Islam Education And Reform In Southern Thailand
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📒Islam Education And Reform In Southern Thailand ✍ Joseph Chinyong Liow
✏Islam Education and Reform in Southern Thailand Book Summary : "This is a remarkable piece of scholarship that illuminates general and specific tendencies in Islamic education in South Thailand. Armed with an enormous amount of rich empirical detail and an elegant writing style, the author debunks the simplistic Orientalist conceptions of Wahhabi and Salafi influences on Islamic education in South Thailand. This work will be a state-of-the-art source for understanding the role of Islam and the ongoing conflict in this troubled region of Southeast Asia. The book is significant for those scholars who are attempting to understand Muslim communities in Southeast Asia, and also for those who want deep insights into Islamic education and its influence in any area of the Islamic world." - Raymond Scupin, Professor of Anthropology and International Studies Lindenwood University, USA "Few books address the sensitive issue of Islamic education with empathy as well as critical distance as Joseph C. Liow’s Islam, Education, and Reform in Southern Thailand. He examines global networks of religious learning within a local Thai as well as regional Asian context by brilliantly revealing the intersections between religion, politics and modernity in an accessible and illuminating manner. Traditional educational institutions rarely receive such sensitive and balanced treatment. Liow's book is a tour de force and mandatory reading for policy-makers, academics and all of those interested in current affairs." - Ebrahim Moosa, Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Department of Religion, Associate Director, Duke Islamic Studies Center (DISC), Duke University, USA "Islam, Education, and Reform in Southern Thailand is Joseph Chinyong Liow's critical attempt to map out the reflexive questioning, locations of authority, dynamics and contestations within the Muslim community over what constitutes Islamic knowledge and education. Through the optics of Islamic education in Southern Thailand, Liow manages to brilliantly portray the ways in which Muslim minority negotiate their lives in the local context of violence and the global context of crisis of modernity." - Chaiwat Satha-Anand, Senior Research Scholar, Thailand Research Fund, Author of The Life of this World: Negotiated Muslim Lives in Thai Society
📒Islamic Reform And Revivalism In Southern Thailand ✍ Aryud Yahprung
✏Islamic Reform and Revivalism in Southern Thailand Book Summary : This study investigates the historical continuity of Islamic tradition of tajdīd (revival) and islāh (reform) in the Muslim majority region of the southernmost provinces of Thailand. The focus is on the islāh movement led by Shaykh Dr. Ismail Lutfi Chapakia al-Fatānī (1950-), the Saudi trained 'ālim who graduated from the Haramayn (Mecca and Madinah). Shaykh Dr. Ismail Lutfi along with others Patani 'ulamā' of his time began to advocate for Islamic reformism in 1986 in Patani, which is the modern day of Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat provinces of Southern Thailand until it evolved into a loose Salafī reformist movement which culminated in their establishment of Yala Islamic University in 2002. Calling themselves Salafī, the followers of the Salaf (early Companion of the Prophet), this movement has believed that the problems of the Malay Muslims society in the Deep South was primarily caused by the deviation from the true faith prescribed by the two sacred sources, namely, 1) the Qur'ān and the Sunnah (Prophet Tradition) and, 2) the way the Salaf's understanding of Islam. The Salafīs urged Patani Muslim fellows to return to, and strictly follow the sacred sources, and purify Islamic ideas and practices from later innovation (bid'ah) and accretion of the past Indic ideas and cultures. The Salafī movement has advocated for a social change through tarbiyyah (education) by working within the Thai constitutional framework. The study examines three main areas of Islamic reformism proposed by the Salafī reformist movement, namely, 1) theological reform of Sunnah and bid'ah, 2) the reform of the Patani Muslim society regarding the political status of Patani in the modern time - the issue inextricably links to religious pluralism in modern Thai nation-state, and 3) the reform of inter-religious relations and coexistence between, particularly, Islam and Buddhism in Patani. Three methods of data collection employed in this study are, 1) documentary including both primary and secondary, 2) participatory observations, and unstructured in-depth interviews. The study finds that the Salafī Islamic reformist movement has made a transforming impact on the Malay Muslims society in Southern Thailand owing much to their intellectualism which has been adjusted to suit the unique circumstances and realities of the society they seek to reform. Their intellectual flexibility has enabled them to be able to revive Sunnah of the Prophet in the Hadīth-form when the concept of the Sunnah was enlarged to mean Ahl al-Sunnah wa'l-Jamā'ah (Mainstream-Middle-Path Community). Second, the Patani political status was placed in the larger, pluralist concept of Ummah (community of nations) instead of sectarianist, the century old concepts of Dār al-Islām (the abode of Islam) and Dār al-Harb (the abode of war). These changes also lead to, third, the reform of inter-religious relations of Islam and Buddhism to which the Salafī movement has provided a proactive principle called 'principle of amiability towards religious others (lak maitripab kab chon tang sasanig)' in comparison with the previous norm of 'live and let live'.
📒The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Education ✍ John L. Rury
✏The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education Book Summary : This handbook offers a global view of the historical development of educational institutions, systems of schooling, ideas about education, and educational experiences. Its 36 chapters consider changing scholarship in the field, examine nationally-oriented works by comparing themes and approaches, lend international perspective on a range of issues in education, and provide suggestions for further research and analysis. Like many other subfields of historical analysis, the history of education has been deeply affected by global processes of social and political change, especially since the 1960s. The handbook weighs the influence of various interpretive perspectives, including revisionist viewpoints, taking particular note of changes in the past half century. Contributors consider how schooling and other educational experiences have been shaped by the larger social and political context, and how these influences have affected the experiences of students, their families and the educators who have worked with them. The Handbook provides insight and perspective on a wide range of topics, including pre-modern education, colonialism and anti-colonial struggles, indigenous education, minority issues in education, comparative, international, and transnational education, childhood education, non-formal and informal education, and a range of other issues. Each contribution includes endnotes and a bibliography for readers interested in further study.
📒Islam In Modern Thailand ✍ Rajeswary Ampalavanar Brown
✏Islam in Modern Thailand Book Summary : This book addresses the complexity of Islam in Thailand, by focusing on Islamic charities and institutions affiliated to the mosque. By extrapolating through Islam and the waqf (Islamic charity) in different regions of Thailand the diversity in races and institutions, it demonstrates the regional contrasts within Thai Islam. The book also underlines the importance of the internal histories of these separate spaces, and the processes by which institutions and ideologies become entrenched. It goes on to look at the socio economic transformation that is taking place within the context of trading networks through Islamic institutions and civil networks linked to mosques, madrasahs and regional power brokers. Brown casts this study of private Islamic welfare as strengthening rather than weakening relations with the secular Thai state. The current regime’s effectiveness in coopting these Muslim elites, including Lutfi and Wisoot, into state bureaucracies assists in widening their popular base in the south, in the north-east, and in Bangkok. Such appointments were efficacious in reinforcing the elite’s Islamic identity within a modern, secular, literate, and cosmopolitan Thai culture. In challenging existing studies of Thai Muslims as furtive protest minorities, this book diverts our attention to how Islamic philanthropy provides the logic and dynamism behind the creation of autonomous spaces for these independent groups, affording unusual insights into their economic, political and social histories.
📒Reporting Thailand S Southern Conflict ✍ Phansasiri Kularb
✏Reporting Thailand s Southern Conflict Book Summary : Since 2004, Thailand’s southern border provinces have been plagued by violence. There are a wide array of explanations for this violence, from the revival of Malay nationalist movements and the influence from the global trend of radical Islam, to the power play among the regional underground crime syndicates, politicians, and state authorities. The disparate interpretations signal the dynamic and complex discursive contention of this damaging and enduring conflict, and this book looks at how this is played out in the Thai media, and with what possible consequences. In analysing the southern conflict coverage, the book presents the deficiencies in news coverage, as produced by four news organisations of different natures across a seven-year review period, and discusses the professional practices that hinder journalism from serving as a fair arena for healthy and rational democratic debates. Based on in-depth interviews with news workers, it argues that Thai journalism is not always monolithic and static, as shown in the discursive shifts in news content, the variations of journalistic practices and news workers’ disparate stances on the conflict. The book goes on to highlight the less immediately apparent difficulties of political conflict reporting, such as the subtle patterns of intimidation and media manipulation, as well as the challenges of countering socially-prevailing hegemonic beliefs in Thai society. Exploring the political contingencies and socio-cultural influences at play, this book provides an in-depth study of journalism’s role in politics in Thailand, and is of interest to students and scholars of Southeast Asian Politics, Media Studies and Peace and Conflict Studies.
📒Making Modern Muslims ✍ Robert W. Hefner
✏Making Modern Muslims Book Summary : This work discusses Islamic education and politics in Southeast Asia. It examines Islamic schooling in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, and the southern Philippines.
📒The Malay Muslim Insurgency In Southern Thailand ✍ Peter Chalk
✏The Malay Muslim Insurgency in Southern Thailand Book Summary : Current unrest in the Malay-Muslim provinces of southern Thailand has captured growing national, regional, and international attention due to the heightened tempo and scale of rebel attacks, the increasingly jihadist undertone that has come to characterize insurgent actions, and the central government's often brutal handling of the situation on the ground. This paper assesses the current situation and its probable direction.
📒New Islamic Schools ✍ S. Riaz
✏New Islamic Schools Book Summary : The first ethnographic study of the trend toward religious, parochial schooling in urban Pakistan, this book provides data from over fifty-Karachi area schools to establish the complex reasons middle- and upper-class families enroll in religious Islamic schools.
📒The Pondok Madrasah In Patani ✍ Hasan Madmarn
✏The Pondok Madrasah in Patani Book Summary :
📒Southern Thailand ✍ N. John Funston
✏Southern Thailand Book Summary : This monograph examines the tragic conflict in Thailand's southern Muslim-majority provinces near the border with Malaysia. Although the conflict has attracted wide national and international interest, no agreement exists on the cause of the resumption of violence in an area that had remained free of major conflict for two decades. This monograph critically examines explanations for the conflict and traces its evolution from the early 1990s to the beginning of the Samak government in 2008. The study points to a wide variety of factors that were important in the resumption of the conflict, with policies of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra being critical in determining the timing and intensity of the violence. These conditions include: (1) the resumption of an age-old conflict between Malay Muslims from Pattani, Yala, and Narithiwat Provinces against a discriminatory central government; (2) entrenched problems of criminality in an area far from the capital and with a porous border with Malaysia; (3) the disbanding of important conflict resolution institutions by former Prime Minister Thaksin, who then gave priority to hard line (sometimes extrajudicial) security policies; (4) growing Islamic religiosity, influenced by regional reform movements and international developments, including the example of extremist movements such as Jemaah Islamiyah; and (5) the growth of southern insurgent movements--which have never issued public demands and whose real leaders remain unknown. In this complex setting, no resolution to the violence appears likely in the near future, as Thaksin's main policies have been retained since the September 2006 coup that ousted his government.