Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application To Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application To Aqueous Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions
✏Author : Yoshikata Koga
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2007-11-12
✏Pages : 310
✏ISBN : 0080551874
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book Summary : As the title suggests, we introduce a novel differential approach to solution thermodynamics and use it for the study of aqueous solutions. We evaluate the quantities of higher order derivative than the normal thermodynamic functions. We allow these higher derivative data speak for themselves without resorting to any model system. We thus elucidate the molecular processes in solution, (referred to in this book “mixing scheme ), to the depth equal to, if not deeper, than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. We show that there are three composition regions in aqueous solutions of non-electrolytes, each of which has a qualitatively distinct mixing scheme. The boundary between the adjacent regions is associated with an anomaly in the third derivatives of G. The loci of the anomalies in the temperature-composition field form the line sometimes referred as “Koga line . We then take advantage of the anomaly of a third derivative quantity of 1-propanol in the ternary aqueous solution, 1-propanol – sample species – H2O. We use its induced change as a probe of the effect of a sample species on H2O. In this way, we clarified what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. We also apply the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series. We show that the kosmotropes (salting out, or stabilizing agents) are either hydrophobes or hydration centres, and that chaotropes (salting in, or destablizing agents) are hydrophiles. A new differential approach to solution thermodynamics A particularly clear elucidation of the mixing schemes in aqueous solutions A clear understandings on the effects of hydrophobes, hydrophiles, and amphiphiles to H2O A clear understandings on the effects of ions on H2O in relation to the Hofmeister effect A new differential approach to studies in muti-component aqueous solutions

Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application To Aqueous Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions
✏Author : Yoshikata Koga
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2017-03-28
✏Pages : 444
✏ISBN : 9780444636300
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book Summary : Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions: A Differential Approach, Second Edition introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics, applying it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centers, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a must-have reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

Exam Prep For Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Exam Prep for Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application Book Summary :

Thermodynamics Of Dilute Aqueous Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions
✏Author : Marcel Pourbaix
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1949
✏Pages : 136
✏ISBN : WISC:89089669964
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions Book Summary :

The Second Law Of Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Second Law of Thermodynamics
✏Author : Joseph Kestin
✏Publisher : Dowden Hutchinson and Ross
✏Release Date : 1976
✏Pages : 329
✏ISBN : 0879332425
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Second Law of Thermodynamics Book Summary :

📒Thermodynamics Of Solutions ✍ Eli Ruckenstein

Thermodynamics Of Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of Solutions
✏Author : Eli Ruckenstein
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2009-06-17
✏Pages : 346
✏ISBN : 1441904409
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of Solutions Book Summary : This book consists of a number of papers regarding the thermodynamics and structure of multicomponent systems that we have published during the last decade. Even though they involve different topics and different systems, they have something in common which can be considered as the “signature” of the present book. First, these papers are concerned with “difficult” or very nonideal systems, i. e. systems with very strong interactions (e. g. , hyd- gen bonding) between components or systems with large differences in the partial molar v- umes of the components (e. g. , the aqueous solutions of proteins), or systems that are far from “normal” conditions (e. g. , critical or near-critical mixtures). Second, the conventional th- modynamic methods are not sufficient for the accurate treatment of these mixtures. Last but not least, these systems are of interest for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and related ind- tries. In order to meet the thermodynamic challenges involved in these complex mixtures, we employed a variety of traditional methods but also new methods, such as the fluctuation t- ory of Kirkwood and Buff and ab initio quantum mechanical techniques. The Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory is a rigorous formalism which is free of any of the - proximations usually used in the thermodynamic treatment of multicomponent systems. This theory appears to be very fruitful when applied to the above mentioned “difficult” systems.

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Proteins In Aqueous Solutions Of Concentrated Electrolyte Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Thermodynamics of Proteins in Aqueous Solutions of Concentrated Electrolyte
✏Author : Robin Andrew Curtis
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 524
✏ISBN : UCAL:C3446311
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Thermodynamics of Proteins in Aqueous Solutions of Concentrated Electrolyte Book Summary :

Handbook Of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics
✏Author : Joseph F. Zemaitis, Jr.
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2010-09-16
✏Pages : 878
✏ISBN : 9780470938409
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book Summary : Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional CPI operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. This book is the source for predicting electrolyte systems behavior, an indispensable "do-it-yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. The final chapter is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes, along with a series of worked illustrative examples. It can serve as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer, and as a textbook for the chemical engineering student.

Molecular Theory Of Water And Aqueous Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions
✏Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
✏Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 629
✏ISBN : CHI:091934959
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book Summary : 1. Survey of the properties of water. 1.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 1.2. Properties of water in the gaseous phase. 1.3. Properties of water in the solid phase. 1.4. Properties of water in the liquid phase. 1.5. The Kirkwood-Buff integral. 1.6. Solvation of water in water. 1.7. The importance of water in biological systems -- 2. Theoretical approaches to the study of liquid water. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. The general theoretical framework. 2.3. The mixture-model approach to liquid water. 2.4. Lattice models for water. 2.5. A one-dimensional model for water. 2.6. A two-dimensional model for water. 2.7. Three-dimensional models for water -- 3. Water with one simple solute. 3.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 3.2. Survey of some properties of simple aqueous solutions. 3.3. Solvation and conditional solvation. 3.4. Statistical mechanical expressions for the solvation thermodynamic quantities. 3.5. Application of the mixture-model approach to water. 3.6. Application of an interstitial model for water to aqueous solutions. 3.7. The problem of stabilization of the structure of water. 3.8. Application of the scaled particle theory. 3.9. Application of a one-dimensional model. 3.10. Applications of two-dimensional models. 3.11. Applications of three-dimensional models -- 4. Water with two solute molecules ; hydrophobic hydrophilic phenomena. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. The experimental evidence. 4.3. Redefinition of the HøO interaction. 4.4. A simple measure of the strength of the "Pure" HøO interaction. 4.5. Intramolecular HøO interactions. 4.6. Application of the scaled particle theory. 4.7. Temperature and pressure dependence. 4.8. Solvent induced interactions between two hydrophilic HøI groups. 4.9. Application of one-dimensional models to study hydrophobic interactions. 4.10. Application of two-dimensional models. 4.11. Application of three-dimensional models. 4.12. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic? That is the question!

Thermodynamics Of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes
✏Author : Thomas James Edwards
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1974
✏Pages : 270
✏ISBN : UCAL:C2942636
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes Book Summary :

📒Polymer Thermodynamics ✍ Sabine Enders

Polymer Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Polymer Thermodynamics
✏Author : Sabine Enders
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2011-01-18
✏Pages : 422
✏ISBN : 9783642176821
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Polymer Thermodynamics Book Summary : Making Flory-Huggins Practical: Thermodynamics of Polymer-Containing Mixtures, by B. A. Wolf * Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and Some Related Properties, by G. Maurer, S. Lammertz, and L. Ninni Schäfer * Gas-Polymer Interactions: Key Thermodynamic Data and Thermophysical Properties, by J.-P. E. Grolier, and S. A.E. Boyer * Interfacial Tension in Binary Polymer Blends and the Effects of Copolymers as Emulsifying Agents, by S. H. Anastasiadis * Theory of Random Copolymer Fractionation in Columns, by Sabine Enders * Computer Simulations and Coarse-Grained Molecular Models Predicting the Equation of State of Polymer Solutions, by K. Binder, B. Mognetti, W. Paul, P. Virnau, and L. Yelash * Modeling of Polymer Phase Equilibria Using Equations of State, by G. Sadowski

Experimental Physical Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Experimental Physical Chemistry
✏Author : Arthur Halpern
✏Publisher : Macmillan
✏Release Date : 2006-06-30
✏Pages : 608
✏ISBN : 0716717352
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Experimental Physical Chemistry Book Summary : 'Experimental Physical Chemistry' includes complete lists of necessary materials, detailed background material for each experiment, and relevant sections on measurements and error analysis.

📒Biominerals ✍ F.C.M. Driessens

Biominerals Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biominerals
✏Author : F.C.M. Driessens
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 1990-09-26
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : 0849352800
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biominerals Book Summary : This book provides a comprehensive analysis of biominerals, in particular phosphates and carbonates of calcium. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of solid state chemistry and thermodynamics of ionic solid solutions and applies these theories to show how physiological constituents like sodium, magnesium, carbonate, chloride, fluoride, lead, or strontium influence the formation, stability, and solubility of calcium phosphates. The results of this discussion are then applied to a critical evaluation of data regarding minerals in bone, dentin, and tooth enamel, their formation during growth and turn-over, their stability under physiological conditions and their breakdown under pathological conditions. These principles are also applied to pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, arterial wall calcifications, chondrocalcinosis, dental calculus and salivary stones. A similar approach is used as the authors discuss carbonations such as calcite, dolomite, and aragonite. The book also includes an extensive analysis of the advantageous effects of magnesium supplementation. The wealth of knowledge in this extensive treatise of biominerals is valuable to medical, dental and ecological biologists, as well as scientists and clinicians in the fields of osteoporosis, bone diseases, caries, renal stone disease, parodontology and nutrition.

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Electrolyte Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions
✏Author : Lloyd L. Lee
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 251
✏ISBN : 9789812814180
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions Book Summary : The introductory textbook provides an update on electrolyte thermodynamics with a molecular perspective. It is eminently suited as an introduction to the solution thermodynamics of ionic mixtures at the undergraduate and graduate level. It is also invaluable for the understanding and design in the engineering of natural gas treating and adsorption refrigeration with electrolytes.

Steam Water And Hydrothermal Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Steam Water and Hydrothermal Systems
✏Author : Peter R. Tremaine
✏Publisher : NRC Research Press
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 954
✏ISBN : 9780660177786
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Steam Water and Hydrothermal Systems Book Summary : This work includes 140 papers on pure and applied research of physics and chemistry of hydrothermal systems. It includes papers on metastable states, nucleation, super-cooled water and high temperature aqueous solutions.

📒Thermodynamics Of The Earth And Planets ✍ Alberto Patiño Douce

Thermodynamics Of The Earth And Planets Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets
✏Author : Alberto Patiño Douce
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2011-08-25
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781139497015
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets Book Summary : This textbook provides an intuitive yet mathematically rigorous introduction to the thermodynamics and thermal physics of planetary processes. It demonstrates how the workings of planetary bodies can be understood in depth by reducing them to fundamental physics and chemistry. The book is based on two courses taught by the author for many years at the University of Georgia. It includes 'Guided Exercise' boxes; end-of-chapter problems (worked solutions provided online); and software boxes (Maple code provided online). As well as being an ideal textbook on planetary thermodynamics for advanced students in the Earth and planetary sciences, it also provides an innovative and quantitative complement to more traditional courses in geological thermodynamics, petrology, chemical oceanography and planetary science. In addition to its use as a textbook, it is also of great interest to researchers looking for a 'one stop' source of concepts and techniques that they can apply to their research problems.

Crc Handbook Of Phase Equilibria And Thermodynamic Data Of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
✏Author : Christian Wohlfarth
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2012-08-10
✏Pages : 775
✏ISBN : 9781466554382
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book Summary : A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.

Journal Of The Chemical Society Book PDF
✏Book Title : Journal of the Chemical Society
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1892
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105002199979
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Journal of the Chemical Society Book Summary :

📒Journal Of The Chemical Society ✍ Chemical Society (Great Britain)

Journal Of The Chemical Society Book PDF
✏Book Title : Journal of the Chemical Society
✏Author : Chemical Society (Great Britain)
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1892
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015067128705
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Journal of the Chemical Society Book Summary :

Thermodynamics Of Aqueous Solutions Of Quaternary Ammonium Salts Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Quaternary Ammonium Salts
✏Author : Wen-Yang Wen
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1965
✏Pages : 27
✏ISBN : UOM:39015078499681
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Quaternary Ammonium Salts Book Summary :

📒Solution Thermodynamics ✍ Vaneet Dhir

Solution Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solution Thermodynamics
✏Author : Vaneet Dhir
✏Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
✏Release Date : 2012-03-01
✏Pages : 88
✏ISBN : 384841970X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solution Thermodynamics Book Summary : The interactions of water with the various functional groups of proteins play crucial role in determining the conformational stability of proteins. The interactions between charged biomolecules and ions can highly influence the behavior and conformation of former molecules in aqueous solutions and study of these interactions do provide an insight into their conformational stability and unfolding behavior. As the amino acids in vivo are not involved in pure aqueous medium, their studies in the presence of various electrolytes, non-electrolytes, zwitterions i.e. molecules of various sizes, shapes and characteristics, like polarity and hydrophobicity are much in place. Partial molar quantities and the transfer functions determined at infinite dilution are extremely useful in the elucidation of mutual interactions between amino acid and cosolute/cosolvent molecules.

Inorganic Chemistry In Aqueous Solution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution
✏Author : Jack Barrett
✏Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 184
✏ISBN : 085404471X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution Book Summary : Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution is aimed at undergraduate chemistry students but will also be welcomed by geologists interested in this field.

Thermodynamics And Its Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics and Its Applications
✏Author : Michael Modell
✏Publisher : Prentice Hall
✏Release Date : 1983
✏Pages : 450
✏ISBN : UOM:39015004543396
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics and Its Applications Book Summary :

Chemical Thermodynamics Of Neptunium And Plutonium Book PDF
✏Book Title : Chemical Thermodynamics of Neptunium and Plutonium
✏Author : Robert J. Lemire
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2001-09-09
✏Pages : 845
✏ISBN : 044450379X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Chemical Thermodynamics of Neptunium and Plutonium Book Summary : Unlike earlier books in this series, this review describes the selection of chemical thermodynamic data for species of two elements, neptunium and plutonium. Although this came about more by circumstance than design, it has allowed for a more consistent approach to chemical interpretation than might have occurred in two separate treatments. It has also drawn attention to cases where the available data do not show expected parallels, and where further work may be useful to confirm or refute apparent differences in the behaviour of neptunium and plutonium.

📒Thermodynamics ✍ Enrico Fermi

Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics
✏Author : Enrico Fermi
✏Publisher : Courier Corporation
✏Release Date : 2012-04-25
✏Pages : 176
✏ISBN : 9780486134857
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics Book Summary : In this classic of modern science, the Nobel laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.

📒Solutions And Solubilities ✍ Michael R. J. Dack

Solutions And Solubilities Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solutions and Solubilities
✏Author : Michael R. J. Dack
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1975
✏Pages : 499
✏ISBN : UOM:39015016038658
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solutions and Solubilities Book Summary :

Thermodynamics Of Polymer Solutions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions
✏Author : Michio Kurata
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 1982
✏Pages : 294
✏ISBN : 3718600234
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions Book Summary :

📒Thermodynamics ✍ Gilbert Newton Lewis

Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics
✏Author : Gilbert Newton Lewis
✏Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
✏Release Date : 2020
✏Pages : 736
✏ISBN : 9780486842745
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics Book Summary : Originally published in 1923, this classic was revised and updated in the early 60s, adding material on solution thermodynamics, results in statistical mechanics, surfaces, gravitational and electromagnetic fields, more. 1961 second edition.

Thermodynamics Kinetics And Microphysics Of Clouds Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds
✏Author : Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2014-08-25
✏Pages : 800
✏ISBN : 9781107016033
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds Book Summary : This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.

📒Geochemistry ✍ Harry Y. McSween

Geochemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Geochemistry
✏Author : Harry Y. McSween
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2003-11-19
✏Pages : 432
✏ISBN : 9780231509039
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Geochemistry Book Summary : Written expressly for undergraduate and graduate geologists, this book focuses on how geochemical principles can be used to solve practical problems. The attention to problem-solving reflects the authors'belief that showing how theory is useful in solving real-life problems is vital for learning. The book gives students a thorough grasp of the basic principles of the subject, balancing the traditional equilibrium perspective and the kinetic viewpoint. The first half of the book considers processes in which temperature and pressure are nearly constant. After introductions to the laws of thermodynamics, to fundamental equations for flow and diffusion, and to solution chemistry, these principles are used to investigate diagenesis, weathering, and natural waters. The second half of the book applies thermodynamics and kinetics to systems undergoing changes in temperature and pressure during magmatism and metamorphism. This revised edition incorporates new geochemical discoveries as examples of processes and pathways, with new chapters on mineral structure and bonding and on organic matter and biomarkers. Each chapter has worked problems, and the authors assume that the student has had a year of college-level chemistry and a year of calculus. Praise for the first edition "A truly modern geochemistry book.... Very well written and quite enjoyable to read.... An excellent basic text for graduate level instruction in geochemistry." —Journal of Geological Education "An up-to-date, broadly conceived introduction to geochemistry.... Given the recent flowering of geochemistry as an interdisciplinary science, and given the extent to which it now draws upon the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics to understand earth and planetary processes, this timely and rigorous [book] is welcome indeed." —Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta