Origin And Evolution Of Viruses

Origin And Evolution Of Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Origin and Evolution of Viruses
✏Author : Esteban Domingo
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2008-06-23
✏Pages : 560
✏ISBN : 0080564968
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book Summary : New viral diseases are emerging continuously. Viruses adapt to new environments at astounding rates. Genetic variability of viruses jeopardizes vaccine efficacy. For many viruses mutants resistant to antiviral agents or host immune responses arise readily, for example, with HIV and influenza. These variations are all of utmost importance for human and animal health as they have prevented us from controlling these epidemic pathogens. This book focuses on the mechanisms that viruses use to evolve, survive and cause disease in their hosts. Covering human, animal, plant and bacterial viruses, it provides both the basic foundations for the evolutionary dynamics of viruses and specific examples of emerging diseases. * NEW - methods to establish relationships among viruses and the mechanisms that affect virus evolution * UNIQUE - combines theoretical concepts in evolution with detailed analyses of the evolution of important virus groups * SPECIFIC - Bacterial, plant, animal and human viruses are compared regarding their interation with their hosts

📒Viruses ✍ Joseph Panno

Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Viruses
✏Author : Joseph Panno
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 232
✏ISBN : 0816068550
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Viruses Book Summary : Learn all about viruses in this New Biology book.

Molecular Basis Of Virus Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution
✏Author : Adrian J. Gibbs
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2005-11-17
✏Pages : 624
✏ISBN : 0521022894
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution Book Summary : This 1995 book covers virus evolution, genetics and interaction with host for virologists and evolutionists.

📒The Logic Of Chance ✍ Eugene V. Koonin

The Logic Of Chance Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Logic of Chance
✏Author : Eugene V. Koonin
✏Publisher : FT Press
✏Release Date : 2011-06-23
✏Pages : 528
✏ISBN : 013262317X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Logic of Chance Book Summary : The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.

📒Evolution Of Viruses ✍ Stephen Rego

Evolution Of Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Viruses
✏Author : Stephen Rego
✏Publisher : Delve Publishing
✏Release Date : 2017-11
✏Pages : 253
✏ISBN : 1773612913
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Viruses Book Summary : Evolution of virus is a subfield of virology and evolutionary biology, specifically relate to viral evolution. Most viruses, specifically RNA viruses, have comparatively high mutation rates and short generation time. Rate of mutation at this elevated level permits rapid adaptation to alterations in the host environments, when joined with natural selection. Evolution of virus is an important part of epidemiology of viral infections, for example, HCV, AIDS, and influenza, etc. Rapid viral mutations cause difficulties in the progress of effective antiviral drugs and vaccines, such as resistant mutations usually seem from weeks to months after treatment begins. Major theoretical models, including the quasi-species model, are discussed in detail in this book, as viral quasi-species. Viruses do not have fossils, as they are very small even smaller than colloidal fragment that forms the sedimentary rocks that fossilize animals and plants. However, many organisms have genomes and genes of ancient virus that in past invaded in germ line of host. For example, most of the vertebrates have genomes comprising of hundreds to thousands sequences that are resultant from past retrovirus. These sequences of are appreciate source of proof retrospective regarding the viral evolutionary history and have originated the paleovirology science.In addition to these, the book describes, modern viral genomic analysis and provide evolutionary history of viruses to some level. Many viral mutation rates dignified and dates of divergence inferred with the help of application of molecular clock. The process of evolution in viruses is by changing in sequence of their hereditary materials (DNA and RNA). Mutants that are best adapted reproduce and divide more quickly than the other ones. Most of the viruses have ability to interchange their hereditary material during the process when these two different viral strains infect the similar cell. This mechanism is genetic shift, and is usually the source of more virulent and new appearing strains. While other viruses develops more slowly due with time accumulation of mutations in their genes through a process of genetic drift. Due to these processes, the viruses are going to be powerful day by day and presenting as challenge in efforts of controlling disease. Just like as natural selection has molded evolution of all living things, humans and plants on the world, this process produce developments in viruses. Viruses are not living things technically; however, they require a host organism to reproduce. Its job is to attack the immune system, to create its copies and spread in its host. If virus killed the host before affecting other one, it will lose its mutation. This book discusses viral cycles in a host and host immune responses to viruses including the development of antibodies. These antibodies lock on the proteins present on outer surface of viruses. These antibodies protect the host from viral entrance. The virus that is different from other types of viruses has an advantage, as the host body has no immunity against that new virus in antibody form. Evolutionary history of viruses is not understood completely. Few might have evolved from bacteria and others from pieces of DNA or plasmids that can transfer among the cells. For example, retrovirus has ability to move among cells. During the cycle of retrovirus, the viral genes could transcribed or translated. RNA polymerase has the capacity to make new copies of single stranded RNA genome of virus. Movement of retrosposons closely mirrors this process. These movable genetic materials make about 45 % of human genome and can move within it with the help of RNA intermediates. It is included in the progressive hypotheses. The book also includes evolution of quasi-species; Quasi-species of viruses related through alike mutations or by mutations that are competing in highly mutagenic surroundings. The hypothesis predicts that a viral quasi-species at a low yet developmentally impartial and profoundly associated (that is, level) area in the wellness scene will outcompete a quasi-species situated at a higher yet smaller wellness top in which the encompassing mutants are unfit. This marvel is known as ''the quasi-species impact'' or, currently, the ''survival of the flattest''. The centrality of the quasi-species demonstrate for virology is that, if the transformation rate is adequately high, choice follows up on mutants instead of individual sequences. Therefore, the developmental direction of the infections related to a virus cannot anticipated exclusively from the qualities of the fittest succession. Information about evolution of plant viruses is also discussedViruses cause major threats to all living life forms including plants, including catastrophic damage to production of crops. Viruses of plants use various processes to make the huge quantity of hereditary diversity present in both among and inside the species. Plant viruses may have processes of highly prone replication, which cause several mutations. By nature, it is quasi-species. The evolution of plant viruses usually use the process of re-assortment and recombination. Different species of plant viruses have different quantity of differences; however, there is no proof of changes in mutation rate. Plant and animal viruses have common origin. It is recommended reading for individuals who seek further information regarding viral evolution.

Molecular Evolution Of Viruses Past And Present Book PDF
✏Book Title : Molecular Evolution of Viruses Past and Present
✏Author : Yechiel Becker
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 1996-06-30
✏Pages : 230
✏ISBN : UOM:39015040734736
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Molecular Evolution of Viruses Past and Present Book Summary : The studies presented in this special issue of VIRUS GENES provide information on the two aspects of virus evolution: the ancient evolution of viruses from the time prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells evolved, and the ongoing process of the current molecular evolution of viruses. The studies of many scientists collected in this issue and many more that were published in other scientific journals provide insight into the molecular evolution of viruses as one of nature's mysteries. The use of computer porograms to study the nucleotide sequences of viral genomes, the amino acid compositions of proteins coded by viral genomes, and searches for regulatory mechanisms in viral nucleic acid replication, as well as identities of motifs in proteins of viruses from all families, will provide additional information on the subject. In future issues that will be devoted to this subject, the origin and evolution of RNA and DNA viruses will be further investigated.

Evolution From Cellular To Social Scales Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales
✏Author : Arne T. Skjeltorp
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-09-26
✏Pages : 186
✏ISBN : 9781402087615
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales Book Summary : Evolution is a critical challenge for many areas of science, technology and development of society. The book reviews general evolutionary facts such as origin of life and evolution of the genome and clues to evolution through simple systems. Emerging areas of science such as "systems biology" and "bio-complexity" are founded on the idea that phenomena need to be understood in the context of highly interactive processes operating at different levels and on different scales. This is where physics meets complexity in nature, and where we must begin to learn about complexity if we are to understand it. Similarly, there is an increasingly urgent need to understand and predict the evolutionary behavior of highly interacting man-made systems, in areas such as communications and transport, which permeate the modern world. The same applies to the evolution of human networks such as social, political and financial systems, where technology has tended to vastly increase both the complexity and speed of interaction, which is sometimes effectively instantaneous. The book contains reviews on such diverse areas as evolution experiments with microorganisms, the origin and evolution of viruses, evolutionary dynamics of genes and environment in cancer development, aging as an evolution-facilitating program, evolution of vision and evolution of financial markets.

Encyclopedia Of Microbiology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Encyclopedia of Microbiology
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2009-01-14
✏Pages : 4600
✏ISBN : 9780123739445
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Encyclopedia of Microbiology Book Summary : Available as an exclusive product with a limited print run, Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 3e, is a comprehensive survey of microbiology, edited by world-class researchers. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and includes a glossary, list of abbreviations, defining statement, introduction, further reading and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields. 16 separate areas of microbiology covered for breadth and depth of content Extensive use of figures, tables, and color illustrations and photographs Language is accessible for undergraduates, depth appropriate for scientists Links to original journal articles via Crossref 30% NEW articles and 4-color throughout - NEW!

📒Virus Bioinformatics ✍ Manja Marz

Virus Bioinformatics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Virus Bioinformatics
✏Author : Manja Marz
✏Publisher : MDPI
✏Release Date : 2020-02-21
✏Pages : 330
✏ISBN : 9783039218820
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Virus Bioinformatics Book Summary : Virus bioinformatics is evolving and succeeding as an area of research in its own right, representing the interface of virology and computer science. Bioinformatic approaches to investigate viral infections and outbreaks have become central to virology research, and have been successfully used to detect, control, and treat infections of humans and animals. As part of the Third Annual Meeting of the European Virus Bioinformatics Center (EVBC), we have published this Special Issue on Virus Bioinformatics.

The Evolution And Emergence Of Rna Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses
✏Author : Edward C. Holmes
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2009-06-25
✏Pages : 254
✏ISBN : 9780199211128
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses Book Summary : While the study of viral evolution has developed rapidly in the last 30 years, little attention has been directed toward linking the mechanisms of viral evolution to the epidemiological outcomes of these processes. This book intends to fill this gap by considering the patterns and processes of viral evolution at all its spatial and temporal scales.

Principles Of Molecular Virology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Principles of Molecular Virology
✏Author : Alan Cann
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2005-08-09
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 0120887894
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Principles of Molecular Virology Book Summary : The fourth edition of the hugely successful Principles of Molecular Virology takes on a molecular approach, presenting the principles of virology in a clear and concise manner. This work explores and explains the fundamental aspects of virology, including structure of virus particles and genome, replication, gene expression, infection, pathogenesis and subviral agents. The self-assessment questions, glossary and abbreviations section provide excellent revision aids and serve as handy references to students, tutors and researchers alike. NEW TO FOURTH EDITION: * New material on virus structure and virus evolution * Updated pathogenesis section covering Ebola, SARS and HIV * New section on Bioterrorism * Fully updated references * New material on virus structure, virus evolution, zoonoses, bushmeat, SARS and bioterrorism

Insight Into Influenza Viruses Of Animals And Humans Book PDF
✏Book Title : Insight into Influenza Viruses of Animals and Humans
✏Author : Sanjay Kapoor
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2014-03-31
✏Pages : 222
✏ISBN : 9783319055121
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Insight into Influenza Viruses of Animals and Humans Book Summary : This book provides salient information on all aspects of influenza/flu viruses affecting animals and humans. It specifically reviews the properties and replication of influenza viruses; their evolution and emergence; epidemiology; role of migratory birds in disease transmission; clinical signs in humans, animals and poultry; pathogenesis and pathogenicity; public health importance and potential threats; diagnosis; prevention and control measures; and pandemic preparedness. Influenza/flu viruses evolve continuously and jump species causing epidemics as well as pandemics in both human and animals. During the past 150 years, various strains of influenza virus like the Spanish flu, Asian flu, Hong Kong flu, bird flu and swine flu were responsible for high mortality in humans as well as birds. High mutation rates, antigenic shifts, drifts, reassortment phenomena, and the development of antiviral drug resistance all contribute to ineffective chemotherapy and vaccines against influenza viruses. Due to their devastating nature, high zoonotic implications and high mortality in humans and poultry, they have a severe impact on the socioeconomic status of countries. Disease awareness, rapid and accurate diagnosis, surveillance, strict biosecurity, timely adoption of appropriate preventive and control measures and pandemic preparedness are crucial to help reduce virus transmission, thus reducing clinical cases, deaths and pandemic threats.

📒Viral Pathogenesis In Diagrams ✍ Hans-Wolfgang Ackermann

Viral Pathogenesis In Diagrams Book PDF
✏Book Title : Viral Pathogenesis in Diagrams
✏Author : Hans-Wolfgang Ackermann
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2000-11-29
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 0849322073
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Viral Pathogenesis in Diagrams Book Summary : Viral Pathogenesis in Diagrams is the first book of its kind to illustrate viral pathogenesis on a comparative basis. The text covers the pathogenesis of viral diseases, including vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, and protists. The diagrams summarize and integrate large numbers of observations, from electron microscopy to clinical data, into a single picture or a few related drawings. Organized alphabetically by virus family or groups, this book covers the complete domain of virology. Transcending photographs and experimental data, the diagrams are ideally suited to illustrate the pathogenesis of viral diseases, from infection to host defenses and cell death. Included are two chapters describing general pathogenesis in vertebrate virus infections and illustrating the spread of viruses through the body, as well as cytopathology and host defenses. One chapter illustrates the pathogenic behavior of 19 vertebrate virus families, especially herpesviruses and retroviruses. The 268 diagrams in Viral Pathogenesis in Diagrams were selected from over 800 diagrams of English and French virological literature, including one derived from a famous drawing by Leonardo da Vinci. This up-to-date reference will promote understanding and future research.

Origin And Early Evolution Of Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Origin and Early Evolution of Life
✏Author : Tom Fenchel
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 171
✏ISBN : 0198525338
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Origin and Early Evolution of Life Book Summary : Origin and Early Evolution of Life draws on evidence from molecular genetics, the structure and function of extant organisms, and geology. It covers the period from about 4 billion years ago, when life is thought to have originated, to about 600 million years ago when multicellular organisms first arose. There are significant gaps in our understanding of the earliest evolution of life forms, but an insight into the topic leads to a more profound understanding of life itself. Particular emphasis is placed on the fact that although life arose very soon after the origin of the Earth, it was represented only by simple microbial life forms for approximately 85% of this time. Increase in complexity beyond the microbial level took place only very late in the history of life.

Human Influenza New Insights For The Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Human Influenza New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2012-01-09
✏Pages : 33
✏ISBN : 9781464908279
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Human Influenza New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition Book Summary : Human Influenza: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Human Influenza in a compact format. The editors have built Human Influenza: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Human Influenza in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Human Influenza: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nature At Work The Ongoing Saga Of Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nature at Work the Ongoing Saga of Evolution
✏Author : V. P. Sharma
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-12-27
✏Pages : 402
✏ISBN : 9788184899924
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nature at Work the Ongoing Saga of Evolution Book Summary : Charles Robert Darwin was born on 12th February, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. Darwin shares his birthday with U. S. President Abraham Lincoln. Both were crusaders against slavery: Darwin disliked slavery and Lincoln abolished it. Darwin was a born naturalist and showed keen interest in nature from the very beginning. A breakthrough came when he was selected as a naturalist on the H. M. S. Beagle ship. His ?ve year voyage on the Beagle started in 1931 and was completed in 1936. This was followed by publication of his research ?ndings that challenged creationist views of the church. Darwin conducted a study of fossils and geological records and concluded rightly, that all life forms emerged over millions of years of evolution through the force of natural selection. In 1959 Darwin published his work on evolution in a book titled “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races”. The book was received as a scienti?c bomb shell and has since changed the human understanding of life forever. Today Darwin’s ideas on evolution provide foundation to modern biology. Darwin died of a heart attack on the 19th April 1882 and was buried in Westminster Abbey near the grave of Sir Isaac Newton. The scienti?c community is celebrating Darwin’s bicentenary worldwide in honor of his ingenuity, scienti?c thought, conviction and courage.

Viral Genes Advances In Research And Application 2012 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Viral Genes Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2012-12-26
✏Pages : 176
✏ISBN : 9781464999444
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Viral Genes Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition Book Summary : Viral Genes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Viral Genes. The editors have built Viral Genes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Viral Genes in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Viral Genes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Genomics And Computational Science For Virus Research Book PDF
✏Book Title : Genomics and computational science for virus research
✏Author : Hironori Sato
✏Publisher : Frontiers E-books
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9782889191260
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Genomics and computational science for virus research Book Summary : A biologically striking and clinically important feature of viruses is their rapid evolutionary dynamics in nature. The continual interactions between viruses and host organisms promote quick changes in virus populations, eventually leading to co-evolution of viruses and hosts for their survival. The structural and functional information on the interactions between viruses and hosts should provide a molecular and biological basis to understand infection, replication, cell/host-tropism, immune escape, pathogenesis, and direction of evolution of viruses. The information is also essential to develop methods to control transmission and replication of pathogenic viruses. However, the integrated information on the structure, function, and evolution of viruses and hosts has remained poorly accumulated, partly due to the limitation of analytical methods. Recent progress in genome science and computational approach may open up a new avenue of research of the interactions between viruses and hosts by integrating information on the structures, functions, and evolution. In this Research Topic, we welcome papers concerning the computer-assisted structural and functional studies based on genomic information, with theoretical or in combination with experimental approaches, for understanding molecules, infection, replication, cell/host-tropism, immune escape, pathogenesis, and evolution of viruses in nature.

Origin Of Hiv And Emerging Persistent Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Origin of HIV and Emerging Persistent Viruses
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Accademia Naz. dei Lincei
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 314
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105112876920
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Origin of HIV and Emerging Persistent Viruses Book Summary :

Dengue And Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever 2nd Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever 2nd Edition
✏Author : Duane J. Gubler
✏Publisher : CABI
✏Release Date : 2014-08-29
✏Pages : 624
✏ISBN : 9781845939649
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever 2nd Edition Book Summary : Continued geographic expansion of dengue viruses and their mosquito vectors has seen the magnitude and frequency of epidemic dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) increase dramatically. Recent exciting research on dengue has resulted in major advances in our understanding of all aspects of the biology of these viruses, and this updated second edition brings together leading research and clinical scientists to review dengue virus biology, epidemiology, entomology, therapeutics, vaccinology and clinical management.

📒Evolution For Dummies ✍ Greg Krukonis

Evolution For Dummies Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution For Dummies
✏Author : Greg Krukonis
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2011-04-20
✏Pages : 362
✏ISBN : 1118068246
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution For Dummies Book Summary :

📒Lectures In Astrobiology ✍ Muriel Gargaud

Lectures In Astrobiology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lectures in Astrobiology
✏Author : Muriel Gargaud
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006-11-20
✏Pages : 669
✏ISBN : 9783540336921
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lectures in Astrobiology Book Summary : First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology.

📒Parasitoid Viruses ✍ Nancy E. Beckage

Parasitoid Viruses Book PDF
✏Book Title : Parasitoid Viruses
✏Author : Nancy E. Beckage
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 292
✏ISBN : 9780123848581
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Parasitoid Viruses Book Summary : Parasitoids are parasitic insects that kill their insect hosts in immature pre-reproductive stages. Parasitoids are employed in biological control programs worldwide to kill insect pests and are environmentally safe and benign alternatives to chemical pesticides. As resistance to chemical pesticides continues to escalate in many pest populations, attention is now refocusing on biologically-based strategies to control pest species in agriculture and forestry as well as insect vector populations that transmit human and animal diseases. Parasitoids are an economically critical element in this equation and 'integrated pest management.' Viruses have evolved intimate associations with parasitoids, and this book features sections on both symbiotic viruses that are integrated into the wasp's chromosomal DNA (polydnaviruses) that play critical roles in suppressing host immunity during parasitism. A separate section with additional chapters on viral pathogens that infect parasitoids to cause disease and act as detrimental agents that limit effectiveness of wasp species employed in biological control of pests is also featured. A third component is a section on parasitoid venoms, which are of interest to the pharmaceutical and medical communities as well as insect-oriented biologists. Sections focus on both virus evolution and genomics as well as proteomics and functional roles of polydnavirus-encoded gene products International researchers and emerging leaders in their fields provide readers with syntheses of the latest research Includes content on both symbiotic viruses and pathogenic viruses, plus new research on parasitoid venoms Cutting-edge section on future directions in the field covers the impacts of polydnavirus research on medicine, human health, bioengineering and the economy, increasing the value for researchers and practitioners who need to stay on top of the research in this swiftly moving field

📒Viruses Essential Agents Of Life ✍ Günther Witzany

Viruses Essential Agents Of Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Viruses Essential Agents of Life
✏Author : Günther Witzany
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-11-13
✏Pages : 428
✏ISBN : 9789400748996
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Viruses Essential Agents of Life Book Summary : A renaissance of virus research is taking centre stage in biology. Empirical data from the last decade indicate the important roles of viruses, both in the evolution of all life and as symbionts of host organisms. There is increasing evidence that all cellular life is colonized by exogenous and/or endogenous viruses in a non-lytic but persistent lifestyle. Viruses and viral parts form the most numerous genetic matter on this planet.

📒Intracellular Calcium ✍ Anthony K. Campbell

Intracellular Calcium Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intracellular Calcium
✏Author : Anthony K. Campbell
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-10-16
✏Pages : 848
✏ISBN : 9781118675533
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intracellular Calcium Book Summary : Thousands of imaginative scientists, over more than a century,have revealed the fascinating story of intracellular calcium,through a pathway of ingenious invention and discovery. Intracellular Calcium, the definitive book on this topic,reveals: The pathway of discovery and invention of intracellular calciumover more than 100 years. The evidence for intracellular calcium as a universal switch inall animal, plant, fungal and microbial cells How the components required for calcium signalling are namedand classified. The ingenious technology, which has been developed to studyintracellular calcium. How calcium is regulated inside cells and how it works totrigger an event. The role of intracellular calcium in disease, cell injury andcell death. How many drugs work through the calcium signalling system. How intracellular calcium is involved in the action of manynatural toxins. How the intracellular calcium signalling system has evolvedover 4000 million years, showing why it was crucial to the originof life. A key principle presented throughout the book is the molecularvariation upon which the intracellular calcium signalling systemdepends. This variation occurs within the same cell type andbetween cells with different functions, providing the invisiblematrix upon which Darwin and Wallace’s Natural Selectiondepends. Featuring more than 100 figures, including detailed chemicalstructures as well as pictures of key pioneers in the field, abibliography of more than 1500 references, as well asdetailed subject and organism indices, this definitive workprovides a unique source of scholarship for teachers andresearchers in the biomedical sciences and beyond.

Comets And The Origin And Evolution Of Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Comets and the Origin and Evolution of Life
✏Author : Paul J. Thomas
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006-08-29
✏Pages : 346
✏ISBN : 9783540330882
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Comets and the Origin and Evolution of Life Book Summary : This volume considers the role comets may have played in the origins and evolution of life. This is the only book dealing in depth with this subject. It is particularly relevant in light of recent investigations of Halley's comet, of new insights into organic synthesis in meteorites and comets, and of new results of numerical simulations of cometary orbits and impacts on Earth. The book is intended as a comprehensive review of current research.

📒Influenza ✍ E.D. Kilbourne

Influenza Book PDF
✏Book Title : Influenza
✏Author : E.D. Kilbourne
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 382
✏ISBN : 9781468452396
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Influenza Book Summary : My lifetime encompasses the postwar subsidence in the early 1920s of the greatest influenza pandemic in history, direct encounters with FM1 virus at Fort Mon mouth in 1947, the care of influenza patients in the 1950s, the pursuit of the in fluenza virus through the modern pandemics of 1957 and 1968, and a present in which the genes of the virus have dissembled in the DNA of vaccinia virus and Escherichia coli through the wand of "high tech. " If my corpus could be fossilized for archival and archaeological purposes, it would be found to contain immune cells branded with the imprint of the "swine" influenza virus of post-1918 and brain cells no less imprinted with memories of the abortive return of its descendant during America's bicentennial. But before that unlikely event, I wanted to try to make some sense out of this baffling dis ease and its viruses-expecting no definitive revelations but hoping for a sharper definition of problems. Hence this book. It is an audacious act in these days of specialization to essay a book such as this singlehandedly, but I have done so for selfish reasons. I wanted to reexam ine old questions about the nature of influenza and its epidemics in the light of the dazzling advances in molecular biology of the past few years. No virus has been better studied, but few diseases are less well understood.

📒Reticulate Evolution And Humans ✍ Michael L. Arnold

Reticulate Evolution And Humans Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reticulate Evolution and Humans
✏Author : Michael L. Arnold
✏Publisher : OUP Oxford
✏Release Date : 2008-10-02
✏Pages : 248
✏ISBN : 9780191561610
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reticulate Evolution and Humans Book Summary : Reticulate Evolution and Humans is the first book to describe the effect of genetic exchange on the origin and evolution of our own species as well as those species with which we have and continue to interact closely, both evolutionarily and culturally. After demonstrating how genetic exchange has affected H. sapiens, the book goes on to describe how the same processes have structured the evolution of organisms on which the human species depends for shelter, sustenance and companionship. It also considers the "dark-side ̈of gene transfer as it pertains to the evolution and adaptation of human disease vectors and diseases. The development of the central thesis of this book - that reticulate evolution via introgressive hybridization and lateral gene transfer has been a pervasive factor in the evolution and cultural development of H. sapiens, its ancestors, sister taxa and associated organisms - reveals the extent of these processes across the widest of taxonomic, temporal and spatial bounds. We cannot escape the conclusion that we are constantly fed, entertained, sheltered, attacked and killed by organisms that possess mosaic genomes reflective of widespread genetic exchange during evolutionary diversification.

Issues In Life Sciences Molecular Biology 2011 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Issues in Life Sciences Molecular Biology 2011 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2012-01-09
✏Pages : 3330
✏ISBN : 9781464963490
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Issues in Life Sciences Molecular Biology 2011 Edition Book Summary : Issues in Life Sciences: Molecular Biology / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Molecular Biology. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Molecular Biology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Molecular Biology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Molecular Biology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Evolution Of Sameness And Difference Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Sameness and Difference
✏Author : Stanley Shostak
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 1999-08-19
✏Pages : 356
✏ISBN : 905702540X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Sameness and Difference Book Summary : Evolution of Sameness: and Difference: Perspectives on the Human Genome Project is written for physicians, biologists, and students who are interested in the problem of how sameness and difference are controlled normally--in the course of development and maintenance--and abnormally--in the course of defective growth, tumors, and cancer. The premise of the book is that sameness and difference, like everything else in life, have changed, and that an understanding of those changes will help us learn to control abnormalities such as those associated with birth defects, and invasive, destructive tumors.