Population Health In America
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📒Population Health In America ✍ Robert A. Hummer
✏Population Health in America Book Summary : In this engaging and accessibly written book, Population Health in America weaves demographic data with social theory and research to help students understand health patterns and trends in the U.S. population. While life expectancy was estimated to be just 37 years in the United States in 1870, today it is more than twice as long, at over 78 years. Yet today, life expectancy in the U.S. lags behind almost all other wealthy countries. Within the U.S., there are substantial social inequalities in health and mortality: women live longer but less healthier lives than men; African Americans and Native Americans live far shorter lives than Asian Americans and White Americans; and socioeconomic inequalities in health have been widening over the past 20 years. What accounts for these population health patterns and trends? Inviting students to delve into population health trends and disparities, demographers Robert Hummer and Erin Hamilton provide an easily understandable historical and contemporary portrait of U.S. population health. Perfect for courses such as population health, medical or health sociology, social epidemiology, health disparities, demography, and others, as well as for academic researchers and lay persons interested in better understanding the overall health of the country, Population Health in America also challenges students, academics, and the public to understand current health policy priorities and to ask whether considerably different directions are needed.
📒Sickness And Health In America ✍ Judith Walzer Leavitt
✏Sickness and Health in America Book Summary : An invaluable resource for students, scholars, and general readers, this highly regarded and widely used social history of medicine and public health in the United States is now available in a third edition. Extensively revised and updated, it includes twenty-one new essays; graphs illustrating the rise in deaths caused by HIV, homicide, and suicide; and a greatly expanded Guide to Further Reading. Entirely new sections on Sickness and Health, Early American Medicine, Therapeutics, the Art of Medicine, and Public Health and Personal Hygiene have been added, supplementing updated sections on the Science of Medicine, Education, the Allied Health Professions, Image and Income, Institutions, Race and Medicine, Epidemics, Public Health Reform, and Public Health and Medical Theory. An introductory essay and a series of historical photographs complement the articles.
📒Population Health Implications Of The Affordable Care Act ✍ Institute of Medicine
✏Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act Book Summary : Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act is the summary of a workshop convened in June 2013 by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Population Health Improvement to explore the likely impact on population health improvement of various provisions within the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This public workshop featured presentations and discussion of the impact of various provisions in the ACA on population health improvement. Several provisions of the ACA offer an unprecedented opportunity to shift the focus of health experts, policy makers, and the public beyond health care delivery to the broader array of factors that play a role in shaping health outcomes. The shift includes a growing recognition that the health care delivery system is responsible for only a modest proportion of what makes and keeps Americans healthy and that health care providers and organizations could accept and embrace a richer role in communities, working in partnership with public health agencies, community-based organizations, schools, businesses, and many others to identify and solve the thorny problems that contribute to poor health. Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act looks beyond narrow interpretations of population as the group of patients covered by a health plan to consider a more expansive understanding of population, one focused on the distribution of health outcomes across all individuals living within a certain set of geopolitical boundaries. In establishing the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council, creating a fund for prevention and public health, and requiring nonprofit hospitals to transform their concept of community benefit, the ACA has expanded the arena for interventions to improve health beyond the "doctor's" office. Improving the health of the population - whether in a community or in the nation as a whole - requires acting to transform the places where people live, work, study, and play. This report examines the population health-oriented efforts of and interactions among public health agencies (state and local), communities, and health care delivery organizations that are beginning to facilitate such action.
📒Advancing Oral Health In America ✍ Institute of Medicine
✏Advancing Oral Health in America Book Summary : Though it is highly preventable, tooth decay is a common chronic disease both in the United States and worldwide. Evidence shows that decay and other oral diseases may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. However, individuals and many health care professionals remain unaware of the risk factors and preventive approaches for many oral diseases. They do not fully appreciate how oral health affects overall health and well-being. In Advancing Oral Health in America, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) highlights the vital role that the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) can play in improving oral health and oral health care in the United States. The IOM recommends that HHS design an oral health initiative which has clearly articulated goals, is coordinated effectively, adequately funded and has high-level accountability. In addition, the IOM stresses three key areas needed for successfully maintaining oral health as a priority issue: strong leadership, sustained interest, and the involvement of multiple stakeholders from both the public and private sectors. Advancing Oral Health in America provides practical recommendations that the Department of Health and Human Services can use to improve oral health care in America. The report will serve as a vital resource for federal health agencies, health care professionals, policy makers, researchers, and public and private health organizations.
✏Delivering Health Care in America Book Summary : Delivering Health Care in America, Seventh Edition is the most current and comprehensive overview of the basic structures and operations of the U.S. health system—from its historical origins and resources, to its individual services, cost, and quality. Using a unique “systems” approach, the text brings together an extraordinary breadth of information into a highly accessible, easy-to-read resource that clarifies the complexities of health care organization and finance while presenting a solid overview of how the various components fit together.
📒The Role And Potential Of Communities In Population Health Improvement ✍ Institute of Medicine
✏The Role and Potential of Communities in Population Health Improvement Book Summary : The Role and Potential of Communities in Population Health Improvement is the summary of a workshop held by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Population Health Improvement in April 2014 that featured invited speakers from community groups that have taken steps to improve the health of their communities. Speakers from communities across the United States discussed the potential roles of communities for improving population health. The workshop focused on youth organizing, community organizing or other types of community participation, and partnerships between community and institutional actors. This report explores the roles and potential of the community as leaders, partners, and facilitators in transforming the social and environmental conditions that shape health and well-being at the local level.
📒Philosophy Of Population Health ✍ Sean A Valles
✏Philosophy of Population Health Book Summary : Population health has recently grown from a series of loosely connected critiques of twentieth-century public health and medicine into a theoretical framework with a corresponding field of research—population health science. Its approach is to promote the public’s health through improving everyday human life: afford-able nutritious food, clean air, safe places where children can play, living wages, etc. It recognizes that addressing contemporary health challenges such as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes will take much more than good hospitals and public health departments. Blending philosophy of science/medicine, public health ethics and history, this book offers a framework that explains, analyses and largely endorses the features that define this relatively new field. Presenting a philosophical perspective, Valles helps to clarify what these features are and why they matter, including: searching for health’s "upstream" causes in social life, embracing a professional commitment to studying and ameliorating the staggering health inequities in and between populations; and reforming scientific practices to foster humility and respect among the many scientists and non- scientists who must work collaboratively to promote health. Featuring illustrative case studies from around the globe at the end of all main chapters, this radical monograph is written to be accessible to all scholars and advanced students who have an interest in health—from public health students to professional philosophers.
📒Child Health In America ✍ Judith Palfrey
✏Child Health in America Book Summary : "Dr. Palfrey presents a well-designed articulate description of the political climate surrounding pediatric health care..." Bryan R. Fine, MD, MPH, JAMA
📒Why Are Some People Healthy And Others Not ✍ Robert G. Evans
✏Why are Some People Healthy and Others Not Book Summary : Each topical chapter in this volume crystallizes the findings of a five-year study, under the auspices of the Population Health Program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, that probed the links between social hierarchy, the âmacroenvironmentalâ factors in illness patterns, the quality of the âmicroenvironmental,â and other determinants of health. In its aggregate, this volume will prove essential to an understanding of the underlying public health issues for the next several decades.
📒Introduction To Health Care Services Foundations And Challenges ✍ Bernard J. Healey
✏Introduction to Health Care Services Foundations and Challenges Book Summary : A comprehensive guide to the structure, synergy, and challengesin U.S. health care delivery Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges offers new insights into the most important sectorsof the United States' health care industry and the many challengesthe future holds. Designed to provide a comprehensive andup-to-date understanding of the system, this textbook covers themany facets of health care delivery and details the interaction ofhealth, environments, organizations, populations, and the healthprofessions. Written by authors with decades of experience teachingand working in health care administration and management, the bookexamines the current state and changing face of health caredelivery in the United States. Each chapter includes learningobjectives and discussion questions that help guide and engagedeeper consideration of the issues at hand, providing acomprehensive approach for students. Cases studies demonstratinginnovations in the delivery of health care services are alsopresented. Health care administration requires a thorough understanding ofthe multiple systems that define and shape the delivery of healthcare in the United States. At the same time, it is important forstudents to gain an appreciation of the dilemma confronting policymakers, providers, and patients in the struggle to balance cost,quality, and access. Introduction to Health Care Services:Foundations and Challenges is an in-depth examination of themajor health care issues and policy changes that have had an impacton the U.S. health care delivery system. Includes information on U.S. health care delivery, from care tocost, and the forces of change Focuses on major industry players, including providers,insurers, and facilities Highlights challenges facing health care delivery in thefuture, including physician shortages, quality care, and thechronic disease epidemic The U.S. health care system is undergoing major reform, and theeffects will ripple across every sector of the industry.Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges gives students a complete introduction tounderstanding the issues and ramifications.