The Bilingual Text

📒The Bilingual Text ✍ Jan Walsh Hokenson

✏Book Title : The Bilingual Text
✏Author : Jan Walsh Hokenson
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-06-03
✏Pages : 236
✏ISBN : 9781317640356
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Bilingual Text Book Summary : Bilingual texts have been left outside the mainstream of both translation theory and literary history. Yet the tradition of the bilingual writer, moving between different sign systems and audiences to create a text in two languages, is a rich and venerable one, going back at least to the Middle Ages. The self-translated, bilingual text was commonplace in the mutlilingual world of medieval and early modern Europe, frequently bridging Latin and the vernaculars. While self-translation persisted among cultured elites, it diminished during the consolidation of the nation-states, in the long era of nationalistic monolingualism, only to resurge in the postcolonial era. The Bilingual Text makes a first step toward providing the fields of translation studies and comparative literature with a comprehensive account of literary self-translation in the West. It tracks the shifting paradigms of bilinguality across the centuries and addresses the urgent questions that the bilingual text raises for translation theorists today: Is each part of the bilingual text a separate, original creation or is each incomplete without the other? Is self-translation a unique genre? Can either version be split off into a single language or literary tradition? How can two linguistic versions of a text be fitted into standard models of foreign and domestic texts and cultures? Because such texts defeat standard categories of analysis, The Bilingual Text reverses the usual critical gaze, highlighting not dissimilarities but continuities across versions, allowing for dissimilarities within orders of correspondence, and englobing the literary as well as linguistic and cultural dimensions of the text. Emphasizing the arcs of historical change in concepts of language and translation that inform each case study, The Bilingual Text examines the perdurance of this phenomenon in Western societies and literatures.

✏Book Title : Literacy and the Bilingual Learner
✏Author : Catherine Wallace
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2013-10-30
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9781137317636
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Literacy and the Bilingual Learner Book Summary : Literacy and the Bilingual Learner explores the literacy development of bilingual learners in London (UK) schools and colleges through a series of vignettes and case studies of learners and their educational experiences.

✏Book Title : Parallel Aligned Text and Bilingual Concordance of the Armenian and Greek Versions of the Book of Jonah
✏Author : Joseph Johannes Sicco Weitenberg
✏Publisher : Rodopi
✏Release Date : 1992
✏Pages : 173
✏ISBN : 9051833903
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Parallel Aligned Text and Bilingual Concordance of the Armenian and Greek Versions of the Book of Jonah Book Summary :

✏Book Title : The Bilingual LSP Dictionary
✏Author : Sandro Nielsen
✏Publisher : Gunter Narr Verlag
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 308
✏ISBN : 3823345338
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Bilingual LSP Dictionary Book Summary :

✏Book Title : The Handbook of Bilingual and Multilingual Education
✏Author : Wayne E. Wright
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2017-09-25
✏Pages : 688
✏ISBN : 9781119005490
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Handbook of Bilingual and Multilingual Education Book Summary : The Handbook of Bilingual and Multilingual Education presents the first comprehensive international reference work of the latest policies, practices, and theories related to the dynamic interdisciplinary field of bilingual and multilingual education. Represents the first comprehensive reference work that covers bilingual, multilingual, and multicultural educational policies and practices around the world Features contributions from 78 established and emerging international scholars Offers extensive coverage in sixteen chapters of language and education issues in specific and diverse regional/geographic contexts, including South Africa, Mexico, Latvia, Cambodia, Japan, and Texas Covers pedagogical issues such as language assessment as well as offering evolving perspectives on the needs of specific learner populations, such as ELLs, learners with language impairments, and bilingual education outside of the classroom

📒Parallel Text Processing ✍ Jean Véronis

✏Book Title : Parallel Text Processing
✏Author : Jean Véronis
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-03-14
✏Pages : 403
✏ISBN : 9789401725354
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Parallel Text Processing Book Summary : l This book evolved from the ARCADE evaluation exercise that started in 1995. The project's goal is to evaluate alignment systems for parallel texts, i. e. , texts accompanied by their translation. Thirteen teams from various places around the world have participated so far and for the first time, some ten to fifteen years after the first alignment techniques were designed, the community has been able to get a clear picture of the behaviour of alignment systems. Several chapters in this book describe the details of competing systems, and the last chapter is devoted to the description of the evaluation protocol and results. The remaining chapters were especially commissioned from researchers who have been major figures in the field in recent years, in an attempt to address a wide range of topics that describe the state of the art in parallel text processing and use. As I recalled in the introduction, the Rosetta stone won eternal fame as the prototype of parallel texts, but such texts are probably almost as old as the invention of writing. Nowadays, parallel texts are electronic, and they are be coming an increasingly important resource for building the natural language processing tools needed in the "multilingual information society" that is cur rently emerging at an incredible speed. Applications are numerous, and they are expanding every day: multilingual lexicography and terminology, machine and human translation, cross-language information retrieval, language learning, etc.

✏Book Title : The Teaching of Reading in Spanish to the Bilingual Student La Ense anza De La Lectura En Espa ol Para El Estudiante Biling e
✏Author : Angela Carrasquillo
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-10-14
✏Pages : 238
✏ISBN : 9781136747328
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Teaching of Reading in Spanish to the Bilingual Student La Ense anza De La Lectura En Espa ol Para El Estudiante Biling e Book Summary : This dual-language text provides theory and methodology for teaching reading in Spanish to Spanish/English bilingual or Spanish-dominant students. The goal is to help educators teach these students the skills necessary to become proficient readers and, thus, successful in the school system. At the very core of the book are the hispano-parlantes--the Spanish-speaking children--who bring to the schools, along with their native language and cultures, a wealth of resources that must be tapped and to whom all educators have a responsibility to respond. True to the concepts of developing bilingual educators to serve bilingual students, the text presents chapters in English and Spanish. Each chapter is written in only one language at the preference of the author. Thus, to be successful with this book, the reader must be bilingual. Themes emphasized in the text include current reading methodologies, the concept of reading as developmental literacy skills, reading in the content areas, new views of the development of proficiency in the second language, issues related to students with special learning needs, assessment, and the uses of technology in the delivery of instruction. Never losing sight of its goal--to teach reading in Spanish to bilingual or Spanish-dominant students--the book includes a series of focusing questions and follow-up activities; these are not simply translations of existing activities, strategies, and techniques intended for monolingual English students, but specifically designed to be appropriate for Spanish-speaking students. Directed to university preservice and in-service instructors of reading and bilingual education as well as administrators and district- and school-level staff developers who work with Hispanic populations, the book is sensitive at all times to nuances of the languages and cultures of the intended audiences.

✏Book Title : The Teaching of Reading in Spanish to the Bilingual Student La Ense anza De La Lectura En Espa ol Para El Estudiante Biling E
✏Author : Angela Carrasquillo
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-10-14
✏Pages : 240
✏ISBN : 9781136747335
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Teaching of Reading in Spanish to the Bilingual Student La Ense anza De La Lectura En Espa ol Para El Estudiante Biling E Book Summary : This dual-language text provides theory and methodology for teaching reading in Spanish to Spanish/English bilingual or Spanish-dominant students. The goal is to help educators teach these students the skills necessary to become proficient readers and, thus, successful in the school system. At the very core of the book are the hispano-parlantes--the Spanish-speaking children--who bring to the schools, along with their native language and cultures, a wealth of resources that must be tapped and to whom all educators have a responsibility to respond. True to the concepts of developing bilingual educators to serve bilingual students, the text presents chapters in English and Spanish. Each chapter is written in only one language at the preference of the author. Thus, to be successful with this book, the reader must be bilingual. Themes emphasized in the text include current reading methodologies, the concept of reading as developmental literacy skills, reading in the content areas, new views of the development of proficiency in the second language, issues related to students with special learning needs, assessment, and the uses of technology in the delivery of instruction. Never losing sight of its goal--to teach reading in Spanish to bilingual or Spanish-dominant students--the book includes a series of focusing questions and follow-up activities; these are not simply translations of existing activities, strategies, and techniques intended for monolingual English students, but specifically designed to be appropriate for Spanish-speaking students. Directed to university preservice and in-service instructors of reading and bilingual education as well as administrators and district- and school-level staff developers who work with Hispanic populations, the book is sensitive at all times to nuances of the languages and cultures of the intended audiences.

✏Book Title : A History of the French Language Through Texts
✏Author : Wendy Ayres-Bennett
✏Publisher : Psychology Press
✏Release Date : 1996
✏Pages : 303
✏ISBN : 0415100003
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏A History of the French Language Through Texts Book Summary : This new history of the French language allows the reader to see how the language has evolved for themselves. It combines texts and extracts with a readable and detailed commentary allowing the language to be viewed both synchronically and diachronically. Core texts range from the ninth century to the present day highlight central features of the language, whilst a range of shorter texts illustrate particular points. The inclusion of non-literary, as well as literary texts serves to illustrate some of the many varieties of French whether in legal, scientific, epistolatory, administrative or liturgical or in more popular domains, including attempts to represent spoken usage. This is essential reading for the undergraduate student of French.

✏Book Title : Corpora and Language Education
✏Author : Lynne Flowerdew
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2011-12-12
✏Pages : 347
✏ISBN : 9780230355569
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Corpora and Language Education Book Summary : A critical examination of key concepts and issues in corpus linguistics, with a particular focus on the expanding interdisciplinary nature of the field and the role that written and spoken corpora now play in these different disciplines. It also presents a series of corpus-based case studies illustrating central themes and best practices.