Reliability Of Semiconductor Lasers And Optoelectronic Devices

Reliability Of Semiconductor Lasers And Optoelectronic Devices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices
✏Author : Robert Herrick
✏Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
✏Release Date : 2020-12-15
✏Pages : 300
✏ISBN : 0128192542
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices Book Summary : Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices simplifies complex concepts of optoelectronics reliability through a focus on case studies and structured methods. The book provides a brief look at the fundamentals of laser diodes and presents real world case studies that discuss the principles of reliability and what occurs when rules are broken. In addition, the book comprehensively looks at optoelectronics devices and their reliability principles to avoid the most common failure mechanisms and presents key materials and devices, including silicon photonics, high power laser diodes, VCSELS, InGaN LEDs and Lasers, and AlGaN LEDs, and more. Includes case studies and numerous examples of best practices and common mistakes that impact optoelectronics reliability Reviews key failure mechanisms that impact reliability, including degradation and grown-in defects Provides a look at reliability issues for silicon photonics, VCSELS, InGaN LEDs and lasers, AIGaN LEDs, and more

Reliability And Degradation Of Semiconductor Lasers And Leds Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reliability and Degradation of Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs
✏Author : Mitsuo Fukuda
✏Publisher : Artech House on Demand
✏Release Date : 1991-01-01
✏Pages : 343
✏ISBN : 0890064652
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reliability and Degradation of Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs Book Summary : This comparative tutorial describes the reasons behind device failures and provides practical information on what can be done to minimize failure-prone designs and enhance device reliability. The text demonstrates how, with such advantages as smaller size, low-cost and simple operation, LEDs are well suited for a wide range of applications - especially in the field of optical fibre communication. This book should prove of interest to engineers and scientists in research, design, manufacturing and development of semiconductor lasers, LEDs and optical transmission systems.

Semiconductor Laser Engineering Reliability And Diagnostics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Semiconductor Laser Engineering Reliability and Diagnostics
✏Author : Peter W. Epperlein
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-03-18
✏Pages : 522
✏ISBN : 9781119990338
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Semiconductor Laser Engineering Reliability and Diagnostics Book Summary : This reference book provides a fully integrated novel approach to the development of high-power, single-transverse mode, edge-emitting diode lasers by addressing the complementary topics of device engineering, reliability engineering and device diagnostics in the same book, and thus closes the gap in the current book literature. Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaborate discussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques, and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradation and a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance the optical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical laser characteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussed along with clear design considerations in the context of reliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programs for reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel, advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the first time in detail in book literature, performance- and reliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress and material instabilities. Further key features include: practical design guidelines that consider also reliability related effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laser fabrication and packaging issues; detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diode lasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques, many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose and novel in the application; systematic insight into laser degradation modes such as catastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies to increase the optical strength of diode lasers; coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliability engineering with details on a standard commercial high power laser reliability test program. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author in the diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as well as a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. With invaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited to practising researchers in diode laser technologies, and to postgraduate engineering students. Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his own semiconductor technology consulting business Pwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks back at a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronics industries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global and start-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Agilent Technologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU Laser Enterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert in compound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He has accomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductor lasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonant tunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions and integrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticated diagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports and has been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. He authored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, published more than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals for publication in technical journals, and has won five IBM Research Division Awards. His key achievements include the design and fabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diode lasers. Book Reviews “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices”. By Peter W. Epperlein Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Jäckel, High Speed Electronics and Photonics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich, Switzerland The book “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics” by Dr. P.W. Epperlein is a landmark in the recent literature on semiconductor lasers because it fills a longstanding gap between many excellent books on laser theory and the complex and challenging endeavor to fabricate these devices reproducibly and reliably in an industrial, real world environment. Having worked myself in the early research and development of high power semiconductor lasers, I appreciate the competent, complete and skillful presentation of these three highly interrelated topics, where small effects have dramatic consequences on the success of a final product, on the ultimate performance and on the stringent reliability requirements, which are the name of the game. As the title suggests the author addresses three tightly interwoven and critical topics of state-of-the-art power laser research. The three parts are: device and mode stability engineering (chapter 1, 2), reliability mechanisms and reliability assessment strategies (chapter 3, 4, 5, 6) and finally material and device diagnostics (chapter 7, 8, 9) all treated with a strong focus on the implementation. This emphasis on the complex practical aspects for a large-scale power laser fabrication is a true highlight of the book. The subtle interplay between laser design, reliability strategies, advanced failure analysis and characterization techniques are elaborated in a very rigorous and scientific way using a very clear and easy to read representation of the complex interrelation of the three major topics. I will abstain from trying to provide a complete account of all the topics but mainly concentrate on the numerous highlights. The first part 1 “Laser Engineering” is divided in two chapters on basic electronic-optical, structural, material and resonator laser engineering on the one side, and on single mode control and stability at very high, still reliable power-levels with the trade-off between mirror damage, single mode stability on the other side. To round up the picture less well-known concepts and the state-of-the-art of large-area lasers, which can be forced into single-mode operation, are reviewed carefully. The subtle and complex interplay, which is challenging to optimize for a design for reliability and low stress as a major boundary condition is crucial for the design. The section gives a rather complete and well-referenced account of all relevant aspects, relations and trade-offs for understanding the rest of the book. The completeness of the presentation on power laser diode design based on basic physical and plausible arguments is mainly based on analytic mathematical relations as well as experiments providing a new and well-balanced addition for the power diode laser literature in particular. Modern 2D self-consistent electro-optical laser modeling including carrier hole burning and thermal effects – this is important because the weak optical guiding and gain-discrimination depend critically on rather small quantities and effects, which are difficult to optimize experimentally – is used in the book for simulation results, but is not treated separately. The novel and really original, “gap-filling” bulk of the book is elaborated by the author in a very clear way in the following four chapters in the part 2 “Laser Reliability” on laser degradation physics and mirror design and passivation at high power, followed then by two very application oriented chapters on reliability design engineering and practical reliability strategies and implementation procedures. This original combination of integral design and reliability aspects – which are mostly neglected in standard literature – is certainly a major plus of this book. I liked this second section as a whole, because it provides excellent insights in degradation physics on a high level and combines it in an interesting and skillful way with the less “glamorous” (unfortunately) but highly relevant reliability science and testing strategies, which is particularly important for devices operating at extreme optical stresses with challenging lifetime requirements in a real word environment. Finally, the last part 3 “Laser Diagnostics” comprising three chapters, is devoted mainly to advanced experimental diagnostics techniques for material integrity, mechanical stress, deep level defects, various dynamic laser degradation effects, surface- and interface quality, and most importantly heating and disordering of mirrors and mirror coatings. The topics of characterization techniques comprising micro-Raman- and micro-thermoreflectance-probing, 2K photoluminescence spectroscopy, micro-electroluminescence and photoluminescence scanning, and deep-level-transient spectroscopy have been pioneered by the author for the specific applications over many years guaranteeing many competent and well represented insights. These techniques are brilliantly discussed and the information distributed in many articles by the author has been successfully unified in a book form. In my personal judgment and liking, I consider the parts 2 and 3 on reliability and diagnostics as the most valuable and true novel contribution of the book, which in combination with the extremely well-covered laser design of part 1 clearly fill the gap in the current diode laser literature, which in this detail has certainly been neglected in the past. In summary, I can highly recommend this excellent, well-organized and clearly written book to readers who are already familiar with basic diode laser theory and who are active in the academic and industrial fabrication and characterization of semiconductor lasers. Due to its completeness, it also serves as an excellent reference of the current state-of-the-art in reliability engineering and device and material diagnostics. Needless to mention that the quality of the book, its representations and methodical structure meet the highest expectation and are certainly a tribute from the long and broad experience of the author in academic laser science and the industrial commercialization of high power diode lasers. In my opinion, this book was a pleasure to read and due to its quality and relevance deserves a large audience in the power diode laser community! Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Jäckel, High Speed Electronics and Photonics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich, Switzerland June 16, 2013 ========================================== “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices”. By Peter W. Epperlein Dr. Chung-en Zah, Research Director, Semiconductor Technologies Research, S&T Division, Corning Incorporate, Corning NY, USA This book covers for the first time the three closely interrelated key laser areas of engineering (design), reliability and diagnostics in one book, written by the well-known practitioner in cutting-edge optoelectronics industries, Dr. Peter W. Epperlein. The book closes the gap in the current book literature and is thus a unique and excellent example of how to merge design, reliability and diagnostics aspects in a very professional, profound and complete manner. All physical and technological principles, concepts and practical aspects required for developing and fabricating highly-reliable high-power single-mode laser products are precisely specified and skilfully formulated along with all the necessary equations, figures, tables and worked-out examples making it easy to follow through the nine chapters. Hence, this unique book is a milestone in the diode laser literature and is an excellent reference book not only for diode laser researchers and engineers, but also diode laser users. The engineering part starts with a very informative and clear, well-presented account of all necessary basic diode laser types, principles, parameters and characteristics for an easy and quick understanding of laser functionality within the context of the book. Along with an elaborate and broad discussion of relevant laser material systems, applications, typical output powers, power-limiting factors and reliability tradeoffs, basic fabrication and packaging technologies, this excellent introductory section is well suited to become quickly and easily familiar with practical aspects and issues of diode laser technologies. Of special importance and high usefulness is the first analytic and quantitative discussion in a book on issues of coupling laser power into optical single mode fibers. The second section discusses in a well-balanced, competent and skilful way waveguide topics such as basic high-power design approaches, transverse vertical and lateral waveguide concepts, stability of the fundamental transverse lateral mode and fundamental mode waveguide optimization techniques by considering detrimental effects such as heating, carrier injection, spatial hole burning, lateral current spreading and gain profile variations. Less well-known approaches to force large-area lasers into a single mode operation are well-identified and carefully discussed in depth and breadth. All these topics are elaborated in a very complete, rigorous and scientific way and are clearly articulated and easy to read. In particular, the book works out the complex interaction between the many different effects to optimize high-power single-mode performance at ultimate reliability and thus is of great benefit to every researcher and engineer engaged in this diode laser field. Another novelty and highlight is, for the first time ever in book form, a comprehensive yet concise discussion of diode laser reliability related issues. These are elaborated in four distinct chapters comprising laser degradation physics and modes, optical strength enhancement approaches including mirror passivation/coating and non-absorbing mirror technologies, followed by two highly relevant product-oriented chapters on reliability design engineering concepts and techniques and an elaborate reliability test plan for laser chip and module product qualification. This original and novel approach to link laser design to reliability aspects and requirements provides both, most useful insight into degradation processes such as catastrophic optical mirror damage on a microscopic scale, and a wide selection of effective remedial actions. These accounts, which are of highest significance for lasers operating at the optical stress limit due to extremely high output power densities and most demanding lifetime requirements are very professionally prepared and discussed in an interesting, coherent and skilful manner. The diagnostics part, consisting of three very elaborate chapters, is most unique and novel with respect to other diode laser books. It discusses for the first time ever on a very high level and in a competent way studies on material integrity, impurity trapping effects, mirror and cavity temperatures, surface- and interface quality, mirror facet disorder effects, mechanical stress and facet coating instability, and diverse laser temperature effects, dynamic laser degradation effects and mirror temperature maps. Of highest significance to design, performance and reliability are the various correlations established between laser device and material parameters. The most different and sophisticated experiments, carried out by the author at micrometer spatial resolutions and at temperatures as low as 2K, provide highly valuable insights into laser and material quality parameters, and reveal for the first time the origins of high power limitations on an atomic scale due to local heating effects and deep level defects. It is of great benefit, that the experimental techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, various luminescence techniques, thermoreflectance and deep-level transient spectroscopy, pioneered by the author for the specific experiments on lasers, are discussed with great expertise in depth and breadth, and the numerous paper articles published by the author are now represented in this book. The book has an elaborate table of contents and index, which are very useful, over 200 illustrative figures and tables, and extensive lists of references to all technical topics at the end of each of the nine chapters, which make it easy to follow from cover to cover or by jumping in at random areas of special interest. Moreover, experimental and theoretical concepts are always illustrated by practical examples and data. I can highly recommend this extremely relevant, well-structured and well-formulated book to all practising researchers in industrial and academic diode laser R&D environments and to post-graduate engineering students interested in the actual problems of designing, manufacturing, testing, characterising and qualifying diode lasers. Due to its completeness and novel approach to combine design, reliability and diagnostics in the same book, it can serve as an ideal reference book as well, and it deserves to be welcomed wordwide by the addressed audience. Dr. Chung-en Zah, Research Director, Semiconductor Technologies Research, S&T Division, Corning Incorporate, Corning NY, USA =========================================== “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices”. By Peter W. Epperlein Cordinatore Prof. Lorenzo Pavesi, UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI TRENTO, Dipartimento di Fisica / Laboratorio di Nanoscienze This book represents a well thought description of three fundamental aspects of laser technology: the functioning principles, the reliability and the diagnostics. From this point of view, and, as far as I know, this is a unique example of a book where all these aspects are merged together resulting in a well-balanced presentation. This helps the reader to move with ease between different concepts since they are presented in a coherent manner and with the same terminology, symbols and definitions. The book reads well. Despite the subtitle indicates that it is a practical approach, the book is also correct from a formal point of view and presents the necessary equations and derivations to understand both the physical mechanisms and the practicalities via a set of useful formulas. In addition, there is the more important aspect of many real-life examples of how a laser is actually manufactured and which the relevant parameters that determine its behaviour are. It impresses the amounts of information that are given in the book: this would be more typical of a thick handbook on semiconductor laser than of an agile book. Dr. Epperlein was able to identify the most important concepts and to present them in a clear though concise way. I am teaching a course on Optoelectronics and I'm going to advise students to refer to this book, because it has all the necessary concepts and derivations for a systematic understanding of semiconductor lasers with many worked-out examples, which will help the student to grasp the actual problems of designing, manufacturing, testing and using semiconductor lasers. All the various concepts are joined to very useful figures, which, if provided to instructors as files, can be a useful add-on for the use of the book as text for teaching. Concepts are always detailed with numbers to give a feeling of their practical use. In conclusion, I do find the book suitable for my teaching duties and will refer it to my students. Prof. Dr. Lorenzo Pavesi, Head of the Department of Physics, Head of the Nanoscience Laboratory, University of Trento, Italy 31 May 2013 =========================================== “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices”. By Peter W. Epperlein Robert W. Herrick, Ph.D., Senior Component Reliability Engineer, Intel Corp., Santa Clara, California, USA Dr. Epperlein has done the semiconductor laser community a great service, by releasing the most complete book on the market on the practical issues of how to make reliable semiconductor lasers. While dozens of books have been written over the past couple of decades on semiconductor laser design, only a handful have been written on semiconductor laser reliability. Prior to the release of this book, perhaps 40% of the material could be obtained elsewhere by combining five books: one on laser design, one on laser reliability, one on reliability calculations, and a couple of laser review books. Another 40% could be pieced together by collecting 50 -100 papers on the subjects of laser design, laser fabrication, characterization, and reliability. The remaining 20% have not previously been covered in any comprehensive way. Only the introductory material in the first half of the first chapter has good coverage elsewhere. The large majority of the knowledge in this book is generally held as “trade secret” by those with the expertise in the field, and most of those in the know are not free to discuss. The author was fortunate enough to work for the first half of his career in the IBM research labs, with access to unparalleled resources, and the ability to publish his work without trade secret restrictions. The results are still at the cutting edge of our understanding of semiconductor laser reliability today, and go well beyond the empirical “black box” approach many use of “try everything, and see what works.” The author did a fine job of pulling together material from many disparate fields. Dr. Epperlein has particular expertise in high power single mode semiconductor lasers, and those working on those type of lasers will be especially interested in this book, as there has never been a book published on the fabrication and qualification of such lasers before. But those in almost any field of semiconductor lasers will learn items of interest about device design, fabrication, reliability, and characterization. Unlike most other books, which intend to convey the scientific findings or past work of the author, this one is written more as a “how to” manual, which should make it more accessible and useful to development engineers and researchers in the field. It also has over 200 figures, which make it easier to follow. As with many books of this type, it is not necessary to read it from cover-to-cover; it is best skimmed, with deep diving into any areas of special interest to the reader. The book is remarkable also for how comprehensive it is – even experts will discover something new and useful. Dr. Epperlein’s book is an essential read for anyone looking to develop semiconductor lasers for anything other than pure research use, and I give it my highest recommendation. Robert W. Herrick, Ph.D., Senior Component Reliability Engineer, Intel Corp., Santa Clara, California, USA

Optical Semiconductor Devices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optical Semiconductor Devices
✏Author : Mitsuo Fukuda
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 1998-12-24
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : 0471149594
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optical Semiconductor Devices Book Summary : This book is devoted to optical semiconductor devices and their numerous applications in telecommunications, optoelectronics, and consumer electronics-areas where signal processing or the transmission of signals across fiber optic cables is paramount. It introduces a new generation of devices that includes optical modulators, quantum well (QW) lasers, and photodiodes and explores new applications of more established devices such as semiconductor lasers, light-emitting diodes, and photodiodes. Mitsuo Fukuda examines the material properties, operation principles, fabrication, packaging, reliability, and applications of each device and offers a unique industrial perspective, discussing everything engineers and scientists need to know at different phases of research, development, and production. This guide to the state-of-the-art of optical semiconductor devices: * Helps you choose the right device for a given application. * Covers important performance data such as temperature and optical feedback noise in lasers. * Highlights epitaxial growth techniques and fabrication for each device. * Features one hundred figures and an extensive bibliography. * Provides a clear and concise treatment, unencumbered by excessive theory Optical Semiconductor Devices is an essential resource for engineers and researchers in telecommunications and optoelectronics, equipment designers and manufacturers, and graduate students and scholars interested in this rapidly evolving field.

📒Advanced Laser Diode Reliability ✍ Vários Autores

Advanced Laser Diode Reliability Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Laser Diode Reliability
✏Author : Vários Autores
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2029-12
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 1785481541
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Laser Diode Reliability Book Summary : Advanced Laser Diode Reliability focuses on causes and effects of degradations of state-of-the-art semiconductor laser diodes. It aims to provide a tool for linking practical measurements to physical diagnostics. The book reviews the current technologies, addressing their peculiar details that can promote specific failure mechanisms. Two sections support this kernel: a) failure analysis techniques, procedures and examples; and, b) device-oriented laser modeling and parameter extraction.

Reliability Characterisation Of Electrical And Electronic Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems
✏Author : Jonathan Swingler
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2014-12-24
✏Pages : 274
✏ISBN : 9781782422259
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems Book Summary : This book takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering for electrical and electronic systems by looking at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability for a range of devices. The text describes the reliability behavior of electrical and electronic systems. It takes an empirical scientific approach to reliability engineering to facilitate a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation. After introducing the fundamentals and background to reliability theory, the text moves on to describe the methods of reliability analysis and charactersation across a wide range of applications. Takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering Looks at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability Facilitates a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation

Reliability And Radiation Effects In Compound Semiconductors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reliability and Radiation Effects in Compound Semiconductors
✏Author : Allan Johnston
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 376
✏ISBN : 9789814277112
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reliability and Radiation Effects in Compound Semiconductors Book Summary : This book focuses on reliability and radiation effects in compound semiconductors, which have evolved rapidly during the last 15 years. It starts with first principles, and shows how advances in device design and manufacturing have suppressed many of the older reliability mechanisms. It is the first book that comprehensively covers reliability and radiation effects in optoelectronic as well as microelectronic devices. It contrasts reliability mechanisms of compound semiconductors with those of silicon-based devices, and shows that the reliability of many compound semiconductors has improved to the level where they can be used for ten years or more with low failure rates.

Packaging Of High Power Semiconductor Lasers Book PDF
✏Book Title : Packaging of High Power Semiconductor Lasers
✏Author : Xingsheng Liu
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-07-14
✏Pages : 402
✏ISBN : 9781461492634
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Packaging of High Power Semiconductor Lasers Book Summary : This book introduces high power semiconductor laser packaging design. The challenges of the design and various packaging and testing techniques are detailed by the authors. New technologies and current applications are described in detail.

📒Optimizing The Air Force Acquisition Strategy Of Secure And Reliable Electronic Components ✍ National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Optimizing The Air Force Acquisition Strategy Of Secure And Reliable Electronic Components Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components
✏Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2016-09-12
✏Pages : 62
✏ISBN : 9780309445184
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components Book Summary : In 2012, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), section 818, outlined new requirements for industry to serve as the lead in averting counterfeits in the defense supply chain. Subsequently, the House Armed Services Committee, in its report on the Fiscal Year 2016 NDAA, noted that the pending sale of IBM's microprocessor fabrication facilities to Global Foundries created uncertainty about future access of the United States to trusted state-of-the-art microelectronic components and directed the Comptroller General to assess the Department of Defense's (DoD's) actions and measures to address this threat. In this context, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to facilitate an open dialogue with leading industry, academic, and government experts to (1) define the current technological and policy challenges with maintaining a reliable and secure source of microelectronic components; (2) review the current state of acquisition processes within the Air Force for acquiring reliable and secure microelectronic components; and (3) explore options for possible business models within the national security complex that would be relevant for the Air Force acquisition community. This publication summarizes the results of the workshop.

Semiconductor Optoelectronic Device Manufacturing And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Semiconductor Optoelectronic Device Manufacturing and Applications
✏Author : David Chen
✏Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
✏Release Date : 2001
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : UOM:39015051619388
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Semiconductor Optoelectronic Device Manufacturing and Applications Book Summary :

Fabrication Testing And Reliability Of Semiconductor Lasers Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fabrication Testing and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015040314893
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fabrication Testing and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers Book Summary :

Optoelectronic Integration Physics Technology And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optoelectronic Integration Physics Technology and Applications
✏Author : Osamu Wada
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-11-27
✏Pages : 458
✏ISBN : 9781461526865
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optoelectronic Integration Physics Technology and Applications Book Summary : As we approach the end of the present century, the elementary particles of light (photons) are seen to be competing increasingly with the elementary particles of charge (electrons/holes) in the task of transmitting and processing the insatiable amounts of infonnation needed by society. The massive enhancements in electronic signal processing that have taken place since the discovery of the transistor, elegantly demonstrate how we have learned to make use of the strong interactions that exist between assemblages of electrons and holes, disposed in suitably designed geometries, and replicated on an increasingly fine scale. On the other hand, photons interact extremely weakly amongst themselves and all-photonic active circuit elements, where photons control photons, are presently very difficult to realise, particularly in small volumes. Fortunately rapid developments in the design and understanding of semiconductor injection lasers coupled with newly recognized quantum phenomena, that arise when device dimensions become comparable with electronic wavelengths, have clearly demonstrated how efficient and fast the interaction between electrons and photons can be. This latter situation has therefore provided a strong incentive to devise and study monolithic integrated circuits which involve both electrons and photons in their operation. As chapter I notes, it is barely fifteen years ago since the first demonstration of simple optoelectronic integrated circuits were realised using m-V compound semiconductors; these combined either a laser/driver or photodetector/preamplifier combination.

Semiconductor Device Reliability Book PDF
✏Book Title : Semiconductor Device Reliability
✏Author : A. Christou
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 575
✏ISBN : 9789400924826
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Semiconductor Device Reliability Book Summary : This publication is a compilation of papers presented at the Semiconductor Device Reliabi lity Workshop sponsored by the NATO International Scientific Exchange Program. The Workshop was held in Crete, Greece from June 4 to June 9, 1989. The objective of the Workshop was to review and to further explore advances in the field of semiconductor reliability through invited paper presentations and discussions. The technical emphasis was on quality assurance and reliability of optoelectronic and high speed semiconductor devices. The primary support for the meeting was provided by the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO. We are indebted to NATO for their support and to Dr. Craig Sinclair, who admin isters this program. The chapters of this book follow the format and order of the sessions of the meeting. Thirty-six papers were presented and discussed during the five-day Workshop. In addi tion, two panel sessions were held, with audience participation, where the particularly controversial topics of bum-in and reliability modeling and prediction methods were dis cussed. A brief review of these sessions is presented in this book.

📒Nitride Semiconductor Technology ✍ Fabrizio Roccaforte

Nitride Semiconductor Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nitride Semiconductor Technology
✏Author : Fabrizio Roccaforte
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2020-07-30
✏Pages : 464
✏ISBN : 9783527825271
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nitride Semiconductor Technology Book Summary : Groundbreaking book that combines information on power electronics and optoelectronic applications of nitride semiconductors With contributions from a panel of international experts, Nitride Semiconductor Technology: Power Electronics and Optoelectronic Devices offers a state-of-the-art review of GaN-based technologies that covers the fields of both power electronics and optoelectronic devices. The authors present detailed explanations of the physical properties of materials and their growth methods. They also include information on GaN-based technology applications in high electron mobility transistors, vertical power devices, LEDs, laser diodes, and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Nitride Semiconductor Technology contains an in-depth examination of reliability issues with the materials and offers advice on integrating them with 2D materials for novel high-frequency and high-power devices. The book also contains a review of the most recent advances in the field. This important book: Presents an in-depth overview of properties, growth techniques, and applicability of nitride semiconductors Offers a one-stop resource that covers nitride semiconductor technology from materials to devices Reviews a widerange of nitride semiconductor applications in high-power and high-frequency devices Written for materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, semiconductor industry professionals, electrical engineers, and electrotechnical industry professionals, Nitride Semiconductor Technology: Power Electronics and Optoelectronic Devices combines the most recent information on power electronics and optoelectronic applications of nitride semiconductors.

📒Testing Packaging And Reliability Of Semiconductor Lasers V ✍ Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

Testing Packaging And Reliability Of Semiconductor Lasers V Book PDF
✏Book Title : Testing Packaging and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V
✏Author : Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
✏Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : UOM:39015050121378
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Testing Packaging and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V Book Summary :

Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices For Lightwave Communication Book PDF
✏Book Title : Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices for Lightwave Communication
✏Author : Joachim Piprek
✏Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 296
✏ISBN : UOM:39015057642970
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices for Lightwave Communication Book Summary :

Photonic Materials Devices And Reliability Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photonic Materials Devices and Reliability
✏Author : Aris Christou
✏Publisher : RIAC
✏Release Date : 2006-01-01
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781933904047
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photonic Materials Devices and Reliability Book Summary :

📒Optoelectronic Devices ✍ Joachim Piprek

Optoelectronic Devices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optoelectronic Devices
✏Author : Joachim Piprek
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006-01-26
✏Pages : 452
✏ISBN : 0387272569
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optoelectronic Devices Book Summary : Optoelectronic devices transform electrical signals into optical signals (and vice versa) by utilizing the interaction of electrons and light. Advanced software tools for the design and analysis of such devices have been developed in recent years. However, the large variety of materials, devices, physical mechanisms, and modeling approaches often makes it difficult to select appropriate theoretical models or software packages. This book presents a review of devices and advanced simulation approaches written by leading researchers and software developers. It is intended for scientists and device engineers in optoelectronics who are interested in using advanced software tools. Each chapter includes the theoretical background as well as practical simulation results that help the reader to better understand internal device physics. Real-world devices such as edge-emitting or surface-emitting laser diodes, light-emitting diodes, solar cells, photodetectors, and integrated optoelectronic circuits are investigated. The software packages described in the book are available to the public, on a commercial or noncommercial basis, so that the interested reader is quickly able to perform similar simulations.

Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices
✏Author : David Wood
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 564
✏ISBN : UOM:39015032903448
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices Book Summary : Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices is a comprehensive new textbook offering a complete blend of theory and practice. Starting with basic semiconductor theory it moves on through a discussion of light emitters and detectors and then to their actual manufacture. Features of the book include full coverage of basic semiconductors and semiconductor lasers not seen in most optoelectronic textbooks of this level; treatment of all types of detectors, not just pin and avalanche diodes; details of materials and fabrication; and extensive references, conceptual and numerical problems and worked examples. Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices can be used by undergraduate and postgraduate students in departments of physics or electrical engineering.

📒Oxide Reliability ✍ D. J. Dumin

Oxide Reliability Book PDF
✏Book Title : Oxide Reliability
✏Author : D. J. Dumin
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 270
✏ISBN : 9810248423
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Oxide Reliability Book Summary : Presents in summary the state of our knowledge of oxide reliability.

Micro And Opto Electronic Materials And Structures Physics Mechanics Design Reliability Packaging Book PDF
✏Book Title : Micro and Opto Electronic Materials and Structures Physics Mechanics Design Reliability Packaging
✏Author : Ephraim Suhir
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-05-26
✏Pages : 1460
✏ISBN : 9780387329895
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Micro and Opto Electronic Materials and Structures Physics Mechanics Design Reliability Packaging Book Summary : This handbook provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date and easy-to-apply information on the physics, mechanics, reliability and packaging of micro- and opto-electronic materials. It details their assemblies, structures and systems, and each chapter contains a summary of the state-of-the-art in a particular field. The book provides practical recommendations on how to apply current knowledge and technology to design and manufacture. It further describes how to operate a viable, reliable and cost-effective electronic component or photonic device, and how to make such a device into a successful commercial product.

Introduction To Semiconductor Lasers For Optical Communications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introduction to Semiconductor Lasers for Optical Communications
✏Author : David J. Klotzkin
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-11-30
✏Pages : 285
✏ISBN : 9781461493419
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introduction to Semiconductor Lasers for Optical Communications Book Summary : This textbook provides a thorough and accessible treatment of semiconductor lasers from a design and engineering perspective. It includes both the physics of devices as well as the engineering, designing and testing of practical lasers. The material is presented clearly with many examples provided. Readers of the book will come to understand the finer aspects of the theory, design, fabrication and test of these devices and have an excellent background for further study of optoelectronics. This book also: Provides a multi-faceted approach to explaining the theories behind semiconductor lasers, utilizing mathematical examples, illustrations and written theoretical presentations Offers a balance of relevant optoelectronic topics, with specific attention given to distributed feedback lasers, growth techniques and waveguide cavity design Provides a summary of every chapter, worked examples, and problems for readers to solve Incorporates and explains recent breakthroughs in laser design

Optoelectronic Devices And Circuits Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optoelectronic Devices and Circuits
✏Author : Amar K. Ganguly
✏Publisher : Alpha Science International Limited
✏Release Date : 2007-01-01
✏Pages : 224
✏ISBN : 1842653733
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optoelectronic Devices and Circuits Book Summary : Optoelectronic Devices & Circuits: Theory and Applications includes an up-to-date, accessible and in-depth introduction to the theory and applications of semiconductor optoelectronic devices. Theoretical analysis and derivations of devices and driver circuits are described in a simple manner along with measurement technique and results.

New Developments In Semiconductor Research Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Developments in Semiconductor Research
✏Author : Thomas S. Miller
✏Publisher : Nova Publishers
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 231
✏ISBN : 1594545758
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Developments in Semiconductor Research Book Summary : This book includes within its scope studies of the structural, electrical, optical and acoustical properties of bulk, low-dimensional and amorphous semiconductors; computational semiconductor physics; interface properties, including the physics and chemistry of heterojunctions, metal-semiconductor and insulator-semiconductor junctions; all multi-layered structures involving semiconductor components. Dopant incorporation. Growth and preparation of materials, including both epitaxial (e.g. molecular beam and chemical vapour methods) and bulk techniques; in situ monitoring of epitaxial growth processes, also included are appropriate aspects of surface science such as the influence of growth kinetics and chemical processing on layer and device properties. The physics of semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices are examined , including theoretical modelling and experimental demonstration; all aspects of the technology of semiconductor device and circuit fabrication. Relevant areas of 'molecular electronics' and semiconductor structures incorporating Langmuir-Blodgett films; resists, lithography and metalisation where they are concerned with the definition of small geometry structure. The structural, electrical and optical characterisation of materials and device structures are also included. The scope encompasses materials and device reliability: reliability evaluation of technologies; failure analysis and advanced analysis techniques such as SEM, E-beam, optical emission microscopy, acoustic microscopy techniques; liquid crystal techniques; noise measurement, reliability prediction and simulation; reliability indicators; failure mechanisms, including charge migration, trapping, oxide breakdown, hot carrier effects, electro-migration, stress migration; package-related failure mechanisms; effects of operational and environmental stresses on reliability.

Leading Edge Semiconductor Research Book PDF
✏Book Title : Leading edge Semiconductor Research
✏Author : Thomas B. Elliot
✏Publisher : Nova Publishers
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 159454574X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Leading edge Semiconductor Research Book Summary : This book includes within its scope studies of the structural, electrical, optical and acoustical properties of bulk, low-dimensional and amorphous semiconductors; computational semiconductor physics; interface properties, including the physics and chemistry of heterojunctions, metal-semiconductor and insulator-semiconductor junctions; all multi-layered structures involving semiconductor components. Dopant incorporation. Growth and preparation of materials, including both epitaxial (e.g. molecular beam and chemical vapour methods) and bulk techniques; in situ monitoring of epitaxial growth processes, also included are appropriate aspects of surface science such as the influence of growth kinetics and chemical processing on layer and device properties. The physics of semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices are examined , including theoretical modelling and experimental demonstration; all aspects of the technology of semiconductor device and circuit fabrication. Relevant areas of 'molecular electronics' and semiconductor structures incorporating Langmuir-Blodgett films; resists, lithography and metallisation where they are concerned with the definition of small geometry structure. The structural, electrical and optical characterisation of materials and device structures are also included. The scope encompasses materials and device reliability: reliability evaluation of technologies; failure analysis and advanced analysis techniques such as SEM, E-beam, optical emission microscopy, acoustic microscopy techniques; liquid crystal techniques; noise measurement, reliability prediction and simulation; reliability indicators; failure mechanisms, including charge migration, trapping, oxide breakdown, hot carrier effects, electro-migration, stress migration; package- related failure mechanisms; effects of operational and environmental stresses on reliability.

Theory Of Optical Processes In Semiconductors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors
✏Author : P. K. Basu
✏Publisher : Clarendon Press
✏Release Date : 1997-11-13
✏Pages : 464
✏ISBN : 9780191581335
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors Book Summary : Semiconductor optelectronic devices are at the heart of all information generation and processing systems and are likely to be essential components of future optical computers. With more emphasis on optoelectronics and photonics in graduate programmes in physics and engineering, there is a need for a text providing a basic understanding of the important physical phenomena involved. Such a training is necessary for the design, optimization and search for new materials, devices, and application areas. This book provides a simple quantum mechanical theory of important optical processes, i.e., band-to- band, intersubband and excitonic absorption and recombination in bulk, quantum wells, wires, dots, superlattices and strained layers including electro-optic effects. The classical theory of absorption, quantization of radiation, and band picture based on k.p perturbation has been included to provide the necessary background. Prerequisites for the book are a knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state theory. Problems have been set at the end of each chapter, some of which may guide the reader to study processes not covered in the book. The application areas of the phenomena are also indicated. This book is intended for use by graduate students in physics and engineering, beginners in the field and engineers. The use of simple one-electron theory throughout may also make parts of it useful for second- and third-year undergraduates.

Advanced Materials For Integrated Optical Waveguides Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Materials for Integrated Optical Waveguides
✏Author : Xingcun Colin Tong Ph.D
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-10-17
✏Pages : 552
✏ISBN : 9783319015507
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Materials for Integrated Optical Waveguides Book Summary : This book provides a comprehensive introduction to integrated optical waveguides for information technology and data communications. Integrated coverage ranges from advanced materials, fabrication, and characterization techniques to guidelines for design and simulation. A concluding chapter offers perspectives on likely future trends and challenges. The dramatic scaling down of feature sizes has driven exponential improvements in semiconductor productivity and performance in the past several decades. However, with the potential of gigascale integration, size reduction is approaching a physical limitation due to the negative impact on resistance and inductance of metal interconnects with current copper-trace based technology. Integrated optics provides a potentially lower-cost, higher performance alternative to electronics in optical communication systems. Optical interconnects, in which light can be generated, guided, modulated, amplified, and detected, can provide greater bandwidth, lower power consumption, decreased interconnect delays, resistance to electromagnetic interference, and reduced crosstalk when integrated into standard electronic circuits. Integrated waveguide optics represents a truly multidisciplinary field of science and engineering, with continued growth requiring new developments in modeling, further advances in materials science, and innovations in integration platforms. In addition, the processing and fabrication of these new devices must be optimized in conjunction with the development of accurate and precise characterization and testing methods. Students and professionals in materials science and engineering will find Advanced Materials for Integrated Optical Waveguides to be an invaluable reference for meeting these research and development goals.

Physics Briefs Book PDF
✏Book Title : Physics Briefs
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1993
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015027828634
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Physics Briefs Book Summary :

Reliability And Degradation Of Iii V Optical Devices Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reliability and Degradation of III V Optical Devices
✏Author : Osamu Ueda
✏Publisher : Artech House on Demand
✏Release Date : 1996
✏Pages : 353
✏ISBN : UOM:39015038140292
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reliability and Degradation of III V Optical Devices Book Summary : In developing III-V optical devices for use in optical fiber communication systems, digital-audio systems, and optical printers, reliability is paramount. Understanding the origins and causes of degradation is critical to successful design. This unique book focuses specifically on helping researchers and engineers involved in III-V compound semiconductor thin film growth and processing better understand the mechanism of degradation and details the major degradation modes of optical devices fabricated from three different systems. The book explains the character of defects and imperfections induced during material growth and fabrication, presents techniques for failure analysis, and describes methods for elimination of defect-generating mechanisms. More than 200 illustrations and 40 equations help clarify important concepts.

Fiber Optics Reliability And Testing Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fiber Optics Reliability and Testing
✏Author : Dilip K. Paul
✏Publisher : SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 262
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822018712695
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fiber Optics Reliability and Testing Book Summary :