Statistical Methods For The Social Sciences Chapter 10
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📒Statistical Methods For The Social Sciences ✍ Alan Agresti
✏Statistical Methods for the Social Sciences Book Summary :
📒Statistics For Economics Business Administration And The Social Sciences ✍ Erling B. Andersen
✏Statistics for Economics Business Administration and the Social Sciences Book Summary : This book is intended as a textbook for a first course in applied statistics for students of economics, public administration and business administration. A limited knowledge of mathematics and - in one single chapter - some knowledge of elementary matrix algebra is required for understanding the text. Complicated mathematical proofs are avoided and the explanations are based on intuition and numerical examples. The aim of this book is to enable the student to understand the reasoning underlying a statistical analysis and to apply statistical methods to problems likely to be met within the fields of economics, public administration and business administration. The topics covered by the book are: - methods for exploratory data analysis - probability theory and standard statistical distributions - statistical inference theory - and three main areas of application: regression analysis, survey sampling and contingency tables. The treatment of exploratory data analysis, regression analysis and the analysis of contingency tables are based on the most recent theoretical developments in these areas. Most of the examples have never been presented before in English textbooks.
📒Statistical Methods In Social Science Research ✍ S P Mukherjee
✏Statistical Methods in Social Science Research Book Summary : This book presents various recently developed and traditional statistical techniques, which are increasingly being applied in social science research. The social sciences cover diverse phenomena arising in society, the economy and the environment, some of which are too complex to allow concrete statements; some cannot be defined by direct observations or measurements; some are culture- (or region-) specific, while others are generic and common. Statistics, being a scientific method – as distinct from a ‘science’ related to any one type of phenomena – is used to make inductive inferences regarding various phenomena. The book addresses both qualitative and quantitative research (a combination of which is essential in social science research) and offers valuable supplementary reading at an advanced level for researchers.
📒Statistical Methods For Social Scientists ✍ Eric A Hanushek
✏Statistical Methods for Social Scientists Book Summary : The aspects of this text which we believe are novel, at least in degree, include: an effort to motivate different sections with practical examples and an empirical orientation; an effort to intersperse several easily motivated examples throughout the book and to maintain some continuity in these examples; and the extensive use of Monte Carlo simulations to demonstrate particular aspects of the problems and estimators being considered. In terms of material being presented, the unique aspects include the first chapter which attempts to address the use of empirical methods in the social sciences, the seventh chapter which considers models with discrete dependent variables and unobserved variables. Clearly these last two topics in particular are quite advanced--more advanced than material that is currently available on the subject. These last two topics are also currently experiencing rapid development and are not adequately described in most other texts.
📒Statistical Analysis For The Social Sciences ✍ Norman R. Kurtz
✏Statistical Analysis for the Social Sciences Book Summary : People are bombarded with statistical data every day, but not many have had training in how to interpret or analyze this information. Kurtz's accessible writing style provides a basic yet sophisticated introduction to understanding and analyzing statistical applications. The book gives careful attention to the flow of ideas and concepts so there is a stream of logic which flows throughout, adding to the book's readability. The book begins with a discussion of methods for describing the distribution of a variable. The introduction of probability avoids the traditional discussion of the basic laws of probability, providing instead an explanation which can be directly applied in the everyday use of statistical probability. The discussion of the book is focused primarily on the relationship of probability to outcomes. Sociologists, psychologists, social workers, political scientists, educators, as well as anyone who wants to analyze data.
📒Using Statistics In Social Research ✍ Scott M. Lynch
✏Using Statistics in Social Research Book Summary : This book covers applied statistics for the social sciences with upper-level undergraduate students in mind. The chapters are based on lecture notes from an introductory statistics course the author has taught for a number of years. The book integrates statistics into the research process, with early chapters covering basic philosophical issues underpinning the process of scientific research. These include the concepts of deductive reasoning and the falsifiability of hypotheses, the development of a research question and hypotheses, and the process of data collection and measurement. Probability theory is then covered extensively with a focus on its role in laying the foundation for statistical reasoning and inference. After illustrating the Central Limit Theorem, later chapters address the key, basic statistical methods used in social science research, including various z and t tests and confidence intervals, nonparametric chi square tests, one-way analysis of variance, correlation, simple regression, and multiple regression, with a discussion of the key issues involved in thinking about causal processes. Concepts and topics are illustrated using both real and simulated data. The penultimate chapter presents rules and suggestions for the successful presentation of statistics in tabular and graphic formats, and the final chapter offers suggestions for subsequent reading and study.
📒Statistics For Social Sciences ✍ T. Rajaretnam
✏Statistics for Social Sciences Book Summary : A comprehensive guide to the practical applications of statistics in social sciences This book brings out the relevance of statistical tools and methods in social sciences. Describing the various statistical techniques, it highlights their purpose and application along with a brief overview on how to interpret results and draw inferences. Topical and up-to-date, it examines: • different types of statistical variables and their treatment • tabulation and graphical presentation of data • theoretical distributions and common parametric and non-parametric tests, including analysis of variance and correlation ratio • linear regression including checking for violation of assumptions, transformations of variables and predictions • inequality measures such as Lorenz curve, Gini coefficient, dissimilarity index and human development index among others. It will be indispensable for students and scholars of statistics, econometrics, psychology and those interested in the application of statistics in social sciences.
📒Theory Based Data Analysis For The Social Sciences ✍ Carol S. Aneshensel
✏Theory Based Data Analysis for the Social Sciences Book Summary : This book presents a method for bringing data analysis and statistical technique into line with theory. The author begins by describing the elaboration model for analyzing the empirical association between variables. She then introduces a new concept into this model, the focal relationship. Building upon the focal relationship as the cornerstone for all subsequent analysis, two analytic strategies are developed to establish its internal validity: an exclusionary strategy to eliminate alternative explanations, and an inclusive strategy which looks at the interconnected set of relationships predicted by theory. Using real examples of social research, the author demonstrates the use of this approach for two common forms of analysis, multiple linear regression and logistic regression. Whether learning data analysis for the first time or adding new techniques to your repertoire, this book provides an excellent basis for theory-based data analysis.
✏Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Book Summary : In addition to learning how to apply classic statistical methods, students need to understand when these methods perform well, and when and why they can be highly unsatisfactory. Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences illustrates how to use R to apply both standard and modern methods to correct known problems with classic techniques. Numerous illustrations provide a conceptual basis for understanding why practical problems with classic methods were missed for so many years, and why modern techniques have practical value. Designed for a two-semester, introductory course for graduate students in the social sciences, this text introduces three major advances in the field: Early studies seemed to suggest that normality can be assumed with relatively small sample sizes due to the central limit theorem. However, crucial issues were missed. Vastly improved methods are now available for dealing with non-normality. The impact of outliers and heavy-tailed distributions on power and our ability to obtain an accurate assessment of how groups differ and variables are related is a practical concern when using standard techniques, regardless of how large the sample size might be. Methods for dealing with this insight are described. The deleterious effects of heteroscedasticity on conventional ANOVA and regression methods are much more serious than once thought. Effective techniques for dealing heteroscedasticity are described and illustrated. Requiring no prior training in statistics, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a graduate-level introduction to basic, routinely used statistical techniques relevant to the social and behavioral sciences. It describes and illustrates methods developed during the last half century that deal with known problems associated with classic techniques. Espousing the view that no single method is always best, it imparts a general understanding of the relative merits of various techniques so that the choice of method can be made in an informed manner.
📒Statistical Power Analysis For The Social And Behavioral Sciences ✍ Xiaofeng Steven Liu
✏Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Book Summary : This is the first book to demonstrate the application of power analysis to the newer more advanced statistical techniques that are increasingly used in the social and behavioral sciences. Both basic and advanced designs are covered. Readers are shown how to apply power analysis to techniques such as hierarchical linear modeling, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling. Each chapter opens with a review of the statistical procedure and then proceeds to derive the power functions. This is followed by examples that demonstrate how to produce power tables and charts. The book clearly shows how to calculate power by providing open code for every design and procedure in R, SAS, and SPSS. Readers can verify the power computation using the computer programs on the book's website. There is a growing requirement to include power analysis to justify sample sizes in grant proposals. Most chapters are self-standing and can be read in any order without much disruption.This book will help readers do just that. Sample computer code in R, SPSS, and SAS at www.routledge.com/9781848729810 are written to tabulate power values and produce power curves that can be included in a grant proposal. Organized according to various techniques, chapters 1 – 3 introduce the basics of statistical power and sample size issues including the historical origin, hypothesis testing, and the use of statistical power in t tests and confidence intervals. Chapters 4 - 6 cover common statistical procedures -- analysis of variance, linear regression (both simple regression and multiple regression), correlation, analysis of covariance, and multivariate analysis. Chapters 7 - 11 review the new statistical procedures -- multi-level models, meta-analysis, structural equation models, and longitudinal studies. The appendixes contain a tutorial about R and show the statistical theory of power analysis. Intended as a supplement for graduate courses on quantitative methods, multivariate statistics, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and/or multilevel modeling and SEM taught in psychology, education, human development, nursing, and social and life sciences, this is the first text on statistical power for advanced procedures. Researchers and practitioners in these fields also appreciate the book‘s unique coverage of the use of statistical power analysis to determine sample size in planning a study. A prerequisite of basic through multivariate statistics is assumed.