Lignin Chemistry And Applications

Lignin Chemistry And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin Chemistry and Applications
✏Author : Jin Huang
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2019-02-07
✏Pages : 276
✏ISBN : 9780128139639
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Chemistry and Applications Book Summary : Lignin Chemistry and Application systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin, along with its application in the field of chemicals and materials. It presents the history of lignin chemistry and lignin-modified materials, describes recent progresses, applications and studies, and prospects the development direction of high value applications of lignin in the field of material science. In addition to covering the basic theories and technologies relating to the research and application of lignin in polymer chemistry and materials science, the book also summarizes the latest applications in rubber, engineering plastics, adhesives, films and hydrogels. Systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin and its application in materials Presents the latest research results in the field of lignin Indicates the development direction of high value applications of lignin in a range of fields, including petrochemicals, household applications, medicine, agriculture, and more

Exam Prep For Lignin Chemistry And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Lignin Chemistry and Applications
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Exam Prep for Lignin Chemistry and Applications Book Summary :

📒Lignin ✍ Matheus Poletto

Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin
✏Author : Matheus Poletto
✏Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
✏Release Date : 2018-03-21
✏Pages : 308
✏ISBN : 9789535139010
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Book Summary : Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.

Lignin Biodegradation Microbiology Chemistry And Potential Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin Biodegradation Microbiology Chemistry and Potential Applications
✏Author : T.Kent. Kirk
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2019-07-23
✏Pages : 270
✏ISBN : 9781351090957
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Biodegradation Microbiology Chemistry and Potential Applications Book Summary : Lignin is a generic name for the complex aromatic polymers that are major components of vascular plant tissues. Lignin is abundant; in terms of weight it is probably second only to cellulose among renewable organic materials, and in terms of energy content it might well be the single most abundant. an international seminar on lignin biodegradation was organized and was held May 9 to 11, 1978, at the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory in Madison, Wisconsin. This book records the proceedings of that seminar and is meant to provide a summary of research. Each speaker/author was asked to summarize his research, including his latest unpublished results, and to describe how his work fits into the overall picture. Following two orientation chapters, one a review of lignin structure and morphological distribution in plant cell walls, and the second a review of the microbial catabolism of relevant aromatics, the book is comprised of chapters in the three subject areas given by the book's title. It does, as intended, provide comprehensive coverage of research to date (August 1978).

On The Physical Chemistry Of Kraft Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : On the Physical Chemistry of Kraft Lignin
✏Author : Magnus Norgren
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2001
✏Pages : 49
✏ISBN : 9178741572
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏On the Physical Chemistry of Kraft Lignin Book Summary :

📒Wood Chemistry ✍ Eero Sjostrom

Wood Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Wood Chemistry
✏Author : Eero Sjostrom
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2013-10-22
✏Pages : 293
✏ISBN : 9780080925899
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Wood Chemistry Book Summary : Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, examines the basic principles of wood chemistry and its potential applications to pulping and papermaking, wood and wood waste utilization, pulping by-products for production of chemicals and energy, and biomass conversion.

📒Lignin Chemistry ✍ Luis Serrano

Lignin Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin Chemistry
✏Author : Luis Serrano
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2020-05-19
✏Pages : 271
✏ISBN : 3030005895
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Chemistry Book Summary : The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. The chapter "Lignin‐Based Composite Materials for Photocatalysis and Photovoltaics" is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 License via link.springer.com.

Lignin And Lignans As Renewable Raw Materials Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials
✏Author : Calvo-flores
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2015-09-28
✏Pages : 520
✏ISBN : 9781118597866
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials Book Summary : As naturally occurring and abundant sources of non–fossil carbon, lignin and lignans offer exciting possibilities as a source of commercially valuable products, moving away from petrochemical–based feedstocks in favour of renewable raw materials. Lignin can be used directly in fields such as agriculture, livestock, soil rehabilitation, bioremediation and the polymer industry, or it can be chemically modified for the fabrication of specialty and high–value chemicals such as resins, adhesives, fuels and greases. Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials presents a multidisciplinary overview of the state–of–the–art and future prospects of lignin and lignans. The book discusses the origin, structure, function and applications of both types of compounds, describing the main resources and values of these products as carbon raw materials. Topics covered include: Structure and physicochemical properties Lignin detection methods Biosynthesis of lignin Isolation methods Characterization and modification of lignins Applications of modified and unmodified lignins Lignans: structure, chemical and biological properties Future perspectives This book is a comprehensive resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in academia and industry working on new possibilities for the application of renewable raw materials. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Chemical Modification Properties And Usage Of Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Chemical Modification Properties and Usage of Lignin
✏Author : Thomas Q. Hu
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 291
✏ISBN : 9781461506430
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Chemical Modification Properties and Usage of Lignin Book Summary : One of the most significant challenges facing mankind in the twenty-first century is the development of a sustainable global economy. Within the scientific community, this calls for the development of processes and technologies that will allow the sustainable production of materials from renewable natural resources. Plant material, in particular lignin, is one such resource. During the annual production of about 100 million metric tons of chemical wood pulps worldwide, approximately 45 and 2 million metric tons/year of kraft lignin and lignosulfonates, respectively, are also generated. Although lignosulfonates have found many applications outside the pulp and paper industry, the majority of kraft lignin is being used internally as a low-grade fuel for the kraft pulping operation. A surplus of kraft lignin will become available as kraft mills increase their pulp production without expanding the capacity of their recovery boilers that utilize lignin as a fuel. There is a tremendous opportunity and an enormous economic incentive to find better uses of kraft lignin, lignosulfonates and other industriallignins. The pulp and paper industry not only produces an enormous amount of lignins as by products of chemical wood pulps, but it also utilizes about 10 million metric tons of lignin per year as a component of mechanical wood pulps and papers. Mechanical wood pulps, produced in a yield of 90-98% with the retention of lignin, are mainly used to make low-quality, non-permanent papers such as newsprint and telephone directories because of the light-induced photooxidation of lignin and the yellowing of the papers.

📒Lignin ✍ Swati Sharma

Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin
✏Author : Swati Sharma
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date : 2020-04-13
✏Pages : 298
✏ISBN : 9783030406639
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Book Summary : This book presents a comprehensive overview on origin, structure, properties, modification strategies and applications of the biopolymer lignin. It is organized into four themed parts. The first part focuses on the analysis and characterization of the second most abundant biopolymer. The following part is devoted to the biological aspects of lignin such as biosynthesis and degradation. In the third part, chemical modification strategies and the preparation of composites as well as nano- and microparticles are discussed.The final part addresses the industrial application of lignin and its derivatives, as well as lignin materials. The usage for synthesis of biofuels, fine chemicals and in agriculture and food industry is covered. This book is a comprehensive source for researchers, scientists and engineers working in the field of biopolymers as well as renewable materials and sources.

📒Lignin And Lignans ✍ Cyril Heitner

Lignin And Lignans Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin and Lignans
✏Author : Cyril Heitner
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2016-04-19
✏Pages : 683
✏ISBN : 142001580X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin and Lignans Book Summary : Over the past four decades, there has been immense progress in every area of lignin science, ranging from the enzymology of lignin biodegradation, to the delignification of wood fiber during pulping and bleaching, to advances in spectroscopy. Lignin and Lignans: Advances in Chemistry captures the developments that have been achieved by world-class scientists in the most critical aspects of this burgeoning field. Tools for the characterization of lignin and lignans After an overview of the topic, the book discusses the significance and comparative performances of the most commonly used chemical degradation methods and presents lignin structural information based on the use of these methods. Next, the book explores spectroscopic methods, including UV-visible absorption, fluorescence, Raman, infra red (IR), near-infrared (NIR), nuclear magenetic resonance (NMR), and heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. It then compares the results of studies of lignin in situ with studies of isolated lignins. Predicting reactivity The authors discuss polymer properties related to thermal stability and molecular motion of lignin in the solid state. They describe applications of electronic structure calculations to the chemistry of lignin, and they explore lignin reactions that occur during the chemical pulping of wood by soda, kraft, AQ, and polysulfide processes. Chemistry associated with industrial processes The book describes chemical pulp bleaching, oxidative and reductive lignin-retaining bleaching, and lignin biodegradation. It also examines the application of microorganisms and the enzymes they produce in the manufacturing of chemical and mechanical pulp. The book closes with chapters on photodegradation and chromophore formation and the pharmacological properties of lignans. Highlighting significant developments on selected topics, this essential reference for those in industry and academia is designed to fuel further research and discovery in this specialized area, especially in the emerging field of biorefining.

Functional Materials From Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Functional Materials from Lignin
✏Author : Xian Jun Loh
✏Publisher : World Scientific Publishing
✏Release Date : 2018-06-12
✏Pages : 232
✏ISBN : 9781786345226
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Functional Materials from Lignin Book Summary : Lignin is one of the most abundant plant-derived feedstock on earth and qualifies as a renewable material. However, lignin is widely recognized as waste byproduct of the cellulosic ethanol and pulp and paper industry. How to properly modify lignin and develop it into functional polymers is a huge challenge, but an attractive research topic in both industry and academia. This book brings together leading engineering approaches to address the challenges of lignin valorization. It presents the chemistry and properties of different types of lignin, and explores the cutting-edge approaches of lignin modifications. Unlike any existing texts, this book not only summarizes the traditional ways of using lignin, but also presents various potential applications of lignin materials together with advanced processing techniques. The basis of lignin (its chemistry, types and properties) is described, as are different approaches to modify it. The features of lignin and its copolymers are explored and aligned with their potential applications. In addition to the carbon materials from lignin, the advanced fabrication approaches to engineer lignin-based micro/nano-structural materials are summarized.

Production Of Biofuels And Chemicals From Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin
✏Author : Zhen Fang
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-09-28
✏Pages : 435
✏ISBN : 9789811019654
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin Book Summary : This book provides state-of-the-art reviews, current research on and the prospects of lignin production, biological, thermal and chemical conversion methods, and lignin technoeconomics. Fundamental topics related to lignin chemistry, properties, analysis, characterization, and depolymerization mechanisms, as well as enzymatic, fungal and bacterial degradation methods are covered. The book also examines practical topics related to technologies for lignin and ultra-pure lignin recovery, activated carbon, carbon fiber production and materials, and addresses the biological conversion of lignin with fungi, bacteria or enzymes to produce chemicals, along with chemical, catalytic, thermochemical and solvolysis conversion methods. Lastly, it presents a case study on practical polyurethane foam production using lignin. Lignin has a bright future and will be an essential feedstock for producing renewable chemicals, biofuels and value-added products. Offering comprehensive information on this promising material, the book represents a valuable resource for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in the field of biochemistry and energy.

Geopolymer Chemistry And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Geopolymer Chemistry and Applications
✏Author : Joseph Davidovits
✏Publisher : Geopolymer Institute
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 585
✏ISBN : 9782951482012
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Geopolymer Chemistry and Applications Book Summary : What can be done about the major concerns of our Global Economy on energy, global warming, sustainable development, user-friendly processes, and green chemistry? Here is an important contribution to the mastering of these phenomena today. Written by Joseph Davidovits, the inventor and founder of geopolymer science, it is an introduction to the subject for the newcomers, students, engineers and professionals. You will find science, chemistry, formulas and very practical information (including patents' excerpts) covering: - The mineral polymer concept: silicones and geopolymers, - Macromolecular structure of natural silicates and aluminosilicates, - Scientific Tools, X-rays, FTIR, NMR, - The synthesis of mineral geopolymers, Poly(siloxonate) and polysilicate, soluble silicate, Chemistry of (Na, K)oligo-sialates: hydrous alumino-silicate gels and zeolites, Kaolinite / Hydrosodalite-based geopolymer, Metakaolin MK-750-based geopolymer, Calcium-based geopolymer, Rock-based geopolymer, Silica-based geopolymer, Fly ash-based geopolymer, Phosphate-based geopolymer, Organic-mineral geopolymer, - Properties: physical, chemical and long-term durability, - Applications: Quality controls, Development of user-friendly systems, Castable geopolymer, industrial and decorative applications, Geopolymer / fiber composites, Foamed geopolymer, Geopolymers in ceramic processing, Manufacture of geopolymer cement, Geopolymer concrete, Geopolymers in toxic and radioactive waste management. It is a textbook, a reference book instead of being a collection of scientific papers. Each chapter is followed by a bibliography of the relevant published literature including 75 patents, 120 tables, 360 figures, 550references, 700 authors cited, representing the most up to date contributions of the scientific community. The industrial applications of geopolymers with engineering procedures and design of processes are also covered in this book.

📒The Chemistry Of Lignin ✍ Friedrich Emil Brauns

The Chemistry Of Lignin Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Chemistry of Lignin
✏Author : Friedrich Emil Brauns
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2013-09-24
✏Pages : 814
✏ISBN : 9781483275956
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Chemistry of Lignin Book Summary : The Chemistry of Lignin provides a critical review of the literature published from 1949 to 1958. This book provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of lignin chemistry. Organized into 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the derivatives that are prepared for the characterization of the mother substance. This text then examines the various kinds of lignin and biosynthetic lignin-like products, which have been characterized by their behavior toward oxidation with nitrobenzene and alkali. Other chapters consider the morphological distribution of lignin in the wood fiber and the place of origin of lignin precursors and of the lignification process. This book discusses as well the formation or biosynthesis of lignin in plants and reviews the structure, isolation, and biosynthesis of lignin. The final chapter deals with producing lignin by the action of enzymes. This book is a valuable resource for lignin chemists, scientists, research workers, and botanists.

Lignin Chemical Degradation Using Redistribution Mechanism And Its Biomass Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin Chemical Degradation Using Redistribution Mechanism and Its Biomass Applications
✏Author : Sepa Yasandrika Nanayakkara
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2014
✏Pages : 177
✏ISBN : OCLC:1011512463
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Chemical Degradation Using Redistribution Mechanism and Its Biomass Applications Book Summary : Lignin is one of the most abundant renewable raw materials available on earth and it has the potential to yield valuable low molecular weight aromatic compounds if it can be depolymerized selectively. Despite its unique characteristics as a natural product with multiple chemical and biophysical functionalities, it is largely under-exploited, because of the lack of available methods that effect depolymerization in a selective manner. One of the dominant linkages in lignin has a similar aryl ether structure to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO). There is evidence that the formation of PPO by an oxidative coupling polymerization of 2,6-dimethyl phenol (DMP) involves a redistribution mechanism. The most likely pathway involves the formation of a quinone ketal intermediate. This ketal unit can be either be redistributed (dissociated) or undergo an intramolecular rearrangement. Considering the reversibility of the redistribution mechanism in PPO polymerization and the existence of the same structural moiety in lignin, selective depolymerization of lignin may be effectively carried out under conditions favouring the redistribution mechanism. The focus of this thesis is to exploit PPO as a model polymer for lignin depolymerization and repolymerization in water and ionic liquids. The same methodology will be applied to lignin using a range of reaction conditions in an attempt to effect depolymerization to provide useful oligomers and monomers, which can be subsequently repolymerized to produce biomass derived plastics. In this research PPO was synthesized using different chemical and enzymatic catalysts and depolymerization of the PPO was achieved in water and ionic liquid with 4-tert-butyl-2,6-dimethylphenol (TBDMP) and 2,6-dimethylphenol (DMP) under oxidative conditions. Applying the same olptimized conditions used for PPO, lignin depolymerization was achieved, involving the redistribution mechanism under controlled mild conditions. Furthermore, several lignin-based copolymers (polyester-based and polyurethane-based) were then synthesised using depolymerized oligomeric lignins. The molecular weight of the all depolymerized products and lignin based copolymers was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The depolymerized products and newly formed lignin based copolymers were further analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared (IR). Thermal properties of lignin based copolymers were also evaluated using thermoanalytical techniques including thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).Overall these studies demonstrated that PPO can be successfully depolymerized in water and ionic liquid. The potential for controlling the extent of depolymerization and the molecular weight of the depolymerized oligomers by using solvents where the solubility of PPO is limited was demonstrated. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that lignins can be extensively depolymerized under oxidative conditions using Cu(II) complexes and a monomeric para-blocked phenol (TBDMP). Novel lignin based thermoplastic copolyester was successfully synthesised by the esterification of oligomeric lignin with sebacoyl chloride in the presence of Triethylamine (TEA) as a base. Furthermore, several attempts were made to successfully synthesise lignin based polyurethane via a reaction of depolymerized lignin with aliphatic diisocyanate.

Multisensor Systems For Chemical Analysis Book PDF
✏Book Title : Multisensor Systems for Chemical Analysis
✏Author : Larisa Lvova
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2014-02-21
✏Pages : 408
✏ISBN : 9789814411165
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Multisensor Systems for Chemical Analysis Book Summary : This book is devoted to the recent advances in the development of artificial sensory systems widely known as electronic tongues (ET). It contains contributions by prominent authors from all over the world. Each chapter focuses on a particular research direction in modern ET. It introduces and discusses in detail various designs, sensor materials, transduction principles, and applications. The book shows a screenshot of diverse research efforts in the field of ET and will hopefully inspire new fruitful ideas and significant practical advances.

Design Manufacturing And Applications Of Composites Book PDF
✏Book Title : Design Manufacturing and Applications of Composites
✏Author : Anh Dung Ngo
✏Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 455
✏ISBN : 9781605950280
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Design Manufacturing and Applications of Composites Book Summary :

📒Polymer Modification ✍ John Meister

Polymer Modification Book PDF
✏Book Title : Polymer Modification
✏Author : John Meister
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2000-07-25
✏Pages : 936
✏ISBN : 0824700783
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Polymer Modification Book Summary : "Describes new modification methods and applications for natural, synthetic, thermoplastic, and thermoset polymers that result from economic forces, commercial processes, and the latest research and development. Features chemical and physical technologies such as sulfonation, alkylation, acid/base hydrolysis, hydrogenation, stress orienting, annealing, crystallization, and more."

Valorization Of Kraft Lignin By Fractionation And Chemical Modifications For Different Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Valorization of Kraft Lignin by Fractionation and Chemical Modifications for Different Applications
✏Author : Selda Aminzadeh
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages : 92
✏ISBN : 9178730465
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Valorization of Kraft Lignin by Fractionation and Chemical Modifications for Different Applications Book Summary :

📒Sustainable Lignin For Carbon Fibers ✍ Emmanuel Isaac Akpan

Sustainable Lignin For Carbon Fibers Book PDF
✏Book Title : Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers
✏Author : Emmanuel Isaac Akpan
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 3030187942
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers Book Summary : This book is designed to provide wide understanding of lignin carbon fiber processes, chemistry, mechanisms, and techniques that will help in further development of lignin carbon fiber for automobile, aerospace, marine, and sports equipment applications. Each step in the processing of lignin carbon fibers is presented as a separate chapter so that issues concerning the processes are exhaustively discussed. Basic scientific principles governing each stage of lignin carbon fiber processing, current state of research and mechanisms behind the processes are illustrated for better understanding. This is the first book to address the entire scope of lignin carbon fiber processing including; extraction, quantification, purification, melt processing, stabilization, carbonization, optimization of processes, and characterization. Presents detailed information on the chemistry, processing, principles and properties of bio-sourced lignin for carbon fiber production; Highlights techniques of recovery and properties of lignin from agricultural waste sources; Addresses applications in automobile, aircraft, marine, and sport industries; Provides insight into the lignin complex macromolecular system, the role of lignin chemistry as it relates to carbon fiber production and the evolution of lignin carbon fiber structure during processing.

Agricultural Chemistry Principles Of Agricultural Chemistry V 2 Practical Applications Of Agricultural Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Agricultural Chemistry Principles of agricultural chemistry v 2 Practical applications of agricultural chemistry
✏Author : Donald Elisha Harding Frear
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1950
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015068123937
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Agricultural Chemistry Principles of agricultural chemistry v 2 Practical applications of agricultural chemistry Book Summary :

📒Experientia ✍ Hans Mislin

Experientia Book PDF
✏Book Title : Experientia
✏Author : Hans Mislin
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1982
✏Pages : 156
✏ISBN : UCLA:31158008531419
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Experientia Book Summary :

Application Of Hydrothermal Reactions To Biomass Conversion Book PDF
✏Book Title : Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion
✏Author : Fangming Jin
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2014-04-11
✏Pages : 409
✏ISBN : 9783642544583
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion Book Summary : This book reviews the recent advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemicals and fuels, and consists of 15 chapters. It introduces the properties of high-temperature water, the merits of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and some novel hydrothermal conversion processes, mainly including hydrothermal production of value-added products, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This book introduces a new concept for counteracting the imbalance in the carbon cycle, which is caused by the rapid consumption of fossil fuels in anthropogenic activities in combination with the slow formation of fossil fuels. Accordingly, the book is useful in conveying a fundamental understanding of hydrothermal conversion of biomass in the carbon cycle so that a contribution can be made to achieving sustainable energy and environment. It is also interesting to a wide readership in various fields including chemical, geologic and environmental science and engineering. Fangming Jin is a Distinguished Professor at the School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

📒Lignin Depolymerization ✍ Eric Michael Nagel

Lignin Depolymerization Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin Depolymerization
✏Author : Eric Michael Nagel
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages : 294
✏ISBN : OCLC:1112252331
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin Depolymerization Book Summary :

Relationship Of Lignin To Other Chemical Constituents In Sudan And Millet Forages Book PDF
✏Book Title : Relationship of Lignin to Other Chemical Constituents in Sudan and Millet Forages
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1961
✏Pages : 36
✏ISBN : UIUC:30112019598926
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Relationship of Lignin to Other Chemical Constituents in Sudan and Millet Forages Book Summary :

Near Critical And Supercritical Water And Their Applications For Biorefineries Book PDF
✏Book Title : Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries
✏Author : Zhen Fang
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-07-02
✏Pages : 474
✏ISBN : 9789401789233
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries Book Summary : The book provides fundamental chemistry and properties of near-critical water (NCW) and supercritical water (SCW), criteria and challenges/solutions in reactor design for NCW and SCW processes, and up-to-date reviews and practice of a wide range of their applications in bio refineries including: production of hydrochars from biomass, SCW oxidation (SCWO) for waste treatment, SCW gasification (SCWG) of biomass and waste for hydrogen and methane production, hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass, production of chemicals and SCWO of biofuels for energy. It also presents techno-economic analysis of hydrogen production via SCWG of biomass. The book will be highly essential for both academic researchers and industrial practitioners for developing novel bio refinery technologies and processes employing NCW or SCW for treatment of various organic waste streams and production of bio-energy and bio-based chemicals from bio-renewable resources. Prof. Dr. Zhen Fang is leader and founder of biomass group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Chunbao (Charles) Xu is currently an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and NSERC/FP Innovations Industrial Research Chair in Forest Bio refinery at Western University, Canada.

Lignin In Polymer Composites Book PDF
✏Book Title : Lignin in Polymer Composites
✏Author : Omar Faruk
✏Publisher : William Andrew
✏Release Date : 2015-10-24
✏Pages : 350
✏ISBN : 9780323355667
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Lignin in Polymer Composites Book Summary : Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

📒Biopolymer Nanocomposites ✍ Alain Dufresne

Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biopolymer Nanocomposites
✏Author : Alain Dufresne
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-07-18
✏Pages : 696
✏ISBN : 9781118609903
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book Summary : Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.

📒Biomass And Bioenergy ✍ Michael D. Brenes

Biomass And Bioenergy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biomass and Bioenergy
✏Author : Michael D. Brenes
✏Publisher : Nova Publishers
✏Release Date : 2006-01-01
✏Pages : 311
✏ISBN : 159454865X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biomass and Bioenergy Book Summary : Biomass and bioenergy are essential components of the energy mix in most countries. Biomass is organic matter available on a renewable basis. Biomass includes forest and mill residues, agricultural crops and wastes, wood and wood wastes, animal wastes, livestock operation residues, aquatic plants, fast-growing trees and plants, and municipal and industrial wastes. Bioenergy is useful, renewable energy produced from organic matter. The conversion of the complex carbohydrates in organic matter to energy. Organic matter may either be used directly as a fuel or processed into liquids and gases. This book presents up-to-date research in this field.