The Brain and Host Defense

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 358 pages
  • ISBN : 9780444535450
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOK >>>The Brain and Host Defense

Download or Read online The Brain and Host Defense full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Anonim and published by Elsevier which was released on 24 December 2009 with total page 358 pages. We cannot guarantee that The Brain and Host Defense book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. It is now well recognized that the brain, and especially the hypothalamus, plays an important role in the regulation of immune reactions and inflammation. This book aims to review our current state of knowledge of this important field. Key historical findings are presented, and the reciprocal interactions between the brain and the immune system are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on inflammation, a critical host defense reaction that serves as an effector response for both the adaptive and innate immune systems. Mechanisms implicated in brain defense, as well as in more general host defense, are discussed. The regulatory influences of the brain on inflammatory responses are included with particular reference to the role of the hypothalamus, which is also the main director the hormonal regulation of immune/inflammatory. Gender-related differences in immune responsiveness, circadian modulator of immune responses, and evidence that behavioral conditioning (e.g. reward) of immune responses is possible are used as examples to reinforce the notion that the neuroendocrine system exerts a fundamental and complex regulatory influence on the immune system. * Presents timely issues such as immunological aspects of the blood-brain-barrier and the role of inflammatory mediators in the evolution of strokes and degenerative diseases * Includes analysis of the role of the brain in the adaptive responses to disease * Evaluates the argument that further knowledge of the influence of the brain on the immune system will provide new insights to the pathophysiology infectious and autoimmune diseases

The Brain and Host Defense

The Brain and Host Defense
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 24 December 2009
GET THIS BOOK The Brain and Host Defense

It is now well recognized that the brain, and especially the hypothalamus, plays an important role in the regulation of immune reactions and inflammation. This book aims to review our current state of knowledge of this important field. Key historical findings are presented, and the reciprocal interactions between the brain and the immune system are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on inflammation, a critical host defense reaction that serves as an effector response for both the adaptive and innate immune

Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity

Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity
  • Author : C. Jane Welsh,Mary Meagher,Esther Sternberg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 05 April 2007
GET THIS BOOK Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity

This book provides a lucid summary of behavioral, neural and endocrine regulation of immune responses and of the effects of immune system activity on neural and endocrine functions and behavior. The underlying premise is that the brain and immune system represent a single, integrated system of defense. The discussion includes such topics and stress induced modulation of innate resistance and adaptive immunity in influenza viral infections.

Host Defense Dysfunction in Trauma Shock and Sepsis

Host Defense Dysfunction in Trauma  Shock and Sepsis
  • Author : Eugen Faist,Jonathan L. Meakins,Friedrich W. Schildberg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 06 December 2012
GET THIS BOOK Host Defense Dysfunction in Trauma Shock and Sepsis

This book presents a unique overview of all aspects of host defense alterations under stressful conditions. It is based on the most important contributions given at the "2nd International Congress on the Immune Consequences of Trauma, Shock, and Sepsis-Mechanisms and Therapeutic Approaches," which was held in Munich under the auspices of the most distinguished scientific societies involved in this field (Society of Critical Care Medicine, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Societe Internationale de Chirurgie, Surgical Infection Society, Surgical Infection

Host Defenses to Intracellular Pathogens

Host Defenses to Intracellular Pathogens
  • Author : Toby K. Eisenstein,Paul Actor,Herman Friedman
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 06 December 2012
GET THIS BOOK Host Defenses to Intracellular Pathogens

The subject matter of this volume was the basis for a confer ence held in Philadelphia in June, 1981, and is an important one in the contemporary area of how the host interacts with micro organisms. In conception, it grew out of a graduate course entitled, "The Infectious Process," which has been taught in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at Temple University School of Medicine during the past twelve years. This course has explored the broad areas of mechanisms of

Differential Roles for the CXC Chemokine Receptors in Host Defense and Disease Following Viral Infection of the Central Nervous System

Differential Roles for the CXC Chemokine Receptors in Host Defense and Disease Following Viral Infection of the Central Nervous System
  • Author : Martin Philip Hosking
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 08 December 2021
GET THIS BOOK Differential Roles for the CXC Chemokine Receptors in Host Defense and Disease Following Viral Infection of the Central Nervous System

Using neutralizing antibodies, we assessed the roles for the CXC chemokine receptors CXCR3 and CXCR2 during acute and chronic viral encephalomyelitis. Previous work in our laboratory has identified CXCR3 ligands as critical mediators of both host defense during acute infection and demyelination during chronic infection. The precise role for CXCR3 in attracting activated T lymphocytes was however unclear. We observed constitutive expression of CXCR3 upon both subsets of T cells during acute and chronic infection. Neutralization of CXCR3 during acute

Immune mediated Antiviral Defense Against Polyomavirus Infection of the Brain

Immune mediated Antiviral Defense Against Polyomavirus Infection of the Brain
  • Author : Taryn Mockus
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 08 December 2021
GET THIS BOOK Immune mediated Antiviral Defense Against Polyomavirus Infection of the Brain

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is an often-fatal demyelinating disease of the brain caused by JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) in immunocompromised individuals. Initially rare, PML has increased in prevalence with the rise of immunomodulatory therapies used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, many of which impede the movement or function of immune cells. Despite increased incidence, PML pathogenesis remains poorly understood; the only treatment available for PML is to reconstitute the immune response, which can cause immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Most studies

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology
  • Author : Istvan Berczi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 03 February 2016
GET THIS BOOK Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology, Second Edition discusses the systemic regulatory network, coordination, organization, and interpretation of the rapidly accumulating knowledge on the topic of neuroimmune biology, with an ultimate goal of helping readers understand the function of higher organisms, including man, in their entire complexity. This publication provides assessments and interpretations of accumulated experimental evidence, enabling the scientific community to keep abreast of essential advancements of existing knowledge as we search for greater understanding of the biology of higher organisms.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Deprivation
  • Author : Clete A. Kushida
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 19 April 2016
GET THIS BOOK Sleep Deprivation

Analyzing ground-breaking research, this reference highlights the impact of sleep deprivation on the well-being of the individual and society-presenting current theories on the function of sleep, the effects of sleep deprivation on patients with medical and psychiatric conditions, as well as providing interpretative and methodological results in comparative studies of sleep deprivation.

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology
  • Author : Istvan Berczi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 27 May 2010
GET THIS BOOK New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology investigates the mechanisms that and functions of the Neuroimmune Regulatory Supersystem. Covering molecular regulation of cytokines in brain astrocytes, immunoregulation by the sympathetic nervous system, circadian regulation of immune reactions, antigen recognition by the CNS, the modulation of the immune response by head injury, neurogenic inflammation, the role of tachykinins in asthma and allergic disease, defence and defeat reactions, cytokines, behavior and affective disorders, increased activity of type 1 helper T cell functions after reward stimulation.

Characterization of Intracellular Group B Streptococcus and Host Defense

Characterization of Intracellular Group B Streptococcus and Host Defense
  • Author : Andrew Scott Cutting
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 08 December 2021
GET THIS BOOK Characterization of Intracellular Group B Streptococcus and Host Defense

Bacterial meningitis is a severe, life threatening concern, which results in a high proportion of patients succumbing to disease. There are limited treatments available for this disease and individuals that survive endure an immense amount of outstanding consequences for the remainder of their lives. An important causative agent of bacterial meningitis is the human pathogen Streptococcus agalactiae, also known as Group B Streptococcus (GBS). GBS is known to be the leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis thereby resulting in

Neuroimmunology of Sleep

Neuroimmunology of Sleep
  • Author : S. R. Pandi-Perumal,Daniel P. Cardinali,Georgios Chrousos
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 19 August 2007
GET THIS BOOK Neuroimmunology of Sleep

This timely work reflects the growing importance of research into the nature of sleep and its medical aspects. One of the first of its kind, this work on the neuroimmunology of sleep provides an introduction to the interplay between these two key and interlinked areas. Written both from a basic and a clinical perspective, the volume is an invaluable information resource for biomedical professionals and students of the human biology. Highly practical guide written from both a basic and clinical

Clinical Approach to Infection in the Compromised Host

Clinical Approach to Infection in the Compromised Host
  • Author : Robert H. Rubin,Lowell S. Young
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 08 May 2007
GET THIS BOOK Clinical Approach to Infection in the Compromised Host

At the beginning of the new millennium, it is opportune to raveling of the molecular pathways of impaired host - review what has been accomplished in the field of infec- fense mechanisms and the characterization of the genetic tious diseases during the last decades of the previous mutations involved, with the prospect of novel strategies century. The paradigm of the immunocompromised host for therapeutic interventions and possible corrective gene has taught much about the pathophysiology of infectious therapy. In this

Neurovirology Viruses and the Brain

Neurovirology  Viruses and the Brain
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 06 July 2001
GET THIS BOOK Neurovirology Viruses and the Brain

This volume is the first in a planned series of thematic volumes for Advances in Virus Research. It covers the etiology, pathogenetic mechanisms, and clincial consequences of human neurotropic viruses. Buchmeier is a virologist, Campbell an immunologist, and both are extremely well known in their fields. Numerous illustrations including colour Knowledgeable discussion of the potential role of viral infections in teratogenic and developmental disorders Frank discussion of the role of stress in disease Behavioural consequences of chronic CNS infection