Reasoning With Rules
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📒Reasoning With Rules ✍ Jaap Hage
✏Reasoning with Rules Book Summary : Rule-applying legal arguments are traditionally treated as a kind of syllogism. Such a treatment overlooks the fact that legal principles and rules are not statements which describe the world, but rather means by which humans impose structure on the world. Legal rules create legal consequences, they do not describe them. This has consequences for the logic of rule- and principle-applying arguments, the most important of which may be that such arguments are defeasible. This book offers an extensive analysis of the role of rules and principles in legal reasoning, which focuses on the close relationship between rules, principles, and reasons. Moreover, it describes a logical theory which assigns a central place to the notion of reasons for and against a conclusion, and which is especially suited to deal with rules and principles.
📒Reasoning With Rules And Precedents ✍ L. Karl Branting
✏Reasoning with Rules and Precedents Book Summary : Few areas of human expertise are so well understood that they can be completely reduced to general principles. Similarly, there are few domains in which experience is so extensive that every new problem precisely matches a previous problem whose solution is known. When neither rules nor examples are individually sufficient, problem-solving expertise depends on integrating both. This book presents a computational framework for the integration of rules and cases for analytic tasks typified by legal analysis. The book uses the framework for integrating cases and rules as a basis for a new model of legal precedents. This model explains how the theory under which a case is decided controls the case's precedential effect. The framework for integrating rules and cases is implemented in GREBE, a system for legal analysis. The book presents techniques for representing, indexing, and comparing complex cases and for converting justification structures based on rules and case into natural-language text. This book will interest researchers in artificial intelligence, particularly those involved in case-based reasoning, artificial intelligence and law, and formal models of argumentation, and to scholars in legal philosophy, jurisprudence, and analogical reasoning.
📒Rules And Reasoning ✍ Christoph Benzmüller
✏Rules and Reasoning Book Summary : This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Rules and Reasoning, RuleML+RR 2018, held in Luxembourg during September 2018. This is the second conference of a new series, joining the efforts of two existing conference series, namely “RuleML” (International Web Rule Symposium) and “RR” (Web Reasoning and Rule Systems). The 10 full research papers presented together with 5 long technical communications and 7 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions.
📒Rule Representation Interchange And Reasoning On The Web ✍ Nick Bassiliades
✏Rule Representation Interchange and Reasoning on the Web Book Summary : The 2008 International Symposium on Rule Interchange and Applications (RuleML th 2008), collocated in Orlando, Florida, with the 11 International Business Rules - rum, was the premier place to meet and to exchange ideas from all fields of rules te- nologies. The aim of RuleML 2008 was both to present new and interesting research results and to show successfully deployed rule-based applications. This annual sym- sium is the flagship event of the Rule Markup and Modeling Initiative (RuleML). The RuleML Initiative (www.ruleml.org) is a non-profit umbrella organization of several technical groups organized by representatives from academia, industry and government working on rule technologies and applications. Its aim is to promote the study, research and application of rules in heterogeneous distributed environments such as the Web. RuleML maintains effective links with other major international societies and acts as intermediary between various ‘specialized’ rule vendors, appli- tions, industrial and academic research groups, as well as standardization efforts from, for example, W3C, OMG, and OASIS.
📒Web Reasoning And Rule Systems ✍ Massimo Marchiori
✏Web Reasoning and Rule Systems Book Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems, RR 2007, held in Innsbruck, Austria. It address all current topics in Web reasoning and rule systems, including acquisition of rules and ontologies by knowledge extraction, design and analysis of reasoning languages, reasoning with constraints, rule languages and systems, semantic Web services modeling and applications.
📒Reasoning Web Web Logic Rules ✍ Wolfgang Faber
✏Reasoning Web Web Logic Rules Book Summary : This volume contains the lecture notes of the 11th Reasoning Web Summer School 2015, held in Berlin, Germany, in July/August 2015. In 2015, the theme of the school was Web Logic Rules. This Summer School is devoted to this perspective, and provides insight into the semantic Web, linked data, ontologies, rules, and logic.
📒Reasoning Web ✍ Pedro Barahona
✏Reasoning Web Book Summary : This book presents thoroughly arranged tutorial papers corresponding to lectures given by leading researchers at the Second International Summer School on Reasoning Web in Lisbon, Portugal, in September 2006. Building on the predessor school held in 2005 and published as LNCS 3564, the ten tutorial lectures presented provide competent coverage of current topics in semantic Web research and development.
📒Web Reasoning And Rule Systems ✍ Pascal Hitzler
✏Web Reasoning and Rule Systems Book Summary : The Semantic Web aims at allowing knowledge to be freely accessed and - changed by software. It is now widely recognized that if the Semantic Web is to contain deep knowledge, the need for new representation and reasoning te- niques is critical. These techniques need to ?nd the right trade-o? between - pressiveness, scalability, and robustness to deal with the inherently incomplete, contradictory, and uncertain nature of knowledge on the Web. The annual International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR) addresses these needs and has grown into a major international forum for the discussion and dissemination of new results concerning Web Reasoning and Rule Systems. The ?rst three International Conferences on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (see http://www.rr-conference.org), held in Innsbruck, A- tria (2007), Karlsruhe, Germany (2008), and Chantilly, Virginia, USA (2009), received enthusiastic support from the Web Reasoning community. This volume contains the papers presented at the Fourth International C- ference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR 2010), which was held in Bressanone/Brixen, Italy, September 22-24, 2010, and which continued the - cellence of the RR series. It contains nine full papers, six short papers, four poster/position papers, one PhD paper, and two system descriptions, which wereselectedoutof31submissionsfollowinga rigorousreviewingprocess,where each submission was reviewed by at least three program committee members. The volumealso containsextended abstractsof the threeinvited talks/tutorials.
📒Reasoning Web Semantic Technologies For The Web Of Data ✍ Axel Polleres
✏Reasoning Web Semantic Technologies for the Web of Data Book Summary : The Semantic Web aims at enriching the existing Web with meta-data and processing methods so as to provide web-based systems with advanced capabilities, in particular with context awareness and decision support. The objective of this book is to provide a coherent introduction to semantic web methods and research issues with a particular emphasis on reasoning. The 7th reasoning web Summer School, held in August 2011, focused on the central topic of applications of reasoning for the emerging “Web of Data”. The 12 chapters in the present book provide excellent educational material as well as a number of references for further reading. The book not only addresses students working in the area, but also those seeking an entry point to various topics related to reasoning over Web data.
📒Logic Programming And Nonmonotonic Reasoning ✍ Pedro Cabalar
✏Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning Book Summary : This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2013, held in September 2013 in Corunna, Spain. The 34 revised full papers (22 technical papers, 9 application description, and 3 system descriptions) and 19 short papers (11 technical papers, 3 application descriptions, and 5 system descriptions) presented together with 2 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 91 submissions. Being a forum for exchanging ideas on declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning, and knowledge representation, the conference aims to facilitate interactions between those researchers and practitioners interested in the design and implementation of logic-based programming languages and database systems, and those who work in the area of knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning.