The Changing Alpine Treeline

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  • Author : David R. Butler
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 224 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080957098
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online The Changing Alpine Treeline full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by David R. Butler and published by Elsevier which was released on 13 March 2009 with total page 224 pages. We cannot guarantee that The Changing Alpine Treeline book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. The alpine treeline ecotone (ATE) is an area of transition high on mountains where closed canopy forests from lower elevations give way to the open alpine tundra and rocky expanses above. Alpine tundra is an island biome and its ecotone with forest is subject to change, and like oceanic islands, alpine tundra is subject to invasion – or the upward advance of treeline. The invasion of tundra by trees will have consequences for the tundra biome as invasion does for other island flora and fauna. To examine the invasibility of tundra we take a plant’s-eye-view, wherein the local conditions become extremely important. Among these local conditions, we find geomorphology to be exceptionally important. We concentrate on aspects of microtopography (and microgeomorphology) and microclimate because these are the factors that matter: from the plant’s-eye-view, but we pay attention to multiple scales. At coarse scales, snow avalanches and debris flows are widespread and create “disturbance treelines whose elevation is well below those controlled by climate. At medium scales, turf-banked terraces create tread-and-riser topography that is a difficult landscape for a tree seedling to survive upon because of exposure to wind, dryness, and impenetrable surfaces. At fine scales, turf exfoliation of the fronts of turf-banked risers, and boulders, offer microsites where tree seedlings may find shelter and are able to gain a foothold in the alpine tundra; conversely, however, surfaces of needle-ice pans and frost heaving associated with miniature patterned ground production are associated with sites inimical to seedling establishment or survival. We explicitly consider how local scale processes propagate across scales into landscape patterns. The objective of this book is to examine the controls on change at alpine treeline. All the papers are focused on work done in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Although any one place is limiting, we are able to examine the alpine treeline here in some detail – and an advantage is that the treeline ecotone in Glacier National Park is quite variable in itself due to the underlying variability in geomorphology at multiple scales. This book will provide insights into an important ecological phenomenon with a distinctly geomorphic perspective. The editors collectively have over 100 years of experience in working in geomorphology, biogeography, and ecology. They also have each worked on research in Glacier National Park for several decades. The book will be a reference for a variety of professionals and students, both graduate and undergraduate, with interests in Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Ecology, and Environmental Science. Because of the importance of the alpine treeline ecotone for recreation and aesthetic interests in mountain environments, wildland and park managers will also use this book. * Subject matter: geomorphology at alpine treeline * Expertise of contributors: each editor brings over 25 years of experience in studies of ecotones and geomorphology, and collectively over 100 years of experience in Glacier National Park * Changing alpine treeline examines climate change

The Changing Alpine Treeline

The Changing Alpine Treeline
  • Author : David R. Butler,George P. Malanson,Stephen J. Walsh,Daniel B. Fagre
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 13 March 2009
GET THIS BOOK The Changing Alpine Treeline

The alpine treeline ecotone (ATE) is an area of transition high on mountains where closed canopy forests from lower elevations give way to the open alpine tundra and rocky expanses above. Alpine tundra is an island biome and its ecotone with forest is subject to change, and like oceanic islands, alpine tundra is subject to invasion – or the upward advance of treeline. The invasion of tundra by trees will have consequences for the tundra biome as invasion does for other

Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment

Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Gerhard Wieser
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 09 April 2020
GET THIS BOOK Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment

Concerns have been raised with respect to the state of high-altitude and high-latitude treelines, as they are anticipated to undergo considerable modifications due to global changes, and especially due to climate warming. As high-elevation treelines are temperature-limited vegetation boundaries, they are considered to be sensitive to climate warming. As a consequence, in this future, warmer environment, an upward migration of treelines is expected because low air and root-zone temperatures constrain their regeneration and growth. Despite the ubiquity of climate warming,

Alpine Treelines

Alpine Treelines
  • Author : Christian Körner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 26 May 2012
GET THIS BOOK Alpine Treelines

Alpine treelines mark the low-temperature limit of tree growth and occur in mountains world-wide. Presenting a companion to his book Alpine Plant Life, Christian Körner provides a global synthesis of the treeline phenomenon from sub-arctic to equatorial latitudes and a functional explanation based on the biology of trees. The comprehensive text approaches the subject in a multi-disciplinary way by exploring forest patterns at the edge of tree life, tree morphology, anatomy, climatology and, based on this, modelling treeline position,

Global Change and Mountain Regions

Global Change and Mountain Regions
  • Author : Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 09 March 2006
GET THIS BOOK Global Change and Mountain Regions

This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Trees in a Changing Environment

Trees in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Michael Tausz,Nancy Grulke
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 26 August 2014
GET THIS BOOK Trees in a Changing Environment

This book delivers current state-of-the-science knowledge of tree ecophysiology, with particular emphasis on adaptation to a novel future physical and chemical environment. Unlike the focus of most books on the topic, this considers air chemistry changes (O3, NOx, and N deposition) in addition to elevated CO2 effects and its secondary effects of elevated temperature. The authors have addressed two systems essential for plant life: water handling capacity from the perspective of water transport; the coupling of xylem and phloem water

Responses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes

Responses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes
  • Author : Hans J. De Boeck,Erika Hiltbrunner,Anke Jentsch,Vigdis Vandvik
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 05 June 2019
GET THIS BOOK Responses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes

Climate change is thought to be especially relevant to ecosystems in the cold biomes. Observed warming has been higher in cold climates through various positive feedbacks, especially declining snow and ice cover, and climate projections indicate further rapid warming in the decades to come. Temperature change can have profound impacts in cold biome ecosystems, either directly in terms of impacts on physiology or growing season length, or indirectly via changes in nutrient cycling. The regions focused on here are the (

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography
  • Author : Andrew Millington,Mark Blumler,Udo Schickhoff
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 22 September 2011
GET THIS BOOK The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography

"A superb resource for understanding the diversity of the modern discipline of biogeography, and its history and future, especially within geography departments. I expect to refer to it often." - Professor Sally Horn, University of Tennessee "As you browse through this fine book you will be struck by the diverse topics that biogeographers investigate and the many research methods they use.... Biogeography is interdisciplinary, and a commonly-voiced concern is that one biogeographer may not readily understand another's research findings. A

The Diatoms

The Diatoms
  • Author : E. F. Stoermer,John P. Smol
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 19 July 2001
GET THIS BOOK The Diatoms

Timely synopsis of applications in environment and industry using ubiquitous microscopic algae.

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains
  • Author : Velma I. Grover,Axel Borsdorf,Jürgen Breuste,Prakash Chandra Tiwari,Flavia Witkowski Frangetto
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 19 December 2014
GET THIS BOOK Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Mountain regions encompass nearly 24 percent of the total land surface of the earth and are home to approximately 12 percent of the world’s population. Their ecosystems play a critical role in sustaining human life both in the highlands and the lowlands. During recent years, resource use in high mountain areas has changed mainly in response to the globalization of the economy and increased world population. As a result, mountain regions are undergoing rapid environmental change, exploitation, and depletion of natural

Ecotones Between Forest and Grassland

Ecotones Between Forest and Grassland
  • Author : Randall W. Myster
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 10 July 2012
GET THIS BOOK Ecotones Between Forest and Grassland

Ecotones are dynamic over-lapping boundary areas where major terrestrial biomes meet. As past studies have shown, and as the chapters in this book will illustrate, their structure, size, and scope have changed considerably over the millennia, expanding and shrinking as climate and/or other driving conditions, also changed. Today, however, many of them are changing at a rate not seen for a long time, perhaps largely due to climate change and other human-induced factors. Indeed ecotones are more sensitive to

Environmental Change in Siberia

Environmental Change in Siberia
  • Author : Heiko Balzter
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 20 July 2010
GET THIS BOOK Environmental Change in Siberia

The Siberian environment is a unique region of the world that is both very strongly affected by global climate change and at the same time particularly vulnerable to its consequences. The news about the melting of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean and the prospect of an ice-free shipping passage from Scandinavia to Alaska along the Russian north coast has sparked an international debate about natural resource exploitation, national boundaries and the impacts of the rapid changes on people, animals

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Jon Børre Ørbaek,Roland Kallenborn,Ingunn Tombre,Else N. Hegseth,Stig Falk-Petersen,Alf H. Hoel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 10 January 2007
GET THIS BOOK Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

The European Arctic and Alpine regions are experiencing large environmental changes. These changes may have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bioproduction, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. This uniquely multidisciplinary book presents the various aspects of contemporary environmental changes in Arctic and Alpine Regions.

Forest Management and the Water Cycle

Forest Management and the Water Cycle
  • Author : Michael Bredemeier,Shabtai Cohen,Douglas L. Godbold,Elve Lode,Viliam Pichler,Patrick Schleppi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 25 October 2010
GET THIS BOOK Forest Management and the Water Cycle

The protective function of forests for water quality and water-related hazards, as well as adequate water supplies for forest ecosystems in Europe, are potentially at risk due to changing climate and changing land-management practices. Water budgets of forest ecosystems are heavily dependent on climate and forest structure. The latter is determined by the management measures applied in the forestry sector. Various developments of forest management strategies, imposed on a background of changing climate, are considered in assessing the overall future