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📒Astrophysics Simplified ✍ Madhur Sorout
✏Astrophysics Simplified Book Summary : Written by a 15-year-old high schooler, Astrophysics Simplified: A Simple Guide to the Universe is inspired by books like A Brief History of Time and Astrophysics for People in a Hurry. This is a popular science (science for a general audience) book. It mainly focuses on the major developments in science by Aristotle and Ptolemy to physicists like Stephen Hawking and Richard Muller. The various concepts of physics, like relativity and quantum physics, are explained in this book along with various topics in astrophysics and cosmology. There is limited mathematics in this book, but some major equations are included. I have done so because one cannot grasp the true ‘beauty’ in physics without seeing the mathematical or abstract parts alongside practical laws. Physics is to mathematics what Tony Stark (Iron Man) is to J.A.R.V.I.S. or F.R.I.D.AY. The groundwork of computations, statistics, simulations etc. is done by F.R.I.D.A.Y. But, the real work of fighting the villains is done by Iron Man.
✏The Growth and Development of Astronomy and Astrophysics in India and the Asia Pacific Region Book Summary :
📒Astronomy And Relativistic Astrophysics ✍ César A Zen Vasconcellos
✏Astronomy and Relativistic Astrophysics Book Summary : This book presents scientific research on the central theme of new states of matter and new phenomena in the universe. The topics covered range from the big bang, through topics including the formation of exotic stars, black holes and the plasma of quarks and gluons by heavy ion reactions, to the influence of dark matter and dark energy in the evolution of the universe. Scientific interest in these themes has been growing: together with the development of major projects such as AUGER, LHC, FERMI Telescope, FAIR/GSI and GEO/LIGO, the diversity and scope of research on such themes has been on the rise. The content is detailed enough to capture the interest of experts in the field and is useful for future explorations on these fascinating themes. Contents:Supercritical Fields, Extreme Neutron-Rich Isotopes, and Short Living Giant Atoms (W Greiner)Quark-Gluon Plasma in Neutron Stars (R B Jacobsen et al.)An Investigation of the Coupling Constants in Quantum Hadrodynamics Effective Models (L N Burigo et al.)Neutron Stars in an Effective Model with Adjustable Coefficients (A Mesquita et al.)Color Superconductivity with 2 and 3 Flavors in the Chromodielectric Model (M Vidalis & M Malheiro)Analogue of Superradiance Effect in Acoustic Black Hole in the Presence of Disclination (F A Gomes & G A Marques)On the Quintessence Scalar Field Potential (J A E Carrillo et al.)Dark Energy Equation of State and Cosmic Topology (S D P Vitenti et al.)Some Topological Effects in Safko–Witten Spacetime (V B Bezerra)and other papers Readership: Students and professionals interested in astronomy and astrophysics. Keywords:General Relativity;Gravitation;Cosmology;Compact Stars;Cosmic Matter in the Laboratory;IwaraKey Features:This book features prominent scientists as contributors, including Walter Greiner, Horst Stoeker, Fridolin Weber and Marcelo GleiserIt provides a comprehensive overview on the important theme of compact stars and related topicsIt provides an overview of the research front on new phenomena and new states of matter in the universe
✏String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics Book Summary : This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts
📒Basics Of Plasma Astrophysics ✍ Claudio Chiuderi
✏Basics of Plasma Astrophysics Book Summary : This book is an introduction to contemporary plasma physics that discusses the most relevant recent advances in the field and covers a careful choice of applications to various branches of astrophysics and space science. The purpose of the book is to allow the student to master the basic concepts of plasma physics and to bring him or her up to date in a number of relevant areas of current research. Topics covered include orbit theory, kinetic theory, fluid models, magnetohydrodynamics, MHD turbulence, instabilities, discontinuities, and magnetic reconnection. Some prior knowledge of classical physics is required, in particular fluid mechanics, statistical physics, and electrodynamics. The mathematical developments are self-contained and explicitly detailed in the text. A number of exercises are provided at the end of each chapter, together with suggestions and solutions.
📒Transport Processes In Space Physics And Astrophysics ✍ Gary P. Zank
✏Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics Book Summary : “Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics” is aimed at graduate level students to provide the necessary mathematical and physics background to understand the transport of gases, charged particle gases, energetic charged particles, turbulence, and radiation in an astrophysical and space physics context. Subjects emphasized in the work include collisional and collisionless processes in gases (neutral or plasma), analogous processes in turbulence fields and radiation fields, and allows for a simplified treatment of the statistical description of the system. A systematic study that addresses the common tools at a graduate level allows students to progress to a point where they can begin their research in a variety of fields within space physics and astrophysics. This book is for graduate students who expect to complete their research in an area of plasma space physics or plasma astrophysics. By providing a broad synthesis in several areas of transport theory and modeling, the work also benefits researchers in related fields by providing an overview that currently does not exist. For numerous interesting and challenging space physics and astrophysics problems, there is a need to describe the “long-term” behavior of systems governed by macroscopic laws and microscopic randomness. A random event has an outcome that is uncertain and unpredictable, yet the collective behavior of a system can be governed by well defined mathematical and physical principles. Examples of physical problems include the behavior of gases in the presence of microscopic inter-particle collisions, the evolution of a gas of charged protons and electrons (a plasma), the collective propagation of solar energetic particles or cosmic rays in a magnetically turbulent medium, the collective behavior of dust in an accretion disk subject to coagulation and destruction, the evolution of low-frequency magnetic field turbulence in the inhomogeneous solar wind, or the transport of photos in a partially ionized interstellar medium. This book provides graduate students with a unified introduction to the physics of collective phenomena or transport processes for gases (charged and uncharged), fields, and photons in a space physics or astrophysics context.
📒Virtual Astrophysical Jets ✍ Silvano Massaglia
✏Virtual Astrophysical Jets Book Summary : These proceedings are the result of a three-day meeting held in Oogliani (Italy), on October 2-4 2003, whose title was "VIrtual Astrophysical Jets 2003". Our goal in convening this meeting was to gather some of the scientists among the most active in the field of numerical simulations and modelling of astrophysi cal jets. For keeping the participants close to the "real world", we also invited a few observers to give up-to-date reviews outlining the state-of-the-art of jet observations. The principal aim of the meeting was thus to present and critically discuss the state-of-the-art numerical simulations, analytical models and laboratory ex periments for reproducing the main aspects of astrophysical jets and compar ing them with observations. The discussion has been focused on the following topics: • Observations and intepretions of jets from young stars and AGNs, comparisons of models with observations; • MHO accelerations of jets: steady self-similar models, MHO numerical simula tions of time-dependent accelerations mechanisms; • Jet stability and interaction with the ambient: formation of knots in YSO jets, jet survival to instabilities, deceleration of relativistic jets in FRI sources, simulations of jets-IGM interactions, jets propagation and galaxy formation; • Numerical codes and their validation: relativistic MHO codes, comparisons among different numerical schemes, jets in the laboratory and code validation. These topics have been discussed intensively during the meeting, and the out come of these discussions is presented in this volume. The contributions have been divided in five sections.
📒Theoretical Astrophysics Volume 3 Galaxies And Cosmology ✍ T. Padmanabhan
✏Theoretical Astrophysics Volume 3 Galaxies and Cosmology Book Summary : This timely volume provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cosmology and extragalactic astronomy at an advanced level. Beginning with an overview of the key observational results and necessary terminology, it covers important topics: the theory of galactic structure and galactic dynamics, structure formation, cosmic microwave background radiation, formation of luminous galaxies in the universe, intergalactic medium and active galactic nuclei. This self-contained text has a modular structure, and contains over one hundred worked exercises. It can be used alone, or in conjunction with the previous two accompanying volumes (Volume I: Astrophysical Processes, and Volume II: Stars and Stellar Systems).
✏Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics 2011 Edition Book Summary : Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Astronomy and Astrophysics. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Astronomy and Astrophysics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
📒High Energy Astrophysics ✍ Thierry J.-L. Courvoisier
✏High Energy Astrophysics Book Summary : High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, and hours (in quasars, X-ray binaries, etc), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox when one thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the last decades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims at providing astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physical processes are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics processes are crucial. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by their observational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here.