Refugee

The Oxford Handbook Of Refugee And Forced Migration Studies Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies
✏Author : Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 2014
✏Pages : 747
✏ISBN : 9780199652433
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies Book Summary : "This Handbook critically traces the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and vividly illustrates the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice. The contributions highlight the key challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world, as well as identifying new directions for research in the field. Since emerging as a distinct field of study in the early 1980s, Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being of concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy analysts to become a global field with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement, either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer interdisciplinary programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences". --Publisher.

On The Margins Of The World Book PDF
✏Book Title : On the Margins of the World
✏Author : Michel Agier
✏Publisher : Polity
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 118
✏ISBN : 9780745640518
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏On the Margins of the World Book Summary : Translated from French.

📒Refugee ✍ Azmat Ashraf

Refugee Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee
✏Author : Azmat Ashraf
✏Publisher : FriesenPress
✏Release Date : 2020-08-21
✏Pages : 252
✏ISBN : 9781525563843
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Book Summary : Following a bloody, violent struggle, in 1971 East Pakistan became the independent state of Bangladesh. Caught in the midst of this conflict were the Biharis, a Muslim minority group who originally fled the Indian state of Bihar when India was partitioned by the British in 1947. Author Azmat Ashraf, himself a Bihari, was one year old when his family escaped India in 1953 for the relative safety of East Pakistan. Less than two decades later, after building a solid life for themselves, his family were targeted by communal violence during Bangladesh’s turbulent birth, in which most of Azmat’s family members were killed. On the road once again, it wasn’t until 2002, nearly fifty years after his first migration, that Azmat finally completed his epic search for a home, settling in Canada with his wife and three daughters. This book is a memoir of one family’s fight for survival and to rebuild their lives following a series of unimaginable tragedies. It is a story of human resilience in the face of evil, of real love and true friendship, and an inspiration for refugees everywhere who are struggling to find a place of security and prosperity in this world. Despite the personal tragedies that Azmat and his family have suffered, he has taken great care to provide a balanced view of the conflict of 1971 to help Pakistanis and Bangladeshis in particular and people of the subcontinent in general understand this painful part of their mutual history.

📒What Is A Refugee ✍ William Maley

What Is A Refugee  Book PDF
✏Book Title : What Is a Refugee
✏Author : William Maley
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 275
✏ISBN : 9780190652388
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏What Is a Refugee Book Summary : "With the recent arrival in Europe of over a million refugees and asylum-seekers, a sense of panic has spread across the continent and beyond. William Maley's illuminating introduction offers a guide to the complex idea of "the refugee" and sets the current crisis within the wider history of human exile, injecting much-needed objectivity and nuance into the debate. Arguing that Western states are now reaping the consequences of policies aimed at blocking safe and "legal" access to asylum, 'What is a refugee?' shows why many proposed solutions to the refugee "problem" will exacerbate tension and risk fueling the growth of extremism among people who have been denied all hope. This lucid book also tells of the families and individuals who have sought refuge, highlighting the suffering, separation and dislocation on their perilous journeys to safety. Only through such stories can we properly begin to understand what it is to be a refugee."--Book jacket.

📒What Is A Refugee ✍ Elise Gravel

What Is A Refugee  Book PDF
✏Book Title : What Is A Refugee
✏Author : Elise Gravel
✏Publisher : Penguin UK
✏Release Date : 2019-09-24
✏Pages : 32
✏ISBN : 9780241423196
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏What Is A Refugee Book Summary : Who are refugees? Why are they called that word? Why do they need to leave their country? In this simple, graphic and bold picture book for young children, author/illustrator Elise Gravel explores what it means to be a refugee. This book is the perfect tool to introduce an important and timely topic to children.

Refugees Worldwide Mental Health Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugees Worldwide Mental health
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ABC-CLIO
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 360
✏ISBN : 9780313378072
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugees Worldwide Mental health Book Summary :

📒Refugee 87 ✍ Ele Fountain

Refugee 87 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee 87
✏Author : Ele Fountain
✏Publisher : Hachette UK
✏Release Date : 2019-06-04
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9780316423007
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee 87 Book Summary : A young refugee crosses continents in this timely, heartbreaking, and ultimately uplifting novel of survival. Shif has a happy life, unfamiliar with the horrors of his country's regime. He is one of the smartest boys in school, and feels safe and loved in the home he shares with his mother and little sister, right next door to his best friend. But the day that soldiers arrive at his door, Shif knows that he will never be safe again -- his only choice is to run. Facing both unthinkable cruelty and boundless kindness, Shif bravely makes his way towards a future he can barely imagine. Based on real experiences and written in spare, powerful prose, this gripping debut illustrates the realities faced by countless young refugees across the world today. Refugee 87 is a story of friendship, kindness, hardship, survival, and -- above all -- hope.

📒Refugee ✍ Alan Sunderland

Refugee Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee
✏Author : Alan Sunderland
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 215
✏ISBN : 1865049190
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Book Summary : Ali Ismail is a refugee. In Afghanistan, the Taliban have murdered his father, and so Ali's uncle smuggles him out of the country to safety - to Australia. But instead of finding freedom, Ali is taken to a detention centre in the outback. For twelve long months he waits to find out if he will be allowed to stay.

📒Driven From Home ✍ David Silkenat

Driven From Home Book PDF
✏Book Title : Driven from Home
✏Author : David Silkenat
✏Publisher : University of Georgia Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 290
✏ISBN : 9780820349466
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Driven from Home Book Summary : Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Gwine to Liberty -- Chapter 2: Crowded with Refugees -- Chapter 3: Driven into Exile -- Chapter 4: Confederacy of Refugees -- Chapter 5: In Good Hands, in a Safe Place -- Chapter 6: A Home for the Rest of the War -- Epilogue -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y

📒Rethinking Refugee Law ✍ Nïraj Nathwani

Rethinking Refugee Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : Rethinking Refugee Law
✏Author : Nïraj Nathwani
✏Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
✏Release Date : 2003-01-01
✏Pages : 168
✏ISBN : 9041120025
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Rethinking Refugee Law Book Summary : 1.4 DE FACTO STATELESSNESS.

📒Refugee Rights ✍ David Hollenbach, SJ

Refugee Rights Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Rights
✏Author : David Hollenbach, SJ
✏Publisher : Georgetown University Press
✏Release Date : 2008-04-30
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9781589014053
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Rights Book Summary : Of the over 33 million refugees and internally displaced people in the world today, a disproportionate percentage are found in Africa. Most have been driven from their homes by armed strife, displacing people into settings that fail to meet standards for even basic human dignity. Protection of the human rights of these people is highly uncertain and unpredictable. Many refugee service agencies agree advocacy on behalf of the displaced is a key aspect of their task. But those working in the field are so pressed by urgent crises that they can rarely analyze the requirements of advocacy systematically. Yet advocacy must go beyond international law to human rights as an ethical standard to prevent displaced people from falling through the cracks of our conflicted world. Refugee Rights: Ethics, Advocacy, and Africa draws upon David Hollenbach, SJ's work as founder and director of the Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Boston College to provide an analytical framework for vigorous advocacy on behalf of refugees and internally displaced people. Representing both religious and secular perspectives, the contributors are scholars, practitioners, and refugee advocates—all of whom have spent time "on the ground" in Africa. The book begins with the poignant narrative of Abebe Feyissa, an Ethiopian refugee who has spent over fifteen years in a refugee camp from hell. Other chapters identify the social and political conditions integral to the plight of refugees and displaced persons. Topics discussed include the fundamental right to freedom of movement, gender roles and the rights of women, the effects of war, and the importance of reconstruction and reintegration following armed conflict. The book concludes with suggestions of how humanitarian groups and international organizations can help mitigate the problem of forced displacement and enforce the belief that all displaced people have the right to be treated as their human dignity demands. Refugee Rights offers an important analytical resource for advocates and students of human rights. It will be of particular value to practitioners working in the field.

The Right To Seek Refugee Status In The European Union Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Right to Seek Refugee Status in the European Union
✏Author : Sylvie Da Lomba
✏Publisher : Intersentia nv
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 325
✏ISBN : 9789050953498
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Right to Seek Refugee Status in the European Union Book Summary : This book analyses the implications of the EU asylum policy for the right to seek refugee status within the meaning of the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Relevant EU legislation and proposals for future legislation are measured against the standards set out in international refugee and human rights law with a view to making law reform proposals for the protection of the right to seek refugee status within the EU.

📒Refugee Management ✍ Sumita Das

Refugee Management Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Management
✏Author : Sumita Das
✏Publisher : Mittal Publications
✏Release Date : 2005-01-01
✏Pages : 166
✏ISBN : 8183240666
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Management Book Summary :

📒Refugee Manipulation ✍ Stephen John Stedman

Refugee Manipulation Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Manipulation
✏Author : Stephen John Stedman
✏Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
✏Release Date : 2004-05-13
✏Pages : 202
✏ISBN : 0815780893
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Manipulation Book Summary : Since World War II, refugee organizations have faced a recurrent challenge: the manipulation of refugees by warring parties to further their own aims. Some armies in civil wars, facing military defeat, use refugees as assets to establish the international legitimacy of their cause, treat refugee camps as sanctuaries and recruitment pools, and limit access to refugees to ensure that they will not repatriate. Focusing on the geopolitical security environment surrounding militarized camps and the response of humanitarian agencies, the contributors to this volume examine the ways armed groups manipulate refugees and how and why international actors assist their manipulation. They then offer suggestions for reducing the ability of such groups to use the suffering of refugees to their own advantage. The contributors examine three cases: Cambodian refugees along the Thai border in the 1970s and 1980s, Afghan refugees in Pakistan in the 1980s and 1990s, and Rwandan refugees in Eastern Zaire from 1994–96. They argue that refugee manipulation occurs because warring parties gain resources in their fight for power and other actors, often the host government and regional and major powers encourage and support it. Manipulation is allowed to occur because the international refugee regime and major states have not identified a consistent approach to stopping it. In the post-Cold War era the United Nations and its members have chosen to treat the issue as a humanitarian problem instead of a security problem. As the contributors make clear, however, manipulation of refugees has important ramifications for international security, turning some civil wars into larger protracted regional wars. They argue that the geopolitics of refugee manipulation leads to sanguine conclusions about stopping it. Solutions must change the moral, political, and strategic calculations of states that are implicated in the manipulation. As long as the problem is not deemed a security threat, refugee organizations must choose between assistance that prolongs war or walking away from millions who deserve help. Contributors include Howard Adelman (York University), Frederic Grare (Centre des Sciences Humaines, New Delhi), Margaret McGuinness (Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton, and Garrison), Stephen John Stedman (Stanford University), Fred Tanner (Geneva Centre for Security Policy), and Daniel Unger (Northern Illinois University).

Refugee Law And Practice In Japan Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Law and Practice in Japan
✏Author : Osamu Arakaki
✏Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
✏Release Date : 2008-01-01
✏Pages : 270
✏ISBN : 0754670090
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Law and Practice in Japan Book Summary : This volume examines the development of refugee law and policy in Japan. The book discusses systemic weaknesses and compares the evolution of law in Australia and New Zealand to highlight problems in Japan's refugee determination system. Ultimately, the book calls for Japan to reform failing systems and take innovative action towards refugee protection.

📒Refugee Archives ✍ Andrea Hammel

Refugee Archives Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Archives
✏Author : Andrea Hammel
✏Publisher : Rodopi
✏Release Date : 2007-01
✏Pages : 197
✏ISBN : 9789042024076
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Archives Book Summary : This volume gives an extensive overview of current developments in the field of archival collections relating to German-speaking refugees located in Germany, Austria, the USA, Ireland and the UK. The contributions illustrate the three interlinked areas of refugee archives, Exile and Migration Studies research and related databases and other resources. The articles investigate their interrelationship as well as the future challenges facing all three areas by focussing on larger archival holdings as well as collections relating to individuals and organisations and more recently established electronic and online resources and finding aids. The volume is aimed at researchers and archival practioners alike and should be especially useful for anyone starting out in the field.

📒Not Born A Refugee Woman ✍ Maroussia Hajdukowski-Ahmed

Not Born A Refugee Woman Book PDF
✏Book Title : Not Born a Refugee Woman
✏Author : Maroussia Hajdukowski-Ahmed
✏Publisher : Berghahn Books
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 323
✏ISBN : 1845454979
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Not Born a Refugee Woman Book Summary : Identity is constructed through a relational and contextual process informed by many factors - particularly gender. According to UNHCR, uprootedness caused by various forms of forced displacement affects about 37 to 40 million women and children in the world, posing major challenges to their identity and agency. Even though institutions and organizations have increasingly sought their participation, refugee women still find themselves in situations “where policies are generated, and programs delivered with little or no input from them” (Indra, 1989). This volume explores identity in all its complexities, in the increasingly racialized post-September 11th context, from the perspective of refugee women. Through the analysis of local examples and international case studies, the authors explore gendered factors such as location, humanitarian aid, cultural norms, racism, ethnicity, or current psycho-social research and intervention that affect the identity of refugee women. They also offer suggestions on the inclusion of gender and women's agency in theories, research methods, policies and practices (in law, mental health, education, spirituality, settlement, staffing and practices of NGO's).

📒Refugee Doctors ✍ Neil Jackson

Refugee Doctors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Doctors
✏Author : Neil Jackson
✏Publisher : Radcliffe Publishing
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 201
✏ISBN : 1857758579
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Doctors Book Summary : Many refugees and asylum seekers now in the United Kingdom have trained and worked as doctors, nurses, midwives and other professionals allied to medicine in the countries from which they have departed. However, refugees face considerable problems in their quest to continue or resume their careers as health professionals in the UK. This book has brought together authors from varying organisations and professional backgrounds who are dedicated to supporting the integration of refugee doctors into the National Health Service workforce and it is a useful handbook for refugee doctors themselves. It will help all refugee doctors use their qualifications and expertise in the UK, and maximise their contributions to the NHS workforce. (Adapted from publisher's abstract).

Protracted Refugee Situations Book PDF
✏Book Title : Protracted Refugee Situations
✏Author : Gil Loescher
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-11-05
✏Pages : 96
✏ISBN : 9781136622304
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Protracted Refugee Situations Book Summary : Protracted refugee populations not only constitute over 70% of the world's refugees but are also a principal source of many of the irregular movements of people around the world today. The long-term presence of refugee populations in much of the developing world has come to be seen by many host states in these regions as a source of insecurity. In response, host governments have enacted policies of containing refugees in isolated and insecure camps, have prevented the arrival of additional refugees and, in extreme cases, have engaged in forcible repatriation. Not surprisingly, these refugee populations are also increasingly perceived as possible sources of insecurity for Western states. Refugee camps are sometimes breeding grounds for international terrorism and rebel movements. These groups often exploit the presence of refugees to engage in activities that destabilise not only host states but also entire regions.

The Refugee Concept In Group Situations Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Refugee Concept in Group Situations
✏Author : Ivor C. Jackson
✏Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
✏Release Date : 1999-09-10
✏Pages : 486
✏ISBN : 9041112286
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Refugee Concept in Group Situations Book Summary : (Ii) The UNHCR Statute.

The Rights Of Refugees Under International Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Rights of Refugees under International Law
✏Author : James C. Hathaway
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2005-09-15
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 1139445766
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Rights of Refugees under International Law Book Summary : This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the human rights of refugees as set by the UN Refugee Convention. In an era where States are increasingly challenging the logic of simply assimilating refugees to their own citizens, questions are now being raised about whether refugees should be allowed to enjoy freedom of movement, to work, to access public welfare programs, or to be reunited with family members. Doubts have been expressed about the propriety of exempting refugees from visa and other immigration rules, and whether there is a duty to admit refugees at all. Hathaway links the standards of the UN Refugee Convention to key norms of international human rights law, and applies his analysis to the world's most difficult protection challenges. This is a critical resource for advocates, judges, and policymakers. It will also be a pioneering scholarly work for graduate students of international and human rights law.

Migration And Refugee Policies Book PDF
✏Book Title : Migration and Refugee Policies
✏Author : Ann Bernstein
✏Publisher : A&C Black
✏Release Date : 2002-02-14
✏Pages : 312
✏ISBN : 0826458122
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Migration and Refugee Policies Book Summary : Migration and refugee movements are becoming increasingly prominent features of the millennial world. Persistent disparities in wealth and job opportunities and continued political conflict and repression impel growing numbers of people to seek work and safely outside their own countries. However, many governments and their citizens remain reluctant to open their borders to foreigners. For this reason, in one country after another, migration and refugee questions have become politically controversial, creating the need for a sound understanding of policy options and their implications.This book brings together five international scholars who survey key aspects of the international experience of migration and refugee policies. In Part II, drawing on the lessons presented by international experience, a team of South African experts address the thorny migration and refugee issues confronting that country's new democratic government.>

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of International Refugee Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evaluating the Effectiveness of International Refugee Law
✏Author : M. R. Alborzi
✏Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 333
✏ISBN : 9789004152519
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evaluating the Effectiveness of International Refugee Law Book Summary : This book is an evaluation of the international response to a major protracted humanitarian situation. As such, it is the first comprehensive account and assessment of the effectiveness of international law in dealing with Iraqi refugees during the regime of Saddam Hussein.

📒Nepal ✍ Nagendra Kr Singh

Nepal Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nepal
✏Author : Nagendra Kr Singh
✏Publisher : APH Publishing
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages : 250
✏ISBN : 8170248477
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nepal Book Summary : Historical development of the kingship of Nepal during 14th to 18th centuries.

International Refugee Law And Socio Economic Rights Book PDF
✏Book Title : International Refugee Law and Socio Economic Rights
✏Author : Michelle Foster
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2007-07-12
✏Pages : 387
✏ISBN : 0521870178
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏International Refugee Law and Socio Economic Rights Book Summary : This book, first published in 2007, assesses the ability of the Refugee Convention to encompass socio-economic based claims.

📒The Birth Of The Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited ✍ Research Fellow Truman Institute Benny Morris

The Birth Of The Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited
✏Author : Research Fellow Truman Institute Benny Morris
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 640
✏ISBN : 0521009677
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited Book Summary : This book explores the realities behind the Palestinian exodus of 1948 during the Arab-Israeli war.

📒Refugee ✍ Alan Gratz

Refugee Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee
✏Author : Alan Gratz
✏Publisher : Scholastic Inc.
✏Release Date : 2017-07-25
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9780545880879
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Book Summary : A tour de force from acclaimed author Alan Gratz (Prisoner B-3087), this timely -- and timeless -- novel tells the powerful story of three different children seeking refuge.

📒Canada S Refugee Policy ✍ Gerald E. Dirks

Canada S Refugee Policy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Canada s Refugee Policy
✏Author : Gerald E. Dirks
✏Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
✏Release Date : 1977
✏Pages : 316
✏ISBN : 0773502963
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Canada s Refugee Policy Book Summary :

📒Refugee Women ✍ Susan Forbes Martin

Refugee Women Book PDF
✏Book Title : Refugee Women
✏Author : Susan Forbes Martin
✏Publisher : Lexington Books
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 175
✏ISBN : 0739105892
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Refugee Women Book Summary : This new and revised edition includes new material on the legal issues and policies developed to protect displaced women, and addresses the increasingly recognised problem of internally displaced persons, focusing on the unique hardships for women who are forced from their homes.

Beyond Charity International Cooperation And The Global Refugee Crisis Book PDF
✏Book Title : Beyond Charity International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis
✏Author : Gil Loescher
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 1996-08-08
✏Pages : 273
✏ISBN : 0195356071
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Beyond Charity International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis Book Summary : With more than 18 million refugees worldwide, the refugee problem has fostered an intense debate regarding what political changes are necessary in the international system to provide effective solutions in the 1990s and beyond. In the past, refugees have been perceived largely as a problem of international charity, but as the end of the Cold War triggers new refugee movements across the globe, governments are being forced to develop a more systematic approach to the refugee problem. Beyond Charity provides the first extensive overview of the world refugee crisis today, asserting that refugees raise not only humanitarian concerns but also issues of international peace and security. Gil Loescher argues persuasively that a central challenge in the post Cold-War era is to develop a comprehensive refugee policy that preserves the right of asylum while promoting greater political and diplomatic efforts to address the causes of flight. He presents the contemporary crisis in a historical framework and explores the changing role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Loescher suggests short-term and long-term reforms that address both the current refugee crisis and its underlying causes. The book also details the ways governmental structures and international organizations could be strengthened to assume more effective assistance, protection, and political mediation functions. Beyond Charity helps frame the debate on the global refugee crisis and offers directions for more effective approaches to refugee problems at present and in the future.