Phase Equilibrium Engineering

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  • Author : Esteban Alberto Brignole
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 346 pages
  • ISBN : 044459471X
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Phase Equilibrium Engineering full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Esteban Alberto Brignole and published by Newnes which was released on 02 April 2013 with total page 346 pages. We cannot guarantee that Phase Equilibrium Engineering book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering. Methodologies are discussed using relevant industrial examples The molecular nature and composition of the process mixture is given a key role in process decisions Phase equilibrium diagrams are used as a drawing board for process implementation

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Alberto Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation,

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering
  • Author : Stanley M. Walas
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering is devoted to the thermodynamic basis and practical aspects of the calculation of equilibrium conditions of multiple phases that are pertinent to chemical engineering processes. Efforts have been made throughout the book to provide guidance to adequate theory and practice. The book begins with a long chapter on equations of state, since it is intimately bound up with the development of thermodynamics. Following material on basic thermodynamics and nonidealities in terms of fugacities and activities,

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

This volume on phase equilibrium engineering (PEE) aims to fill the gap between the books on reactors and separation process design and the textbooks on chemical engineering thermodynamics. The goal is to change the focus from the use of thermodynamic relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. In this way, phase equilibrium thermodynamics is put to work. The main goal of PEE is the design of the system conditions

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

The benefits of using SCF as reaction media have promoted an intense research and development activity in this field. In this chapter, several case studies demonstrate the advantages of working under supercritical conditions. In particular, gas–liquid catalyzed reactions are one of the areas where the use of supercritical fluids is very attractive. In general, these reactions are diffusion-controlled and the use of supercritical fluids increases the reaction rate by eliminating the gas–liquid interface. In this chapter also, the

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

This chapter starts with the analysis of the distillation path of binary mixtures on the general phase behavior P–T diagram of binary mixtures. The univariant lines of these diagrams limit the region of vapor–liquid equilibria where binary distillation can be applied. On this basis, the conditions under which distillation is possible for types I, II, IV, and V of binary mixtures are discussed. Furthermore, in this chapter, the principles of fractional distillation, as well as the computational procedures,

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering
  • Author : Camila Gambini Pereira
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 17 October 2018
GET THIS BOOK Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on thermodynamics of equilibrium applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix consisting of different groups of compounds divided into macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins), and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals). The quality characteristics of food products associated with the sensorial, physical and microbiological attributes are directly related to the thermodynamic properties of specific compounds and complexes that are formed during processing or by the action of diverse

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Martín Cismondi,Marcelo S. Zabaloy
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

This chapter illustrates the wide variety of binary fluid phase equilibrium diagrams that can be obtained using models based on equations of state (EOS). It also highlights the need for paying attention to the predicted binary key lines, such as the critical and the liquid–liquid–vapor equilibrium lines, when fitting binary interaction parameters of an EOS model. In addition, efficient algorithms for the EOS-based automated computation of complete Univariant Lines Phase Equilibrium Diagrams and of complete restricted binary phase

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

In previous chapters, we have seen the fundamental criteria for phase equilibria and how the phenomenological phase behavior and separation technology of real mixtures are determined by their constituent molecular interactions. Our purpose in this chapter is to present the properties of fluids and the models for the prediction of thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria. These models are classified as predictive models using only pure component properties and semiempirical models based on a molecular thermodynamic approach. Finally, the chapter highlights

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

The application of the principles of phase equilibrium engineering to the development of two innovative technologies for the production of biofuels is discussed in this chapter. The first technology is the production of biodiesel by transesterification of vegetable oils with supercritical methanol; the second, the extraction and dehydration of alcohols by near-critical dual effect solvents that exhibit good solvent power to extract alcohols and water entrainment effect to dehydrate the extracted alcohol. In the first case, the complexity of the

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

In this chapter, the problem of sustainability of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries and the principles of green chemistry are outlined. In particular, the need for secure and environmentally safe solvents (ESSs) is pointed out. There are several ESS alternatives under study nowadays, like ionic liquids, polymeric solvents, and simple liquids like fatty esters; however, an increasing attention is being paid to supercritical fluids (SCFs) for a wide variety of applications in the chemical and pharmaceutical as well as in

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

The design of the phase scenario that meets the process needs defines a phase equilibrium engineering problem. The first step in the design of the phase scenario is to consider the mixture(s) to be handled in the process. What are the components, their chemical nature, composition, physical state, pressure, and/or temperature? This is a critical step and quite often one goes back to this step in the search of an answer to solve the phase design problem. The

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

In this chapter, supercritical fluid extraction and fractionation of natural oil mixtures are presented as an alternative to traditional methods like steam distillation, liquid solvent extraction, or vacuum distillation. In the search of alternatives to traditional methods, the principles of phase equilibrium engineering are followed to analyze the SCF extraction and continuous fractionation of natural products. The fundamentals of these high pressure technologies, which combine the principles of distillation and extractive distillation, are presented together with the limitation of simple

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
  • Author : Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK Phase Equilibrium Engineering

In this chapter, two well-known separation processes are introduced: homogeneous and heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Since these technologies are reviewed in many separation process textbooks, the aim here is only to highlight the underlying phase equilibrium engineering principles of homogeneous and heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Moreover, these types of distillations require the selection of a proper solvent to accomplish the mixture fractionation. Besides discussing the solvent functionality to make a proper selection, in the second part of the chapter we show how

Crc Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures

Crc Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures
  • Author : CHRISTIAN. WOHLFARTH
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 30 June 2021
GET THIS BOOK Crc Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures

Thermodynamic data of polymer solutions are paramount for industrial and laboratory processes. These data also serve to understand the physical behavior of polymer solutions, study intermolecular interactions, and gain insights into the molecular nature of mixtures. Nearly a decade has passed since the release of a similar CRC Handbook and since then a large amount of new experimental data have been published, which is now compiled in this book. The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer