Plant Small Rna

📒Plant Small Rna ✍ Praveen Guleria

Plant Small Rna Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Small RNA
✏Author : Praveen Guleria
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-02
✏Pages : 660
✏ISBN : 012817112X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Small RNA Book Summary : Plant Small RNA: Biogenesis, Regulation and Application describes the biosynthesis of small RNA in plant systems. With an emphasis on the various molecular mechanisms affected by small RNA and their applications in supporting plant growth and survival, this books presents the basics and most recent advancements in small RNA mediated plant genomics, metabolomics, proteomics and physiology. In addition, it emphasizes the various molecular mechanisms affected by small RNA and their applications in supporting plant growth and survival. Final sections cover the most recent advancements in small RNA mediated plant genomics, metabolomics, proteomics and physiology. Presents foundational information about small RNA biology and regulation in plants Includes small RNA pathway advances Describes the application and scope of small RNA technology for agricultural stability

Bioinformatics Tools To Classify And Characterize Plant Small Rnas Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioinformatics Tools to Classify and Characterize Plant Small RNAs
✏Author : Reza Hammond
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages : 140
✏ISBN : 1687974853
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioinformatics Tools to Classify and Characterize Plant Small RNAs Book Summary : Small RNAs (sRNAs) in plants are a highly abundant class of noncoding RNAs that regulate silencing processes, mostly on the basis of sequence complementarity. There are several classes of small RNA that differ in both their biogenesis and mode of silencing. With the advent of next generation sequencing technologies, sRNA presence can be quantified at a relatively low cost and in a short amount of time. Due to the large amount of data however, there are many challenges associated with the classification of individual sRNAs in these datasets. It is for this reason that I have developed several tools to assist in the classification of sRNAs. The first of these tools is miRador, a novel micro RNA (miRNA) prediction tool that I designed to predict miRNAs from a set of sRNA libraries. This tool utilizes a newly established set of criteria for annotating plant miRNAs which enable it to predict miRNAs with a high level of accuracy. sPARTA is a miRNA target prediction and validation tool which utilizes Parallel Analysis of RNA Ends (PARE) sequencing libraries to validate target cleavage facilitated by a miRNA. Utilizing sPARTA in conjunction with miRador allows for the prediction and validation of novel miRNAs for a variety of plant species. In this dissertation, I utilize this pipeline on maize sRNA data to predict four novel miRNAs. I also present a clustering script that makes use of the Meyers Lab database systems to quickly cluster a variety of sequencing data. Using this approach, I attempted to characterize 24-nt phasiRNA producing loci for two separate projects, presented as case studies. In the first case study, we identify that 24-nt phasiRNAs in maize may be required for robust fertility at higher growth temperatures. In the second case study, we identify that asparagus generates inverted repeat-derived phasiRNAs from mRNAs lacking a miR2275 target site. Taken together, these tools improve scientists ability to characterize various classes of small RNAs, and their effects on their encoding genomes.

📒Plant Genomes ✍ Jean-Nicolas Volff

Plant Genomes Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Genomes
✏Author : Jean-Nicolas Volff
✏Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
✏Release Date : 2008-01-01
✏Pages : 145
✏ISBN : 9783805584913
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Genomes Book Summary : Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes.This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.

📒Non Coding Rnas In Plants ✍ Volker A. Erdmann

Non Coding Rnas In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non Coding RNAs in Plants
✏Author : Volker A. Erdmann
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-07-20
✏Pages : 510
✏ISBN : 3642194540
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non Coding RNAs in Plants Book Summary : In the most recent years, each of the RNA silencing pathways of plants have appeared to generate ncRNAs with dedicated functions, specialized biological activities and specific functional scopes. RNA silencing plays a crucial role in coordinating the expression, stability, protection and inheritance of eukaryotic genomes. It compromises several mechanisms, that invariably depend on core small non coding RNAs and that achieve dedicated sequence-specific functions. RNA silencing has been recognized to carry critical developmental, stress-response and bodyguard functions be coordinating the expression, protection, stability and inheritance of virtually all eukaryotic genomes. Thus, the ncRNAs encompass a wide set of mechanisms that achieve specialized functions.

Regulation Of Gene Expression By Small Rnas Book PDF
✏Book Title : Regulation of Gene Expression by Small RNAs
✏Author : Rajesh K. Gaur
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2009-04-27
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : 9781420008708
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Regulation of Gene Expression by Small RNAs Book Summary : New Findings Revolutionize Concepts of Gene FunctionEndogenous small RNAs have been found in various organisms, including humans, mice, flies, worms, fungi, and bacteria. Furthermore, it's been shown that microRNAs acting as cellular rheostats have the ability to modulate gene expression. In higher eukaryotes, microRNAs may regulate as much as 50 p

Plant Genome Diversity Volume 1 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Genome Diversity Volume 1
✏Author : Jonathan Wendel
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-03-23
✏Pages : 282
✏ISBN : 9783709111307
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Genome Diversity Volume 1 Book Summary : In this timely new 2-volume treatise, experts from around the world have banded together to produce a first-of-its-kind synopsis of the exciting and fast moving field of plant evolutionary genomics. In Volume I of Plant Genome Diversity, an update is provided on what we have learned from plant genome sequencing projects. This is followed by more focused chapters on the various genomic “residents” of plant genomes, including transposable elements, centromeres, small RNAs, and the evolutionary dynamics of genes and non-coding sequences. Attention is drawn to advances in our understanding of plant mitochondrial and plastid genomes, as well as the significance of duplication in genic evolution and the non-independent evolution among sequences in plant genomes. Finally, Volume I provides an introduction to the vibrant new frontier of plant epigenomics, describing the current state of our knowledge and the evolutionary implications of the epigenomic landscape.

📒The Role Of Micrornas In Plants ✍ Anthony A. Millar

The Role Of Micrornas In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Role of MicroRNAs in Plants
✏Author : Anthony A. Millar
✏Publisher : MDPI
✏Release Date : 2020-05-27
✏Pages : 174
✏ISBN : 9783039287307
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Role of MicroRNAs in Plants Book Summary : Discovered in plants at the turn of the century, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to be fundamental to many aspects of plant biology. These small (20–24 nt) regulatory RNAs are derived via processing from longer imperfect double-stranded RNAs. They are then incorporated into silencing complexes, which they guide to (m)RNAs of high sequence complementarity, resulting in gene silencing outcomes, either via RNA degradation and/or translational inhibition. Some miRNAs are ancient, being present in all species of land plants and controlling fundamental processes such as phase change, organ polarity, flowering, and leaf and root development. However, there are many more miRNAs that are much less conserved and with less understood functions. This Special Issue contains seven research papers that span from understanding the function of a single miRNA family to examining how the miRNA profiles alter during abiotic stress or nutrient deficiency. The possibility of circular RNAs in plants acting as miRNA decoys to inhibit miRNA function is investigated, as was the hierarchical roles of miRNA biogenesis factors in the maintenance of phosphate homeostasis. Three reviews cover the potential of miRNAs for agronomic improvement of maize, the role of miRNA-triggered secondary small RNAs in plants, and the potential function of an ancient plant miRNA.

Rna Based Technologies For Functional Genomics In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : RNA Based Technologies For Functional Genomics in Plants
✏Author : Guiliang Tang
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2021-05-13
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 3030649938
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏RNA Based Technologies For Functional Genomics in Plants Book Summary : This book offers a unique and comprehensive overview of key RNA-based technologies, as well as their development and applications for the functional genomics of plant coding and non-coding genes. It focuses on the latest as well as classical RNA-based techniques used for studies on small RNAs, long non-coding RNAs and protein-coding genes. These techniques chiefly focus on target mimics (TMs) and short tandem target mimics (STTMs) for small RNAs, and artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs), RNA interference (RNAi) and CRISPR/Cas for genes. Furthermore, the book discusses the latest trends in the field and various modifications of the above-mentioned approaches, and explores how these RNA-based technologies have been developed, applied and validated as essential technologies in plant functional genomics. RNA-based technologies, their mechanisms of action, their advantages and disadvantages, and insights into the further development and applications of these technologies in plants are discussed. These techniques will enable the users to functionally characterize genes and small RNAs through silencing, overexpression and editing. Gathering contributions by globally respected experts, the book will appeal to students, teachers and scientists in academia and industry who are interested in horticulture, genetics, pathology, entomology, physiology, molecular genetics and breeding, in vitro culture & genetic engineering, and functional genomics.

📒Plant Systems Biology ✍ Sacha Baginsky

Plant Systems Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Systems Biology
✏Author : Sacha Baginsky
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-06-25
✏Pages : 358
✏ISBN : 9783764374396
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Systems Biology Book Summary : This volume aims to provide a timely view of the state-of-the-art in systems biology. The editors take the opportunity to define systems biology as they and the contributing authors see it, and this will lay the groundwork for future studies. The volume is well-suited to both students and researchers interested in the methods of systems biology. Although the focus is on plant systems biology, the proposed material could be suitably applied to any organism.

Supervised Machine Learning For Small Rna Informatics And Big Data Analytics In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Supervised Machine Learning for Small RNA Informatics and Big Data Analytics in Plants
✏Author : Parth Patel
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages : 188
✏ISBN : 1392010446
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Supervised Machine Learning for Small RNA Informatics and Big Data Analytics in Plants Book Summary : My dissertation work focused on (1) the development of supervised machine learning approaches for plant small RNAs (i.e., microRNAs (miRNAs) and their secondary siRNA products, and heterochromatic siRNAs (hc-siRNAs)), and (2) the application of these data analytics tools to analyze next-generation sequencing (NGS) data of increasing size and complexity, bordering on 'big data'. Male germline associated 21- and 24-nt phased siRNAs (reproductive phasiRNAs) are highly enriched and numerous in the Poaceae (grasses) and crucial for reproductive tissue development and success. Little is known about the characteristics and functions of reproductive phasiRNAs in the grasses despite significant genomic resources, experimental data, and a growing set of computational tools. Given the important role grasses such as maize and rice play as a prime food-source in many countries and as influential factors in the global economy, a deeper understanding about their characteristics, possible targets and functions, and biogenesis is required. I present a new machine learning based approach for in-depth characterization of phasiRNAs, demonstrating highly informative sequence-based and positional features, strand specificity, and position-specific nucleotide biases potentially influencing AGO sorting. One major goal of my work was to utilize these tools as well as several other co-published tools to assess the landscape of sRNAs, including phasiRNAs and miRNAs (especially miR2118 and miR2275, triggers of reproductive phasiRNAs) in diverse 41 angiosperm species (38 monocot species, including families from the Acorales and Arecales to the Zingiberales) dating back to at least 200 million years ago. I demonstrate the origins and conservation of miR2118 and miR2275 across the monocot species and show that 21- and 24-PHAS loci (the sources of reproductive phasiRNAs) are particularly numerous and abundant in the inflorescence tissues of the grasses. I show that in silico trigger identification indicates diverse mechanisms for the production of 21- and 24-nt phasiRNAs. I conclude that the prevalence of reproductive phasiRNAs in the flowering plants beyond the grasses shows their broad roles and importance in plant reproductive tissue development.

📒Plant Gene Silencing ✍ Tamas Dalmay

Plant Gene Silencing Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Gene Silencing
✏Author : Tamas Dalmay
✏Publisher : CABI
✏Release Date : 2017-05-29
✏Pages : 223
✏ISBN : 9781780647678
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Gene Silencing Book Summary : Plant gene silencing is a crucially important phenomenon in gene expression and epigenetics. This book describes the way small RNA is produced and acts to silence genes, its likely origins in defence against viruses, and also its potential to improve plants. Plant gene silencing can be used to improve industrial traits, make plants more nutritious or more valuable to consumers, to remove allergens, and to improve resistance to weeds and pathogens.

Micrornas In Plant Development And Stress Responses Book PDF
✏Book Title : MicroRNAs in Plant Development and Stress Responses
✏Author : Ramanjulu Sunkar
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-02-21
✏Pages : 296
✏ISBN : 9783642273841
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏MicroRNAs in Plant Development and Stress Responses Book Summary : Precise regulation of gene expression in both time and space is vital to plant growth, development and adaptation to biotic and abiotic stress conditions. This is achieved by multiple mechanisms, with perhaps the most important control being exerted at the level of transcription. However, with the recent discovery of microRNAs another ubiquitous mode of gene regulation that occurs at the post-transcriptional level has been identified. MicroRNAs can silence gene expression by targeting complementary or partially complementary mRNAs for degradation or translational inhibition. Recent studies have revealed that microRNAs play fundamental roles in plant growth and development, as well as in adaptation to biotic and abiotic stresses. This book highlights the roles of individual miRNAs that control and regulate diverse aspects of plant processes.

Genetics And Genomics Of Rice Book PDF
✏Book Title : Genetics and Genomics of Rice
✏Author : Qifa Zhang
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-08-21
✏Pages : 402
✏ISBN : 9781461479031
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Genetics and Genomics of Rice Book Summary : This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the advances in genetics and genomics research on rice. The chapters feature the latest developments in rice research and cover such topics as the tools and resources for the functional analysis of rice genes, the identification of useful genes for rice improvement, the present understanding of rice development and biological processes, and the application of this present understanding towards rice improvement. The volume also features a perspective on synthesis and prospects, laying the groundwork for future advances in rice genetics and genomics. Written by authorities in the field, Genetics and Genomics of Rice will serve as an invaluable reference for rice researchers for years to come.

Function And Maintenance Of Trans Species Small Rnas In The Cuscuta Genus Of Parasitic Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Function and Maintenance of Trans species Small RNAs in the Cuscuta Genus of Parasitic Plants
✏Author : Nathan Johnson
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1139667351
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Function and Maintenance of Trans species Small RNAs in the Cuscuta Genus of Parasitic Plants Book Summary : Regulatory small RNAs are important components involved in the regulation of many cellular processes in eukaryotes. Typically 20-24 nucleotides in length, small RNAs can repress gene expression through directed degradation of messenger RNA or through the recruitment/maintenance of repressive chromatin marks in the genome. In plants, large-scale annotations of small RNAs have languished despite the definition of several common classes (microRNAs, secondary siRNAs, heterochromatic siRNAs). ShortStack, a tool developed for the alignment and annotation of small RNAs from high-throughput sequencing reads has made large advancements in this process. The alignment step in small RNA analysis represents a particular challenge. In this step, reads are aligned to the genome based on sequence identity, however large proportions of small RNA sequencing reads (>50%) are known to map ambiguously to multiple places in the genome. This motivated the improvement of algorithms for the placement of these reads. Utilizing the density of unambiguously aligned reads in vicinity as a guiding principle, ShortStack chooses a place for ambiguously mapping reads in the genome. With both simulated and real datasets, this method greatly increases alignment precision for a modest reduction in sensitivity, compared to widely-used alternatives. It also improves the approximation of small RNA locus expression miRNAs. This tool was tested with small-RNA-sequencing libraries from three different plants, showing its superior performance with varied input. Through this improved algorithm, alignments and resulting annotations have minimized false positive rates, improving their quality and enhancing the results obtained from small-RNA-sequencing experiments. Species-species interactions are of a particular interest for small RNA research. Work on fungal and oomycete pathogens of plants show that small RNAs are able to regulate gene expression in trans-species manner. Recently, the parasitic plant genus Cuscuta has been a focus in this context, as it has been shown that bi-directional movement of biomolecules readily occurs in its interaction with hosts. Small-RNA-sequencing of Cuscuta campestris parasitizing the host Arabidopsis thaliana showed that numerous small RNAs are highly expressed in the host-parasite interface. Many of these were shown to be microRNAs and indeed target messenger RNAs originating from the host. These trans-species microRNAs were expressed similarly when parasitizing different hosts, but lack of expression on non-living hosts, hinting that a host-based trigger might be required. Secondary siRNAs resulting from targeting by these microRNAs are produced using protein machinery from the host, shown through their loss on mutant host plants. This implies processing takes place inside the host tissue. However, loss of secondary siRNAs did not measurably affect the growth of the parasite. Growing the parasite on hosts with loss of function mutations in targets of trans-species microRNAs showed enhanced growth for several targets, indicating their importance in host defense. These data broaden the picture of how small RNAs can be used in species interactions, making the case that this process may be used to enhance parasitic success. It is not clear how trans-species microRNAs from C. campestris are able to maintain targeting of host messenger RNAs in the light of adaptive pressures. To investigate this, small RNAs from host-parasite interactions in three more Cuscuta species were sequenced, including several different isolates within species. Many small RNAs were found to be highly expressed in the host-parasite interface. Targeting of host messenger RNAs was confirmed for several small RNAs in all species and isolates, indicating that the mechanism of trans-species small RNAs may be present throughout Cuscuta. Grouping distantly similar small RNAs based on sequence shows superfamilies that are retained between species groups. This analysis shows that several similar small RNAs are produced in a single species or isolate, accounting for variation in the target sites among possible hosts. This may also be used as a way to target numerous homologous messenger RNAs in a single host, regulating entire gene families. This provides a mechanism by which Cuscuta can ensure targeting despite any selection in the host to invalidate targeting. This discovery is a major expansion of the scope of trans-species small RNAs in plants and hints that this process may be widespread in nature.

Issues In Life Sciences Botany And Plant Biology Research 2012 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2012 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2013-01-10
✏Pages : 996
✏ISBN : 9781481645386
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2012 Edition Book Summary : Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Plant Nutrition and Soil Science in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

📒Small Rnas ✍ Wolfgang Nellen

Small Rnas  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Small RNAs
✏Author : Wolfgang Nellen
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 219
✏ISBN : 9783540281290
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Small RNAs Book Summary : In recent years Molecular Biology has experienced an unprecedented revolution by the discovery of functional small RNAs. The number of cellular processes in which non-coding RNAs are involved is growing rapidly and include gene regulation on the transcriptional, post-transcriptional and translational level. To complicate matters, these processes seem to be strongly interconnected on the one hand, and diverse among different organisms on the other. This volume describes strategies for the discovery and validation of small RNAs and provides a snapshot of our current understanding of the different mechanisms triggered by small RNAs.

Investigating The Role Of Small Rnas In Plant Bacterial Interactions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Investigating the Role of Small RNAs in Plant bacterial Interactions
✏Author : Yifan Eve Lii
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 148
✏ISBN : 1369300182
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Investigating the Role of Small RNAs in Plant bacterial Interactions Book Summary : Small RNAs are named for their small (20-24 nucleotide) size, but the impact of their function on nearly all organisms, including animals, plants, and fungi, is profound. Many studies have shown that these non-coding RNAs regulate gene expression by silencing genes during plant pathogen infection and determine the outcome--host survival or eventual death. In this dissertation, I present my studies investigating the role of small RNAs in the interactions between the plant Arabidopsis thaliana and the hemibiotrophic bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Chapter 1 is an introduction to this dissertation and broadly covers relevant topics such as the plant immune system, small RNA biogenesis, the role of small RNAs in plant bacterial resistance, RNA-directed DNA methylation, and the role of DNA methylation in plant bacterial resistance. Chapter 2 is a reprint of our publication titled "miRNA863-3p sequentially targets negative immune regulator ARLPKs and positive regulator SERRATE upon bacterial infection". We discovered that miRNA863-3p is highly induced by Pseuduomonas syringae pv. tomato containing effector gene avrRpt2, and it sequentially targets ARLPKs, which are receptor-like psuedokinases that have negative roles in plant defense, and SERRATE, which has a positive role in defense and a known role in miRNA biogenesis. Chapter 3 is a report on our finding that the pol IV mutant exhibits enhanced resistance to bacterial infection, but cannot be primed for systemic acquired resistance (SAR) with Psuedomonas syrginae pv. maculicoli (Psm), and whole genome bisulfite sequencing and further analysis revealed that SCR-LIKE 5 (SCRL5) has increased DNA methylation and decreased relative expression after wild-type plants are pre-treated with Psm, but this change in methylation and gene expression is not seen in pol IV. Furthermore, SCRL5 is upregulated in local infections with P. syringae pv. tomato, suggesting that it may have a complex role in local and systemic defense. Lastly, Chapter 4 is a report of a forward chemical genetics screen conducted using "Library of AcTive Compounds on Arabidopsis to find small molecules that perturb a nat-siRNA pathway. We identified 11 small molecules possibly targeting this pathway that can be used for further testing.

Regulation Of Gene Expression In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Regulation of Gene Expression in Plants
✏Author : Carole L. Bassett
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-02-15
✏Pages : 196
✏ISBN : 9780387356402
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Regulation of Gene Expression in Plants Book Summary : This book presents some of the most recent, novel and fascinating examples of transcriptional and posttranscriptional control of gene expression in plants and, where appropriate, provides comparison to notable examples of animal gene regulation.

Molecular Approaches In Plant Abiotic Stress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Approaches in Plant Abiotic Stress
✏Author : Rajarshi Kumar Gaur
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2013-11-25
✏Pages : 430
✏ISBN : 9781466588943
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Approaches in Plant Abiotic Stress Book Summary : Plants under abiotic stress are those suffering from drought, extreme temperatures, flood and other natural-but non-living-factors. Abiotic stress is responsible for reduced yields in several major crops, and climate change is focusing research in this area. To minimize cellular damage cause by such stresses, plants have evolved complex, well-coord

Multiplication Of Rna Plant Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Multiplication of RNA Plant Viruses
✏Author : Chundi L. Mandahar
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006-09-05
✏Pages : 339
✏ISBN : 9781402047251
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Multiplication of RNA Plant Viruses Book Summary : Biochemical studies on plant virus RNA replication have advanced considerably since 2000, primarily because of new genetic, molecular, biochemical, and enzymatic studies. This book generates understanding of multiplication of plus-sense RNA plant viruses, especially at molecular level. Certain virus-encoded essential proteins, nucleotide sequence motifs, and RNA secondary structures are central to virus RNA replication, which has a number of stages. Each is a complex phenomenon requiring specific factors and conditions.

Legumes Under Environmental Stress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Legumes under Environmental Stress
✏Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-12-01
✏Pages : 328
✏ISBN : 9781118917114
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Legumes under Environmental Stress Book Summary : Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

The Regulation Of Dna Replication And Transcription Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Regulation of DNA Replication and Transcription
✏Author : Mirko Beljanski, PhD
✏Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
✏Release Date : 2013-03-26
✏Pages : 160
✏ISBN : 9781617051821
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Regulation of DNA Replication and Transcription Book Summary : The Regulation of DNA Replication and Transcription explores basic processes of DNA replication and transcription in an effort to identify the mechanisms responsible for the release of genetic information and its role in the regulation of cellular events. Concerned with discovering the fundamental concept that might integrate and explain the wide range of existing lines of evidence, the author reports and interprets the results of experiments conducted in an impressive range of biological systems. Focused on complex mechanisms at the biochemical level, these studies allow analysis of the pathways involved when cells, organs and animal systems react to various trigger molecules derived from both living cells and exogenous sources. These include hormones, RNA, RNA fragments, alkaloids, actinomycin D, and phorbol esters, as well as chemical carcinogens and drugs. Comnining the results of these studies with his own extensive work in this field, the author is able to formulate a uniquely integrative biochemical model for the gene expression, demonstrating that both biological and chemically synthesized molecules can trigger the differential release of information from the DNA and thus influence cell transformation. Apart from its academic significance, the model offers high potential assistance in the search for ways to induce or control the expression of certain genes and, moreover, to promote differentiation of given cells in vitro as well as in situ.

Plant Transposons And Genome Dynamics In Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution
✏Author : Nina V. Fedoroff
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-01-16
✏Pages : 232
✏ISBN : 9781118500101
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution Book Summary : The transposable genetic elements, or transposons, as they are now known, have had a tumultuous history. Discovered in the mid-20th century by Barbara McClintock, they were initially received with puzzlement. When their genomic abundance began to be apparent, they were categorized as "junk DNA" and acquired the label of parasites. Expanding understanding of gene and genome organization has revealed the profound extent of their impact on both. Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution captures and distills the voluminous research literature on plant transposable elements and seeks to assemble the big picture of how transposons shape gene structure and regulation, as well as how they sculpt genomes in evolution. Individual chapters provide concise overviews of the many flavors of plant transposons and of their roles in gene creation, gene regulation, development, genome evolution, and organismal speciation, as well as of their epigenetic regulation. This volume is essential reading for anyone working in plant genetics, epigenetics, or evolutionary biology.

📒Understanding Viruses ✍ Teri Shors

Understanding Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Understanding Viruses
✏Author : Teri Shors
✏Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 639
✏ISBN : 0763729329
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Understanding Viruses Book Summary : "Combining the molecular, clinical, and historical aspects of virology, Understanding Viruses is a textbook for the modern undergraduate virology course. The text provides an introduction to human viral diseases. Additional chapters on viral diseases of animals; the history of clinical trials, gene therapy, and xenotransplantation; prions and viroids; plant viruses; and bacteriophages add to the coverage."--Jacket.

📒Rna Interference ✍ Dr. Tim Doran

Rna Interference Book PDF
✏Book Title : RNA Interference
✏Author : Dr. Tim Doran
✏Publisher : CABI
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 257
✏ISBN : 9781845934101
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏RNA Interference Book Summary : This methods manual provides an introduction to RNA interference, the theory behind its many applications, and specific protocols for RNAi, in organisms from plants and C.elegans to Drosophila and mammals. There are also chapters covering small hairpin RNAs and viral-induced gene silencing.

📒Matthews Plant Virology ✍ Richard Ellis Ford Matthews

Matthews Plant Virology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Matthews Plant Virology
✏Author : Richard Ellis Ford Matthews
✏Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 1001
✏ISBN : 0123611601
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Matthews Plant Virology Book Summary : It has been ten years since the publication of the third edition of this seminal text on plant virology, during which there has been an explosion of conceptual and factual advances. The fourth edition updates and revises many details of the previous editon, while retaining the important older results that constitute the field's conceptual foundation. Key features of the fourth edition include: * Thumbnail sketches of each genera and family groups * Genome maps of all genera for which they are known * Genetic engineered resistance strategies for virus disease control * Latest understanding of virus interactions with plants, including gene silencing * Interactions between viruses and insect, fungal, and nematode vectors * New plate section containing over 50 full-color illustrations

📒Plant Virology ✍ Roger Hull

Plant Virology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Virology
✏Author : Roger Hull
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2001-10-03
✏Pages : 1056
✏ISBN : 0080535992
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Virology Book Summary : It has been ten years since the publication of the third edition of this seminal text on plant virology, during which there has been an explosion of conceptual and factual advances. The fourth edition updates and revises many details of the previous editon, while retaining the important older results that constitute the field's conceptual foundation. Key features of the fourth edition include: * Thumbnail sketches of each genera and family groups * Genome maps of all genera for which they are known * Genetic engineered resistance strategies for virus disease control * Latest understanding of virus interactions with plants, including gene silencing * Interactions between viruses and insect, fungal, and nematode vectors * New plate section containing over 50 full-color illustrations

📒Molecular Markers In Plants ✍ Robert J. Henry

Molecular Markers In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Markers in Plants
✏Author : Robert J. Henry
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2012-09-27
✏Pages : 216
✏ISBN : 9781118472996
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Markers in Plants Book Summary : Molecular Markers in Plants surveys an array of technologies used in the molecular analysis of plants. The role molecular markers play in plant improvement has grown significantly as DNA sequencing and high-throughput technologies have matured. This timely review of technologies and techniques will provide readers with a useful resource on the latest molecular technologies. Molecular Markers in Plants not only reviews past achievements, but also catalogs recent advances and looks forward towards the future application of molecular technologies in plant improvement. Opening chapters look at the development of molecular technologies. Subsequent chapters look at a wide range of applications for the use of these advances in fields as diverse as plant breeding, production, biosecurity, and conservation. The final chapters look forward toward future developments in the field. Looking broadly at the field of molecular technologies, Molecular Markers in Plants will be an essential addition to the library of every researcher, institution, and company working in the field of plant improvement.

One Carbon Group Transferases Advances In Research And Application 2012 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : One Carbon Group Transferases Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2012-12-26
✏Pages : 314
✏ISBN : 9781464995255
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏One Carbon Group Transferases Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition Book Summary : One-Carbon Group Transferases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about One-Carbon Group Transferases. The editors have built One-Carbon Group Transferases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about One-Carbon Group Transferases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of One-Carbon Group Transferases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Handbook Of Chemical And Biological Plant Analytical Methods 3 Volume Set Book PDF
✏Book Title : Handbook of Chemical and Biological Plant Analytical Methods 3 Volume Set
✏Author : Shilin Chen
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-07-15
✏Pages : 1176
✏ISBN : 9781118874981
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Handbook of Chemical and Biological Plant Analytical Methods 3 Volume Set Book Summary : Plants and plant-derived compounds and drugs are becoming moreand more popular with increasing numbers of scientists researchingplant analysis. The quality control of herbal drugs is alsobecoming essential to avoid severe health problems, and in thefuture many more new drugs will be developed from plantsources. This three-volume Handbook, featuring 47 detailed review articles,is unique as it deals with chemical and biological methodologiesfor plant analysis. It presents the most important and mostaccurate methods which are available for plant analysis. This comprehensive work is divided into six sections asfollows: Sample preparation and identification – discussingplant selection and collection, followed by extraction and samplepreparation methodologies. Extraction and sample preparation methodologies Instrumentation for chemical analysis - severalinstrumentations for chemical plant analysis are presented with anemphasis on hyphenated techniques, e.g. the coupling between HPLCand mass spectroscometry, and HPLC with NMR. Strategies for selective classes of compounds –coverage of the most interesting classes of compounds such aspolysaccharides, saponins, cardiotonic glycosides, alkaloids,terpenoids, lipids, volatile compounds and polyphenols (flavonoids, xanthones, coumarins, naphthoquinones, anthraquinones,proanthocyanidins, etc.). Biological Analysis - includes phenotyping, DNA barcodingtechniques, transcriptome analysis , microarray, metabolomics andproteomics. Drugs from Plants – covers the screening of plantextracts and strategies for the quick discovery of novelbioactive natural products. Safety assessment of herbal drugs ishighly dependent on outstanding chromatographic and spectroscopicmethods which are also featured here. This Handbook introduces to scientists involved in plant studiesthe current knowledge of methodologies in various fields ofchemically- and biochemically-related topics in plantresearch. The content from this Handbook will publish online within theEncyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry via Wiley Online Library: ahref="http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eac"http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eac/a Benefit from the introductory offer, valid until 30 November2014! Introductory price: £425.00 / $695.00 /€550.00 List price thereafter: £495.00 / $795.00 / €640.00