Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems

Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems
✏Author : Tamer Khatib
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-11-23
✏Pages : 310
✏ISBN : 9780128227404
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems Book Summary : Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems: Concept, Design and Methods of Optimization looks at the potential of effectively designed PVPS and how they can be commercially efficient and economically competitive to grid connected or diesel generator (DG) based pumping systems. The low energy conversion efficiency of PV modules, nonlinearity of PV module/array I-V characteristics and the unique maximum power operation point are major challenges of this technology, this book provides readers with design and optimization methods, codes and critical analysis of the recent developments in PV pumping systems. Focusing on system feasibility and suitable applications with design procedures, this reference presents a critical analysis of PVPS field performance, modeling and control strategies using artificial intelligence techniques. A suitable text for researchers, engineers and graduate students who are working in the field of photovoltaics and pumping and systems. Uses open source Matlab codes for PV pumping system optimization Provides global cases studies and design examples for comparison Includes a data source sheet for proposed systems for successful implementation methods

Sizing And Modelling Of Stand Alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping System For Irrigation Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sizing and Modelling of Stand alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping System for Irrigation
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1053699817
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sizing and Modelling of Stand alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping System for Irrigation Book Summary : The aim of this study is to calculate the size of the stand-alone solar photovoltaic generator and water pumping system for irrigation. In addition solar photovoltaic generator connects voltage source inverter to vector controlled induction motor-pump system. Perturb and observe method is used for harvesting maximum power of photovoltaic generator. The smooth-starting of motor-pump drive is achieved through the maximum power point tracking method. The operational performance of the solar-water-pump system is kept at 60 m head and supply daily average 35,000 L/day. In this paper result is validated by the comparison fuzzy logic controller and proportional-integral controller, driven by solar-motor-pump system. The results confirmed that fuzzy logic controller based pumping system gives more accurate results as compared to proportional-integral controller based motor-pump system. The fuzzy logic controller increases the accuracy and efficiency of the solar-water-pump system.

Design And Simulation Of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Book PDF
✏Book Title : Design and Simulation of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System
✏Author : Akihiro Oi
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 206
✏ISBN : OCLC:63171791
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Design and Simulation of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Book Summary : A study of a simple but efficient photovoltaic water pumping system and the techniques to model it. The study also investigates the maximum power point tracker (MPPT), a power electronic device that increases system efficiency. Also presents MATLAB simulations of the system and comparisons to a system without MPPT.

Photovoltaic Water Pumping Applications Assessment Of The Near Term Market Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photovoltaic Water Pumping Applications Assessment of the Near term Market
✏Author : Louis Rosenblum
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1978
✏Pages : 24
✏ISBN : NASA:31769000543812
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photovoltaic Water Pumping Applications Assessment of the Near term Market Book Summary :

Performance Assessment Of Solar Agricultural Water Pumping System Book PDF
✏Book Title : Performance Assessment of Solar Agricultural Water Pumping System
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1052049414
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Performance Assessment of Solar Agricultural Water Pumping System Book Summary : Abstract: The solar photovoltaic based agricultural water pumping system is best suited technology for irrigation of farms. The generation of electrical power from Photovoltaic cell is mainly dependent on solar irradiations at respective times. The study reported in this paper deals with characteristic study of existing water pumping system based on solar photovoltaic power and conventional electrical power. Thin film Cd-Te solar panels were used to power 2HP existing water pump. The performance of solar powered water pump was as equal as pump powered by conventional one. The efficiency of solar based water pump is much higher than conventional power based water pump. The maximum flow rate obtained was 69 LPM against 65 LPM for conventional power method. MPPT was used to track best operating point of solar PV array. The outcomes of reported study are important making socio-economic impact on Indian agricultural sector.

Photovoltaic Water Pumping System In Niger Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Niger
✏Author : Madougou Saïdou Kaka
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1154284231
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Niger Book Summary : Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Niger.

📒Applied Photovoltaics ✍ Stuart R. Wenham

Applied Photovoltaics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Applied Photovoltaics
✏Author : Stuart R. Wenham
✏Publisher : Earthscan
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 323
✏ISBN : 9781844074013
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Applied Photovoltaics Book Summary : The rich tapestry of life on our planet is the outcome of over 3.5 billion years of evolutionary history, shaped by natural processes and, increasingly, by the influence of humans. Out of an estimated 13 million species, about 1.75 million have so far bee

📒Range Water Pumping Systems ✍ Dan W. McKenzie

Range Water Pumping Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Range Water Pumping Systems
✏Author : Dan W. McKenzie
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1985
✏Pages : 22
✏ISBN : MINN:31951D02067154D
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Range Water Pumping Systems Book Summary :

Specifications Of Photovoltaic Pumping Systems In Agriculture Book PDF
✏Book Title : Specifications of Photovoltaic Pumping Systems in Agriculture
✏Author : Imene Yahyaoui
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2016-11-05
✏Pages : 176
✏ISBN : 9780128123140
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Specifications of Photovoltaic Pumping Systems in Agriculture Book Summary : Specifications of Photovoltaic Pumping Systems in Agriculture: Sizing, Fuzzy Energy Management and Economic Sensitivity Analysis is the first book of its kind to discuss the physical installation and sizing of PV pumping systems, also providing a successful energy management operation and economic sensitivity analysis. In order to balance production with consumption, and to improve the lifetime of batteries, Imene Yahyaoui offers a complete study through sensitive analysis of system components and sizing algorithms, providing guidance for efficient energy conversion and management for off-grid systems. From this single source, readers will be equipped with all the necessary data they need to understand, plan, and implement cost reduced systems. Contains practical examples on how to optimize photovoltaic energy to pump water Presents case studies on both the physical installation and effective energy management of PV water pump systems Provides in-depth economic studies that justify optimization reliability

Sizing And Modelling Of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sizing and Modelling of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1051865791
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sizing and Modelling of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Book Summary : ABSTRACT: With the decline in price of the photovoltaics (PVs) their use as a power source for water pumping is the most attractive solution instead of using diesel generators or electric motors driven by a grid system. In this paper, a method to design a PV pumping system is presented and discussed, which is then used to calculate the required size of the PV for an existing farm. Furthermore, the amount of carbon dioxide emissions saved by the use of PV water pumping system instead of using diesel-fuelled generators or electrical motor connected to the grid network is calculated. In addition, an experimental set-up is developed for the PV water pumping system using both DC and AC motors with batteries. The experimental tests are used to validate the developed MATLAB model. This research work demonstrates that using the PV water pumping system is not only improving the living conditions in rural areas but it is also protecting the environment and can be a cost-effective application in remote locations.

Optimization Of Photovoltaic Power Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optimization of Photovoltaic Power Systems
✏Author : Djamila Rekioua
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-01-05
✏Pages : 284
✏ISBN : 9781447123484
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optimization of Photovoltaic Power Systems Book Summary : Photovoltaic generation is one of the cleanest forms of energy conversion available. One of the advantages offered by solar energy is its potential to provide sustainable electricity in areas not served by the conventional power grid. Optimisation of Photovoltaic Power Systems details explicit modelling, control and optimisation of the most popular stand-alone applications such as pumping, power supply, and desalination. Each section is concluded by an example using the MATLAB® and Simulink® packages to help the reader understand and evaluate the performance of different photovoltaic systems. Optimisation of Photovoltaic Power Systems provides engineers, graduate and postgraduate students with the means to understand, assess and develop their own photovoltaic systems. As such, it is an essential tool for all those wishing to specialise in stand-alone photovoltaic systems. Optimisation of Photovoltaic Power Systems aims to enable all researchers in the field of electrical engineering to thoroughly understand the concepts of photovoltaic systems; find solutions to their problems; and choose the appropriate mathematical model for optimising photovoltaic energy.

📒Applied Photovoltaics ✍ Richard Corkish

Applied Photovoltaics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Applied Photovoltaics
✏Author : Richard Corkish
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-09-05
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9781136571626
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Applied Photovoltaics Book Summary : A reliable, accessible and comprehensive guide for students of photovoltaic applications and renewable energy engineering. This thoroughly considered textbook from a group of leading influential and award-winning authors is brimming with information and is carefully designed to meet the needs of its readers. Along with exercises and references at the end of each chapter, the book features a set of detailed technical appendices that provide essential equations, data sources and standards. Starting from basics with 'The Characteristics of Sunlight' the reader is guided step-by-step through semiconductors and p-n junctions; the behaviour of solar cells; cell properties ad design; and PV cell interconnection and module fabrication. The book covers stand-alone photovoltaic systems; specific purpose photovoltaic systems; remote are power supply systems; and grid-connected photovoltaic systems. There is also a section on photovoltaic water pumping system components and design. Applied Photovolatics is well illustrated and readable with an abundance of diagrams and illustrations, and will provide the reader with all the information needed to start working with photovoltaics.

Anns Based Modeling And Prediction Of Hourly Flow Rate Of A Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Experimental Validation Book PDF
✏Book Title : ANNs based Modeling and Prediction of Hourly Flow Rate of a Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Experimental Validation
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1051416582
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏ANNs based Modeling and Prediction of Hourly Flow Rate of a Photovoltaic Water Pumping System Experimental Validation Book Summary : Abstract: Prediction of water flow rate in a photovoltaic water pumping system (PVWPS) is of high importance for investors who wish to achieve an efficient management of water demand in remote and desert areas. In this paper, different prediction methods based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have been investigated and compared. Data used to predict and estimate the hourly water flow rate have been acquired from an experimental PVWPS installed at Madinah site (Saudi Arabia). Results show that developed models can predict accurately the hourly flow rate based on measured hourly air temperature and solar irradiation, as input parameters. They can be used first to control the PVWPS by making a comparison between measured and predicted hourly flow rate, second to investigate the economic feasibility of the system to supply water in desert areas or isolated sites that have no access to an electric grid depending on water demand and finally fault detection based on the unexpectedly changing of delivered water amount. Operators can benefit from the proposed models. In fact, once their own PVWPS model is designed, they can predict its flow rate given the weather forecasts for the following day.

Optimum Selection Of Direct Coupled Photovoltaic Pumping System In Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optimum Selection of Direct coupled Photovoltaic Pumping System in Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems
✏Author : Abdulrahman Mohammed Al-Ibrahim
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages : 374
✏ISBN : WISC:89058882333
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optimum Selection of Direct coupled Photovoltaic Pumping System in Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems Book Summary :

A Method For Estimating The Long Term Performance Of Photovoltaic Pumping System Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Method for Estimating the Long term Performance of Photovoltaic Pumping System
✏Author : Qing Kou
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages : 314
✏ISBN : WISC:89058896762
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Method for Estimating the Long term Performance of Photovoltaic Pumping System Book Summary :

📒Waterpumping ✍ Michael G. Thomas

Waterpumping Book PDF
✏Book Title : Waterpumping
✏Author : Michael G. Thomas
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1993
✏Pages : 37
✏ISBN : OCLC:51349067
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Waterpumping Book Summary :

Multi Objective Analytical Model For Optimal Sizing Of Stand Alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Multi objective Analytical Model for Optimal Sizing of Stand alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1052042370
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Multi objective Analytical Model for Optimal Sizing of Stand alone Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems Book Summary : Highlights: An analytical optimal sizing model is proposed for PV water pumping systems. The objectives are chosen as deficiency of power supply and life-cycle costs. The crop water requirements are estimated for a citrus tree yard in Antalya. The optimal tilt angles are calculated for fixed, seasonal and monthly changes. The sizing results showed the validity of the proposed analytical model. Abstract: Stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) water pumping systems effectively use solar energy for irrigation purposes in remote areas. However the random variability and unpredictability of solar energy makes difficult the penetration of PV implementations and complicate the system design. An optimal sizing of these systems proves to be essential. This paper recommends a techno-economic optimization model to determine optimally the capacity of the components of PV water pumping system using a water storage tank. The proposed model is developed regarding the reliability and cost indicators, which are the deficiency of power supply probability and life-cycle costs, respectively. The novelty is that the proposed optimization model is analytically defined for two-objectives and it is able to find a compromise solution. The sizing of a stand-alone PV water pumping system comprises a detailed analysis of crop water requirements and optimal tilt angles. Besides the necessity of long solar radiation and temperature time series, the accurate forecasts of water supply needs have to be determined. The calculation of the optimal tilt angle for yearly, seasonally and monthly frequencies results in higher system efficiency. It is, therefore, suggested to change regularly the tilt angle in order to maximize solar energy output. The proposed optimal sizing model incorporates all these improvements and can accomplish a comprehensive optimization of PV water pumping systems. A case study is conducted considering the irrigation of citrus trees yard located in Antalya, Turkey. The proposed model is also compared with a computational method and it is shown that sizing results are technically and economically more suitable than computational algorithm according to the applications on a 5-yearly basis.

📒Solar Energy ✍ Garg & Prakash

Solar Energy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solar Energy
✏Author : Garg & Prakash
✏Publisher : Tata McGraw-Hill Education
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 434
✏ISBN : 0074636316
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solar Energy Book Summary :

📒Solar Pv Water Pumping ✍ Christopher Kinkaid

Solar Pv Water Pumping Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solar PV Water Pumping
✏Author : Christopher Kinkaid
✏Publisher : CreateSpace
✏Release Date : 2014-07-13
✏Pages : 84
✏ISBN : 1500445231
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solar PV Water Pumping Book Summary : Water pumping is a big job. Solar electric (PV) powered water pumps are the most effective way to pump your Deep Well, or shallow pond, river, lake or stream with high performance, reliability, and no fuel-costs. Is your Well, Pond, or Lake at a remote site? Solar electric photovoltaic (PV) panels, at historic low prices, lower costs and can be your water pumping solution. Water your livestock, irrigate your orchards, gardens, fields, or farmlands with this Easy Step-by-Step Guide complete with specific examples of water pumping equipment for different situations. Pump water from your well, or shallow surface source directly with Solar PV panels. Size your solar water pumping system with this Step-by-Step Guide to defining, and building your solar water pumping project. Solar water pumping systems include solar PV panels, a controller, and the Pump itself. The examples included in this book match the model pump, with the solar power supply required to produce a given average water production per day.

📒Solar Pumping For Water Supply ✍ ALBERTO. W. KIPRONO IBANEZ LLARIO (ASENATH.)

Solar Pumping For Water Supply Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solar Pumping for Water Supply
✏Author : ALBERTO. W. KIPRONO IBANEZ LLARIO (ASENATH.)
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2020-10-03
✏Pages : 268
✏ISBN : 1788530357
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solar Pumping for Water Supply Book Summary : Solar power for pumping groundwater has a vast potential for improving the sustainability of water supply schemes. However a lack of knowledge is holding back their adoption. This book bridges this gap to equip engineers and technicians with the knowledge for design, implementation and operation of sustainable solar powered water schemes.

The Conference Record Of The Eighteenth Ieee Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1985 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Conference Record of the Eighteenth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1985
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1985
✏Pages : 1761
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822002663029
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Conference Record of the Eighteenth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1985 Book Summary :

The Conference Record Of The Thirteenth Ieee Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1978 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Conference Record of the Thirteenth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1978
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1978
✏Pages : 1346
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822011163797
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Conference Record of the Thirteenth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference 1978 Book Summary :

Maximum Power Point Tracker Mppt Based Photovoltaic Pv Water Pumping System Using Ac And Dc Motors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Maximum Power Point Tracker MPPT Based Photovoltaic PV Water Pumping System Using AC and DC Motors
✏Author : Rehan Jamil
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2014-07-02
✏Pages : 120
✏ISBN : 3656684073
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Maximum Power Point Tracker MPPT Based Photovoltaic PV Water Pumping System Using AC and DC Motors Book Summary :

Chemistry Energy And The Environment Book PDF
✏Book Title : Chemistry Energy and the Environment
✏Author : C. A. C. Sequeira
✏Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 536
✏ISBN : 0854047034
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Chemistry Energy and the Environment Book Summary : With international concern increasingly focussed on environmental issues, Chemistry, Energy and the Environment emphasises the interrelationships between these three important topics and incorporates their practical and fundamental aspects. Attention is given in particular to i) energy sources, storage and conservation for the 21st century and the relationship of these to environmental concerns; ii) the importance of chemistry in the environmentally-friendly production of energy; and iii) the approach to energy and the environment in the chemistry curriculum. There is also discussion on selective topics including the environmental and health legacy of the nuclear waste issue and the development of new materials to capture solar energy. Documenting the latest research and providing overviews on specialised topics, Chemistry, Energy and the Environment will be of interest to a wide range of readers, from chemists to energy researchers, battery manufacturers to nuclear waste managers.

📒Solar Energy ✍ Robert Foster

Solar Energy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Solar Energy
✏Author : Robert Foster
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2009-08-18
✏Pages : 382
✏ISBN : 9781420075670
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Solar Energy Book Summary : Drawing on the authors' extensive research and project implementation around the globe, Solar Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment covers solar energy resources, thermal and photovoltaic systems, and the economics involved in using solar energy. It provides background theory on solar energy as well as useful technical information for implem

📒Photovoltaic System Design ✍ Florida Solar Energy Center

Photovoltaic System Design Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photovoltaic System Design
✏Author : Florida Solar Energy Center
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105129868639
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photovoltaic System Design Book Summary :

Photovoltaic Demonstration Projects 2 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Photovoltaic Demonstration Projects 2
✏Author : W.B. Gillett
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2003-09-02
✏Pages : 356
✏ISBN : 9781135381653
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Photovoltaic Demonstration Projects 2 Book Summary : Proceedings of the Third Contractors' Meeting, Joint Research Centre, Ispara, Italy, 18-20 May 1988.

Water Resources Journal Book PDF
✏Book Title : Water Resources Journal
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : MINN:31951P00283602A
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Water Resources Journal Book Summary :

Comparative Study Of The Three Water Pumping Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Comparative Study of the Three Water Pumping Systems
✏Author : Rafael M. Valdez
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 104
✏ISBN : OCLC:989367348
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Comparative Study of the Three Water Pumping Systems Book Summary : The study aims to examine, determine and indentify the performance level of efficiency and effectiveness of solar powered (photovoltaic) pump system compared to other two conventional methods of water pumping namely - the electric-driven and diesel-driven pumps for the period 2002 to 2006. specifically, this study has four major objectives : (1) to determine the cost efficiency of solar powered pump compared with that of electric-driven and diesel-driven pumps in water supply application; (2) to analyze and evaluate operational effectiveness of the solar powered pump compared with the other traditional water pumping systems; (3) to identify different problems associated to the different water pumping systems; (4) to provide recommendations to the different problems observed. In this study, the researcher used the descriptive-quantitative method by drawing data from survey questionnaire filled out by respondents followed by personal interviews and telephone calls. There were total 30 units of analysis - individual units located in mixed urban and remote areas in selected communities, 10 farmers' cooperatives in Central Pangasinan, 7 small private operators of water utility located in National Capital Region and 2 state universities and 1 no-for-profit training foundation in Eastern Pangasinan. The data collected were treated statistically using the F-Test, Kruskal-Wallis Test and Cronbachs Alpha Test to examine and to measure the performance level of efficiency and effectiveness of the three water pumping systems. Levine's Test for Equality of variance and Kruskal-Wallis Test suggest that there is no significant difference on performance levels between the solar pump with that of diesel-driven pump and electric-driven pump. Likewise, Cronbach's Alpha statistics test indicates greater than 80% reliability affirming the survey's internal consistency of answers which measure underlying factors of operational effectiveness. Additionally, accounting conventions on capital budgeting such as the pay back period (PBP), accounting rate of return (ARR) and discounted cash flow in two variations - net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR) were introduced to enhance the relative output of the quantitative part of the study. Finally, the study indicated that the solar-powered pump despite its constrained operating conditions such as the duration of sunlight, cloudy or rainy day - the atmospheric conditions which limits or impedes solar power output of the photovoltaic, produces slow but stable water flow and works well in low total dynamic head (TDH) which means that the solar pump dispenses more water in the shallow source. Moreover, it is the most suitable pumping system in remote or far-flung areas as stand-alone system where there is no conventional power grid nor will it exist in the future because of expensive cost of infrastructure. For the most part, the adaptability of solar powered pump technology in community development is an alternative solution for any water supply application due to its inherent characteristics of cost-free fuel, environmental friendly, renewable and abundant source of energy from the sun.

Eighth E C Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Book PDF
✏Book Title : Eighth E C Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference
✏Author : I. Solomon
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1988
✏Pages : 1725
✏ISBN : 9027728151
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Eighth E C Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Book Summary :