Marine Impacts Of Seawater Desalination

Marine Impacts Of Seawater Desalination Book PDF
✏Book Title : Marine Impacts of Seawater Desalination
✏Author : Nurit Kress
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2019-02-11
✏Pages : 193
✏ISBN : 9780128119549
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Marine Impacts of Seawater Desalination Book Summary : Seawater desalination is increasing globally, and in light of this, it is necessary to look at the environmental and ecological impacts of desalination plants on the marine environment. Marine Impacts of Seawater Desalination: Science, Management, and Policy combines existing studies and new research into a unified work describing the interplay of seawater desalination and the marine environment. In particular, the book identifies knowledge gaps in the current data and recommends future research paths. The book also covers the established and emerging desalination processes and the policies and regulations applied to seawater desalination. Marine Impacts of Seawater Desalination is an ideal reference for engineers and developers working on environmental-related issues of seawater desalination, scientists and researchers studying these issues, as well as regulators and decision makers who can use this book as a useful guide for planning and operating desalination plants. A multidisciplinary approach to understanding the environmental impact of seawater desalination on the marine environment. Real-world data demonstrating the environmental effects of seawater desalination. Impact of seawater quality and marine organisms on desalination operations. Discussion of foreseeable future effects and significant areas for further research on seawater desalination.

Desalination Of Seawater Book PDF
✏Book Title : Desalination of Seawater
✏Author :
✏Publisher : American Water Works Association
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 120
✏ISBN : 9781583218334
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Desalination of Seawater Book Summary : The use of seawater desalination is an increasingly sought after alternative for new drinking water supplies in coastal areas, particularly as desalination becomes more economical. This new manual of practice parlays lessons learned from recent studies and global seawater desalination projects into guidance for desalination facilities that are reliable, economical, and environmentally sound. This new manual is specifically designed to help water utility managers and design engineers understand desalination–the technologies, the infrastructure, and the costs–to make informed decisions from planning through treatment plant construction. It explains environmental and ecological impacts of desalination plants, seawater intakes, and the disposal of concentrate discharges back into the ocean. Chapters describe the minerals and other constituents that determine source water quality and, therefore, treatment approaches.

Development Of An Environmental Impact Assessment And Decision Support System For Seawater Desalination Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants
✏Author : Sabine Latteman
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2010-05-11
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9780203093245
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants Book Summary : Seawater desalination is a coastal-based industry. The growing number of desalination plants worldwide and the increasing size of single facilities emphasises the need for greener desalination technologies and more sustainable desalination projects. Two complementing approaches are the development and implementation of best available technology (BAT) standards and best practice guidelines for environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies. While BAT is a technology-based approach, which favours state of the art technologies that reduce resource consumption and waste emissions, EIA aims at minimizing impacts at a site- and project-specific level through environmental monitoring, evaluation of impacts, and mitigation where necessary. This book contains a comprehensive evaluation and synthesis of the potential environmental impacts of desalination plants, with emphasis on the marine environment and aspects of energy use, followed by the development of strategies for impact mitigating. A concept for BAT for seawater desalination technologies is proposed, in combination with a methodological approach for the EIA of desalination projects. The scope of the EIA studies are outlined, including environmental monitoring, toxicity and hydrodynamic modelling studies, and the usefulness of multi-criteria analysis as a decision support tool for EIAs is explored and used to compare different intake and pretreatment options for seawater reverse osmosis plants.

📒Seawater Desalination ✍ Sabine Lattemann

Seawater Desalination Book PDF
✏Book Title : Seawater Desalination
✏Author : Sabine Lattemann
✏Publisher : Balaban International Science Service
✏Release Date : 2003-01-01
✏Pages : 142
✏ISBN : 0866890629
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Seawater Desalination Book Summary : This book is designed to help water and wastewater specialists understand and control the effects of the many chemicals, concentrated brines, and other elements released into the environment through desalination operations.

📒Seawater Desalination ✍ Andrea Cipollina

Seawater Desalination Book PDF
✏Book Title : Seawater Desalination
✏Author : Andrea Cipollina
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2009-12-24
✏Pages : 306
✏ISBN : 3642011500
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Seawater Desalination Book Summary : A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Protecting The Gulf S Marine Ecosystems From Pollution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Protecting the Gulf s Marine Ecosystems from Pollution
✏Author : Abdulaziz H. Abuzinada
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-03-05
✏Pages : 285
✏ISBN : 3764379472
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Protecting the Gulf s Marine Ecosystems from Pollution Book Summary : This volume reviews present sources and levels of pollution in The Gulf, assesses their causes and effects on biota and ecosystems, and identifies preventive and remedial measures reducing levels of pollution and mitigating adverse impacts. It is supported by UNESCO, Doha.

Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sustainable Desalination Handbook
✏Author : Gnaneswar Gude
✏Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
✏Release Date : 2018-03-07
✏Pages : 594
✏ISBN : 9780128094969
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book Summary : Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

📒Competition For Water Resources ✍ Jadwiga R Ziolkowska

Competition For Water Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Competition for Water Resources
✏Author : Jadwiga R Ziolkowska
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2016-09-09
✏Pages : 478
✏ISBN : 9780128032381
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Competition for Water Resources Book Summary : Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the U.S. and Europe addresses the escalation of global issues regarding water scarcity and the necessary, cost-effective strategies that must be put in place in order to deal with escalating water crisis. The book evaluates use and competition for water resources in the U.S. and Europe, emphasizing the problems and challenges of dealing with tradeoffs in water. In addition, the book discusses water management strategies that can be used to optimize water use and allocation, mitigate water scarcity, and adapt to water scarcity. Supplementing the numerous case studies, the book includes lessons learned from applying specific strategies and approaches. This comprehensive overview and comparison of management practices across two continents is an invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and educators in water. Provides a national and regional perspective through the use of country specific case study examples Includes a comparative analysis between the U.S. and Europe, illustrating experiences in water management from two sides of the Atlantic Covers interdisciplinary topics related to water, such as agriculture and energy

📒The Marine Environment ✍ Adam D. Nemeth

The Marine Environment Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Marine Environment
✏Author : Adam D. Nemeth
✏Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 348
✏ISBN : 1612092659
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Marine Environment Book Summary : This book presents current research in the study of the marine environment, including the isolation and molecular characterisation of marine bacteria; the ecophysiological significance of selective feeding of hetertrophic nanoflagellates; potential impacts of seawater desalination; marine pollution and international protection studies of the marine environment.

📒The World S Water Volume 8 ✍ Peter H. Gleick

The World S Water Volume 8 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The World s Water Volume 8
✏Author : Peter H. Gleick
✏Publisher : Island Press
✏Release Date : 2014-01-16
✏Pages : 478
✏ISBN : 9781610914833
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The World s Water Volume 8 Book Summary : Produced biennially, The World's Water is the most comprehensive and up-to-to date source of information and analysis on freshwater resources. Each new volume examines critical global trends and offers the best data available on a variety of topics related to water. Volume 8 features chapters on hydraulic fracturing (fracking), water footprints, sustainable water jobs, and desalination financing, among other timely issues. Water briefs provide concise updates on topics including the Dead-Sea and the role of water in the Syrian conflict. The World's Water is coauthored by MacArthur "genius" Peter H. Gleick and his colleagues at the world-renowned Pacific Institute. Since the first volume was published in 1998, the series has become an indispensable resource for professionals in government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, researchers, students, and anyone concerned with water and its use.

Intakes And Outfalls For Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities
✏Author : Thomas M. Missimer
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2015-04-07
✏Pages : 544
✏ISBN : 9783319132037
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities Book Summary : The book assembles the latest research on new design techniques in water supplies using desalinated seawater. The authors examine the diverse issues related to the intakes and outfalls of these facilities. They clarify how and why these key components of the facilities impact the cost of operation and subsequently the cost of water supplied to the consumers. The book consists of contributed articles from a number of experts in the field who presented their findings at the "Desalination Intakes and Outfalls" workshop held at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia in October, 2013. The book integrates coverage relevant to a wide variety of researchers and professionals in the general fields of environmental engineering and sustainable development.

Recent Progress In Desalination Environmental And Marine Outfall Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Recent Progress in Desalination Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems
✏Author : Mahad Baawain
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2015-08-31
✏Pages : 347
✏ISBN : 9783319191232
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Recent Progress in Desalination Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems Book Summary : This book collects current scientific information on advanced technologies and management practices associated with the desalination industry in the Middle East and elsewhere around the world. The book opens with introductory chapter which briefly recounts the history of desalination, and describes the current state of development in the field. Part I: Desalination Systems includes ten chapters which describe a variety of techniques and designs intended not only to minimize the impact of desalination, but also to save energy and use natural resources to maximize the output of integrated desalination systems. Among the highlights are a chapter on the use of ceramic membrane technology for sustainable oil water production; a case study on the use of solar heating systems in desalination technology in Oman; discussion of fouling and its effect on design and performance of desalination systems; a review of shore approaches and sea-lines with case studies from Australia and Germany; and a discussion of the integration of desalination technology with renewable energy for climate change abatement in the Middle East and North Africa region. Part II: Environmental Systems includes among others a chapter on regulating the use of water resources and desalination technology on a regional scale reducing the carbon footprint of desalination, with examples from Australia; a description of desalination for irrigation in the Souss Massa region in the south of Morocco; a study of the impact of the coastal intake environment on operating conditions of thermal desalination plants in the United Arab Emirates; a discussion of hydrodynamic and thermal dispersion modeling of the effluent in a coastal channel, with a case study from Oman; and a mathematical model study of effluent disposal from a desalination plant in the marine environment at Tuticorin in India. The book aims to inspire developments in desalination technologies which are specifically aimed at reducing energy consumption and cost, and minimizing environmental impact.

Seawater Desalination In California Book PDF
✏Book Title : Seawater Desalination in California
✏Author : Susan E. Pantell
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1993
✏Pages : 60
✏ISBN : UCR:31210018961167
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Seawater Desalination in California Book Summary :

📒Plusminus 20 40 Latitude ✍ Dirk U. Hindrichs

Plusminus 20 40 Latitude Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plusminus 20 40 Latitude
✏Author : Dirk U. Hindrichs
✏Publisher : Axel Menges
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 457
✏ISBN : UVA:X030337784
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plusminus 20 40 Latitude Book Summary : When looking for appropriate building solutions in tropical and subtropical regions, the chief aim is saving energy and reducing pollutant emissions as much as possible. Natural ventilation, passive and active use of solar energy, use of rainwater and also the energy potential of the soil are the key issues here. Traditional urban and building structures, described in an exemplary fashion by local architects for a wide variety of locations provide a stimulus for thinking about positive elements developed by master builders of the past as well, alongside all the technical possibilities that exist today.

Seawater Desalination And The California Coastal Act Book PDF
✏Book Title : Seawater Desalination and the California Coastal Act
✏Author : California Coastal Commission
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 99
✏ISBN : UCR:31210018579811
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Seawater Desalination and the California Coastal Act Book Summary :

📒Desalination Technology ✍ Joseph Cotruvo

Desalination Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Desalination Technology
✏Author : Joseph Cotruvo
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2011-03-17
✏Pages : 212
✏ISBN : 9781439859841
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Desalination Technology Book Summary : Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

San Diego Magazine Book PDF
✏Book Title : San Diego Magazine
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2003-11
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105113575927
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏San Diego Magazine Book Summary :

Oceanic Abstracts Book PDF
✏Book Title : Oceanic Abstracts
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997-10
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UVA:X006072915
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Oceanic Abstracts Book Summary :

Journal Of Marine Environmental Engineering Book PDF
✏Book Title : Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015058915813
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering Book Summary :

📒Marine Ecology ✍ Martin R. Speight

Marine Ecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Marine Ecology
✏Author : Martin R. Speight
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-04-30
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9781118687314
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Marine Ecology Book Summary : This book began life as a series of lectures given to second and third year undergraduates at Oxford University. These lectures were designed to give students insights as to how marine ecosystems functioned, how they were being affected by natural and human interventions, and how we might be able to conserve them and manage them sustainably for the good of people, both recreationally and economically. This book presents 10 chapters, beginning with principles of oceanography important to ecology, through discussions of the magnitude of marine biodiversity and the factors influencing it, the functioning of marine ecosystems at within trophic levels such as primary production, competition and dispersal, to different trophic level interactions such as herbivory, predation and parasitism. The final three chapters look at the more applied aspects of marine ecology, discussion fisheries, human impacts, and management and conservation. Other textbooks covering similar topics tend to treat the topics from the point of view of separate ecosystems, with chapters on reefs, rocks and deep sea. This book however is topic driven as described above, and each chapter makes full use of examples from all appropriate marine ecosystems. The book is illustrated throughout with many full colour diagrams and high quality photographs. The book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students at colleges and universities, and it is hoped that the many examples from all over the world will provide global relevance and interest. Both authors have long experience of research and teaching in marine ecology. Martin Speight’s first degree was in marine zoology at UCNW Bangor, and he has taught marine ecology and conservation at Oxford for 25 years. His research students study tropical marine ecology from the Caribbean through East Africa to the Far East. Peter Henderson is a Senior Research Associate at the University of Oxford, and is Director of Pisces Conservation in the UK. He has worked on marine and freshwater fisheries, as well as ecological and economic impacts and exploitation of the sea in North and South America as well as Europe.

Desalination Book PDF
✏Book Title : Desalination
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCAL:B4418522
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Desalination Book Summary :

The Desalination Processes Site Selection Layout And Civil Works Volume I Book PDF
✏Book Title : THE DESALINATION PROCESSES SITE SELECTION LAYOUT AND CIVIL WORKS Volume I
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2010-02-12
✏Pages : 278
✏ISBN : 9781848264373
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏THE DESALINATION PROCESSES SITE SELECTION LAYOUT AND CIVIL WORKS Volume I Book Summary : This volume is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume presents state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of The Desalination Processes Site Selection, Layout and Civil Works such as: Site selection, Design Guidelines of Seawater Intake Systems, Water Intakes by Wells And Infiltration Galleries, Effluent Discharge Using Boreholes and Ponds, Effluent Discharge Using Boreholes and Ponds, Overall Site Layout, MSF Plant Layout, Reverse Osmosis Plant Layout, Electrodialysis Plant Layout, Civil Engineering in Desalination Plants, Mechanical Vibration Insulation, Wind Design, Durability and Repair of Reinforced Concrete In Desalination Plants, Link to Power Station, Disposal and Recirculation of Saline Water. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers.

📒Desalination Research Progress ✍ Daniel J. Delgado

Desalination Research Progress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Desalination Research Progress
✏Author : Daniel J. Delgado
✏Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 520
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822035343748
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Desalination Research Progress Book Summary : As freshwater resources continue to decline as the population grows and development activities continue, desalination has taken on a sense of urgency. Desalination refers to any of several processes that remove excess salt and other minerals from water. Desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals more generally, as in soil desalination. This book includes within its scope distillation, membranes, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, ion exchange, freezing, water purification, and water reuse and wastewater treatment. This new volume examines new research in this frontier field.

📒Climate Action 2009 2010 ✍ Sustainable Development International

Climate Action 2009 2010 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Climate Action 2009 2010
✏Author : Sustainable Development International
✏Publisher : UNEP/Earthprint
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 208
✏ISBN : 0956372228
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Climate Action 2009 2010 Book Summary : This third annual edition of Climate Action focuses on some of the major issues for resolution in Copenhagen and the actors who can help to implement the solutions. Progress will require commitment and cooperation. Partnerships will be central, both in Copenhagen and beyond. Climate Action is produced to encourage and assist governments and business to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This book features a range of articles that encourage the sharing of best practice and the development of new technologies and initiatives and illustrates the opportunities for business and governments to reduce costs and increase profits while tackling climate change.The articles cover Human Impact, Policy, Business and Finance, Technology, Energy, Transport, Ecosystem Services, Built Environment and a Regional Focus on Canada.

Desalination Of Seawater And Brackish Water Book PDF
✏Book Title : Desalination of Seawater and Brackish Water
✏Author : William C. Lauer
✏Publisher : Amer Water Works Assn
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 568
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822034787804
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Desalination of Seawater and Brackish Water Book Summary : Part of the AWWA Trend Series, this is a compilation of the most significant published works on desalination from January 2001-March 2004. Articles are taken from AWWA conference proceedings and periodicals and include some updated material not previously published. Major topics are seawater and brackish desalination, membrane softening, disposal, costs and delivery.

Seawater Desalination Project Book PDF
✏Book Title : Seawater Desalination Project
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1990
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCR:31210025008911
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Seawater Desalination Project Book Summary :

International Conflict Over Water Resources In Himalayan Asia Book PDF
✏Book Title : International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia
✏Author : R. Wirsing
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2012-11-16
✏Pages : 273
✏ISBN : 9781137292193
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia Book Summary : The authors explore the fresh water crisis of Himalayan Asia. While the region hosts some of the world's mightiest rivers, it is also home to rapidly modernizing, increasingly affluent, and demographically multiplying societies, ensuring the rapid depletion of water resources and of disputes over ownership of transboundary waters.

Pollution Abstracts Book PDF
✏Book Title : Pollution Abstracts
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1995
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105016618501
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Pollution Abstracts Book Summary : Indexes material from conference proceedings and hard-to-find documents, in addition to journal articles. Over 1,000 journals are indexed and literature published from 1981 to the present is covered. Topics in pollution and its management are extensively covered from the standpoints of atmosphere, emissions, mathematical models, effects on people and animals, and environmental action. Major areas of coverage include: air pollution, marine pollution, freshwater pollution, sewage and wastewater treatment, waste management, land pollution, toxicology and health, noise, and radiation.

Oceanic Abstracts With Indexes Book PDF
✏Book Title : Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1981
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UVA:35007002753907
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes Book Summary :

Algal Blooms And Membrane Based Desalination Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Algal Blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology
✏Author : Loreen Ople Villacorte
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2014-05-29
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 1138026263
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Algal Blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology Book Summary : Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational problems in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants due to clogging and poor effluent quality of the pre-treatment system which eventually forced the shutdown of the plant to avoid irreversible fouling of downstream SWRO membranes. As more extra large SWRO plants (>500,000 m3/day) are expected to be constructed in the coming years, frequent chemical cleaning (>1/year) of SWRO installations will not be feasible, and more reliable pre-treatment system will be required. To maintain stable operation in SWRO plants during algal bloom periods, pre-treatment using ultrafiltration (UF) membranes has been proposed. This thesis addresses the effect of algal blooms on the operation of UF pre-treatment and SWRO. Experimental investigations demonstrated that marine algal blooms can impact the backwashability of UF and can accelerate biological fouling in RO. However, it is unlikely that algae themselves are the main causes of fouling but rather the transparent exopolymer particles (TEPs) that they produce. To better monitor TEPs, a new method capable of measuring TEP as small as 10 kDa was developed and showed that TEPs can be effectively removed by UF pre-treatment prior to SWRO. This work also demonstrated that although TEPs and other algal-derived material (AOM) are very sticky and can adhere to UF and RO membranes, adhesion can be much stronger on membranes already fouled with AOM. Moreover, a model was developed to predict the accumulation of algal cells in capillary UF membranes which further demonstrated that the role of algal cells in UF fouling is not as significant as that of AOM and TEPs. Overall, this study demonstrates that better analytical methods and tools are essential in elucidating the adverse impacts of algal blooms in seawater on the operation of membrane-based desalination plants (UF-RO). It also highlighted the importance of developing effective pre-treatment processes to remove AOM from the raw water and reduce the membrane fouling potential of the feed water for downstream SWRO membranes.