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📒Invading Guatemala ✍ Matthew Restall
✏Invading Guatemala Book Summary : The invasions of Guatemala -- Pedro de Alvarado's letters to Hernando Cortes, 1524 -- Other Spanish accounts -- Nahua accounts -- Maya accounts
📒Invading Colombia ✍ John Michael Francis
✏Invading Colombia Book Summary : In early April 1536, Gonzalo Jim&énez de Quesada led a military expedition from the coastal city of Santa Marta deep into the interior of what is today modern Colombia. With roughly eight hundred Spaniards and numerous native carriers and black slaves, the Jim&énez expedition was larger than the combined forces under Hernando Cort&és and Francisco Pizarro. Over the course of the one-year campaign, nearly three-quarters of Jim&énez&’s men perished, most from illness and hunger. Yet, for the 179 survivors, the expedition proved to be one of the most profitable campaigns of the sixteenth century. Unfortunately, the history of the Spanish conquest of Colombia remains virtually unknown. Through a series of firsthand primary accounts, translated into English for the first time, Invading Colombia reconstructs the compelling tale of the Jim&énez expedition, the early stages of the Spanish conquest of Muisca territory, and the foundation of the city of Santa F&é de Bogot&á. We follow the expedition from the Canary Islands to Santa Marta, up the Magdalena River, and finally into Colombia&’s eastern highlands. These highly engaging accounts not only challenge many current assumptions about the nature of Spanish conquests in the New World, but they also reveal a richly entertaining, yet tragic, tale that rivals the great conquest narratives of Mexico and Peru.
📒Labor And Love In Guatemala ✍ Catherine Komisaruk
✏Labor and Love in Guatemala Book Summary : Labor and Love in Guatemala re-envisions the histories of labor and ethnic formation in Spanish America. Taking cues from gender studies and the "new" cultural history, the book transforms perspectives on the major social trends that emerged across Spain's American colonies: populations from three continents mingled; native people and Africans became increasingly hispanized; slavery and other forms of labor coercion receded. Komisaruk's analysis shows how these developments were rooted in gendered structures of work, migration, family, and reproduction. The engrossing narrative reconstructs Afro-Guatemalan family histories through slavery and freedom, and tells stories of native working women and men based on their own words. The book takes us into the heart of sweeping historical processes as it depicts the migrations that linked countryside to city, the sweat and filth of domestic labor, the rise of female-headed households, and love as it was actually practiced—amidst remarkable permissiveness by both individuals and the state.
📒The Mayan In The Mall ✍ J. T. Way
✏The Mayan in the Mall Book Summary : This twentieth-century history of Guatemala begins with an analysis of the Grand Tikal Futura, a postmodern shopping mall with a faux-Mayan facade that is surrounded by a landscape of gated subdivisions, evangelical churches, motels, Kaqchikel-speaking villages, and some of the most poverty-stricken ghettos in the hemisphere.
📒 Strange Lands And Different Peoples ✍ W. George Lovell
✏ Strange Lands and Different Peoples Book Summary : Guatemala emerged from the clash between Spanish invaders and Maya cultures that began five centuries ago. The conquest of these “rich and strange lands,” as Hernán Cortés called them, and their “many different peoples” was brutal and prolonged. “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” examines the myriad ramifications of Spanish intrusion, especially Maya resistance to it and the changes that took place in native life because of it. The studies assembled here, focusing on the first century of colonial rule (1524–1624), discuss issues of conquest and resistance, settlement and colonization, labor and tribute, and Maya survival in the wake of Spanish invasion. The authors reappraise the complex relationship between Spaniards and Indians, which was marked from the outset by mutual feelings of resentment and mistrust. While acknowledging the pivotal role of native agency, the authors also document the excesses of Spanish exploitation and the devastating impact of epidemic disease. Drawing on research findings in Spanish and Guatemalan archives, they offer fresh insight into the Kaqchikel Maya uprising of 1524, showing that despite strategic resistance, colonization imposed a burden on the indigenous population more onerous than previously thought. Guatemala remains a deeply divided and unjust society, a country whose current condition can be understood only in light of the colonial experiences that forged it. Affording readers a critical perspective on how Guatemala came to be, “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” shows the events of the past to have enduring contemporary relevance.
📒Nicaragua ✍ Ephraim George Squier
✏Nicaragua Book Summary :
📒Forgotten Franciscans ✍ Martin Austin Nesvig
✏Forgotten Franciscans Book Summary : "Examines writings by three early modern Spanish Franciscans in Mexico. Alfonso de Castro, an inquisitional theorist, offers a defense of Indian education. Alonso Cabello, convicted of Erasmianism by the Mexican Inquisition, discusses Christ's humanity in a Nativity sermon. Diego Muñoz, an inquisitional deputy, investigates witchcraft in Celaya"--Provided by publisher.
📒The Conquest On Trial ✍ Micael de Carvajal
✏The Conquest on Trial Book Summary : "The first English translation of Michael de Carvajal's Spanish play Complaint of the Indians in the Court of Death, originally published in 1557. Translated by Carlos Jâauregui and Mark Smith-Soto. An annotated bilingual edition, with an introduction that discusses the origins and ideological significance of the play"--Provided by publisher.
📒Defending The Conquest ✍ Bernardo de Vargas Machuca
✏Defending the Conquest Book Summary : "An English translation and critical edition of a refutation, written about 1603 (revised in 1612) by the soldier Bernardo de Vargas Machuca, of Bartolome de las Casas's famous Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1558)"--Provided by publisher. First published in 1879 as Apologâias y discursos de las conquistas occidentales.
📒Gods Of The Andes ✍ Blas Valera
✏Gods of the Andes Book Summary : "An English translation of a sixteenth-century Spanish manuscript, by an Inca Jesuit, about Inca religion and the spread of Christianity in colonial Peru. Includes an introductory essay"--Provided by publisher.