Nine Theories Of Religion

Nine Theories Of Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nine Theories of Religion
✏Author : Daniel Pals
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 2014-09-08
✏Pages : 374
✏ISBN : 0199859094
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Nine Theories of Religion Book Summary : Nine Theories of Religion, third edition, considers nine of the most important religious theories that have been put forward since the scientific approach to religion first caught the imagination of nineteenth century scholars. In each case, the theory is presented by discussing the background of its major spokesman, discussing key ideas as they are presented in text, noticing its distinctive features in comparison with other theories, and recording the main objections raised by its critics.

📒An Ancient Theory Of Religion ✍ Nickolas Roubekas

An Ancient Theory Of Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : An Ancient Theory of Religion
✏Author : Nickolas Roubekas
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2016-12-08
✏Pages : 190
✏ISBN : 9781317535294
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏An Ancient Theory of Religion Book Summary : An Ancient Theory of Religion examines a theory of religion put forward by Euhemerus of Messene (late 4th—early 3rd century BCE) in his lost work Sacred Inscription, and shows not only how and why euhemerism came about but also how it was— and still is—used. By studying the utilization of the theory in different periods—from the Graeco-Roman world to Late Antiquity, and from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century—this book explores the reception of the theory in diverse literary works. In so doing, it also unpacks the different adoptions and misrepresentations of Euhemerus’s work according to the diverse agendas of the authors and scholars who have employed his theory. In the process, certain questions are raised: What did Euhemerus actually claim? How has his theory of the origins of belief in gods been used? How can modern scholarship approach and interpret his take on religion? When referring to ‘euhemerism,’ whose version are we employing? An Ancient Theory of Religion assumes no prior knowledge of euhemerism and will be of interest to scholars working in classical reception, religious studies, and early Christian studies.

The Cambridge Companion To Religion And Terrorism Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Cambridge Companion to Religion and Terrorism
✏Author : James R. Lewis
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2017-07-31
✏Pages : 299
✏ISBN : 9781107140141
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Cambridge Companion to Religion and Terrorism Book Summary : There is currently much discussion regarding the causes of terrorist acts, as well as the connection between terrorism and religion. Terrorism is attributed either to religious 'fanaticism' or, alternately, to political and economic factors, with religion more or less dismissed as a secondary factor. The Cambridge Companion to Religion and Terrorism examines this complex relationship between religion and terrorism phenomenon through a collection of essays freshly written for this volume. Bringing varying approaches, from the theoretical to the empirical, to the topic, the Companion includes an array of subjects, such as radicalization, suicide bombing, and rational choice, as well as specific case studies. The result is a richly textured collection that prompts readers to critically consider the cluster of phenomena that we have come to refer to as 'terrorism,' and terrorism's relationship with the similarly problematic set of phenomena that we call 'religion.'

Cultural Approaches To Studying Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cultural Approaches to Studying Religion
✏Author : Sarah J. Bloesch
✏Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
✏Release Date : 2018-10-18
✏Pages : 216
✏ISBN : 9781350023765
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Cultural Approaches to Studying Religion Book Summary : This is the first book to provide an introduction to contemporary cultural approaches to the study of religion. This book makes sophisticated ideas accessible at an introductory level, and examines the analytic tools of scholars in religious studies, as well as in related disciplines that have shaped the field including anthropology, history, literature, and critical studies in race, sexuality, and gender. Each chapter is written by a leading scholar and includes: · the biographical and historical context of each theorist · their approaches and key writings · analysis and evaluation of each theory · suggested further reading. Part One: Comparative Approaches considers how major features such as taboo, texts, myths and ritual work across religious traditions by exploring the work of Mary Douglas, Phyllis Trible, Wendy Doniger and Catherine Bell. Part Two: Examining Particularities analyzes the comparative approach through the work of Alice Walker, Charles Long and Caroline Walker Bynum, who all suggest that the specifics of race, body, place and time must be considered. Part Three: Expanding Boundaries examines Gloria Anzaldúa's language of religion, as well as the work of Judith Butler on performative, queer theories of religion, and concludes with Saba Mahmood, whose work considers postcolonial religious encounters, secularism, and the relationship between “East” and “West.” Reflecting the cultural turn and challenging the existing canon, this is the anthology instructors have been waiting for. For primary texts by the theorists discussed, please consult The Bloomsbury Reader in Cultural Approaches to the Study of Religion, edited by Sarah J. Bloesch and Meredith Minister.

The Cambridge Companion To Religious Experience Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Cambridge Companion to Religious Experience
✏Author : Paul K. Moser
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2020-07-31
✏Pages : 300
✏ISBN : 9781108472173
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Cambridge Companion to Religious Experience Book Summary : Offers a state-of-the-art contribution by providing critical analyses of and creative insights to the nature of religious experience.

Sociology And Human Destiny Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sociology and Human Destiny
✏Author : Gregory Baum
✏Publisher : New York : Seabury Press
✏Release Date : 1980
✏Pages : 215
✏ISBN : UCAL:B4382316
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Sociology and Human Destiny Book Summary : Nine authors from different disciplines appraise the major sociological theories of today while examining the visions of society of such influential theorists as George Herbert Mead, Talcott Parsons, Robert Bellah and Peter Berger

The Imperishable Dominion Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Imperishable Dominion
✏Author : Udo Schaefer
✏Publisher : George Ronald Pub Limited
✏Release Date : 1983
✏Pages : 301
✏ISBN : UOM:39015008932017
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Imperishable Dominion Book Summary : Taking stock of the traditions of modern European thought, Schaefer discussessome of the vital issues affecting society today and proposes solutions drawnfrom the teachings of the Baha'i faith. (World Religions)

An Exposition Of The Thirty Nine Articles Of The Church Of England Another  Book PDF
✏Book Title : An exposition of the Thirty nine articles of the Church of England Another
✏Author : Gilbert Burnet (bp. of Salisbury.)
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1805
✏Pages : 542
✏ISBN : OXFORD:600015103
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏An exposition of the Thirty nine articles of the Church of England Another Book Summary :

An Exposition Of The Thirty Nine Articles Of The Church Of England With Notes By J R Page Book PDF
✏Book Title : An exposition of the Thirty nine articles of the Church of England with notes by J R Page
✏Author : Gilbert Burnet (bp. of Salisbury.)
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1837
✏Pages : 80
✏ISBN : OXFORD:590184756
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏An exposition of the Thirty nine articles of the Church of England with notes by J R Page Book Summary :

Religious Theories Of Personality And Psychotherapy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Religious Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy
✏Author : Frank De Piano
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 458
✏ISBN : 9781135788957
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Religious Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy Book Summary : Integrate spiritual traditions with psychological healing! In this fascinating volume, clinical practitioners of different religious traditions examine the same clinical case, offering insights, interventions, and explanations of transformation and healing. This practical approach allows them to explore broader issues of personality theory and psychology from the perspectives of various spiritual traditions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Religious Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy addresses both the practical issues of doing psychotherapy and the deeper need to relate psychology and theology. After providing a thorough introduction to the spiritual tradition, each author presents a critical psychological theory of personality and psychotherapy grounded in that tradition. The authors address the questions of what it means to be a person, what causes human distress, and how individuals experience healing. Religious Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy offers profound insights into the urgent issues of human suffering and psychological transformation, including: theories of personality structure and human motivation the nature of experience and processes of change the dialectical relation of theology and psychology convergences and difference among the religious psychologies Marrying theory and practice, spirit and psyche, Religious Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy offers profound insights and effective interventions. Mental health professionals, clergy, and scholars in religion, cross-cultural studies, personality, counseling, and psychotherapy will find this breakthrough book a life-changing experience and an invaluable resource.

Handbook Of The Sociology Of Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : Handbook of the Sociology of Religion
✏Author : Michele Dillon
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2003-08-18
✏Pages : 481
✏ISBN : 0521000785
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Handbook of the Sociology of Religion Book Summary : Table of contents

The Review Of Korean Studies Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Review of Korean Studies
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : IND:30000075054191
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Review of Korean Studies Book Summary :

The Role Of Revelation In The World S Religions Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Role of Revelation in the World s Religions
✏Author : Beverly Moon
✏Publisher : McFarland
✏Release Date : 2010-10-01
✏Pages : 233
✏ISBN : 9780786459865
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Role of Revelation in the World s Religions Book Summary : The human reception of divine messages, known as revelation, has often played a central role in world religions. This study explores how spirituality and the personal experience of the divine has been expressed and preserved in various religious traditions. The phenomenon of revelation is explored and interpreted through examples from across the religious spectrum, and six different types of revelation are posited: visions and voices, divination, spirit journey, spirit mediation, mystical union, and divine incarnation.

The Religious The Spiritual And The Secular Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Religious the Spiritual and the Secular
✏Author : Robert N. Minor
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1999-01-01
✏Pages : 208
✏ISBN : 0791439925
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Religious the Spiritual and the Secular Book Summary : The Religious, the Spiritual, and the Secular presents an account of Auroville, a city in contemporary southeast India, and the vision of founder and well-known guru Sri Aurobindo. Auroville’s eventual takeover and the promotion of its goals by the Indian government leads to a thought-provoking discussion of the meaning of “secularism” in India.

A Guide To The Phenomenology Of Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Guide to the Phenomenology of Religion
✏Author : James Cox
✏Publisher : A&C Black
✏Release Date : 2006-08-15
✏Pages : 267
✏ISBN : 9780826452900
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏A Guide to the Phenomenology of Religion Book Summary : Provides an introduction and overview to the Phenomenology of Religion through describing, analysing and evaluating the ideas of key thinkers in the phenomenology of religion. This book also examines the thinking of scholars within the Dutch, British and North American 'schools' of religious phenomenology.

📒Religion Goes To School ✍ James V. Panoch

Religion Goes To School Book PDF
✏Book Title : Religion Goes to School
✏Author : James V. Panoch
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1968
✏Pages : 183
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105031430502
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Religion Goes to School Book Summary :

📒Religion Today ✍ Ross Aden

Religion Today Book PDF
✏Book Title : Religion Today
✏Author : Ross Aden
✏Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
✏Release Date : 2012-10-18
✏Pages : 444
✏ISBN : 9780742563728
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Religion Today Book Summary : Tflyer to SS8010 Intro to Religion, 981 names; SS8ZZZ Religion/Higher Level, 3549 names. Comp to PT names for Studying Religion: An Intro through Cases by Gary E. Kessler 3E.

📒Controversial New Religions ✍ Associate Professor of Religion James R Lewis

Controversial New Religions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Controversial New Religions
✏Author : Associate Professor of Religion James R Lewis
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 483
✏ISBN : 0195156838
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Controversial New Religions Book Summary : Over the last several years, the scholarly interest in New Religious Movements has grown exponentially. The general public, however, tends to hear about New Religious Movements only when there has been a tragedy, such as the burning of the Branch Davidians' compound in Waco or the Heaven'sGate suicide. The press then lavishes attention on these groups, writing melodramatic stories that play up the oddness of their beliefs and behaviors. This volume offers a scholarly, dispassionate look at those groups that have generated the most controversy. The groups covered are: The FamilyUnification Church People's Temple Branch Davidians ISKCON (Hare Krishnas) Osho Rajneesh Soka Gakkai Aum Shunrikyo Falun Gong Aumism Scientology Theosophy Order of the Solar Temple Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness Heaven's Gate Raelians White Racist Religions Satanism Each essay provides notonly an overview of the history and beliefs of each organization or movement, but also analysis that makes an original contribution to the field. This book will be an invaluable resource for all those who seek a view of New Religions that is deeper than what can be found in sensationalisticnewspaper stories or on the six o'clock news.

📒Women And Sacrifice ✍ William Beers

Women And Sacrifice Book PDF
✏Book Title : Women and Sacrifice
✏Author : William Beers
✏Publisher : Wayne State University Press
✏Release Date : 1992
✏Pages : 205
✏ISBN : 0814323774
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Women and Sacrifice Book Summary : "Women and Sacrifice is an original and lucid book that explores the anthropology and developmental psychology of male violence in blood sacrifice and its implications in religion and culture. It is the first comprehensive study of the psychology of gender and religion using the controversial ideas of Heinz Kohut and self-psychology." "Beers not only makes an important contribution to our psychological understanding of sacrifice, he explores how narcissistic anxiety fuels rituals and social structures that subordinate women. He bases his provocative theory on three general premises: sacrifice is traditionally performed only by men; the gender specificity of sacrifice can be traced to gender-specific developments of men and women and is reflected in religions throughout the world; and the male violence of sacrifice is related to other forms of male violence. Beers reviews the theories of symbol-formation of Freud, Jung, Klein, and Winnicott and argues that Kohut's self-psychology is more appropriate for understanding the psychology of symbolic ritual. The psychological claims in the book are presented in the context of social structures, cultural expressions, and individual and group history. Beers includes critiques of such leading theorists of ritual and sacrifice as Durkheim, Levi-Strauss, Douglas, Turner, Geertz, Freud, Jung, and Girard." "In analyzing sacrifice among the Malekulans of Melanesia and the eucharist of the American Episcopal Church, Beers develops the theory that such rituals have a psychological function that diminishes and controls women. He claims that men so fear women that religious ritual excludes women in order that men can gain and retain power over them."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

📒Sex Religion Media ✍ Dane S. Claussen

Sex Religion Media Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sex Religion Media
✏Author : Dane S. Claussen
✏Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 295
✏ISBN : UOM:39015053372853
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Sex Religion Media Book Summary : Each chapter in this unique volume explores intersections of sex, religion, and media in our society. An interdisciplinary cast of contributors examines a wide variety of themes, including entertainment producers' roles in disseminating sexual and religious content; news coverage of stories about sex and religion; religious conservatives' efforts to influence media coverage of sex and 'values;' and how religious consumers are influenced by and react to sexual content in media.

Xi Zang Zong Jiao Book PDF
✏Book Title : Xi Zang Zong Jiao
✏Author :
✏Publisher : 五洲传播出版社
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 7508502329
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Xi Zang Zong Jiao Book Summary :

Religion In The Emergence Of Civilization Book PDF
✏Book Title : Religion in the Emergence of Civilization
✏Author : Ian Hodder
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2010-08-30
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781139492171
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Religion in the Emergence of Civilization Book Summary : This book presents an interdisciplinary study of the role of spirituality and religious ritual in the emergence of complex societies. Involving an eminent group of natural scientists, archaeologists, anthropologists, philosophers, and theologians, this volume examines Çatalhöyük as a case study. A nine-thousand-year old town in central Turkey, Çatalhöyük was first excavated in the 1960s and has since become integral to understanding the symbolic and ritual worlds of the early farmers and village-dwellers in the Middle East. It is thus an ideal location for exploring theories about the role of religion in early settled life. This book provides a unique overview of current debates concerning religion and its historical variations. Through exploration of themes including the integration of the spiritual and the material, the role of belief in religion, the cognitive bases for religion, and religion's social roles, this book situates the results from Çatalhöyük within a broader understanding of the Neolithic in the Middle East.

Social Scientific Studies Of Religion In China Book PDF
✏Book Title : Social Scientific Studies of Religion in China
✏Author : Fenggang Yang
✏Publisher : BRILL
✏Release Date : 2011-01-27
✏Pages : 312
✏ISBN : 9789004182462
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Social Scientific Studies of Religion in China Book Summary : This book provides a sampling of recent field studies of religions in China, along with theoretical reflections by sociologists, anthropologists and religious studies scholars, both inside and outside China, on the revival of the social scientific study of religion in Chinese societies.

📒Eternity And Time S Flow ✍ Robert C. Neville

Eternity And Time S Flow Book PDF
✏Book Title : Eternity and Time s Flow
✏Author : Robert C. Neville
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1993-01-01
✏Pages : 268
✏ISBN : 0791415996
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Eternity and Time s Flow Book Summary : Neville returns eternity to the center of consideration by analyzing the obsessive culture that attempts to get along denying it; and he analyzes the nature of time's flow itself, the nature of divine eternity, and the subtle problems of personal immortality. He argues that time and eternity constitute one topic and that, therefore, time itself is beyond understanding, beyond personal grasp, and beyond civilized orientation without a proper comprehension of eternity.

The Neglected Canon Nine Women Philosophers Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Neglected Canon Nine Women Philosophers
✏Author : T. Dykeman
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-06-29
✏Pages : 366
✏ISBN : 9789401734004
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Neglected Canon Nine Women Philosophers Book Summary : When down from the moon stepped the goddess of the night, she bid Minerva/Athene come to her. "Minerva/Athene," she said, "you sprang fully formed from the head of your father. Now all the daughters of mankind think they, too, are as rootless as you. Tonight I bid you dance, join the circle round 1 that tree glistening with the clarity of wisdom. Mother Natura and Lady Philosophia, hands together, already have begun the promenade of myth and allegory. " Still in the garb of gold and white stone, Minerva/ Athene did as she was bid and danced till dawn. Then in new light, she found herself suddenly a budding flower on a tall branch, and even more swiftly a crystalline fruit, rivaling the morning sun, refracting the light. Behold, she had grown roots, difficult to discover down in the dark of history, deep in the solid knowledge of earth. And the daughters of humankind saw and reveled in their roots. This is the story of this book, a history, long and diverse, of women thinkers and their thought. It will become a legacy for all who study it, a legacy that Heloi"se, Marie de Gournay, Sor Juana Ines de Ia Cruz, and Judith Sargent Murray among many women philosophers assured by composing lists of the names of women little acknowledged century after century. While the Hannah Arendt's, Susanne K.

📒Religion And Reductionism ✍ Thomas A. Idinopulos

Religion And Reductionism Book PDF
✏Book Title : Religion and Reductionism
✏Author : Thomas A. Idinopulos
✏Publisher : BRILL
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 236
✏ISBN : 9004098704
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Religion and Reductionism Book Summary : This volume focuses on the writings of Robert A. Segal and his defense of reductionism and criticism of Mircea Eliade's non-reductive interpretation of religion. Related questions on religion and reductionism are explored by major scholars of religion in major departments of religion in the United States and Canada.

Philosophy Of Religion Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Religion
✏Author : Stuart Brown
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-05-01
✏Pages : 208
✏ISBN : 9781134692651
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Philosophy of Religion Book Summary : With the entry-level student in mind, Stuart Brown guides the reader through three main topics: whether or not there is life after death; whether or not there is a powerful, beneficent intelligence controlling the universe; and the nature and appropriate defence of religious belief or faith. Each chapter is linked to readings by commentators on religion and belief, such as David Hume, John Hick, Richard Dawkins and William James. Key features also include activities and exercises, chapter summaries and guides to further reading.

Classical Sociological Theory Book PDF
✏Book Title : Classical Sociological Theory
✏Author : Bert N. Adams
✏Publisher : SAGE Publications
✏Release Date : 2002-01-29
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9781452264486
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Classical Sociological Theory Book Summary : A concise, yet surprisingly comprehensive theory text, given the range of ideas, historical context, and theorists discussed. Unlike other books of the type, Classical Sociological Theory focuses on how the pivotal theories contributed not only to the development of the field, but also to the evolution of ideas concerning social life.

📒Nine And A Half Mystics ✍ Herbert Weiner

Nine And A Half Mystics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nine and a Half Mystics
✏Author : Herbert Weiner
✏Publisher : Simon and Schuster
✏Release Date : 1997-07-01
✏Pages : 420
✏ISBN : 9780684843254
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏Nine and a Half Mystics Book Summary : This revised edition of a modern classic includes a new Foreword by Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel and an Afterword by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz, editor of The Talmud: The Steinsaltz Edition, as well as a Coda by the author in which he explores the many paths being traveled today in the search for the treasures of the Kabbala.

The Oxford Handbook Of Feminist Theory Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory
✏Author : Lisa Jane Disch
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 1068
✏ISBN : 9780199328581
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

Click Here To Get Book

✏The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory Book Summary : The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory provides a rich overview of the analytical frameworks and theoretical concepts that feminist theorists have developed to analyze the known world. Featuring leading feminist theorists from diverse regions of the globe, this collection delves into forty-nine subject areas, demonstrating the complexity of feminist challenges to established knowledge, while also engaging areas of contestation within feminist theory. Demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of feminist theory, the chapters offer innovative analyses of topics central to social and political science, cultural studies and humanities, discourses associated with medicine and science, and issues in contemporary critical theory that have been transformed through feminist theorization. The handbook identifies limitations of key epistemic assumptions that inform traditional scholarship and shows how theorizing from women's and men's lives has profound effects on the conceptualization of central categories, whether the field of analysis is aesthetics, biology, cultural studies, development, economics, film studies, health, history, literature, politics, religion, science studies, sexualities, violence, or war.