Reasoning With Rules
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📒Reasoning With Rules ✍ Jaap Hage
✏Reasoning with Rules Book Summary : Rule-applying legal arguments are traditionally treated as a kind of syllogism. Such a treatment overlooks the fact that legal principles and rules are not statements which describe the world, but rather means by which humans impose structure on the world. Legal rules create legal consequences, they do not describe them. This has consequences for the logic of rule- and principle-applying arguments, the most important of which may be that such arguments are defeasible. This book offers an extensive analysis of the role of rules and principles in legal reasoning, which focuses on the close relationship between rules, principles, and reasons. Moreover, it describes a logical theory which assigns a central place to the notion of reasons for and against a conclusion, and which is especially suited to deal with rules and principles.
📒Rules And Reasoning ✍ Christoph Benzmüller
✏Rules and Reasoning Book Summary : This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Rules and Reasoning, RuleML+RR 2018, held in Luxembourg during September 2018. This is the second conference of a new series, joining the efforts of two existing conference series, namely “RuleML” (International Web Rule Symposium) and “RR” (Web Reasoning and Rule Systems). The 10 full research papers presented together with 5 long technical communications and 7 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions.
📒Rule Representation Interchange And Reasoning On The Web ✍ Nick Bassiliades
✏Rule Representation Interchange and Reasoning on the Web Book Summary : The 2008 International Symposium on Rule Interchange and Applications (RuleML th 2008), collocated in Orlando, Florida, with the 11 International Business Rules - rum, was the premier place to meet and to exchange ideas from all fields of rules te- nologies. The aim of RuleML 2008 was both to present new and interesting research results and to show successfully deployed rule-based applications. This annual sym- sium is the flagship event of the Rule Markup and Modeling Initiative (RuleML). The RuleML Initiative (www.ruleml.org) is a non-profit umbrella organization of several technical groups organized by representatives from academia, industry and government working on rule technologies and applications. Its aim is to promote the study, research and application of rules in heterogeneous distributed environments such as the Web. RuleML maintains effective links with other major international societies and acts as intermediary between various ‘specialized’ rule vendors, appli- tions, industrial and academic research groups, as well as standardization efforts from, for example, W3C, OMG, and OASIS.
📒Web Reasoning And Rule Systems ✍ Massimo Marchiori
✏Web Reasoning and Rule Systems Book Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems, RR 2007, held in Innsbruck, Austria. It address all current topics in Web reasoning and rule systems, including acquisition of rules and ontologies by knowledge extraction, design and analysis of reasoning languages, reasoning with constraints, rule languages and systems, semantic Web services modeling and applications.
📒Reasoning Web Web Logic Rules ✍ Wolfgang Faber
✏Reasoning Web Web Logic Rules Book Summary : This volume contains the lecture notes of the 11th Reasoning Web Summer School 2015, held in Berlin, Germany, in July/August 2015. In 2015, the theme of the school was Web Logic Rules. This Summer School is devoted to this perspective, and provides insight into the semantic Web, linked data, ontologies, rules, and logic.
📒Rule Based Reasoning Programming And Applications ✍ Nick Bassiliades
✏Rule Based Reasoning Programming and Applications Book Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Rules, RuleML 2011 - Europe, held in Barcelona, Spain, in July 2011 - collocated with the 22nd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2011. It is the first of two RuleML events that take place in 2011. The second RuleML Symposium - RuleML 2011 - America - will be held in Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, in November 2011. The 18 revised full papers, 8 revised short papers and 3 invited track papers presented together with the abstracts of 2 keynote talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: rule-based distributed/multi-agent systems; rules, agents and norms; rule-based event processing and reaction rules; fuzzy rules and uncertainty; rules and the semantic Web; rule learning and extraction; rules and reasoning; and rule-based applications.
📒Reasoning Web ✍ Pedro Barahona
✏Reasoning Web Book Summary : This book presents thoroughly arranged tutorial papers corresponding to lectures given by leading researchers at the Second International Summer School on Reasoning Web in Lisbon, Portugal, in September 2006. Building on the predessor school held in 2005 and published as LNCS 3564, the ten tutorial lectures presented provide competent coverage of current topics in semantic Web research and development.
📒Web Reasoning And Rule Systems ✍ Pascal Hitzler
✏Web Reasoning and Rule Systems Book Summary : The Semantic Web aims at allowing knowledge to be freely accessed and - changed by software. It is now widely recognized that if the Semantic Web is to contain deep knowledge, the need for new representation and reasoning te- niques is critical. These techniques need to ?nd the right trade-o? between - pressiveness, scalability, and robustness to deal with the inherently incomplete, contradictory, and uncertain nature of knowledge on the Web. The annual International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR) addresses these needs and has grown into a major international forum for the discussion and dissemination of new results concerning Web Reasoning and Rule Systems. The ?rst three International Conferences on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (see http://www.rr-conference.org), held in Innsbruck, A- tria (2007), Karlsruhe, Germany (2008), and Chantilly, Virginia, USA (2009), received enthusiastic support from the Web Reasoning community. This volume contains the papers presented at the Fourth International C- ference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR 2010), which was held in Bressanone/Brixen, Italy, September 22-24, 2010, and which continued the - cellence of the RR series. It contains nine full papers, six short papers, four poster/position papers, one PhD paper, and two system descriptions, which wereselectedoutof31submissionsfollowinga rigorousreviewingprocess,where each submission was reviewed by at least three program committee members. The volumealso containsextended abstractsof the threeinvited talks/tutorials.
📒Rules For Reasoning ✍ Richard E. Nisbett
✏Rules for Reasoning Book Summary : This book examines two questions: Do people make use of abstract rules such as logical and statistical rules when making inferences in everyday life? Can such abstract rules be changed by training? Contrary to the spirit of reductionist theories from behaviorism to connectionism, there is ample evidence that people do make use of abstract rules of inference -- including rules of logic, statistics, causal deduction, and cost-benefit analysis. Such rules, moreover, are easily alterable by instruction as it occurs in classrooms and in brief laboratory training sessions. The fact that purely formal training can alter them and that those taught in one content domain can "escape" to a quite different domain for which they are also highly applicable shows that the rules are highly abstract. The major implication for cognitive science is that people are capable of operating with abstract rules even for concrete, mundane tasks; therefore, any realistic model of human inferential capacity must reflect this fact. The major implication for education is that people can be far more broadly influenced by training than is generally supposed. At high levels of formality and abstraction, relatively brief training can alter the nature of problem-solving for an infinite number of content domains.
📒How To Do Things With Rules ✍ William Twining
✏How to Do Things with Rules Book Summary : New to English law? Need to know how rules are made, interpreted and applied? This popular and well-established textbook will show you how. It simplifies legal method by combining examples with an account of rules in general: the who, what, why and how of interpretation. Starting with standpoint and context, it identifies factors that give rise to doubts about the interpretation of a rule and recommends a systematic approach to analysing those factors. Questions and exercises integrated in the text and on the accompanying website will help you to develop skills in reading, interpreting and arguing about legal and other rules. The text is fully updated on developments in the legislative process and the judicial interpretation of statutes and precedent. It includes a new chapter on 'The European Dimension' reflecting the changes brought about by the Human Rights Act 1998.