Precision Strike Warfare And International Intervention
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📒Precision Strike Warfare And International Intervention ✍ Mike Aaronson
✏Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention Book Summary : This book explores whether the new capabilities made possible by precision-strike technologies are reshaping approaches to international intervention. Since the end of the Cold War, US technological superiority has led to a more proactive and, some would argue, high risk approach to international military intervention. New technologies including the capacity to mount precision military strikes from high-level bombing campaigns and, more recently, the selective targeting of individuals from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have facilitated air campaigns, supported by Special Forces, without the commitment of large numbers of troops on the ground. Such campaigns include, for example, NATO’s high-level aerial bombardment of Milosevic’s forces in Kosovo in 1999 and of Gaddafi’s in Libya in 2011, and the US operation involving Special Forces against Osama Bin Laden. The development of UAVs and electronic data intercept technologies has further expanded the potential scope of interventions, for example against Islamic militants in the tribal areas of Pakistan. This volume examines three key and interrelated dimensions of these new precision-strike capabilities: (1) the strategic and foreign policy drivers and consequences; (2) the legal and moral implications of the new capabilities; and (3), the implications for decision-making at the strategic, operational and tactical levels. This book will be of much interest to students of war and technology, air power, international intervention, security studies and IR.
📒The Palgrave Handbook Of Security Risk And Intelligence ✍ Robert Dover
✏The Palgrave Handbook of Security Risk and Intelligence Book Summary : This handbook provides a detailed analysis of threats and risk in the international system and of how governments and their intelligence services must adapt and function in order to manage the evolving security environment. This environment, now and for the foreseeable future, is characterised by complexity. The development of disruptive digital technologies; the vulnerability of critical national infrastructure; asymmetric threats such as terrorism; the privatisation of national intelligence capabilities: all have far reaching implications for security and risk management. The leading academics and practitioners who have contributed to this handbook have all done so with the objective of cutting through the complexity, and providing insight on the most pressing security, intelligence, and risk factors today. They explore the changing nature of conflict and crises; interaction of the global with the local; the impact of technological; the proliferation of hostile ideologies and the challenge this poses to traditional models of intelligence; and the impact of all these factors on governance and ethical frameworks. The handbook is an invaluable resource for students and professionals concerned with contemporary security and how national intelligence must adapt to remain effective.
📒Asymmetric Killing ✍ Neil C. Renic
✏Asymmetric Killing Book Summary : This book offers an engaging and historically informed account of the moral challenge of radically asymmetric violence — warfare conducted by one party in the near-complete absence of physical risk, across the full scope of a conflict zone. What role does physical risk and material threat play in the justifications for killing in war? And crucially, is there a point at which battlefield violence becomes so one-directional as to undermine the moral basis for its use? In order to answers these questions, Asymmetric Killing delves into the morally contested terrain of the warrior ethos and Just War Tradition, locating the historical and contemporary role of reciprocal risk within both. This book also engages two historical episodes of battlefield asymmetry, military sniping and manned aerial bombing. Both modes of violence generated an imbalance of risk between opponents so profound as to call into question their permissibility. These now-resolved controversies will then be contrasted with the UAV-exclusive violence of the United States, robotic killing conducted in the absence of a significant military ground presence in conflict theatres such as Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia. As will be revealed, the radical asymmetry of this latter case is distinct, undermining reciprocal risk at the structural level of war. Beyond its more resolvable tension with the warrior ethos, UAV-exclusive violence represents a fundamental challenge to the very coherence of the moral justifications for killing in war.
✏On the Road to Liquid Warfare Revisiting Zygmunt Bauman s Thoughts on Liquid Modernity in the Context of the new Western Way of War Book Summary : Abstract: This Working Paper examines military interventions by precision strikes from a distance as a means to avoiding ground combat with own troops. A prominent strand of the literature argues that this is a particularly Western phenomenon; a consequence of the casualty aversion of democratic states and their riskaverse political leaders. In contrast to this line of argument, this Paper argues that precision-strike warfare is not a particularly Western phenomenon, but that it follows from the proliferation of precision-strike technologies prompted by military modernization processes and the transformation of power in what Bauman calls "liquid modernity". In liquid modernity, the major technique of power is the rejection of territorial confinement and the related responsibilities and costs of order-building. Based on these thoughts, this Paper argues that we have to understand precision-strike warfare with its hit-and-run characteristics as liquid warfare: a way of war that shuns the direc
📒Challenges For Japanese Security In The 21st Century ✍ Sachio Yano
✏Challenges for Japanese security in the 21st century Book Summary :
📒The Law Of Air Warfare ✍ Natalino Ronzitti
✏The Law of Air Warfare Book Summary : This book is the outcome of a research project directed by Natalino Ronzitti, to explore the current status and future prospects of international humanitarian law of air warfare. This is achieved through the analysis of international customary law, the conventional provisions in force and the most recent State practice. As the most recent conflicts suggest, air warfare has known an exponential growth. However, even a rapid analysis of the international humanitarian law applicable to air warfare shows a defective and fragmentary situation. This book will fill the current gap that exists in legal literature and will critically review and evaluate recent State practice.
📒Humanitarian Intervention The Evolving Asian Debate ✍ Koji Watanabe
✏Humanitarian Intervention The Evolving Asian Debate Book Summary : Since the NATO military intervention in Kosovo in 1999, the issue of whether and when it is acceptable for states to intervene forcefully to halt human rights violations in another state has become one of the most contentious subjects in managing contemporary international relations. With chapters on China, India, Japan, South Korea, and member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) by scholars from those countries, this book presents a comparative analysis of Asian views on humanitarian intervention. These views reflect five interrelated factors shared to varying degrees by Asian countries: historical experience, status as developing countries, status as small or weak states, problems with the West, and the concept of the "Asian way." Contributors to this volume analyze these factors in an attempt to identify areas of consensus and divergence with a view to setting forth practical policy recommendations.Contributors include Jia Qinggua (School of International Studies, Peking University), Jasjit Singh (Institute of Defense Studies and Analysis, India), Murata Koji, (Department of Politics, Doshisha University, Japan), Kim Sung-han (Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Korea), Rizal Sukma (Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Indonesia), and Simon S. C. Tay (Singapore Institute of International Affairs).
📒International Law And Drone Strikes In Pakistan ✍ Sikander Ahmed Shah
✏International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan Book Summary : While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.
📒A Matter Of Principle ✍ Thomas Cushman
✏A matter of principle Book Summary : The purpose of this volume is to provide the not-often-heard "liberal internationalist" argument for the war in Iraq. The contributors are all well-known journalists, political figures, public intellectuals, and scholars who support the war solely on humanitarian grounds. Not conservative, not liberal, but a "third way." Book will be controversial, and attract attention.
📒China S New Diplomacy ✍ Pauline Kerr
✏China s New Diplomacy Book Summary : Bringing together Chinese and Western scholars of diplomacy, this book highlights the view that China's 'new' diplomacy is an instrument of foreign policy, a socialising process that fosters both positive and negative change and an important indicator of China's future role.