Invertebrate Learning and Memory

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  • Author : Randolf Menzel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 600 pages
  • ISBN : 012398260X
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Invertebrate Learning and Memory full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Randolf Menzel and published by Academic Press which was released on 18 June 2013 with total page 600 pages. We cannot guarantee that Invertebrate Learning and Memory book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization to help generate a complete account of learning and memory. Edited by two leaders in the field, Invertebrate Learning and Memory will offer a current and comprehensive review, with chapters authored by experts in each topic. The volume will take a multidisciplinary approach, exploring behavioral, cellular, genetic, molecular, and computational investigations of memory. Coverage will include comparative cognition at the behavioral and mechanistic level, developments in concepts and methodologies that will underlie future advancements, and mechanistic examples from the most important vertebrate systems (nematodes, molluscs, and insects). Neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in the neural control of cognitive behavior will benefit, as will as will those in the field of invertebrate learning. Presents an overview of invertebrate studies at the molecular / cellular / neural levels and correlates findings to mammalian behavioral investigations Linking multidisciplinary approaches allows for full understanding of how molecular changes in neurons and circuits underpin behavioral plasticity Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for comparative learning and memory researchers

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Randolf Menzel,Paul Benjamin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Binyamin Hochner,Tal Shomrat
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Cephalopod mollusks such as octopus, cuttlefish, and squid (coleoids) are of special interest for studying the evolution and function of learning and memory mechanisms at the system level. They are believed to have the most advanced cognitive behaviors of all invertebrates, rivaling the abilities of many vertebrates. The phylum Mollusca shows the most diversified range of behavioral complexity among the invertebrates, with behavioral complexity correlating roughly with the size of the nervous system (a few thousand vs. half a billion

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Randolf Menzel,Paul R. Benjamin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

In 1984, Hawkins and Kandel published a seminal paper titled “Is There a Cell-Biological Alphabet for Simple Forms of Learning?” Based on their early findings of the cooperative regulation of adenylyl cyclase in sensory neurons of Aplysia, an overarching concept was presented which opened our mind to molecular mechanisms of experience-dependent neural plasticity. Several basic forms of nonassociative and associative learning (habituation, sensitization, and classical conditioning) were explained on the level of rather simple molecular reaction cascades in specific neurons. At

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Ludovic Dickel,Anne-Sophie Darmaillacq,Christelle Jozet-Alves,Cécile Bellanger
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

This chapter summarizes the literature on the anatomical and functional organization of the cuttlefish brain, with a focus on the structures involved in learning and memory processes (namely the vertical lobe system and optic lobes). Also, different learning paradigms that are commonly used in Sepia officinalis are described with, when possible, their neural correlates. Recent work on the early development of brain and memory is also reviewed. Some research directions to follow in the field of neurobiology of learning and

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Alan Gelperin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Terrestrial slugs and snails are particularly favorable subjects for studies of comparative cognition. Chemosensation is their dominant distance sense for locating food, mates, predators, and nest sites. A variety of conditioning phenomena have been demonstrated using odors as conditioned stimuli, including higher order conditioning such as second-order conditioning and blocking. Learning has been evaluated by measuring local reflexes and whole body orientation to odors. Behaviors with learned components involve homeostatic mechanisms for water, temperature, nutrition, and circadian activity. Cellular substrates

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Nigel R. Franks,Ana B. Sendova-Franks
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

We consider issues of social learning in insect societies. Specifically, we review two controversial cases: (1) teaching during tandem running in the rock ant Temnothorax albipennis and (2) colony-level learning during repeated emigrations in the same species. We have selected these examples for several reasons. First, we wish to highlight the value of using insects as model systems for studying social learning in general. Second, these cases serve as an antidote to the notion that social learning requires theories of mind. Third,

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Daniel Tomsic,Arturo Romano
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Due to their unique advantages for certain experimental approaches, crustaceans have long been used in neurobiological research. In this chapter, we describe a number of important contributions to the field of learning and memory yielded by investigations carried out over more than 20 years in the crab Neohelice (until recently Chasmagnathus) granulata. Several distinct learning paradigms have been implemented in this animal, with the most compelling studies being performed in the so called context-signal memory (CSM). Acquired through a single training

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Barbara Webb
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

A robot that senses and interacts autonomously with the real world can be used to embody specific hypotheses about the mechanisms of learning in invertebrates. Several models of olfactory learning circuits in the mushroom body of flies have been proposed. To use this to control a robot, it is crucial to understand not only when and how changes in synaptic strength occur but also how those synaptic changes fit within a circuit that produces ongoing behavior. Considering this problem from

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Piero Amodio,Graziano Fiorito
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Octopus is an invertebrate well-known for the extreme richness of its behavioral repertoire and plasticity. Recent field observations including mimicry, communicative skills, and tool use capabilities have further supported this view. This chapter briefly reviews the most recent knowledge on octopus learning capabilities, focusing on its capability to learn by observation of conspecifics. Social learning is classically conceived as a behavioral trait shown by gregarious and long-lived animals. However, it has recently been considered to occur in solitary vertebrate and

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Uli Müller
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Appetitive associative conditioning in the honeybee Apis mellifera provides the basis to address the molecular link between training parameters and memory focusing on the induction and maintenance of memory phases. Special techniques developed to monitor and manipulate signaling cascades at high temporal and spatial resolution uncovered the critical role of learning-induced dynamic changes of signaling cascades and their contribution to distinct aspects of memory formation. This analysis demonstrated an important role of cAMP- and Ca2+-dependent signaling processes acting in

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Dorothea Eisenhardt
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

The behavioral phenomenon of extinction resembles the decrease of a conditioned behavior when animals experience the presentation of a previously reinforced stimulus. In honeybees, extinction is studied in an appetitive learning paradigm, the olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension response. Here, I describe recent work on extinction in honeybees (Apis mellifera) and its underlying molecular mechanisms. I demonstrate that extinction in honeybees shares behavioral and molecular similarities with extinction in vertebrates, and I discuss whether these similarities might indicate that

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : György Kemenes
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Lymnaea provides highly valuable experimental models for top-down analyses of associative learning and memory. Using classical conditioning paradigms, molecular mechanisms of consolidation, maintenance, retrieval, and reconsolidation of associative memory have been investigated. Long-term memory (LTM) forms after multitrial reward and aversive conditioning but, unusually, also after single-trial reward conditioning (“flashbulb memory”). Molecular mechanisms of LTM involve highly conserved signaling pathways (NO/cGMP, cAMP/PKA, MAPK, NMDA receptors, and CaMKII), transcriptional regulation of gene expression by CREB and C/EBP, and

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Stevanus Rio Tedjakumala,Martin Giurfa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Studies on learning and memory in honeybees have been historically framed in an appetitive context because bees learn remarkably well about sensory stimuli if these are associated with food. We review studies in which bees learn about olfactory stimuli associated with the noxious stimulation of an electric shock. In response to such stimulation, bees exhibit a sting extension response (SER). Pairing a neutral odor with shock results in associative learning so that bees exhibit conditioned SER to the originally neutral

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Ken Lukowiak,Sarah Dalesman
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOK Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Stress can alter adaptive behaviors and also either enhance or diminish learning, memory formation, and/or memory recall. We focus our studies on how environmentally relevant stressors such as predator detection, crowding, and low concentrations of environmental Ca2+ alter learning and long-term memory (LTM) formation in the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis. We specifically focus on operant conditioning of aerial respiration and whether or not LTM forms following the acquisition of the learned event. In addition, we have begun to assay