspective, examining the response to these groups by Western governments, specifically those of Great Britain, Germany, and the United States. Highly informed and thoughtfully presented, Vidino's research sheds light on a critical juncture in Muslim-Western relations.