Microbiota Brain Axis

📒Gut Microbiota ✍ Alper Evrensel

Gut Microbiota Book PDF
✏Book Title : Gut Microbiota
✏Author : Alper Evrensel
✏Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
✏Release Date : 2018-12-12
✏Pages : 114
✏ISBN : 9781789848144
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Gut Microbiota Book Summary : The gut-brain axis has gained considerable attention from different branches of the scientific community in recent years. In this book, scientists from different disciplines present current scientific knowledge on the topic. The interaction between the prokaryote and eukaryote cells stimulates the evolutionary processes, and results in various systemic illnesses such as neuropsychiatric disorders and may help the continuity of health. Nature has provided us with healthy food that builds our pharmacy. This natural pharmacy store may help the body's healing processes through its effects on gut microbiota and the immune system. This book aims to provide the reader with detailed analyses of the current scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis and its relation with health and disease. We hope that the reader benefits from the presented material.

📒Microbiota Brain Axis ✍ Jane A. Foster

Microbiota Brain Axis Book PDF
✏Book Title : Microbiota Brain Axis
✏Author : Jane A. Foster
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-09-01
✏Pages : 496
✏ISBN : 9780128148013
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Microbiota Brain Axis Book Summary : Microbiota-Brain Axis: A Neuroscience Primer provides neuroscience researchers with a comprehensive guide on how to conduct effective microbiota-brain research, understand the appropriate methodologies, and collect and analyze microbiota data. The book begins with an introduction to the importance of the microbiota-brain communication in development and how microbiota impact neurodevelopmental disorders, mental health and neurodegeneration. In addition, the book discusses advances in microbiota analysis tools and techniques for neuroscience related research. Reviews the many approaches to manipulating the microbiota in animal studies - including the use of germ-free animals, antibiotics and diet - and covers the strengths and limitations of each Outlines available microbiota research tools, such as 16S sequencing and shot-gun metagenomics Provides a comprehensive guide to analyzing microbiota-related data and the many choices for bioinformatics

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis In Health And Disease Book PDF
✏Book Title : Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease
✏Author : Mark Lyte
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-07-05
✏Pages : 436
✏ISBN : 9781493908974
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease Book Summary : The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

📒The Gut Brain Axis ✍ Niall Hyland

The Gut Brain Axis Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Gut Brain Axis
✏Author : Niall Hyland
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2016-05-13
✏Pages : 508
✏ISBN : 9780128025444
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Gut Brain Axis Book Summary : The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

The Possible Role Of The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis In Autism Spectrum Disorder Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Possible Role of the Microbiota gut brain axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder
✏Author : Piranavie Srikantha
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1143216081
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Possible Role of the Microbiota gut brain axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder Book Summary :

The Interplay Of Microbiome And Immune Response In Health And Diseases Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases
✏Author : Gwendolyn Barcel´o-Coblijn
✏Publisher : MDPI
✏Release Date : 2019-11-06
✏Pages : 206
✏ISBN : 9783039216468
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases Book Summary : [Increasing evidence suggests that microbiota and especially the gut microbiota (the microbes inhabiting the gut including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and fungi) plays a key role in human physiology and pathology. Recent findings indicate how dysbiosis—an imbalance in the composition and organization of microbial populations—could severely impact the development of different medical conditions (from metabolic to mood disorders), providing new insights into the comprehension of diverse diseases, such as IBD, obesity, asthma, autism, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Given that microbial cells in the gut outnumber host cells, microbiota influences human physiology both functionally and structurally. Microbial metabolites bridge various—even distant—areas of the organism by way of the immune and hormone system. For instance, it is now clear that the mutual interaction between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain (gut–brain axis), often involves gut microbiota, indicating that the crosstalk between the organism and its microbial residents represents a fundamental aspect of both the establishment and maintenance of healthy conditions. Moreover, it is crucial to recognize that beyond the intestinal tract, microbiota populates other host organs and tissues (e.g., skin and oral mucosa). We have edited this eBook with the aim of publishing manuscripts focusing on the impact of microbiota in the development of different diseases and their associated treatments.]

Nod1 Nod2 Receptors Modulate The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nod1 Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota Gut Brain Axis
✏Author : Melinda A. Schneider
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages : 59
✏ISBN : 1321910908
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nod1 Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota Gut Brain Axis Book Summary : The association between intestinal diseases, mood disorders and cognitive deficits is increasingly recognized. Previous studies from our lab suggest that chronic intestinal diseases, such as infection with an enteric pathogen, in combination with an acute psychological stressor (water avoidance stress [WAS]), can induce anxiety-like behavior and memory defects in mice. In our current study, we hypothesized that nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (Nod) receptors, as important modulators of homeostasis between the host immune system and the gut microbiota, are integral regulators of the microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis. Using Nod1/Nod2 double knockout (NodDKO) mice, we performed behavioral testing, qPCR analysis of stool bacterial DNA, and serum corticosterone analysis. Compared to wild type (WT) controls (C57BL/6), NodDKO mice displayed anxiety-like behaviors (light/dark box test, p

Role Of Nutraceuticals In Modulation Of Gut Brain Axis In Elderly Persons Book PDF
✏Book Title : Role of Nutraceuticals in Modulation of Gut Brain Axis in Elderly Persons
✏Author : Ana-Maria Enciu
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1154214220
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Role of Nutraceuticals in Modulation of Gut Brain Axis in Elderly Persons Book Summary : A rather new and somewhat unusual concept connects brain functions to gut microbiota. It is called "gut-brain axis" (or "microbiota-gut-brain axis") and states that probiotics consumption and a healthy gut microbiota positively influence brain functions related to behavior and cognition. Synergistic with a low chronic grade peripheral inflammation, this faulty barrier exposes the aged brain to negative extra-cerebral signals. Given the quasi-constant failure of pharmacological treatments in neurodegenerative diseases, increased interest is directed toward allopathic medicine, including dietary supplements. Interplay between gut microbiota and central nervous system by immune, neural and metabolic pathways is being explored as a possible modulator of cognitive impairment and behavior disorders. In elderly persons, this axis has been reported to be altered, contributing to systemic inflammation and was also indicated as a possible marker for early frailty in younger population. Currently, there are several clinical trials addressing the relationship between gut microbiota and central nervous system psychiatric disorders and at least one directly investigating whether there is a correlation between composition of gut microbiome, permeability of intestinal barrier and systemic inflammation in patients with dementia. This chapter discusses evidence-based data on positive modulation of gut-brain axis to alleviate behavior and cognition alterations in the elderly.

The Microbiome Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Microbiome
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-11-01
✏Pages : 194
✏ISBN : 9780128207987
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Microbiome Book Summary : The Microbiome, Volume 176, assembles known facts and provides guidance for their implementation on topics relating to associations between the gut microbiome and personality traits, depression, anxiety, autism, schizophrenia, cognition, dementia and neurodegeneration. Additionally, this volume considers the influence of the maternal microbiome on brain development, with chapters covering Intervention, prevention, and the brain: prebiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplants, The microbiota-gut-brain axis: focus on the fundamental communication pathways, and Microbiome composition and locations. Provides a comprehensive review of the bidirectional interactions between gut microbes and the brain Includes data across the lifespan Focuses on microbiome related therapies with broad appeal within, and beyond, the medical and scientific community

A Psychology Of The Human Brain Gut Microbiome Axis Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Psychology of the Human Brain gut microbiome Axis
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1051874860
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Psychology of the Human Brain gut microbiome Axis Book Summary : Abstract: In recent years, we have seen increasing research within neuroscience and biopsychology on the interactions between the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract, and the bidirectional relationship between these systems: the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Although research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota can impact upon cognition and a variety of stress‐related behaviours, including those relevant to anxiety and depression, we still do not know how this occurs. A deeper understanding of how psychological development as well as social and cultural factors impact upon the brain–gut–microbiome axis will contextualise the role of the axis in humans and inform psychological interventions that improve health within the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Interventions ostensibly aimed at ameliorating disorders in one part of the brain–gut–microbiome axis (e.g., psychotherapy for depression) may nonetheless impact upon other parts of the axis (e.g., microbiome composition and function), and functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome represent a disorder of the axis, rather than an isolated problem either of psychology or of gastrointestinal function. The discipline of psychology needs to be cognisant of these interactions and can help to inform the future research agenda in this emerging field of research. In this review, we outline the role psychology has to play in understanding the brain–gut–microbiome axis, with a focus on human psychology and the use of research in laboratory animals to model human psychology.

The Microbiome Interactions With Organ Systems Diet And Genetics An Issue Of Gastroenterology Clinics Of North America Ebook Book PDF
✏Book Title : The microbiome Interactions with organ systems diet and genetics An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Ebook
✏Author : Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
✏Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
✏Release Date : 2019-08-09
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9780323679015
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The microbiome Interactions with organ systems diet and genetics An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Ebook Book Summary : In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

Targeting The Ecology Within The Role Of The Gut Brain Axis And Human Microbiota In Drug Addiction Book PDF
✏Book Title : Targeting the Ecology Within The Role of the Gut brain Axis and Human Microbiota in Drug Addiction
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1052048493
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Targeting the Ecology Within The Role of the Gut brain Axis and Human Microbiota in Drug Addiction Book Summary : Abstract: Despite major advances in our understanding of the brain using traditional neuroscience, reliable and efficacious treatments for drug addiction have remained elusive. Hence, the time has come to utilize novel approaches, particularly those drawing upon contemporary advances in fields outside of established neuroscience and psychiatry. Put another way, the time has come for a paradigm shift in the addiction sciences. Apropos, a revolution in the area of human health is underway, which is occurring at the nexus between enteric microbiology and neuroscience. It has become increasingly clear that the human microbiota (the vast ecology of bacteria residing within the human organism), plays an important role in health and disease. This is not surprising, as it has been estimated that bacteria living in the human body (approximately 1 kg of mass, roughly equivalent to that of the human brain) outnumber human cells 10 to 1. While advances in the understanding of the role of microbiota in other areas of human health have yielded intriguing results (e.g., Clostridium difficile, irritable bowel syndrome, autism, etc.), to date, no systematic programs of research have examined the role of microbiota in drug addiction. The current hypothesis, therefore, is that gut dysbiosis plays a key role in addictive disorders. In the context of this hypothesis, this paper provides a rationale for future research to target the "gut–brain axis" in addiction. A brief background of the gut–brain axis is provided, along with a series of hypothesis-driven ideas outlining potential treatments for addiction via manipulations of the "ecology within."

15 Food Creates Mood The Gut Brain Microbiota Axis And Depression Book PDF
✏Book Title : 15 FOOD CREATES MOOD THE GUT BRAIN MICROBIOTA AXIS AND DEPRESSION
✏Author : Sara Rodrigues
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1163856009
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏15 FOOD CREATES MOOD THE GUT BRAIN MICROBIOTA AXIS AND DEPRESSION Book Summary : OBJECTIVESThis review aims to shed light on the impact of gut microbiome on mood disorders, particularly depression, as well as to precise which factors influencing gut-brain signaling could be manipulated for better mental health management.BACKGROUND AND AIMSA constant bi-directional communication is known to take place between the gut and the brain. This interaction is referred to in the literature as the gut-brain-microbiota axis and may be key in triggering mood disorders. It is our aim to understand how microbiome respond to external factors and how managing gut bacteria might be useful as a potential therapeutic approach, as evidence on this matter remains limited.MATERIALS AND METHODSWe conducted a review on all articles concerning gut-brain-microbiome axis published in the last 5 years on PubMed database. A query comprising u201cpsychobiotics OR ((microbiome OR microbiota) AND depression)u201d was used, with full-text available articles being selected.RESULTSAn increasing number of studies suggest that gut microbiome exerts direct influence on mental health. As digestion of food by commensal bacteria living in the gut leads to neurotransmitters regulation and creation, gut bacteria affect brain function and human behavior. Recent studies show growing interest in the concept of psychobiotics - bacteria which when ingested may be beneficial to mental health. Its effects via enteric nervous system on emotional and cognitive functions seem to be prominent, with evidence suggesting potential antidepressant effects. CONCLUSIONSGut-brain-microbiome axis management and psychobiotics stand as promising therapeutic alternatives to treat mood disorders such as depression.

The Gut Microbiome An Issue Of Gastroenterology Clinics Of North America E Book Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Gut Microbiome An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America E Book
✏Author : Eamonn M.M. Quigley
✏Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
✏Release Date : 2017-02-09
✏Pages : 246
✏ISBN : 9780323509978
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Gut Microbiome An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America E Book Book Summary : Dr. Quigley has created a must-have reference on the gut microbiome for the practicing gastroenterologist. A leader in the field of human physiology and digestive disorders, he has laid out the basics on this increasingly important topic, devoting articles to the organization and biology of the human gut microbiome as well as its diagnostic potential. Top international authors have presented articles that discuss the intersection of the gut microbiome and diet and the gut-brain axis. Clinical implications of the gut microbiome are discussed with disease states like IBD, GI cancer, and liver diseases. Finally, the issue ends with the cutting-edge clinical innovation of fecal microbial transplantation. This issue bridges the gap between science and clinical practice and should be an important reference to practicing gastroenterologists.

The Human Microbiota In Health And Disease Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
✏Author : Mike Wilson
✏Publisher : Garland Science
✏Release Date : 2018-09-03
✏Pages : 472
✏ISBN : 9781351068352
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease Book Summary : A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

Role And Impact Of The Gut Microbiota In A Drosophila Model For Parkinsonism Book PDF
✏Book Title : Role and Impact of the Gut Microbiota in a Drosophila Model for Parkinsonism
✏Author : Virzhiniya Lekova
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages : 204
✏ISBN : OCLC:1031392924
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Role and Impact of the Gut Microbiota in a Drosophila Model for Parkinsonism Book Summary : Current studies suggest a relationship between microbes in the gut and the brain, including an impact on brain disease development, severity, and progression. However, exploring this relationship is hindered by the intricacies of mammalian models. Drosophila has the potential to be an excellent model organism for studies of the gut-brain axis due to the relative simplicity of its microbiome, similarity to mammals, and efficient methods to rear germ-free flies. To take advantage of this potential, I examined the gut-brain axis in Drosophila models of autosomal recessive parkinsonism and observed a five-fold increase in the gut microbial load of aged parkin animals. The microbial load of pink1 animals was unchanged, suggesting a Pink1-independent role for parkin in maintaining microbial load numbers within normal range. Conditional RNAi showed that parkin is required in gut enterocytes and not in neurons or muscle to maintain microbial load homeostasis. Germ-free parkin flies exhibited improved resistance to paraquat, suggesting an impact of the gut microbiome on toxin sensitivity in parkin flies. Sequencing of 16S rDNA revealed microbial species with altered relative abundance in parkin null flies compared to controls. These data reveal a role for parkin activity in maintaining microbial composition and abundance in the gut, suggesting a relationship between parkin function and the gut microbiome, and deepening our understanding of parkin and its mutant effects.

Handbook Of Developmental Neurotoxicology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology
✏Author : William Slikker, Jr.
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2018-01-04
✏Pages : 616
✏ISBN : 9780128093948
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology Book Summary : Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive view of the fundamental aspects of neurodevelopment, the pathways and agents that affect them, relevant clinical syndromes, and risk assessment procedures for developmental neurotoxicants. The editors and chapter authors are internationally recognized experts whose collaboration heralds a remarkable advance in the field, bridging developmental neuroscience with the principles of neurotoxicology. The book features eight new chapters with newly recruited authors, making it an essential text for students and professionals in toxicology, neurotoxicology, developmental biology, pharmacology, and neuroscience. Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date resource on developmental neurotoxicology with updated chapters from the first edition Contains new chapters that focus on subjects recent to the field Includes well-illustrated material, with diagrams, charts, and tables Contains compelling case studies and chapters written by world experts

Emotional Gut The Relation Between Gut Microbiome And Mental Health Book PDF
✏Book Title : Emotional Gut the Relation Between Gut Microbiome and Mental Health
✏Author : Inu00eas Figueiredo
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1163831950
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Emotional Gut the Relation Between Gut Microbiome and Mental Health Book Summary : The central nervous system and the human gastrointestinal tract are connected via the brain-gut axis, which involves bidirectional communication via neural, endocrine and immune pathways. It has recently been discovered that this communication also involves interactions with the intestinal microbiota, which release immune activating and other signaling molecules that may play an important role in regulating the brain and subsequent behaviour. Since then, it has been found that alterations in the gut microbiota-brain-axis may be implicated in stress-related disorders such as depression and anxiety, neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, and in cognitive functioning. This discoveries have provided the basis for development of new therapeutic approaches, through the modulation of the microbiota- gut-brain axis by means of prebiotic and probiotic administration. Psychobiotics are a new class of probiotics which, when ingested, confer mental health benefits through interactions with the microbiota-gut-brain axis.MATERIALS AND METHODSNon-systematic review of the literature published in Pubmed/Medline database, using the following keywords:

The Microbiome Interactions With Organ Systems Diet And Genetics An Issue Of Gastroenterology Clinics Of North America Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Microbiome Interactions with Organ Systems Diet and Genetics an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
✏Author : Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2019-09-28
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 0323679005
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Microbiome Interactions with Organ Systems Diet and Genetics an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Book Summary : In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

Nutraceuticals In Brain Health And Beyond Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nutraceuticals in Brain Health and Beyond
✏Author : Dr. Dilip Ghosh
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-11-12
✏Pages : 476
✏ISBN : 9780128206102
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nutraceuticals in Brain Health and Beyond Book Summary : Nutraceuticals in Brain Health and Beyond focuses on a variety of health disorders where intervention with nutritional supplements prove valuable, such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, autism, and attention-deficit disorder in children. In addition, Nutraceuticals in Brain Health and Beyond addresses "herb-nutra psychiatry" which is a field of research focused on developing a comprehensive, cohesive, and scientifically rigorous evidence base to shift conceptual thinking around the role of diet and nutrition in mental health. Intended for nutrition researchers, nutritionists, dieticians, regulatory bodies, health professionals, and students studying related fields, Nutraceuticals in Brain Health and Beyond will be a useful reference in understanding the links between nutrition and brain health. • Addresses nutritional psychiatry and cognitive health at all stages of the lifespan • Contains extensive coverage of vitamins, minerals, botanicals, and other nutrients • Offers novel insight into cognitive dysfunctions including depression and other neurodegenerative disorders • Explores the role of genomics and epigenetics, including discussion of the gut–brain axis

Behavioural And Neurochemical Consequences Of Chronic Gut Microbiota Depletion During Adulthood In The Rat Book PDF
✏Book Title : Behavioural and Neurochemical Consequences of Chronic Gut Microbiota Depletion During Adulthood in the Rat
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1052005131
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Behavioural and Neurochemical Consequences of Chronic Gut Microbiota Depletion During Adulthood in the Rat Book Summary : Highlights: Chronic antibiotic treatment affects visceral pain and CNS monoamine levels. Distinct behavioural profile after microbiota depletion. No change in anxiety and HPA axis. Abstract: Gut microbiota colonization is a key event for host physiology that occurs early in life. Disruption of this process leads to altered brain development which ultimately manifests as changes in brain function and behaviour in adulthood. Studies using germ-free (GF) mice highlight the extreme impact on brain health that results from life without commensal microbes. However, the impact of microbiota disturbances occurring in adulthood is less studied. To this end, we depleted the gut microbiota of 10-week-old male SpragueDawley rats via chronic antibiotic treatment. Following this marked, sustained depletion of the gut bacteria, we investigated behavioural and molecular hallmarks of gut-brain communication. Our results reveal that depletion of the gut microbiota during adulthood results in deficits in spatial memory as tested by Morris water maze, increased visceral sensitivity and a greater display of depressive-like behaviours in the forced swim test. In tandem with these clear behavioural alterations we found changes in altered CNS serotonin concentration along with changes in the mRNA levels of corticotrophin releasing hormone receptor 1 and glucocorticoid receptor. Additionally, we found changes in the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a hallmark of altered microbiota-gut-brain axis signalling. In summary, this model of antibiotic-induced depletion of the gut microbiota can be used for future studies interested in the impact of the gut microbiota on host health without the confounding developmental influence of early-life microbial alterations.

Microbial Endocrinology Interkingdom Signaling In Infectious Disease And Health Book PDF
✏Book Title : Microbial Endocrinology Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health
✏Author : Mark Lyte
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2015-11-20
✏Pages : 374
✏ISBN : 9783319202150
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Microbial Endocrinology Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health Book Summary : This new edition highlights the numerous advances made in the field of microbial endocrinology over the last five years. Prominent among these new topics featured is the emergence of the microbiota-gut-brain axis and the role it plays in brain function. Specific focus is given to the role of microbial endocrinology in the evolutionary symbiosis between man and microbe as it relates to both health and disease. With new chapters on the microbiome and its relation to neurochemicals, this new edition brings this important volume up to date.

📒The Belly Brain Solution ✍ Tammy Tucker

The Belly Brain Solution Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Belly Brain Solution
✏Author : Tammy Tucker
✏Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
✏Release Date : 2018-04-16
✏Pages : 90
✏ISBN : 1717107486
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Belly Brain Solution Book Summary : WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR: If you have ever struggled with... Issues with your "Belly" or "Brain" - Gas or bloating in the belly - Indigestion or heartburn - Nausea - Irritable bowel issues (constipation or diarrhea) - Depression - Fatigue - Anxiety - Mood changes - Headaches - Inflammation or pain, achiness in joints or tissues - Fibromyalgia - Sleep problems - Attention or focus issues - Hormone imbalances - Memory Loss - Autoimmune Disease (thyroid, arthritis, diabetes, psoriasis) Although far from exhaustive, below are some of the symptoms of digestive problems: - Flatulence/ wind - Diarrhea - Constipation - Stomach pain - Environmental Allergies/hay-fever - Itchiness - Dizziness - Weight loss/ gain - Nervousness - Brain fog - Skin problems such as rashes, eczema, and psoriasis - Pins and needles/Neuropathy - Brittle nails - Recurrent urinary tract infections - Hair Loss It is becoming increasingly evident that bidirectional signaling exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, often involving the gut microbiota. This emerging area of research is evolving quickly. Learn how to take back your health on your journey to perfect health.

 What S Bugging The Gut In Ocd A Review Of The Gut Microbiome In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder  Book PDF
✏Book Title : WHAT S BUGGING THE GUT IN OCD A REVIEW OF THE GUT MICROBIOME IN OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1051390655
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏ WHAT S BUGGING THE GUT IN OCD A REVIEW OF THE GUT MICROBIOME IN OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER Book Summary : Abstract : The gut microbiome has become a topic of major interest as of late, with a new focus specifically on psychiatric disorders. Recent studies have revealed that variations in the composition of the gut microbiota may influence anxiety and mood and vice versa. Keeping the concept of this bidirectional "microbiota‐gut‐brain" axis in mind, this review aims to shed light on how these findings may also be implicated in obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD); potentially outlining a novel etiological pathway of interest for future research in the field.

Advances In Food And Nutrition Research Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
✏Author : Fidel Toldra
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-03
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9780128204702
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advances in Food and Nutrition Research Book Summary : Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 91 provides updated knowledge about nutrients in foods and how to avoid their deficiency, especially for those essential nutrients that should be present in the diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health. Specific topics covered in this new release include Polyphenols in the management of brain disorders: Modulation of the microbiota-gut-brain axis, Protein and amino acids in skeletal muscle health in aging, Chemical composition and health properties of coffee and coffee by-products, Seaweed and seaweed-derived metabolites as prebiotics, Bioactive potential of fruit and vegetable wastes, and more. The series provides the latest advances on the identification and characterization of emerging bioactive compounds with putative health benefits, as well as up-to-date information on food science, including raw materials, production, processing, distribution and consumption. Contains contributions that have been carefully selected based on their vast experience and expertise on the subject Includes updated, in-depth, and critical discussions of available information, giving the reader a unique opportunity to learn Encompasses a broad view of the topics at hand

Influence Of Commensal Microbiota On Aggressive Behaviors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Influence of Commensal Microbiota on Aggressive Behaviors
✏Author : Kenji Yamamoto
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1163821961
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Influence of Commensal Microbiota on Aggressive Behaviors Book Summary : Objectives:This study aimed to examine the influence of commensal microbiota on the host aggressive behavior which is a characteristic of neurodevelopmental disorders.Background:Increasing evidences suggest influence of microbiota-gut-brain axis on mental status and behavior. In fact, our previous study on germfree (GF) mice and commensal fecal microbiota-associated mice (EX-GF) demonstrated that commensal microbiota decreased both spontaneous locomotor activity and anxiety-like behavior of the host. These findings provided influence of commensal microbiota on the host behaviors and mental state.Materials and Methods:Social interaction test was used to analyze aggressive behaviors in gnotobiotic BALB/c mice in a sterile isolator. This interaction test was performed in the Open-filed box, and GF mice and same group of castrated GF mice were setting opposite side. Their behaviors were recorded by a video for 10 minutes. Behavioral test of the mice were performed at 8 and 10 weeks of age. Aggressive behaviors evaluated tail rattling, attacks, chasing and aggressive grooming. In the same way, aggressive behaviors of EX-GF and same group of castrated EX-GF were observed. The monoamine levels in several regions of the brain were measured in GF and EX-GF mice immediately after interaction test.Results and Conclusions:The frequency of mice with aggressive behaviors was significantly higher in the group of GF mice than the group of EX-GF mice. Turnover rates of serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid/serotonin had high tendency in the brain of the EX-GF mice than in that of the GF mice.These results strongly support the influence of the gut microbiota on the host aggressive behaviors.

Maternal Microbial Contributions And Ontogenesis Of The Infant Microbiome In Health And Behavior Book PDF
✏Book Title : Maternal Microbial Contributions and Ontogenesis of the Infant Microbiome in Health and Behavior
✏Author : Danielle Nicole Rendina
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages : 203
✏ISBN : OCLC:1137260654
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Maternal Microbial Contributions and Ontogenesis of the Infant Microbiome in Health and Behavior Book Summary : Over the last decade, myriad scientific discoveries have highlighted the essential role of the gut microbiota during infancy for normal development, including for nutrient extraction and metabolism, maturation of immune competence and neurobehavioral phenotypes. Microbes begin colonizing the gastrointestinal tract rapidly during vaginal delivery and acquisition continues postpartum through exposure to microbes derived from the mother, breastmilk, and the rearing environment. This dissertation utilizes a rhesus monkey ([Macaca mulatta]) model and recent advancements in gene sequencing to gain further insights into the evolved expectation for early exposure to microbes, aiming to elucidate the salience of maternal contributions to the infant's gut microbiome and to improve our understanding of the bidirectional signaling pathways in the gut-brain axis. Through a descriptive examination of the trajectory of microbiota across infancy, we first establish that the bacterial community structure of the infant gut is dynamic, gradually becoming more diverse, with the maturation of microbial community structure influenced by the transition from breastmilk to solid foods. After characterizing the normative patterns of microbial succession, an observational study explored how the maturation of gut microbiota was influenced by maternal care, and was associated with the infant's behavior, and neurodevelopment (as determined by neuroimaging). Commensal taxa were found to vary with consummatory behavior and infant activity levels, but only the variation in the abundance of [Faecalibacterium] was significantly associated with infant temperament and neurodevelopment. Delayed acquisition of microbial community evenness and richness had physiological consequences and was predictive of slower growth trajectories and decreased neural volume at 1 year. Lastly, the early rearing environment was manipulated to investigate the benefits of exposure to the mother and breast milk for gut colonization and infant health outcomes. Cesarean-delivered and formula-fed infants had delayed trajectories of bacterial colonization, which were characterized by lower abundances of commensal taxa and a greater susceptibility to [Campylobacter]-induced diarrheic symptoms. Collectively, these studies further characterized several critical windows of infant development during which the patterns of gut microbial acquisition can impact host physiology, behavioral and brain maturation, and consequently, may have important implications for understanding the role of microbes and a dysbiotic gut in neurodevelopmental disorders.

Effects Of Alcohol And Fecal Microbiota Transplantation On Corticotropin Releasing Factor Book PDF
✏Book Title : Effects of Alcohol and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Corticotropin releasing Factor
✏Author : Carline Bien-Aime
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2020
✏Pages : 56
✏ISBN : OCLC:1197987093
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Effects of Alcohol and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Corticotropin releasing Factor Book Summary : The human gut microbiome is composed of trillions of microorganisms that represent a diverse population of microbes in healthy individuals (Ghaisas et al., 2016). Microbial representation in the gut plays an important role in general health and illness. The gut has a special relationship with the brain via the gut-brain axis (GBA), allowing bi-directional communication between the gut and brain. However, disruption in the gut can clearly lead to interruptions in the brain and vice versa. For example, alcohol is known to directly influence the brain through activation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis and to release corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). However, alcohol may also indirectly impact the gut via the gut-brain axis. When alcohol consumption persists, CRF becomes dysregulated. Fecal microbiota transplanatation (FMT) has been shown to be successful in rebalancing the gut microbiome, and ultimaltely re-plenishing the GBA. In an effort to investigate the mechanism that drives the relationship between these factors, the present study examined the effects of alcohol consumption and FMT on CRF expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and central nucleus of the amygdala. Adult male, Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to alcohol during a semi-force consumption model, drinking-in-the-dark paradigm, for three repetitions. After DID, omeprazole was administered to reduce gastric acid secretion and to ensure a successful FMT. FMT was administered via oral gavage using fecal samples obtained from healthy donor rats or themselves. Following FMT, the animals were exposed to a two-bottle choice paradigm with water and a 10% ethanol solution for 14 days to measure alcohol craving. Additionally, an elevated plus maze was used to measure anxious behavior in all animals. Brian tissue was collected, sliced, and stained using immunohistochemistry techniques. CRF was quantified using densotimetric calculations. A factorial ANOVA was used to determine the effects of alcohol and FMT on CRF expression. The results revealed no significant effect of alcohol consumption or FMT on CRF stain density in the PVN of the hypothalamus or the CeA. An unexpected significant cohort effect was observed. Though results did not yield significant results, it underscores the necessity of continuing to investigate the complicated mechanisms involved in alcohol consumption, FMT, and CRF.

Beneficial Microbes In Fermented And Functional Foods Book PDF
✏Book Title : Beneficial Microbes in Fermented and Functional Foods
✏Author : Ravishankar Rai V
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2014-12-17
✏Pages : 600
✏ISBN : 9781482206623
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Beneficial Microbes in Fermented and Functional Foods Book Summary : This book focuses exclusively on the beneficial effects of microbes in food. The section on traditional and modern fermented foods covers the role of microbes and their diversity in fermented foods, interaction between the different microflora present in fermented food products, development of starter cultures to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of fermented foods, and factors and processes affecting the safety of various fermented foods. The second section focuses on microbes in and as functional foods: probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics.

Vasopressin Deletion Is Associated With Sex Specific Shifts In The Gut Microbiome Book PDF
✏Book Title : Vasopressin Deletion is Associated with Sex specific Shifts in the Gut Microbiome
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1053730043
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Vasopressin Deletion is Associated with Sex specific Shifts in the Gut Microbiome Book Summary : ABSTRACT: Brattleboro rats harbor a spontaneous deletion of the arginine-vasopressin ( Avp ) gene. In addition to diabetes insipidus, these rats exhibit low levels of anxiety and depressive behaviors. Recent work on the gut-brain axis has revealed that gut microbiota can influence anxiety behaviors. Therefore, we studied the effects of Avp gene deletion on gut microbiota. Since Avp gene expression is sexually different, we also examined how Avp deletion affects sex differences in gut microbiota. Males and females show modest but differentiated shifts in taxa abundance across 3 separate Avp deletion genotypes: wildtype (WT), heterozygous (Het) and AVP-deficient Brattleboro (KO) rats. For each sex, we found examples of taxa that have been shown to modulate anxiety behavior, in a manner that correlates with anxiety behavior observed in homozygous knockout Brattleboro rats. One prominent example is Lactobacillus, which has been reported to be anxiolytic: Lactobacillus was found to increase in abundance in inverse proportion to increasing gene dosage (most abundant in KO rats). This genotype effect of Lactobacillus abundance was not found when females were analyzed independently. Therefore, Avp deletion appears to affect microbiota composition in a sexually differentiated manner.