Systems Evolutionary Biology

Systems Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Systems Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Bor-Sen Chen
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2018-02-03
✏Pages : 390
✏ISBN : 9780128140734
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Systems Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : Systems Evolutionary Biology: Biological Network Evolution Theory, Stochastic Evolutionary Game Strategies, and Applications to Systems Synthetic Biology discusses the evolutionary game theory and strategies of nonlinear stochastic biological networks under random genetic variations and environmental disturbances and their application to systematic synthetic biology design. The book provides more realistic stochastic biological system models to mimic the real biological systems in evolutionary process and then introduces network evolvability, stochastic evolutionary game theory and strategy based on nonlinear stochastic networks in evolution. Readers will find remarkable, revolutionary information on genetic evolutionary biology that be applied to economics, engineering and bioscience. Explains network fitness, network evolvability and network robustness of biological networks from the systematic perspective Discusses the evolutionary noncooperative and cooperative game strategies of biological networks Offers detailed diagrams to help readers understand biological networks, their systematic behaviors and the simulational results of evolutionary biological networks Includes examples in every chapter with computational simulation to illustrate the solution procedure of evolutionary theory, strategy and results

Encyclopedia Of Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2016-04-14
✏Pages : 2132
✏ISBN : 9780128004265
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology is the definitive go-to reference in the field of evolutionary biology. It provides a fully comprehensive review of the field in an easy to search structure. Under the collective leadership of fifteen distinguished section editors, it is comprised of articles written by leading experts in the field, providing a full review of the current status of each topic. The articles are up-to-date and fully illustrated with in-text references that allow readers to easily access primary literature. While all entries are authoritative and valuable to those with advanced understanding of evolutionary biology, they are also intended to be accessible to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Broad topics include the history of evolutionary biology, population genetics, quantitative genetics; speciation, life history evolution, evolution of sex and mating systems, evolutionary biogeography, evolutionary developmental biology, molecular and genome evolution, coevolution, phylogenetic methods, microbial evolution, diversification of plants and fungi, diversification of animals, and applied evolution. Presents fully comprehensive content, allowing easy access to fundamental information and links to primary research Contains concise articles by leading experts in the field that ensures current coverage of each topic Provides ancillary learning tools like tables, illustrations, and multimedia features to assist with the comprehension process

📒Evolutionary Systems Biology ✍ Orkun S. Soyer

Evolutionary Systems Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Systems Biology
✏Author : Orkun S. Soyer
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-07-23
✏Pages : 458
✏ISBN : 9781461435679
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Systems Biology Book Summary : The book aims to introduce the reader to the emerging field of Evolutionary Systems Biology, which approaches classical systems biology questions within an evolutionary framework. An evolutionary approach might allow understanding the significance of observed diversity, uncover “evolutionary design principles” and extend predictions made in model organisms to others. In addition, evolutionary systems biology can generate new insights into the adaptive landscape by combining molecular systems biology models and evolutionary simulations. This insight can enable the development of more detailed mechanistic evolutionary hypotheses.

Foundations Of Complex System Theories Book PDF
✏Book Title : Foundations of Complex system Theories
✏Author : Sunny Y. Auyang
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 404
✏ISBN : 0521778263
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Foundations of Complex system Theories Book Summary : Analyzes approaches to the study of complexity in the physical, biological, and social sciences.

Evolutionary Biology Exobiology And Evolutionary Mechanisms Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology Exobiology and Evolutionary Mechanisms
✏Author : Pierre Pontarotti
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-07-03
✏Pages : 300
✏ISBN : 9783642382123
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Exobiology and Evolutionary Mechanisms Book Summary : This book presents 19 selected contributions to the 16th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2012 in Marseilles. The aims of these annual meetings, which gather together leading evolutionary biologists and other scientists, are to promote the exchange of ideas and to encourage interdisciplinary collaborations. The first chapter deals with the history of a great discovery: The first experiments on ascidian and sea urchin egg fertilization. The remaining contributions are grouped under the following categories: · Evolutionary biology concepts · Exobiology and the origin of life · Evolutionary mechanisms Offering an up-to-date overview of recent findings in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

📒Evolutionary Biology ✍ Michael T. Clegg

Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Michael T. Clegg
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2000-09-30
✏Pages : 258
✏ISBN : 0306462273
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : After volume 33, this book series was replaced by the journal "Evolutionary Biology." Please visit www.springer.com/11692 for further information. The nature of science is to work on the boundaries between the known and the unknown. These boundaries shift as new methods are developed and as new concepts are elaborated (e.g., the theory of the gene, or more recently, the coalescence framework in population genetics). These tools allow us to address questions that were previously outside the realm of science, and, as a consequence, the boundary between the knowable and unknowable has shifted. A study of limits should reveal and clarify the boundaries and make sharper the set of questions. This book examines and analyzes these new limits as they are applied to evolutionary biology and population genetics. It does this by framing the analysis within four major classes of problems - establishing the fact of evolution; understanding the evolutionary pathways that led to today's biological world; mechanisms of evolutionary change (e.g., models of social behavior, sexual selection, macro evolution); and, finally, prediction.

Exam Prep For Systems Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Systems Evolutionary Biology
✏Author :
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✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
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Evolutionary Biology Of Parasites Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology of Parasites
✏Author : Peter W. Price
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 1980-05-21
✏Pages : 237
✏ISBN : 069108257X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology of Parasites Book Summary : In spite of the fact that parasites represent more than half of all living species of plants and animals, their role in the evolution of life on earth has been substantially underestimated. Here, for the first time within an evolutionary and ecological framework, Peter Price integrates the biological attributes that characterize parasites ranging from such diverse groups as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi, to helminths, mites, insects, and parasitic flowering plants. Synthesizing systematics, ecology, behavioral biology, genetics, and biogeography, the author outlines the success of parasitism as a mode of life, the common features of the wide range of organisms that adopt such a way of life, the reasons for parasites' extraordinary potential for continued adaptive radiation, and their role in molding community structure by means of their impact on the evolution of host species. In demonstrating the importance of parasitic interactions for determining population patterns and geographical distributions, Dr. Price generates further discussion and suggests new areas for research.

📒The Biology Of Moral Systems ✍ Richard D. Alexander

The Biology Of Moral Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Biology of Moral Systems
✏Author : Richard D. Alexander
✏Publisher : Transaction Publishers
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 301
✏ISBN : 020236948X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Biology of Moral Systems Book Summary : Despite wide acceptance that the attributes of living creatures have appeared through a cumulative evolutionary process guided chiefly by natural selection, many human activities have seemed analytically inaccessible through such an approach. Prominent evolutionary biologists, for example, have described morality as contrary to the direction of biological evolution, and moral philosophers rarely regard evolution as relevant to their discussions. The Biology of Moral Systems adopts the position that moral questions arise out of conflicts of interest, and that moral systems are ways of using confluences of interest at lower levels of social organization to deal with conflicts of interest at higher levels. Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity: humans gain and lose socially and reproductively not only by direct transactions, but also by the reputations they gain from the everyday flow of social interactions. The author develops a general theory of human interests, using senescence and effort theory from biology, to help analyze the patterning of human lifetimes. He argues that the ultimate interests of humans are reproductive, and that the concept of morality has arisen within groups because of its contribution to unity in the context, ultimately, of success in intergroup competition. He contends that morality is not easily relatable to universals, and he carries this argument into a discussion of what he calls the greatest of all moral problems, the nuclear arms race. "Crammed with sage observations on moral dilemmas and many reasons why an understanding of evolution based on natural selection will advance thinking in finding practical solutions to our most difficult social problems." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social SciencesRichard D. Alexander is Donald Ward Tinkle Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, and Curator of Insects, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. A recipient of numerous awards, Dr. Alexander is the author of Darwinism and Human Affairs.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Human Female Sexuality Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolutionary Biology of Human Female Sexuality
✏Author : Randy Thornhill
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2008-09-25
✏Pages : 424
✏ISBN : 9780199887705
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolutionary Biology of Human Female Sexuality Book Summary : Research conducted in the last fifteen years has placed in question many of the traditional conclusions scholars have formed about human female sexuality. Though conventional wisdom asserts that women's estrus has been evolutionarily lost, Randy Thornhill and Steven W. Gangestad assert that it is present, though concealed. Women, they propose, therefore exhibit two sexualities each ovulatory cycle-estrus and sexuality outside of the estrous phase, extended sexuality-that possess distinct functions. Synthesizing research in behavioral evolution and comparative biology, the authors provide a new theoretical framework for understanding the evolution of human female sexuality, one that is rooted in female sexuality and phylogeny across all vertebrate animals.

📒The Origins Of Order ✍ Stuart A. Kauffman

The Origins Of Order Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Origins of Order
✏Author : Stuart A. Kauffman
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 1993
✏Pages : 709
✏ISBN : 0195079515
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Origins of Order Book Summary : Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It explores the concept of self-organization into evolutionary theory--the extent to which selection itself can yield systems able to adapt more successfull. The approaches investigated here may prove to be the new center around which biological science itself may evolove. The work is written for all those interested in the cutting edge of research in the life sciences, including students and researchers in the fields of physics, biophysics, biochemistry, molecular biology, cell and developmental biophysics, biochemistry, molecular biology, cell and developmental biology, ecology, mathematics, philosophy, computer science, and social science. 273 illustration.

📒Evolutionary Biology ✍ Pierre Pontarotti

Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Pierre Pontarotti
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-09-20
✏Pages : 422
✏ISBN : 9783319413242
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : This book presents selected contributions to the 19th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2015 in Marseille. It consists of 22 chapters, which are grouped in four sections: · Convergent Evolution · Evolution of Complex Traits · Concepts · Methods The annual Evolutionary Biology Meetings in Marseille serve to gather leading evolutionary biologists and other scientists using evolutionary biology concepts, e.g for medical research, to promote the exchange of ideas and to encourage interdisciplinary collaborations. Offering an up-to-date overview of recent findings in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

📒The Logic Of Chance ✍ Eugene V. Koonin

The Logic Of Chance Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Logic of Chance
✏Author : Eugene V. Koonin
✏Publisher : FT Press
✏Release Date : 2011-06-23
✏Pages : 528
✏ISBN : 013262317X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Logic of Chance Book Summary : The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.

Principles Of Evolution Systems Species And The History Of Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Principles of Evolution Systems Species and the History of Life
✏Author : Jonathan Bard
✏Publisher : Garland Science
✏Release Date : 2016-09-12
✏Pages : 392
✏ISBN : 9781351854771
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Principles of Evolution Systems Species and the History of Life Book Summary : Principles of Evolution considers evolution in the context of systems biology, a contemporary approach for handling biological complexity. Evolution needs this systems perspective for three reasons. First, most activity in living organisms is driven by complex networks of proteins and this has direct implications, particularly for understanding evo-devo and for seeing how variation is initiated. Second, it provides the natural language for discussing phylogenetic trees. Third, evolutionary change involves events at levels ranging from the genome to the ecosystem and systems biology provides a context for integrating material of this complexity. Understanding evolution means, on the one hand, describing the history of life and, on the other, making sense of the principles that drove that history. The solution adopted here is to make the science of evolution the primary focus of the book and place the various parts of the history of life in the context of the research that unpicks it. This means that the history is widely distributed across the text. This concise textbook assumes that the reader has a fair amount of biological knowledge and gives equal weight to all the major themes of evolution: the fossil record, phylogenetics, evodevo, and speciation. Principles of Evolution will therefore be an interesting and thought-provoking read for honors-level undergraduates, and graduates working in the biological sciences.

Biological Information Systems Evolution As Cognition Based Information Management Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biological Information Systems Evolution as Cognition based Information Management
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1051845838
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biological Information Systems Evolution as Cognition based Information Management Book Summary : Abstract: An alternative biological synthesis is presented that conceptualizes evolutionary biology as an epiphenomenon of integrated self-referential information management. Since all biological information has inherent ambiguity, the systematic assessment of information is required by living organisms to maintain self-identity and homeostatic equipoise in confrontation with environmental challenges. Through their self-referential attachment to information space, cells are the cornerstone of biological action. That individualized assessment of information space permits self-referential, self-organizing niche construction. That deployment of information and its subsequent selection enacted the dominant stable unicellular informational architectures whose biological expressions are the prokaryotic, archaeal, and eukaryotic unicellular forms. Multicellularity represents the collective appraisal of equivocal environmental information through a shared information space. This concerted action can be viewed as systematized information management to improve information quality for the maintenance of preferred homeostatic boundaries among the varied participants. When reiterated in successive scales, this same collaborative exchange of information yields macroscopic organisms as obligatory multicellular holobionts. Cognition-Based Evolution (CBE) upholds that assessment of information precedes biological action, and the deployment of information through integrative self-referential niche construction and natural cellular engineering antecedes selection. Therefore, evolutionary biology can be framed as a complex reciprocating interactome that consists of the assessment, communication, deployment and management of information by self-referential organisms at multiple scales in continuous confrontation with environmental stresses.

Evolutionary Biology A Transdisciplinary Approach Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology A Transdisciplinary Approach
✏Author : Pierre Pontarotti
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9783030572464
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology A Transdisciplinary Approach Book Summary :

Evolutionary Biology Biodiversification From Genotype To Phenotype Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype
✏Author : Pierre Pontarotti
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2015-07-10
✏Pages : 409
✏ISBN : 9783319199320
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype Book Summary : This book presents 20 selected contributions to the 18th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2014 in Marseille. They are grouped under the following major themes: · Genotype to Phenotype · Genetic Mechanisms of Diversification · Evolutionary Mechanisms · Speciation and Biodiversity The aims of these annual meetings in Marseille are to bring together leading evolutionary biologists and other scientists who employ evolutionary biology concepts, e.g. for medical research, and to promote the exchange of ideas and encourage interdisciplinary collaborations. Offering an up-to-date overview of recent advances in the field of evolutionary biology, this book represents an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Keywords And Concepts In Evolutionary Developmental Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology
✏Author : Brian Keith Hall
✏Publisher : Harvard University Press
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 476
✏ISBN : 0674022408
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology Book Summary : Covering more than 50 central terms and concepts in entries written by leading experts, this book offers an overview of this new subdiscipline of biology, providing the core insights and ideas that show how embryonic development relates to life-history evolution, adaptation, and responses to and integration with environmental factors.

Evolvable Systems From Biology To Hardware Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolvable Systems From Biology to Hardware
✏Author : Sanyou Zeng
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2007-08-26
✏Pages : 450
✏ISBN : 9783540746263
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolvable Systems From Biology to Hardware Book Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Evolvable Systems, ICES 2007, held in Wuhan, China, in September 2007. The 41 revised full papers collected in this volume are organized in topical sections on digital hardware evolution, analog hardware evolution, bio-inspired systems, mechanical hardware evolution, evolutionary design, evolutionary algorithms in hardware design, and hardware implementation of evolutionary algorithms.

Exam Prep Flash Cards For Systems Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep Flash Cards for Systems Evolutionary Biology
✏Author :
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✏Exam Prep Flash Cards for Systems Evolutionary Biology Book Summary :

Evolution Of Communication Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Communication Systems
✏Author : Gerd B. Müller
✏Publisher : MIT Press
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 338
✏ISBN : 0262151111
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Communication Systems Book Summary : Using a comparative approach in order to understand the origins of communication, this title explores the mysterious circumstances that surround the emergence of human languages, as well as the methods that other species use in order to communicate.

📒Evolutionary Biology ✍ Max Hecht

Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Max Hecht
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 267
✏ISBN : 9781461569770
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : Evolutionary Biology, of which this is the eighteenth volume, con tinues to offer its readers a wide range of original articles, reviews, and commentaries on evolution, in the bro~dest sense of that term. The topics of the reviews range from anthropology and behavior to molecular biology and systematics. In recent volumes, a broad spectrum of articles have appeared on such subjects as natural selection among replicating molecules in vitro, mate recognition and the reproductive behavior of Drosophila, molecular systematics ofCrocodilia, evolution of the monocotyledons, and the com munication network made possible among even distantly related genera of bacteria by plasmids and other transposable elements. Articles such as these, often too long for standard journals , are the stuff of Evolutionary Biology. The editors continue to solicit manuscripts on an international scale in an effort to see that everyone of the many facets of biological evolution is covered. Manuscripts should be sent to anyone of the following: Max K. Hecht, Department of Biology, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367; Bruce Wallace, Department of Biology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacks burg, Virginia 24061; Ghillian T. Prance, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Hearing Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolutionary Biology of Hearing
✏Author : Douglas B. Webster
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 859
✏ISBN : 9781461227847
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolutionary Biology of Hearing Book Summary : To develop a science of hearing that is intellectu The five-day conference was held at the Mote ally satisfying we must first integrate the diverse, Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida, May - extensive body of comparative research into an 24, 1990. The invited participants came from the evolutionary context. The need for this integra fields of comparative anatomy, physiology, biophys tion, and a conceptual framework in which it could ics, animal behavior, psychophysics, evolutionary be structured, were demonstrated in landmark biology, ontogeny, and paleontology. Before the papers by van Bergeijk in 1967 and Wever in 1974. conference, preliminary manuscripts of the invited However, not since 1965, when the American papers were distributed to all participants. This facilitated - even encouraged - discussions through Society of Zoologists sponsored an evolutionary conference entitled ''The Vertebrate Ear;' has there out the conference which could be called, among other things, "lively. " The preview of papers, along been a group effort to assemble and organize our current knowledge on the evolutionary-as with the free exchange of information and opinion, opposed to comparative-biology of hearing. also helped improve the quality and consistency of In the quarter century since that conference the final manuscripts included in this volume. there have been major changes in evolutionary In addition to the invited papers, several studies concepts (e. g. , punctuated equilibrium), in sys were presented as posters during evening sessions.

📒Evolutionary Biology ✍ Max K. Hecht

Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Max K. Hecht
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-11-11
✏Pages : 665
✏ISBN : 9781461569565
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : The first volume of Evolutionary Bio/ogy was published eleven years ago. Since that time eleven volumes and one supplement have appeared. As stated in earlier prefaces, we are continuing the focus of this series on critical reviews, commentaries, original papers, and controversies in evolu tionary biology. lt is our aim to publish papers primarily of greater length than normally published by society journals and quarterlies. We therefore invite colleagues to submit chapters that fall within the focus and standards of Evolutionary Bio/ogy. The Editors vii Contents 1. Precambrian Evolution of Photosynthetic and Respiratory Organisms lohn M. 0/son Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Basic Assumptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Photosynthetic Energy Conversion and Electron Transport . . . . . . . 6 Oxygen-Evolving Organisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Photosynthetic Bacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Photoassimilation and Cyclic Electron Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . Acetate Assimilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 . . . . . . . . . . . The Common Ancestor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . . Chlorophyll. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Quinone................................................ 19 Linear Electron Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . . . Light-Harvesting Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . . . Evolution of Photosynthetic Bacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . Purpie and Green Bacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . . . Evolution of Blue-Green Algae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . Weak Electron Donors for the Protoalgae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 . . . . . Evolution of Respiration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 . . . . . . . . . . General Remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Molecular Structure and Protein Variation within and among Populations Richard K. Koehn and Waller F. Eanes Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Molecular Properlies and Structural Variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 . . . . Amino Acid Composition and Quaternary Structure . . . . . . . . 46 . . Protomer Size and Quaternary Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 . . . . . ix X Contents Enzyme Polymorphism and Quaternary Structure . . . . . . . . . . . 50 . . . Enzyme Polymorphism and Subunit Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 . . . . . . Data and Analyses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 . . . . . . . . . . . Drosophila Enzyme Polymorphism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . . . . . . . Human Enzyme Polymorphism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 . . . . . . . . Enzyme Polymorphism: Structure and Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 . . . . .

Feminism And Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Feminism and Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Patricia Gowaty
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 648
✏ISBN : 9781461559856
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Feminism and Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : Standing at the intersection of evolutionary biology and feminist theory is a large audience interested in the questions one field raises for the other. Have evolutionary biologists worked largely or strictly within a masculine paradigm, seeing males as evolving and females as merely reacting passively or carried along with the tide? Would our view of nature `red in tooth in claw' be different if women had played a larger role in the creation of evolutionary theory and through education in its transmission to younger generations? Is there any such thing as a feminist science or feminist methodology? For feminists, does any kind of biological determinism undermine their contention that gender roles purely constructed, not inherent in the human species? Does the study of animals have anything to say to those preoccupied with the evolution and behavior of humans? All these questions and many more are addressed by this book, whose contributing authors include leading scholars in both feminism and evolutionary biology. Bound to be controversial, this book is addressed to evolutionary biologists and to feminists and to the large number of people interested in women's studies.

Evolutionary Biology Of Primitive Fishes Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Biology of Primitive Fishes
✏Author : R. E. Foreman
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-03-09
✏Pages : 463
✏ISBN : 9781461594536
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Biology of Primitive Fishes Book Summary : What, precisely, is a primitive fish? Most biologists would agree that the living cyclostomes, selachians, crossopterygians, etc. cannot be considered truly primitive. However, they and the fossil record have served to provide the information which forms the basis for speculation concerning the nature of the original vertebrates. This symposium of biologists from a variety of disciplines was called together to create collectively, from the best available current evidence, a picture of the probable line of evolution of the prototype primitive fishes. The symposium was designed to follow one that took place in Stockholm in 1967, convened for a similar purpose, with about the same number of participants. It is a matter of interest that almost the entire 1967 symposium (Nobel Symposium 4) dealt only with the hard tissues, whether fossil or modern. In charting the course of the present symposium it was felt that the intervening years have produced numerous lines of new evidence that could be employed in the same way that a navigator determines his position. Each field, be it adult morphology, geology, ecology, biochemistry, development or physiology, generates evidence that can be extrapolated backward from existing vertebrate forms and forward from invertebrate forms. If the intersect of only two lines of evidence produces a navigational "fix" of rather low reliability, then an intersect, however unfocussed, of multiple guidelines from more numerous disciplines might provide a better position from which to judge early vertebrate history.

📒Keywords In Evolutionary Biology ✍ Evelyn Fox Keller

Keywords In Evolutionary Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Keywords in Evolutionary Biology
✏Author : Evelyn Fox Keller
✏Publisher : Harvard University Press
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 414
✏ISBN : 0674503139
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Keywords in Evolutionary Biology Book Summary : In science, more than elsewhere, a word is expected to mean what it says, nothing more, nothing less. But scientific discourse is neither different nor separable from ordinary language--meanings are multiple, ambiguities ubiquitous. Keywords in Evolutionary Biology grapples with this problem in a field especially prone to the confusion engendered by semantic imprecision. Written by historians, philosophers, and biologists--including, among others, Stephen Jay Gould, Diane Paul, John Beatty, Robert Richards, Richard Lewontin, David Sloan Wilson, Peter Bowler, and Richard Dawkins--these essays identify and explicate those terms in evolutionary biology which, though commonly used, are plagues by multiple concurrent and historically varying meanings. By clarifying these terms in their many guises, the editors Evelyn Fox Keller and Elisabeth Lloyd hope to focus attention on major scholarly problems in the field--problems sometimes obscured, sometimes reveals, and sometimes even created by the use of such equivocal words. "Competition," "adaptation," and "fitness," for instance, are among the terms whose multiple meaning have led to more than merely semantic debates in evolutionary biology. Exploring the complexity of keywords and clarifying their role in prominent issues in the field, this book will prove invaluable to scientists and philosophers trying to come to terms with evolutionary theory; it will also serve as a useful guide to future research into the way in which scientific language works.

An Introduction To Genetic Algorithms Book PDF
✏Book Title : An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms
✏Author : Melanie Mitchell
✏Publisher : MIT Press
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 209
✏ISBN : 0262631857
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms Book Summary : Genetic algorithms : an overview - Genetic algorithms in problem solving - Genetic algorithms in scientific models - Theoretical foundations of genetic algorithms - Implementing a genetic algorithm.

📒On Evolution ✍ John C. Avise

On Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : On Evolution
✏Author : John C. Avise
✏Publisher : JHU Press
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 186
✏ISBN : 0801886880
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏On Evolution Book Summary : John Avise is one of the most distinguished evolutionary biologists of our time. His groundbreaking work with mitochondrial DNA created the entire discipline of phylogeography and his work on the Pleistocene refugia hypothesis redirected scientific thinking about patterns of distribution. Spanning a remarkable thirty-five-year career, the essays gathered here were rewritten from his previously published articles and represent the first single-volume collection of Avise's work. Moving through various questions in evolutionary biology, these eclectic essays reveal Avise's unique perspectives on major topics in the field. From how to define a species to the folly of faulty applications of cladistics to connections between conservation and evolutionary biology, On Evolution takes the reader on a personal journey into the mind of one of the world's leading evolutionists.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Flies Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolutionary Biology of Flies
✏Author : David K. Yeates
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2005-06-22
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : 9780231501705
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolutionary Biology of Flies Book Summary : Flies (Dipteria) have had an important role in deepening scientists'understanding of modern biology and evolution. The study of flies has figured prominently in major advances in the fields of molecular evolution, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics, and ecology over the last century. This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers.