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📒Obsidian ✍ M. Steven Shackley
✏Obsidian Book Summary : Obsidian was long valued by ancient peoples as a raw material for producing stone tools, and archaeologists have increasingly come to view obsidian studies as a crucial aid in understanding the past. Steven Shackley now shows how the geochemical and contextual analyses of archaeological obsidian can be applied to the interpretation of social and economic organization in the ancient Southwest. This book, the capstone of decades of investigation, integrates a wealth of obsidian research in one volume. It covers advances in analytical chemistry and field petrology that have enhanced our understanding of obsidian source heterogeneity, presents the most recent data on and interpretations of archaeological obsidian sources in the Southwest, and explores the ethnohistorical and contemporary background for obsidian use in indigenous societies. Shackley provides a thorough examination of the geological origin of obsidian in the region and the methods used to collect raw material and determine its chemical composition, and descriptions of obsidian sources throughout the Southwest. He then describes the occurrence of obsidian artifacts and shows how their geochemical fingerprints allow archaeologists to make conclusions regarding the procurement of obsidian. The book presents three groundbreaking applications of obsidian source studies. It first discusses an application to early Preceramic groups, showing how obsidian sources can reflect the range they inhabited over time as well as their social relationships during the Archaic period. It then offers an examination of the Late Classic Salado in Arizona's Tonto Basin, where obsidian data, along with ceramic and architectural evidence, suggest that Mogollon migrants lived in economic and social harmony with the Hohokam, all the while maintaining relationships with their homeland. Finally, it provides an intensive look at social identity and gender differences in the Preclassic Hohokam of central Arizona, where obsidian source provenance and projectile point styles suggest that male Hohokam sought to create a stylistically defined identity in at least three areas of the Hohokam core area. These male "sodalities" were organized quite differently from female ceramic production groups. Today, obsidian research in the American Southwest enjoys an equal standing with ceramic, faunal, and floral studies as a method of revealing social process and change in prehistory. Shackley's book discusses the ways in which archaeologists should approach obsidian research, no matter what the region, offering a thorough survey of archaeological obsidian studies that will have methodological and theoretical applications worldwide. The volume includes an extensive glossary created specifically for archaeologists.
✏Diachronic Variability in Obsidian Procurement Patterns in Northeastern California and Southcentral Oregon Book Summary :
📒Obsidian ✍ Dāuda Hāẏadāra
✏Obsidian Book Summary : Daud Haider's poetry reveals that 'human condition, both body and soul, is destitute, haunted by loneliness, abused by despots and consumed by the ever-present fires of war.' He unforgettably describes the vivisection of living communities, massacre, famine, drought, flood, volcanoes and holocausts. His work is encircled with masterful use of Bengali metres, rhythms from traditional and modern nursery rhymes, and the effective combination of poetic diction and colloquial speech. According to Gunter Grass 'his poems are marked by direct experiences, sustained perplexity and exile.'
📒Obsidian Reflections ✍ David M. Carballo
✏Obsidian Reflections Book Summary : Departing from the political economy perspective taken by the vast majority of volumes devoted to Mesoamerican obsidian, Obsidian Reflections is an examination of obsidian's sociocultural dimensions—particularly in regard to Mesoamerican world view, religion, and belief systems. Exploring the materiality of this volcanic glass rather than only its functionality, this book considers the interplay among people, obsidian, and meaning and how these relationships shaped patterns of procurement, exchange, and use. An international group of scholars hailing from Belize, France, Japan, Mexico, and the United States provides a variety of case studies from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras. The authors draw on archaeological, iconographic, ethnographic, and ethnohistoric data to examine obsidian as a touchstone for cultural meaning, including references to sacrificial precepts, powerful deities, landscape, warfare, social relations, and fertility. Obsidian Reflections underscores the necessity of understanding obsidian from within its cultural context—the perspective of the indigenous people of Mesoamerica. It will be of great interest to Mesoamericanists as well as students and scholars of lithic studies and material culture.
📒Obsidian ✍ Jennifer L. Armentrout
✏Obsidian Book Summary : Discover the New York Times bestselling Lux series, which RT Book Reviews called “A thrilling ride from start to finish," from the very beginning... Starting over sucks. When we moved to West Virginia right before my senior year, I'd pretty much resigned myself to thick accents, dodgy internet access, and a whole lot of boring...until I spotted my hot neighbor, with his looming height and eerie green eyes. Things were looking up. And then he opened his mouth. Daemon is infuriating. Arrogant. Stab-worthy. We do not get along. At all. But when a stranger attacks me and Daemon literally freezes time with a wave of his hand, well, something...unexpected happens. The hot alien living next door marks me. You heard me. Alien. Turns out Daemon and his sister have a galaxy of enemies wanting to steal their abilities, and Daemon's touch has me lit up like the Vegas Strip. The only way I'm getting out of this alive is by sticking close to Daemon until my alien mojo fades. If I don't kill him first, that is. Read the entire bestselling series! #1: Obsidian (from Katy's point of view) #2: Onyx (from Katy's point of view) #3: Opal (from Katy's point of view) #4: Origin #5: Opposition Oblivion (Books 1-3 from Daemon's point of view) CAN BE READ FIRST OR AFTER KATY'S POV! Prequel: Shadows (Dawson's story)
📒Obsidian ✍ Lindsey Scholl
✏Obsidian Book Summary : Amarian and Vancien have to navigate a world where prophecy no longer guides them. Now that Vancien has been resurrected, he and Amarian face an overwhelming threat. For ages, the Chasm has kept the tortured souls who have died serving the foul god of Obsidian. These souls have been lying in wait to destroy anything associated with Kynell, the merciful god of the Prysm. Now their time of waiting is over. The Chasm has been opened, and unless someone stops them, the Chasm's residents will pierce the very heart of Rhyvelad. Before Amarian and Vancien can contend with the Chasmites, they first have to contend with Corfe, the imposter who believes himself to be an Advocate. He has taken control of the capitol city of Lascombe. So the brothers undertake the journey from the swamps where they have been hiding to the brilliant but degenerate capitol. Along the way, they acquire responsibility for a young fennel and a pack of hungry children. They also encounter old friends, including Sirin the rude munkke-trophe, Gair the long-suffering defector, and Verial the untouchable woman. But their task is impossible. The Chasmites are led by Zyreio himself, who is determined to have victory over the Prysm god. With the might of Zyreio bearing down on it, Rhyvelad cannot survive without the intercession of Kynell. But what happens when the help of a god makes things worse? This title is published by eLectio Publishing and is distributed worldwide by Untreed Reads.
📒Archaeological Obsidian Studies ✍ M. Steven Shackley
✏Archaeological Obsidian Studies Book Summary : This volume is the third in the Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science series sponsored by the Society for Archaeological Sciences (SAS). The purpose of this series is to provide summaries of advances in various topics in ar chaeometry, archaeological science, environmental archaeology, preservation technology, and museum conservation. The SAS exists to encourage interdisciplinary collaboration between archaeologists and colleagues in the natural and physical sciences. SAS mem bers are drawn from many disciplinary fields. However, they all share a common belief that physical science techniques and methods constitute an essential component of contemporary archaeological field and laboratory studies. The series editors wish to thank the reviewers of each of the chapters in this volume for their excellent comments and suggestions. We also wish to thank Chriss jones for her invaluable assistance in the preparation of the texts for submission to the publisher. xi Preface As noted in the introductory chapter, this volume is the second major review of research progress in the study of archaeological obsidian. An earlier book, Advances in Obsidian Glass Studies: Archaeological and Geochemical Perspectives, appeared in 1976. A comparison of the treatment of topics reflected in this earlier work and that contained in this volume not only highlights important advances in the quality and depth of research on archaeological obsidian over more than a quarter of a century but also illustrates more generally some characteristics of developments in the archaeological science field in general.
📒Obsidian And Ancient Manufactured Glasses ✍ Ioannis Liritzis
✏Obsidian and Ancient Manufactured Glasses Book Summary : This edited volume offers archaeologists and archaeometrists the latest technical information, the fundamentals of provenance studies, instrumentation used in these investigations, and strategies for the dating and interpretation of archaeological materials in glass studies. The contributors discuss recent advances in obsidian hydration dating, secondary ion mass spectrometry, and infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy, focusing on the application of these technologies to a variety of glass forms and incorporating studies that look at the social and economic strategies of past cultures. With examples from Greece, the Middle East, Italy, Peru, Bolivia, Russia, Africa, and the Pacific region, provenance studies look at regional patterns of glass acquisition, production, and exchange, providing examples that use one or more instrumental methods to characterize materials from ancient societies. Extensive figures and tables included.
📒The Obsidian Quest ✍ Laraine Anne Barker
✏The Obsidian Quest Book Summary : When Peter comes to stay with his dead mother's twin sister and her husband while his stepfather is away on business, he is immediately plunged into a chain of frightening and bizarre events that can't possibly have anything to do with him-an ordinary, somewhat solitary boy. But then, is he really so ordinary? Is his uncle-a complete stranger-as ordinary as he at first appears? As for the retired scientist, what ordinary man has the type of power he seems to wield?
📒Obsidian Nights ✍ Tiffany L. Proctor
✏Obsidian Nights Book Summary : There is a night club in the heart of downtown Miami where the macabre gather. Vampires, shape-shifters, farseers, and others... some come seeking refuge, others seek help or guidance. But all have a past that is worth forgetting.Welcome to Club Obsidian, where everyone has a secret... and everyone has a story.