The Crisis Of Kingship In Late Medieval Islam
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📒The Crisis Of Kingship In Late Medieval Islam ✍ Christopher Markiewicz
✏The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam Book Summary : In the early sixteenth century, the political landscape of West Asia was completely transformed: of the previous four major powers, only one - the Ottoman Empire - continued to exist. Ottoman survival was, in part, predicated on transition to a new mode of kingship, enabling its transformation from regional dynastic sultanate to empire of global stature. In this book, Christopher Markiewicz uses as a departure point the life and thought of Idris Bidlisi (1457-1520), one of the most dynamic scholars and statesmen of the period. Through this examination, he highlights the series of ideological and administrative crises in the fifteenth-century sultanates of Islamic lands that gave rise to this new conception of kingship and became the basis for sovereign authority not only within the Ottoman Empire but also across other Muslim empires in the early modern period.
📒Sufism And The Perfect Human ✍ Fitzroy Morrissey
✏Sufism and the Perfect Human Book Summary : Studying the history of the notion of the ‘Perfect Human’ (al-insān al-kāmil), this book investigates a key idea in the history of Sufism. First discussed by Ibn ‘Arabī and later treated in greater depth by al-Jīlī, the idea left its mark on later Islamic mystical, metaphysical, and political thought, from North Africa to Southeast Asia, up until modern times. The research tells the story of the development of that idea from Ibn ‘Arabī to al-Jīlī and beyond. It does so through a thematic study, based on close reading of primary sources in Arabic and Persian, of the key elements of the idea, including the idea that the Perfect Human is a locus of divine manifestation (maẓhar), the concept of the ‘Pole’ (quṭb) and the ‘Muhammadan Reality’ (al-ḥaqīqah al-Muhammadiyyah), and the identity of the Perfect Human. By setting the work of al-Jīlī against the background of earlier Ibn ‘Arabian treatments of the idea, it demonstrates that al-Jīlī took the idea of the Perfect Human in several new directions, with major consequences for how the Prophet Muhammad – the archetypal Perfect Human – was viewed in later Islamic thought. Introducing readers to the key Sufi idea of the Perfect Human (al-insān al-kāmil), this volume will be of interest to scholars and students interested in Sufism, Islam, religion and philosophy.
📒Caliphate Redefined ✍ Hüseyin Yılmaz
✏Caliphate Redefined Book Summary : The medieval theory of the caliphate, epitomized by the Abbasids (750–1258), was the construct of jurists who conceived it as a contractual leadership of the Muslim community in succession to the Prophet Muhammed’s political authority. In this book, Hüseyin Yılmaz traces how a new conception of the caliphate emerged under the Ottomans, who redefined the caliph as at once a ruler, a spiritual guide, and a lawmaker corresponding to the prophet’s three natures. Challenging conventional narratives that portray the Ottoman caliphate as a fading relic of medieval Islamic law, Yılmaz offers a novel interpretation of authority, sovereignty, and imperial ideology by examining how Ottoman political discourse led to the mystification of Muslim political ideals and redefined the caliphate. He illuminates how Ottoman Sufis reimagined the caliphate as a manifestation and extension of cosmic divine governance. The Ottoman Empire arose in Western Anatolia and the Balkans, where charismatic Sufi leaders were perceived to be God’s deputies on earth. Yılmaz traces how Ottoman rulers, in alliance with an increasingly powerful Sufi establishment, continuously refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority, and how the caliphate itself reemerged as a moral paradigm that shaped early modern Muslim empires. A masterful work of scholarship, Caliphate Redefined is the first comprehensive study of premodern Ottoman political thought to offer an extensive analysis of a wealth of previously unstudied texts in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish.
📒Every Inch A King ✍ Lynette Mitchell
✏Every Inch a King Book Summary : Drawing on studies of kings from Cyrus to Shah Abbas, this volume provides a rich variety of readings on royal authority and its limitations in medieval societies in both Europe and the Middle East, exemplified especially in the case of Alexander the Great, God and King, and the persistence of his legend in later eras.
📒Europe And The Middle Ages ✍ Edward Peters
✏Europe and the Middle Ages Book Summary : This comprehensive, well-balanced historical survey of medieval Europefrom Roman imperial provinces to the Renaissancecovers all aspects of the history (political, literary, religious, intellectual, etc.) with a focus on social and political themes. It presents a complete picture of the complex process by which an ecumenical civilization that once ringed the basin of the Mediterranean Sea, evolved into three other distinctive civilizationsLatin Europe, Greek Eastern Europe and Asia Minor, and Islam. A six-part organization outlines late Mediterranean antiquity and early northern Europe; two heirs of the ancient world; the early Middle Ages; Christendom: authority and enterprise, 950-1100; culture and society in the high Middle Ages, 1100-1325; and Christendom and Europe, 1325-1519. For anyone interested in the history of Europe and the Middle Ages.
✏The Circle of Justice as Genre Practice and Objectification a Discursive Re mapping of the Early Modern Ottoman Empire Book Summary :
📒A Crisis Of Truth ✍ Richard Firth Green
✏A Crisis of Truth Book Summary : Green's study presents law and literature as two parallel discourses which have, at times, converged and influenced each other. Ranging deeply and widely over a huge body of legal and literary materials, from Anglo-Saxon England to twentieth-century Africa, it will provide a rich source of information for literary, legal, and historical scholars.
📒Medieval Europe And The World ✍ Robin W. Winks
✏Medieval Europe and the world Book Summary : This brief but comprehensive book illuminates the history of the Middle Ages. Beginning with the rise of Christianity in the West, and ending with the crises that shook Europe and Byzantium in the fifteenth century, the volume serves as an excellent guide to one of the most complex and creative periods the world has ever known. The narrative discusses events in Europe alongside the spread of Islam and the rise and fall of the Byzantium Empire. While the text gives ample coverage to political events, an equal emphasis is placed on social and cultural developments of the time. The authors give careful attention to such things as the daily life of peasants, the rise of urban societies, and the changing status of women. Numerous illustrations bring the history to life. With nine maps, a chronological table, and a detailed list of suggested further readings, this is the perfect text for undergraduate courses in Medieval history.
📒The Mughal Empire And Its Decline ✍ Andrea Hintze
✏The Mughal Empire and Its Decline Book Summary : The book examines major developments and recent trends in the historiography of the Mughal Empire and post-Mughal state systems. The aim is to integrate the research of the past twenty to thirty years in a theoretical framework in order to achieve a better understanding of the transition period of the late 17th and early 18th century in India. The book outlines organizational structures and power relationships in the Mughal Empire and accounts for the redistribution of power on the Indian subcontinent in the context of long-term stuctural change in the Indian Ocean region. Rather than signalling social stagnation and decay, the decline of the imperial order and the transformation of the political system appear to reflect a process in which the state dynamically adjusted to changes in Indian society and economy. By integrating new social groups and incorporating various new technical means of resources mangagement, the state significantly enhanced its organizational power and its capacity for social control.
📒The Encyclopedia Of Religion ✍ Mircea Eliade
✏The Encyclopedia of Religion Book Summary : A comprehensive guide to the history, beliefs, concepts, practices, and major figures of religions past and present.