The Blank Slate
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📒The Blank Slate ✍ Steven Pinker
✏The Blank Slate Book Summary : 'A passionate defence of the enduring power of human nature ... both life-affirming and deeply satisfying' Daily Telegraph Recently many people have assumed that we are blank slates shaped by our environment. But this denies the heart of our being: human nature. Violence is not just a product of society; male and female minds are different; the genes we give our children shape them more than our parenting practices. To acknowledge our innate abilities, Pinker shows, is not to condone inequality, but to understand the very foundations of humanity. 'Brilliant ... enjoyable, informative, clear, humane' New Scientist 'If you think the nature-nurture debate has been resolved, you are wrong ... this book is required reading' Literary Review 'An original and vital contribution to science and also a rattling good read' Matt Ridley, Sunday Telegraph 'Startling ... This is a breath of air for a topic that has been politicized for too long' Economist
📒Who Owns The Blank Slate ✍ Daniel R. Birdsong
✏Who Owns the Blank Slate Book Summary : The ability of officials in government to define policy options is the paramount power in politics (Schattschneider, 1960). Media allocate power and legitimacy to issues, people, and institutions by how they choose to cover them (Graber, 2006). The allocation of power is dependent on what information media filter to the public and how media define the issues, events, and remedies with the chosen information. Previous literature finds that journalists and reporters are dependent on elite sources of information, especially within the realm of foreign policy (Cohen, 1963; Bennett, 1990; Entman 2004). Past research also finds media reflect the policy debate in Washington (Bennett, 1990; Entman 2004). Using the intervention into Bosnia of the 1990s, I investigate how media allocate power among their various sources. Through a content analysis of the Congressional Record and Major News Media (ABC World News Tonight, the NewsHour on PBS, the New York Times, and CNN) I explain the scope of the debate regarding the intervention into Bosnia through the frames presented by the White House, the Congress, and Major News Media. Moreover, I test whether Major News Media reflected the debate within Washington. The intervention allows me to test the outcome of "going public," and whether Major News Media counterframed the White House frame. Lastly, this dissertation examines the influence information has on opinions regarding the intervention into Bosnia, the differences between partisans, and the effect of media coverage has on aggregate public opinion. This research shows an interesting development: the increased use of elite foreign sources by Major News Media in constructing narratives surrounding foreign policy issues and remedies. Furthermore, while it illustrates that media still rely on elite sources, the case of Bosnia shows that the "media debate" did not reflect the "official debate" in Washington. I also show that President Clinton could not effectively control how media portrayed the policy of intervention by going public; his speech had no significant effect on how Major News Media framed the intervention into Bosnia. I show that during a time of instability within the media environment, (January 1993 - April 1993) increased levels information had a positive effect on support, and that partisanship was an inconsistent predictor of support. Also during this time of media instability, an increased level of information within partisan groups (Republicans and Democrats) was an inconsistent predictor of support. However, in a period when the media environment shows stability (October 1995 - December 1995), and when partisans in the press were distinct from each other, both increased levels of information and partisanship were effective predictors of support. Looking within the groups of partisans during this time of stability in media, I find that an increase in information enhances the odds of support among Democrats, but not for Republicans.
📒Scientific And Religious Habits Of Mind ✍ Ron Good
✏Scientific and Religious Habits of Mind Book Summary : The open, inquiring nature of science is fundamentally incompatible with the closed, authoritarian nature of most religious training. Reasons for rejection of personal god concepts by Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, and Bertrand Russell are used by this author to underline this incompatibility and to show how each of these important scientists came to reject organized religion. Conflicts between scientific and religious habits of mind are described and ideas for education are offered. Common assumptions about our natural environment and human nature are shown to be obstacles to scientific literacy and to a sound liberal education. Research on the nature of the relationship between scientific and religious habits of mind is proposed, recognizing the potential incompatibilities between these important influences in society.
✏Annual Editions Personal Growth and Behavior 04 05 Book Summary :
📒Being Me ✍ Pete Moore
✏Being Me Book Summary : ‘O brave new world, That has such people in’t!’ Shakespeare, The Tempest New scientific developments are changing the world, but whether the world of our children and grandchildren will be the hell of Huxley’s Brave New World or the sheltered paradise described by Shakespeare depends on how we choose to use these developments. That choice will frequently be driven by our appreciation of what human beings really are. In this thought-provoking book Pete Moore presents an antidote to the scientific reductionism that so frequently seeks to narrow any definition of our species by single features, such as our genes or the ability of our brains. This exploration of the nature of humanity reveals the rainbow spectrum that makes us who we are. Through discussions with individuals whose lives help us to focus on individual aspects of our make up, Moore explores the difficult issues that are facing us. This book provides a timely reminder that technology cannot be separated from its impact on real people and how their lives are changed for the better or worse. Medical developments offer tremendous opportunities for good, but if we lose sight of what it is to be human they also have the ability to be used for very dangerous, even evil purposes. We have a chance to influence this future. We should not ignore the challenge. DR PETE MOORE is a medical journalist and an official rapporteur at Windsor Castle and the House of Lords. He is the author of Blood and Justice (0470 848421, Hbk / 0470 84844 8 Pbk).
📒The Triumph Of Sociobiology ✍ John Alcock
✏The Triumph of Sociobiology Book Summary : In The Triumph of Sociobiology, John Alcock reviews the controversy that has surrounded evolutionary studies of human social behavior following the 1975 publication of E.O. Wilson's classic, Sociobiology, The New Synthesis. Denounced vehemently as an "ideology" that has justified social evils and inequalities, sociobiology has survived the assault. Twenty-five years after the field was named by Wilson, the approach he championed has successfully demonstrated its value in the study of animal behavior, including the behavior of our own species. Yet, misconceptions remain--to our disadvantage. In this straight-forward, objective approach to the sociobiology debate, noted animal behaviorist John Alcock illuminates how sociobiologists study behavior in all species. He confronts the chief scientific and ideological objections head on, with a compelling analysis of case histories that involve such topics as sexual jealousy, beauty, gender difference, parent-offspring relations, and rape. In so doing, he shows that sociobiology provides the most satisfactory scientific analysis of social behavior available today. Alcock challenges the notion that sociobiology depends on genetic determinism while showing the shortcoming of competing approaches that rely on cultural or environmental determinism. He also presents the practical applications of sociobiology and the progress sociobiological research has made in the search for a more complete understanding of human activities. His reminder that "natural" behavior is not "moral" behavior should quiet opponents fearing misapplication of evolutionary theory to our species. The key misconceptions about this evolutionary field are dissected one by one as the author shows why sociobiologists have had so much success in explaining the puzzling and fascinating social behavior of nonhuman animals and humans alike.
📒On Our Minds ✍ Eric M. Gander
✏On Our Minds Book Summary : There is no question more fundamental to human existence than that posed by the nature-versus-nurture debate. For much of the past century, it was widely believed that there was no essential human nature and that people could be educated or socialized to thrive in almost any imaginable culture. Today, that orthodoxy is being directly and forcefully challenged by a new science of the mind: evolutionary psychology. Like the theory of evolution itself, the implications of evolutionary psychology are provocative and unsettling. Rather than viewing the human mind as a mysterious black box or a blank slate, evolutionary psychologists see it as a physical organ that has evolved to process certain types of information in certain ways that enables us to thrive only in certain types of cultures. In On Our Minds, Eric M. Gander examines all sides of the public debate between evolutionary psychologists and their critics. Paying particularly close attention to the popular science writings of Steven Pinker, Edward O. Wilson, Richard Dawkins, and Stephen Jay Gould, Gander traces the history of the controversy, succinctly summarizes the claims and theories of the evolutionary psychologists, dissects the various arguments deployed by each side, and considers in detail the far-reaching ramifications—social, cultural, and political—of this debate. Gander's lucid and highly readable account concludes that evolutionary psychology now holds the potential to answer our oldest and most profound moral and philosophical questions, fundamentally changing our self–perception as a species. -- Boguslaw Pawlowski
📒Blank Slate ✍ Shanell Keys
✏Blank Slate Book Summary : Jen Morrison has always thought of herself as a good person. She is a devoted mom to her son Danny and a dedicated nurse. She feels lucky in so many ways, but she's never been lucky in love. Her husband left her and their son years ago. Since then, he has re-married and started a new family. Jen is focused on her son and career, vowing not to have her heart broken again. But then a new patient is admitted to Sacramento Grace Hospital, and her life is forever changed. He is brought in after a car accident leaves him with a nasty head wound, and without a memory. He doesn't have any type of identification on him, and no one seems to know who he is. They call him the mystery man; he calls himself John. The pair quickly develop feelings for each other, but can their love last when his past comes back for him?
📒Blank Slate Kate ✍ Heather Wardell
✏Blank Slate Kate Book Summary : Waking up with a strange man is scary. Realizing you lost fifteen years of your life overnight? That's terrifying. With her memories from seventeen to thirty-two gone, Kate has no idea who she is and where she belongs. As she begins to fall for the man who found her, she wonders if she forgot those years for a reason. Should she keep trying to retrieve her original self, or start a new life?
📒Disjointed Perspectives On Motherhood ✍ Catalina Florina Florescu
✏Disjointed Perspectives on Motherhood Book Summary : Disjointed Perspectives on Motherhood seeks to reevaluate the concept of unconditional maternal love and the global emancipation of motherhood as recorded from 17th century onward and as analyzed in various genres: cinema, poetry, novel, drama, and mystery fiction series. By using unprecedented comparative critical approaches such as phenomenological, medical, feminist, and re-enchantment theories, and by analyzing works from literature, cinema, and visual arts, this collection attempts to reestablish and redefine a canonical concept with the intention to revitalize an otherwise taken-for-granted image and role.