The Concept of Reduction

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  • Author : Raphael van Riel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 226 pages
  • ISBN : 3319041622
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online The Concept of Reduction full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Raphael van Riel and published by Springer Science & Business Media which was released on 19 February 2014 with total page 226 pages. We cannot guarantee that The Concept of Reduction book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. This volume investigates the notion of reduction. Building on the idea that philosophers employ the term ‘reduction’ to reconcile diversity and directionality with unity, without relying on elimination, the book offers a powerful explication of an “ontological”, notion of reduction the extension of which is (primarily) formed by properties, kinds, individuals, or processes. It argues that related notions of reduction, such as theory-reduction and functional reduction, should be defined in terms of this explication. Thereby, the book offers a coherent framework, which sheds light on the history of the various reduction debates in the philosophy of science and in the philosophy of mind, and on related topics such as reduction and unification, the notion of a scientific level, and physicalism. The book takes its point of departure in the examination of a puzzle about reduction. To illustrate, the book takes as an example the reduction of water. If water reduces to H2O, then water is identical to H2O – thus we get unity. Unity does not come at the price of elimination – claiming that water reduces to H2O, we do not thereby claim that there is no water. But what about diversity and directionality? Intuitively, there should be a difference between water and H2O, such that we get diversity. This is required for there to be directionality: in a sense, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O is prior to, or more basic than water. At least, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O does not reduce to water. But how can this be, if water is identical to H2O? The book shows that the application of current models of reduction does not solve this puzzle, and proposes a new coherent definition, according to which unity is tied to identity, diversity is descriptive in nature, and directionality is the directionality of explanation.

The Concept of Reduction

The Concept of Reduction
  • Author : Raphael van Riel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 19 February 2014
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of Reduction

This volume investigates the notion of reduction. Building on the idea that philosophers employ the term ‘reduction’ to reconcile diversity and directionality with unity, without relying on elimination, the book offers a powerful explication of an “ontological”, notion of reduction the extension of which is (primarily) formed by properties, kinds, individuals, or processes. It argues that related notions of reduction, such as theory-reduction and functional reduction, should be defined in terms of this explication. Thereby, the book offers a coherent

The Concept of Mind

The Concept of Mind
  • Author : Gilbert Ryle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 29 November 1984
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of Mind

This now-classic work challenges what Ryle calls philosophy's "official theory, " the Cartesian "myth" of the separation of mind and matter. Ryle's linguistic analysis remaps the conceptual geography of mind, not so much solving traditional philosophical problams as dissolving them into the mere consequences of misguided language. His plain language and essentially simple purpose put him in the tradition of Locke, Berkeley, Mill, and Russell - philisophers whose best work, like Ryle's, has become a part of our general literature.

The Concept of Religion

The Concept of Religion
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 01 June 2015
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of Religion

In The Concept of Religion Hans Schilderman edits a volume on the definition and empirical study of religious beliefs and practices within a variety of settings of schools, churches and society at large.

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons
  • Author : Lucian Turcescu
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 17 February 2005
GET THIS BOOK Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

The concept of personhood is central to a wide range of contemporary issues, ranging from reproductive rights to the death penalty and euthanasia. We may think that the concept of person is a modern development. In fact, however, this idea does not originate with our discovery of human rights, consciousness, and individuality. In this study Lucian Turcescu shows that the fourth-century theologian Gregory of Nyssa developed a very sophisticated concept of the person in the context of his attempts to

The Concept of History

The Concept of History
  • Author : Dmitri Nikulin
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 26 January 2017
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of History

The Concept of History reflects on the presuppositions behind the contemporary understanding of history that often remain implicit and not spelled out. It is a critique of the modern understanding of history that presents it as universal and teleological, progressively moving forward to an end. Although few contemporary philosophers and historians maintain the view that there is strict universality and teleology in history, the remnants of these positions still affect our understanding of history. But if history is not universal

The Concept of Justice and Equality

The Concept of Justice and Equality
  • Author : Eliane Saadé
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 25 September 2015
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of Justice and Equality

Unless considered on a practical level, where a precise distribution of social goods is chosen, John Rawls’s and Gerald Cohen’s approaches to social justice cannot be complementary. Their disagreement about justice and its principles calls for a choice, which opts either for the Rawlsian theory or for the Cohenian one. What is the more plausible approach to social justice? This work compares both approaches and aims to defend Cohen’s position in the light of two considerations. It

The Concept of the Public Realm

The Concept of the Public Realm
  • Author : Noel O'Sullivan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 13 September 2013
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of the Public Realm

In its political form, the existence of a public realm is the basis of a shared relationship between rulers and ruled which makes politics more than mere power or domination. How to construct and maintain a public realm in the political sphere is, however, a matter of especial dispute at the present day, due partly to the increasing difficulty of making the distinction between public and private spheres which has been the basis of Western liberal democracy; partly to the

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale
  • Author : William Andrew Cook
  • Publisher : Peter Lang
  • Release : 29 November 2021
GET THIS BOOK Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale arose from the author's deep and committed interest in ecology, moral philosophy, and medicine, and how they are interrelated. William A. Cook expands on the recognition that spatial and temporal scale characteristics are factors in the understanding and modeling of ecological systems and in decision-making around ecological and environmental issues, and introduces this dynamic to the field of bioethics. The concept of scale, from hierarchy theory as it is used in ecology

The Concept of Analytic Contact

The Concept of Analytic Contact
  • Author : Robert Waska
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 07 August 2007
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of Analytic Contact

The Concept of Analytic Contact presents practitioners with new ways to assist the often severely disturbed patients that come to see them in both private and institutional settings. In this book Robert Waska outlines the use of psychoanalysis as a method of engagement that can be utilised with or without the addition of multiple weekly visits and the analytic couch. The chapters in this book follow a wide spectrum of cases and clinical situations where hard to reach patients are

The Concept of the Social

The Concept of the Social
  • Author : Malcolm Bull
  • Publisher : Verso Books
  • Release : 12 October 2021
GET THIS BOOK The Concept of the Social

From here to utopia, new directions in political theory What does political agency mean for those who don't know what to do or can't be bothered to do it? This book develops a novel account of collective emancipation in which freedom is achieved not through knowledge and action but via doubt and inertia. In essays that range from ancient Greece to the end of the Anthropocene, Bull addresses questions central to contemporary political theory in novel readings of texts by

The Concept of Meaninglessness

The Concept of Meaninglessness
  • Author : Edward Erwin
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 01 December 2019
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He then tries to show how the concept of meaninglessness, when interpreted in the manner he suggests, can be profitably used by philosophers, despite the many persuasive objections to its use that philosophers have raised in their disputes over it.

Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture

Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture
  • Author : Naomi Merritt
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 30 December 2020
GET THIS BOOK Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture

This book grapples with fundamental questions about the evolving nature of pictorial representation, and the role photography has played in this ongoing process. These issues are explored through a close analysis of key themes that underpin the photography practice of Canadian artist Jeff Wall and through examining important works that have defined his oeuvre. Wall’s strategic revival of ‘the picture’ has had a resounding influence on the development of contemporary art photography, by expanding the conceptual and technical frameworks

Allah The Concept of God in Islam

Allah  The Concept of God in Islam
  • Author : Yasin T. al-Jibouri
  • Publisher : Author House
  • Release : 19 January 2012
GET THIS BOOK Allah The Concept of God in Islam

Humans are comprised of a body and a soul, yet most of them take care of their bodies and forget about their souls. This book wakes them up, the author hopes, and provides them with a dose of spirituality which they may never have had before. This book is written for everyone, and its stories will appeal to many, if not most, people who will find in them beauty and universality: There is One God, one human family started by