Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations

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  • Author : Irina Kareva
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 354 pages
  • ISBN : 0128144327
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Irina Kareva and published by Academic Press which was released on 16 October 2019 with total page 354 pages. We cannot guarantee that Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations: Theory and Applications describes, develops and provides applications of a method that allows incorporating population heterogeneity into systems of ordinary and discrete differential equations without significantly increasing system dimensionality. The method additionally allows making use of results of bifurcation analysis performed on simplified homogeneous systems, thereby building on the existing body of tools and knowledge and expanding applicability and predictive power of many mathematical models. Introduces Hidden Keystone Variable (HKV) method, which allows modeling evolution of heterogenous populations, while reducing multi-dimensional selection systems to low-dimensional systems of differential equations Demonstrates that replicator dynamics is governed by the principle of maximal relative entropy that can be derived from the dynamics of selection systems instead of being postulated Discusses mechanisms behind models of both Darwinian and non-Darwinian selection Provides examples of applications to various fields, including cancer growth, global demography, population extinction, tragedy of the commons and resource sustainability, among others Helps inform differences in underlying mechanisms of population growth from experimental observations, taking one from experiment to theory and back

Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations

Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations
  • Author : Irina Kareva,Georgy Karev
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 16 October 2019
GET THIS BOOK Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations

Modeling Evolution of Heterogeneous Populations: Theory and Applications describes, develops and provides applications of a method that allows incorporating population heterogeneity into systems of ordinary and discrete differential equations without significantly increasing system dimensionality. The method additionally allows making use of results of bifurcation analysis performed on simplified homogeneous systems, thereby building on the existing body of tools and knowledge and expanding applicability and predictive power of many mathematical models. Introduces Hidden Keystone Variable (HKV) method, which allows modeling evolution

Epidemic Dynamics in Heterogeneous Populations

Epidemic Dynamics in Heterogeneous Populations
  • Author : Thomas Joseph Hladish
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 26 January 2022
GET THIS BOOK Epidemic Dynamics in Heterogeneous Populations

Epidemiological models traditionally make the assumption that populations are homogeneous. By relaxing that assumption, models often become more complicated, but better representations of the real world. Here we describe new computational tools for studying heterogeneous populations, and we examine consequences of two particular types of heterogeneity: that people are not all equally likely to interact, and that people are not all equally likely to become infected if exposed to a pathogen. Contact network epidemiology provides a robust and flexible paradigm

Modeling Evolution

Modeling Evolution
  • Author : Derek A. Roff
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 17 December 2009
GET THIS BOOK Modeling Evolution

Computer modeling is now an integral part of research in evolutionary biology. The advent of increased processing power in the personal computer, coupled with the availability of languages such as R, SPLUS, Mathematica, Maple, Mathcad, and MATLAB, has ensured that the development and analysis of computer models of evolution is now within the capabilities of most graduate students. However, there are two hurdles that tend to discourage students from making full use of the power of computer modeling. The first

Environmental Stress Adaptation and Evolution

Environmental Stress  Adaptation  and Evolution
  • Author : K. Bijlsma,Rudolf Bijlsma,Volker Loeschcke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 23 September 1997
GET THIS BOOK Environmental Stress Adaptation and Evolution

Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and

Genetic and Evolutionary Computing

Genetic and Evolutionary Computing
  • Author : Jeng-Shyang Pan,Jerry Chun-Wei Lin,Bixia Sui,Shih-Pang Tseng
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 11 May 2019
GET THIS BOOK Genetic and Evolutionary Computing

This volume of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing highlights papers presented at the 12th International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computing (ICGEC 2018). Held from 14 to 17 December 2018 in Changzhou, Jiangsu, China, the conference was co-sponsored by Springer, Changzhou College of Information Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Lab of Big Data Mining and Applications, Fujian University of Technology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Electronic Information and Electrical Technology Education, Fujian University of Technology, Tajen University, National University of Kaohsiung, and Shandong University

Evolutionary Models in Structured Populations

Evolutionary Models in Structured Populations
  • Author : C. Hadjichrysanthou
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 26 January 2022
GET THIS BOOK Evolutionary Models in Structured Populations

Evolutionary dynamics have been traditionally studied in infinitely large homogeneous populations where each individual is equally likely to interact with every other individual. However, real populations are finite and characterised by complex interactions among individuals. In this work, the influence of the population structure on the outcome of the evolutionary process is explored. Through an analytic approach, this study first examines the stochastic evolutionary game dynamics following the update rules of the invasion process, an adaptation of the Moran process,

Computational Modeling of Biological Systems

Computational Modeling of Biological Systems
  • Author : Nikolay V Dokholyan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 10 February 2012
GET THIS BOOK Computational Modeling of Biological Systems

Computational modeling is emerging as a powerful new approach to study and manipulate biological systems. Multiple methods have been developed to model, visualize, and rationally alter systems at various length scales, starting from molecular modeling and design at atomic resolution to cellular pathways modeling and analysis. Higher time and length scale processes, such as molecular evolution, have also greatly benefited from new breeds of computational approaches. This book provides an overview of the established computational methods used for modeling biologically

Spaces of Measures and their Applications to Structured Population Models

Spaces of Measures and their Applications to Structured Population Models
  • Author : Christian Düll,Piotr Gwiazda,Anna Marciniak-Czochra,Jakub Skrzeczkowski
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 07 October 2021
GET THIS BOOK Spaces of Measures and their Applications to Structured Population Models

Structured population models are transport-type equations often applied to describe evolution of heterogeneous populations of biological cells, animals or humans, including phenomena such as crowd dynamics or pedestrian flows. This book introduces the mathematical underpinnings of these applications, providing a comprehensive analytical framework for structured population models in spaces of Radon measures. The unified approach allows for the study of transport processes on structures that are not vector spaces (such as traffic flow on graphs) and enables the analysis of

The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology
  • Author : Erik Svensson,Ryan Calsbeek
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 17 May 2012
GET THIS BOOK The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

The 'Adaptive Landscape' has been a central concept in population genetics and evolutionary biology since this powerful metaphor was first formulated by Sewall Wright in 1932. Eighty years later, it has become a central framework in evolutionary quantitative genetics, selection studies in natural populations, and in studies of ecological speciation and adaptive radiations. Recently, the simple concept of adaptive landscapes in two dimensions (genes or traits) has been criticized and several new and more sophisticated versions of the original adaptive landscape

Genome Chaos

Genome Chaos
  • Author : Henry H. Heng
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 25 May 2019
GET THIS BOOK Genome Chaos

Genome Chaos: Rethinking Genetics, Evolution, and Molecular Medicine transports readers from Mendelian Genetics to 4D-genomics, building a case for genes and genomes as distinct biological entities, and positing that the genome, rather than individual genes, defines system inheritance and represents a clear unit of selection for macro-evolution. In authoring this thought-provoking text, Dr. Heng invigorates fresh discussions in genome theory and helps readers reevaluate their current understanding of human genetics, evolution, and new pathways for advancing molecular and precision medicine.

Disease Evolution

Disease Evolution
  • Author : Zhilan Feng,Ulf Dieckmann,Simon A. Levin
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Release : 26 January 2022
GET THIS BOOK Disease Evolution

Infectious diseases are continuing to threaten humankind. While some diseases have been controlled, new diseases are constantly appearing. Others are now reappearing in forms that are resistant to drug treatments. A capacity for continual re-adaptation furnishes pathogens with the power to escape our control efforts through evolution. This makes it imperative to understand the complex selection pressures that are shaping and reshaping diseases. Modern models of evolutionaryepidemiology provide powerful tools for creating, expressing, and testing such understanding. Bringing together international

Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Dispersal Ecology and Evolution
  • Author : Michel Baguette,Tim G. Benton,James M. Bullock
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 27 September 2012
GET THIS BOOK Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Provides an overview of the fast expanding field of dispersal ecology. The causes, mechanisms, and consequences of dispersal at the individual, population, species, and community levels are all considered.