Islam Education And Reform In Southern Thailand
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📒Islam Education And Reform In Southern Thailand ✍ Joseph Chinyong Liow
✏Islam Education and Reform in Southern Thailand Book Summary : "This is a remarkable piece of scholarship that illuminates general and specific tendencies in Islamic education in South Thailand. Armed with an enormous amount of rich empirical detail and an elegant writing style, the author debunks the simplistic Orientalist conceptions of Wahhabi and Salafi influences on Islamic education in South Thailand. This work will be a state-of-the-art source for understanding the role of Islam and the ongoing conflict in this troubled region of Southeast Asia. The book is significant for those scholars who are attempting to understand Muslim communities in Southeast Asia, and also for those who want deep insights into Islamic education and its influence in any area of the Islamic world." - Raymond Scupin, Professor of Anthropology and International Studies Lindenwood University, USA "Few books address the sensitive issue of Islamic education with empathy as well as critical distance as Joseph C. Liow’s Islam, Education, and Reform in Southern Thailand. He examines global networks of religious learning within a local Thai as well as regional Asian context by brilliantly revealing the intersections between religion, politics and modernity in an accessible and illuminating manner. Traditional educational institutions rarely receive such sensitive and balanced treatment. Liow's book is a tour de force and mandatory reading for policy-makers, academics and all of those interested in current affairs." - Ebrahim Moosa, Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Department of Religion, Associate Director, Duke Islamic Studies Center (DISC), Duke University, USA "Islam, Education, and Reform in Southern Thailand is Joseph Chinyong Liow's critical attempt to map out the reflexive questioning, locations of authority, dynamics and contestations within the Muslim community over what constitutes Islamic knowledge and education. Through the optics of Islamic education in Southern Thailand, Liow manages to brilliantly portray the ways in which Muslim minority negotiate their lives in the local context of violence and the global context of crisis of modernity." - Chaiwat Satha-Anand, Senior Research Scholar, Thailand Research Fund, Author of The Life of this World: Negotiated Muslim Lives in Thai Society
📒Islamic Reform And Revivalism In Southern Thailand ✍ Aryud Yahprung
✏Islamic Reform and Revivalism in Southern Thailand Book Summary : This study investigates the historical continuity of Islamic tradition of tajdīd (revival) and islāh (reform) in the Muslim majority region of the southernmost provinces of Thailand. The focus is on the islāh movement led by Shaykh Dr. Ismail Lutfi Chapakia al-Fatānī (1950-), the Saudi trained 'ālim who graduated from the Haramayn (Mecca and Madinah). Shaykh Dr. Ismail Lutfi along with others Patani 'ulamā' of his time began to advocate for Islamic reformism in 1986 in Patani, which is the modern day of Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat provinces of Southern Thailand until it evolved into a loose Salafī reformist movement which culminated in their establishment of Yala Islamic University in 2002. Calling themselves Salafī, the followers of the Salaf (early Companion of the Prophet), this movement has believed that the problems of the Malay Muslims society in the Deep South was primarily caused by the deviation from the true faith prescribed by the two sacred sources, namely, 1) the Qur'ān and the Sunnah (Prophet Tradition) and, 2) the way the Salaf's understanding of Islam. The Salafīs urged Patani Muslim fellows to return to, and strictly follow the sacred sources, and purify Islamic ideas and practices from later innovation (bid'ah) and accretion of the past Indic ideas and cultures. The Salafī movement has advocated for a social change through tarbiyyah (education) by working within the Thai constitutional framework. The study examines three main areas of Islamic reformism proposed by the Salafī reformist movement, namely, 1) theological reform of Sunnah and bid'ah, 2) the reform of the Patani Muslim society regarding the political status of Patani in the modern time - the issue inextricably links to religious pluralism in modern Thai nation-state, and 3) the reform of inter-religious relations and coexistence between, particularly, Islam and Buddhism in Patani. Three methods of data collection employed in this study are, 1) documentary including both primary and secondary, 2) participatory observations, and unstructured in-depth interviews. The study finds that the Salafī Islamic reformist movement has made a transforming impact on the Malay Muslims society in Southern Thailand owing much to their intellectualism which has been adjusted to suit the unique circumstances and realities of the society they seek to reform. Their intellectual flexibility has enabled them to be able to revive Sunnah of the Prophet in the Hadīth-form when the concept of the Sunnah was enlarged to mean Ahl al-Sunnah wa'l-Jamā'ah (Mainstream-Middle-Path Community). Second, the Patani political status was placed in the larger, pluralist concept of Ummah (community of nations) instead of sectarianist, the century old concepts of Dār al-Islām (the abode of Islam) and Dār al-Harb (the abode of war). These changes also lead to, third, the reform of inter-religious relations of Islam and Buddhism to which the Salafī movement has provided a proactive principle called 'principle of amiability towards religious others (lak maitripab kab chon tang sasanig)' in comparison with the previous norm of 'live and let live'.
📒Islam In Modern Thailand ✍ Rajeswary Ampalavanar Brown
✏Islam in Modern Thailand Book Summary : This book addresses the complexity of Islam in Thailand, by focusing on Islamic charities and institutions affiliated to the mosque. By extrapolating through Islam and the waqf (Islamic charity) in different regions of Thailand the diversity in races and institutions, it demonstrates the regional contrasts within Thai Islam. The book also underlines the importance of the internal histories of these separate spaces, and the processes by which institutions and ideologies become entrenched. It goes on to look at the socio economic transformation that is taking place within the context of trading networks through Islamic institutions and civil networks linked to mosques, madrasahs and regional power brokers. Brown casts this study of private Islamic welfare as strengthening rather than weakening relations with the secular Thai state. The current regime’s effectiveness in coopting these Muslim elites, including Lutfi and Wisoot, into state bureaucracies assists in widening their popular base in the south, in the north-east, and in Bangkok. Such appointments were efficacious in reinforcing the elite’s Islamic identity within a modern, secular, literate, and cosmopolitan Thai culture. In challenging existing studies of Thai Muslims as furtive protest minorities, this book diverts our attention to how Islamic philanthropy provides the logic and dynamism behind the creation of autonomous spaces for these independent groups, affording unusual insights into their economic, political and social histories.
📒Southern Thailand ✍ N. John Funston
✏Southern Thailand Book Summary : This monograph examines the tragic conflict in Thailand's southern Muslim-majority provinces near the border with Malaysia. Although the conflict has attracted wide national and international interest, no agreement exists on the cause of the resumption of violence in an area that had remained free of major conflict for two decades. This monograph critically examines explanations for the conflict and traces its evolution from the early 1990s to the beginning of the Samak government in 2008. The study points to a wide variety of factors that were important in the resumption of the conflict, with policies of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra being critical in determining the timing and intensity of the violence. These conditions include: (1) the resumption of an age-old conflict between Malay Muslims from Pattani, Yala, and Narithiwat Provinces against a discriminatory central government; (2) entrenched problems of criminality in an area far from the capital and with a porous border with Malaysia; (3) the disbanding of important conflict resolution institutions by former Prime Minister Thaksin, who then gave priority to hard line (sometimes extrajudicial) security policies; (4) growing Islamic religiosity, influenced by regional reform movements and international developments, including the example of extremist movements such as Jemaah Islamiyah; and (5) the growth of southern insurgent movements--which have never issued public demands and whose real leaders remain unknown. In this complex setting, no resolution to the violence appears likely in the near future, as Thaksin's main policies have been retained since the September 2006 coup that ousted his government.
📒Reforms In Islamic Education ✍ Charlene Tan
✏Reforms in Islamic Education Book Summary : In recent times, there has been intense global interest on and scrutiny of Islamic education. In reforming Islamic schools, what are the key actions initiated and are they contested or negotiated by and among Muslims? This edited collection brings together leading scholars to explore current reforms in Islamic schools. Drawing together international case studies, Reforms in Islamic Education critically discusses the reforms, considering the motivations for them, nature of them and perceptions and experiences of people affected by them. The contributors also explore the tensions, resistance, contestations and negotiations between Muslims and non-Muslims, and among Muslims, in relation to the reforms. Highlighting the need to understand and critique reforms in Islamic schools within broad historical, political and socio-cultural contexts, this book is a valuable resource for academics, policymakers and educators.
📒Making Modern Muslims ✍ Robert W. Hefner
✏Making Modern Muslims Book Summary : This work discusses Islamic education and politics in Southeast Asia. It examines Islamic schooling in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, and the southern Philippines.
📒The Malay Muslim Insurgency In Southern Thailand ✍ Peter Chalk
✏The Malay Muslim Insurgency in Southern Thailand Book Summary : Current unrest in the Malay-Muslim provinces of southern Thailand has captured growing national, regional, and international attention due to the heightened tempo and scale of rebel attacks, the increasingly jihadist undertone that has come to characterize insurgent actions, and the central government's often brutal handling of the situation on the ground. This paper assesses the current situation and its probable direction.
📒New Islamic Schools ✍ S. Riaz
✏New Islamic Schools Book Summary : The first ethnographic study of the trend toward religious, parochial schooling in urban Pakistan, this book provides data from over fifty-Karachi area schools to establish the complex reasons middle- and upper-class families enroll in religious Islamic schools.
📒Divided Over Thaksin ✍ N. John Funston
✏Divided Over Thaksin Book Summary : These 13 papers were selected from those given by senior analysts from Thailand and the region at the 2006 and 2007 seminars of the National Thai Studies Centre at the Australian National University. The Coup of 2006 and other turbulent events were more or less in progress during the seminars so some of the papers have the flavour of immediacy. Among the subjects addressed are: the Constitutions of 1997 and 2007 and their impacts; the policies, fall and possible future impact of Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister 2001-2006; four papers are on aspects of the ongoing insurgency in Southern Thailand; and the final three papers focus on the economy with discussion of the impact of political uncertainty on business. With much tabulated data and index.
📒Ghosts Of The Past In Southern Thailand ✍ Anthony Reid
✏Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand Book Summary : At the heart of the on-going armed conflict in southern Thailand is a fundamental disagreement about the history of relations between the Patani Malays and the Thai kingdom. While the Thai royalist-nationalist version of history regards Patani as part of that kingdom "since time immemorial," Patani Malay nationalists look back to a golden age when the Sultanate of Patani was an independent, prosperous trading state and a renowned center for Islamic education and scholarship in Southeast Asia — a time before it was defeated, broken up, and brought under the control of the Thai state. While still influential, in recent years these diametrically opposed views of the past have begun to make way for more nuanced and varied interpretations. Patani scholars, intellectuals and students now explore their history more freely and confidently than in the past, while the once-rigid Thai nationalist narrative is open to more pluralistic interpretations. There is growing interaction and dialogue between historians writing in Thai, Malay and English, and engagement with sources and scholarship in other languages, including Chinese and Arabic. In The Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand, 13 scholars who have worked on this sensitive region evaluate the current state of current historical writing about the Patani Malays of southern Thailand. The essays in this book demonstrate that an understanding of the conflict must take into account the historical dimensions of relations between Patani and the Thai kingdom, and the ongoing influence of these perceptions on Thai state officials, militants, and the local population.