Introduction To Non Equilibrium Physical Chemistry

Introduction To Non Equilibrium Physical Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry
✏Author : R. P. Rastogi
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2007-10-16
✏Pages : 356
✏ISBN : 0080551807
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Book Summary : Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry presents a critical and comprehensive account of Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry from theoretical and experimental angle. It covers a wide spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena from steady state close to equilibrium to non-linear region involving transition to bistability, temporal oscillations, spatio-temporal oscillations and finally to far from equilibrium phenomena such as complex pattern formation, dynamic instability at interfaces, Chaos and complex growth phenomena (fractals) in Physico-chemical systems. Part I of the book deals with theory and experimental studies concerning transport phenomena in membranes (Thermo-osmosis,Electroosmotic ) and in continuous systems (Thermal diffusion,Soret effect) close to equilibrium Experimental tests provide insight into the domain of validity of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics ,which is the major theoretical tool for this region. Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix. Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies. Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity. The book provides a critical account of theoretical studies on non-equilibrium phenomenon from region close to equilibrium to far equilibrium Experimental studies have been reported which provide test of the theories and their limitations Impacts of the concepts developed in non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry in sociology, economics and other social science and living systems has been discussed

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
✏Author : Yasar Demirel
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2007-10-10
✏Pages : 754
✏ISBN : 008055136X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book Summary : Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences. Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

📒Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics ✍ Sybren Ruurds de Groot

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Thermodynamics
✏Author : Sybren Ruurds de Groot
✏Publisher : Courier Corporation
✏Release Date : 1984-01-01
✏Pages : 510
✏ISBN : 0486647412
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Book Summary : Classic monograph treats the irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications of the field with special chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, derivation of the Onsager reciprocal relations, more. 4 black-and-white illustrations.

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics
✏Author : Robert Zwanzig
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2001-04-19
✏Pages : 240
✏ISBN : 0198032153
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book Summary : This is a presentation of the main ideas and methods of modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. It is the perfect introduction for anyone in chemistry or physics who needs an update or background in this time-dependent field. Topics covered include fluctuation-dissipation theorem; linear response theory; time correlation functions, and projection operators. Theoretical models are illustrated by real-world examples and numerous applications such as chemical reaction rates and spectral line shapes are covered. The mathematical treatments are detailed and easily understandable and the appendices include useful mathematical methods like the Laplace transforms, Gaussian random variables and phenomenological transport equations.

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
✏Author : Phil Attard
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2012-10-04
✏Pages : 462
✏ISBN : 9780199662760
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Book Summary : This title builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. It is a pedagogic introduction, a comprehensive reference manual, and an original research monograph--

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics And Physical Kinetics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics
✏Author : Halid Bikkin
✏Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
✏Release Date : 2014-08-22
✏Pages : 371
✏ISBN : 9783110373004
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics Book Summary : This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Starting from phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the kinetic equation method discussed and demonstrated with electrons and phonons in conducting crystals. Linear response theory as well as the non-equilibrium statistical operator and the master equation approach are discussed in the course of the book. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show", this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field. Problems and their well-documented solutions included at appropriate points of the narrative allow the reader to actively develop essential parts of the theory himself. From the content: Phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes Brownian motion Kinetic equations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics Kinetic equation for electrons and phonons in conducting crystals Theory of non-linear response to an external mechanical pertubation Non-equilibrium statistical operator method Response of a highly non-equilibrium system to a weakly measuring field Master equation approach

An Introduction To Chaos In Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book PDF
✏Book Title : An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics
✏Author : J. R. Dorfman
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1999-08-28
✏Pages : 287
✏ISBN : 0521655897
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book Summary : Introduction to applications and techniques in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of chaotic dynamics.

📒Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics ✍ Hans Christian Öttinger

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics
✏Author : Hans Christian Öttinger
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2005-05-13
✏Pages : 656
✏ISBN : 9780471727910
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book Summary : Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics fills a niche in the market by providing a comprehensive introduction to a new, emerging topic in the field. The importance of non-equilibrium thermodynamics is addressed in order to fully understand how a system works, whether it is in a biological system like the brain or a system that develops plastic. In order to fully grasp the subject, the book clearly explains the physical concepts and mathematics involved, as well as presenting problems and solutions; over 200 exercises and answers are included. Engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians can all use the book to address their problems in modelling, calculating, and understanding dynamic responses of materials.

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics In Multiphase Flows Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows
✏Author : Roberto Mauri
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-11-08
✏Pages : 270
✏ISBN : 9789400754614
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows Book Summary : Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a general framework that allows the macroscopic description of irreversible processes. This book introduces non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to the rheology of multiphase flows. The subject is relevant to graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering, physics and material science. This book is divided into two parts. The first part presents the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, reviewing its essential features and showing, when possible, some applications. The second part of this book deals with how the general theory can be applied to model multiphase flows and, in particular, how to determine their constitutive relations. Each chapter contains problems at the end, the solutions of which are given at the end of the book. No prior knowledge of statistical mechanics is required; the necessary prerequisites are elements of transport phenomena and on thermodynamics. “The style of the book is mathematical, but nonetheless it remains very readable and anchored in the physical world rather than becoming too abstract. Though it is up-to-date and includes recent important developments, there is a lot of classical material in the book, albeit presented with unprecedented clarity and coherence. The first six chapters are actually a very good introduction to the theory underlying many phenomena in soft matter physics, beyond the focus on flow and transport of the later chapters of the book.” Prof Richard A.L. Jones FRS, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Innovation, University of Sheffield

Statistical Mechanics Of Nonequilibrium Liquids Book PDF
✏Book Title : Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids
✏Author : Denis J. Evans
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2008-05-08
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781139471930
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids Book Summary : In recent years the interaction between dynamical systems theory and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics has been enormous. The discovery of fluctuation theorems as a fundamental structure common to almost all non-equilibrium systems, and the connections with the free energy calculation methods of Jarzynski and Crooks, have excited both theorists and experimentalists. This graduate-level book charts the development and theoretical analysis of molecular dynamics as applied to equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems. Designed for both researchers in the field and graduate students of physics, it connects molecular dynamics simulation with the mathematical theory to understand non-equilibrium steady states. It also provides a link between the atomic, nano, and macro worlds. The book ends with an introduction to the use of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics to justify a thermodynamic treatment of non-equilibrium steady states, and gives a direction to further avenues of exploration.

📒Chemical Thermodynamics ✍ Byung Chan Eu

Chemical Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Chemical Thermodynamics
✏Author : Byung Chan Eu
✏Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
✏Release Date : 2010-08-06
✏Pages : 468
✏ISBN : 9789814365185
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Chemical Thermodynamics Book Summary : Thermodynamics is an ever evolving subject. This book aims to introduce to advanced undergraduate students and graduate students the fundamental ideas and notions of the first and second laws of thermodynamics in a manner unavailable in the usual textbooks on the subject of thermodynamics. For example, it treats the notions of unavailable work, compensated and uncompensated heats, and dissipation, which make it possible to formulate the thermodynamic laws in more broadened forms than those in the conventional treatment of equilibrium thermodynamics. It thus strives to prepare students for more advanced subjects of irreversible processes, which are encountered in our everyday scientific activities. In addition, it also aims to provide them with functional and practical knowledge of equilibrium chemical thermodynamics of reversible processes in real fluids. It discusses temperature, work and heat, thermodynamic laws, equilibrium conditions and thermodynamic stability, thermodynamics of reversible processes in gases and liquids, in surfaces, chemical equilibria, reversible processes in electrolyte solutions and dielectrics in static electric and magnetic fields. A couple of examples for irreversible processes associated with fluid flows and chemical pattern formation and wave propagations are discussed as examples for applications of broader treatments of the thermodynamic laws in the realm of irreversible phenomena.

Physical Nonequilibrium In Soils Book PDF
✏Book Title : Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils
✏Author : H. Magdi Selim
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 1998-06-01
✏Pages : 500
✏ISBN : 1575040492
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils Book Summary : Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils provides cutting-edge knowledge on physical nonequilibrium phenomena in soils, offering unique insight into the complexity of our physical world. With 18 chapters comprising the book, topics cover soil properties fluid properties mechanistic models transfer function geostatistics fractal analysis cellular-automation fluids coupling of physical and chemical nonequilibrium models confirming and quantifying physical nonequilibrium in soils analytical solutions field-scale research environmental impacts.

Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory Of Quantum Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems
✏Author : Gianluca Stefanucci
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2013-03-07
✏Pages : 600
✏ISBN : 9780521766173
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems Book Summary : A pedagogical introduction to nonequilibrium theory, time-dependent phenomena and excited state properties, for graduate students and researchers.

Non Equilibrium Dynamics In Chemical Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non Equilibrium Dynamics in Chemical Systems
✏Author : C. Vidal
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 258
✏ISBN : 9783642701962
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non Equilibrium Dynamics in Chemical Systems Book Summary : Markedly apart from elementary particle physics, another current has been building up and cont i nuous ly growi ng within contemporary phys i cs for severa 1 decades, and even expanding into many other disciplines, especially chemistry, biology and, quite recently, economics. Several reasons account for this: presumably the most impor tant one lies in the fact that, whatever the specific problem, model or material concerned, the same basic mathematical features are always involved. In this way, a general phenomenology has emerged which, unlike thermodynamics, is no longer depen dent upon the details or specifics: what largely prevails is the nonlinear charac ter of the underlying dynamics. Perhaps we are witnessing the emergence of a "non linear physics"--In a way similar to the birth of "quantum physics" in the twen ties - a physics which deals with the general behaviour of systems, whatever they are or may be. Over the past fifteen years, chemical systems evolving sufficiently far from equilibrium have proved to be particularly well fitted to experimental research on nonlinear behaviour: oscillation, multistability, birhythmicity, chaotic evolution, spatial self-organization and hysteresis are displayed by chemical reactions whose number is growing each year. In this volume are collected the lectures, communica tions and posters (abstracts) presented at an international meeting entitled: "Non-Equilibrium Dynamics in Chemical Systems", held in Bordeaux (France), Septem ber 3 rd-lth, 1984.

Introduction To Statistical Mechanics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introduction to Statistical Mechanics
✏Author : John Dirk Walecka
✏Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
✏Release Date : 2016-08-25
✏Pages : 244
✏ISBN : 9789813148154
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Book Summary : Statistical mechanics is concerned with defining the thermodynamic properties of a macroscopic sample in terms of the properties of the microscopic systems of which it is composed. The previous book Introduction to Statistical Mechanics provided a clear, logical, and self-contained treatment of equilibrium statistical mechanics starting from Boltzmann's two statistical assumptions, and presented a wide variety of applications to diverse physical assemblies. An appendix provided an introduction to non-equilibrium statistical mechanics through the Boltzmann equation and its extensions. The coverage in that book was enhanced and extended through the inclusion of many accessible problems. The current book provides solutions to those problems. These texts assume only introductory courses in classical and quantum mechanics, as well as familiarity with multi-variable calculus and the essentials of complex analysis. Some knowledge of thermodynamics is also assumed, although the analysis starts with an appropriate review of that topic. The targeted audience is first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates, in physics, chemistry, and the related physical sciences. The goal of these texts is to help the reader obtain a clear working knowledge of the very useful and powerful methods of equilibrium statistical mechanics and to enhance the understanding and appreciation of the more advanced texts.

Self Organization In Nonequilibrium Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Self Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems
✏Author : Gregoire Nicolis
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
✏Release Date : 1977-05-13
✏Pages : 491
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822011898335
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Self Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems Book Summary : Membranes, Dissipative Structures, and Evolution Edited by G. Nicolis & R. Lefever Focuses on the problem of the emergence/maintenance of biological order at successively higher levels of complexity. Covers the spatiotemporal organization of simple biochemical networks; the formation of pluricellular or macromolecular assemblies; the evolution of these structures; and the functions of specific biological structures. Volume 29 in Advances in Chemical Physics Series, I. Prigogine & Stuart A. Rice, Editors. 1975 Theory and Applications of Molecular Paramagnetism Edited by E. A. Boudreaux & L. N. Mulay Comprehensively treats the basic theory of paramagnetic phenomena from both the classical and mechanical vantages. It examines the magnetic behavior of Lanthanide and Actinide elements as well as traditional transition metals. For each class of compounds, appropriate details of descriptive and mathematical theory are given before their applications. 1976 Theory and Aapplications of Molecular Diamagnetism Edited by L. N. Mulay & E. A. Boudreaux An invaluable reference for solving chemical problems in magnetics, magnetochemistry, and related areas where magnetic data are important, such as solid-state physics and optical spectroscopy. 197

📒Soft And Fragile Matter ✍ Michael E. Cates

Soft And Fragile Matter Book PDF
✏Book Title : Soft and Fragile Matter
✏Author : Michael E. Cates
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2000-01-01
✏Pages : 393
✏ISBN : 1420033514
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Soft and Fragile Matter Book Summary : Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders. Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

📒Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I ✍ Rouslan L. Stratonovich

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I
✏Author : Rouslan L. Stratonovich
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 361
✏ISBN : 9783642773433
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I Book Summary : This book gives the first detailed coherent treatment of a relatively young branch of statistical physics - nonlinear nonequilibrium and fluctuation-dissipative thermo dynamics. This area of research has taken shape fairly recently: its development began in 1959. The earlier theory -linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics - is in principle a simple special case of the new theory. Despite the fact that the title of this book includes the word "nonlinear", it also covers the results of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The presentation of the linear and nonlinear theories is done within a common theoretical framework that is not subject to the linearity condition. The author hopes that the reader will perceive the intrinsic unity of this discipline, and the uniformity and generality of its constituent parts. This theory has a wide variety of applications in various domains of physics and physical chemistry, enabling one to calculate thermal fluctuations in various nonlinear systems. The book is divided into two volumes. Fluctuation-dissipation theorems (or relations) of various types (linear, quadratic and cubic, classical and quantum) are considered in the first volume. Here one encounters the Markov and non-Markov fluctuation-dissipation theorems (FDTs), theorems of the first, second and third kinds. Nonlinear FDTs are less well known than their linear counterparts.

Equilibrium And Non Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Equilibrium and Non Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics
✏Author : Michel Le Bellac
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2004-04-08
✏Pages : 616
✏ISBN : 0521821436
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Equilibrium and Non Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics Book Summary : Publisher Description

Non Equilibrium Statistical Physics With Application To Disordered Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Statistical Physics with Application to Disordered Systems
✏Author : Manuel Osvaldo Cáceres
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2017-03-07
✏Pages : 556
✏ISBN : 9783319515533
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Statistical Physics with Application to Disordered Systems Book Summary : This textbook is the result of the enhancement of several courses on non-equilibrium statistics, stochastic processes, stochastic differential equations, anomalous diffusion and disorder. The target audience includes students of physics, mathematics, biology, chemistry, and engineering at undergraduate and graduate level with a grasp of the basic elements of mathematics and physics of the fourth year of a typical undergraduate course. The little-known physical and mathematical concepts are described in sections and specific exercises throughout the text, as well as in appendices. Physical-mathematical motivation is the main driving force for the development of this text. It presents the academic topics of probability theory and stochastic processes as well as new educational aspects in the presentation of non-equilibrium statistical theory and stochastic differential equations.. In particular it discusses the problem of irreversibility in that context and the dynamics of Fokker-Planck. An introduction on fluctuations around metastable and unstable points are given. It also describes relaxation theory of non-stationary Markov periodic in time systems. The theory of finite and infinite transport in disordered networks, with a discussion of the issue of anomalous diffusion is introduced. Further, it provides the basis for establishing the relationship between quantum aspects of the theory of linear response and the calculation of diffusion coefficients in amorphous systems.

Transport Properties In Non Equilibrium And Anomalous Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Transport Properties in Non Equilibrium and Anomalous Systems
✏Author : Dario Villamaina
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-10-19
✏Pages : 125
✏ISBN : 9783319017723
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Transport Properties in Non Equilibrium and Anomalous Systems Book Summary : The study of fluctuations in statistical physics has a long history, and a general theory is well established, connecting fluctuations to response properties of equilibrium systems. Remarkably, this framework fails as soon as some current is flowing across the system, driving it out of equilibrium. The presence of currents is quite common in nature and produces rich phenomena which are far from being included in a general framework. This thesis focuses on this general problem by studying different models such as granular materials and systems exhibiting anomalous diffusion and shows how the generalized response techniques can be successfully used to catch the relevant degrees of freedom that drive the systems out of equilibrium. This study paves the way to the use of the generalized fluctuation relations in an operative way, in order to extract information from a non-equilibrium system and to build the corresponding phenomenological theory.

📒Synergetics ✍ Hermann Haken

Synergetics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Synergetics
✏Author : Hermann Haken
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 325
✏ISBN : 9783642963636
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Synergetics Book Summary : The spontaneous formation of well organized structures out of germs or even out of chaos is one of the most fascinating phenomena and most challenging problems scientists are confronted with. Such phenomena are an experience of our daily life when we observe the growth of plants and animals. Thinking of much larger time scales, scientists are led into the problems of evolution, and, ultimately, of the origin of living matter. When we try to explain or understand in some sense these extremely complex biological phenomena it is a natural question, whether pro cesses of self-organization may be found in much simpler systems of the un animated world. In recent years it has become more and more evident that there exist numerous examples in physical and chemical systems where well organized spatial, temporal, or spatio-temporal structures arise out of chaotic states. Furthermore, as in living of these systems can be maintained only by a flux of organisms, the functioning energy (and matter) through them. In contrast to man-made machines, which are to exhibit special structures and functionings, these structures develop spon devised It came as a surprise to many scientists that taneously-they are self-organizing. numerous such systems show striking similarities in their behavior when passing from the disordered to the ordered state. This strongly indicates that the function of such systems obeys the same basic principles. In our book we wish to explain ing such basic principles and underlying conceptions and to present the mathematical tools to cope with them.

An Introduction To The Physical Chemistry Of Food Book PDF
✏Book Title : An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Food
✏Author : John N. Coupland
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-06-30
✏Pages : 182
✏ISBN : 9781493907618
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Food Book Summary : Familiar combinations of ingredients and processing make the structures that give food its properties. For example in ice cream, the emulsifiers and proteins stabilize partly crystalline milk fat as an emulsion, freezing (crystallization) of some of the water gives the product its hardness and polysaccharide stabilizers keep it smooth. Why different recipes work as they do is largely governed by the rules of physical chemistry. This textbook introduces the physical chemistry essential to understanding the behavior of foods. Starting with the simplest model of molecules attracting and repelling one another while being moved by the randomizing effect of heat, the laws of thermodynamics are used to derive important properties of foods such as flavor binding and water activity. Most foods contain multiple phases and the same molecular model is used to understand phase diagrams, phase separation and the properties of surfaces. The remaining chapters focus on the formation and properties of specific structures in foods – crystals, polymers, dispersions and gels. Only a basic understanding of food science is needed, and no mathematics or chemistry beyond the introductory college courses is required. At all stages, examples from the primary literature are used to illustrate the text and to highlight the practical applications of physical chemistry in food science.

High Temperature Phenomena In Shock Waves Book PDF
✏Book Title : High Temperature Phenomena in Shock Waves
✏Author : Raymond Brun
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-01-24
✏Pages : 337
✏ISBN : 9783642251191
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏High Temperature Phenomena in Shock Waves Book Summary : The high temperatures generated in gases by shock waves give rise to physical and chemical phenomena such as molecular vibrational excitation, dissociation, ionization, chemical reactions and inherently related radiation. In continuum regime, these processes start from the wave front, so that generally the gaseous media behind shock waves may be in a thermodynamic and chemical non-equilibrium state. This book presents the state of knowledge of these phenomena. Thus, the thermodynamic properties of high temperature gases, including the plasma state are described, as well as the kinetics of the various chemical phenomena cited above. Numerous results of measurement and computation of vibrational relaxation times, dissociation and reaction rate constants are given, and various ionization and radiative mechanisms and processes are presented. The coupling between these different phenomena is taken into account as well as their interaction with the flow-field. Particular points such as the case of rarefied flows and the inside of the shock wave itself are also examined. Examples of specific non-equilibrium flows are given, generally corresponding to those encountered during spatial missions or in shock tube experiments.

Textbook Of Physical Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : TEXTBOOK OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
✏Author : H. K. MOUDGIL
✏Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
✏Release Date : 2014-10-21
✏Pages : 708
✏ISBN : 9788120350625
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏TEXTBOOK OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY Book Summary : This comprehensive textbook, now in its second edition, is mainly written as per the latest syllabi of physical chemistry of all the leading universities of India as well as the new syllabus recommended by the UGC. This thoroughly revised and updated edition covers the principal areas of physical chemistry, such as thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, molecular spectroscopy, chemical kinetics, electrochemistry and nanotechnology. In a methodical and accessible style, the book discusses classical, irreversible and statistical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, and describes macroscopic chemical systems, steady states and thermodynamics at a molecular level. It elaborates the underlying principles of quantum mechanics, molecular spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography and solid state chemistry along with their applications. The book explains various instrumentation techniques such as potentiometry, polarography, voltammetry, conductometry and coulometry. It also describes kinetics, rate laws and chemical processes at the electrodes. In addition, the text deals with chemistry of corrosion and nanomaterials. This text is primarily designed for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemistry (B.Sc. and M.Sc.) for their course in physical chemistry. Key Features • Gives a thorough treatment to ensure a solid grasp of the material. • Presents a large number of figures and diagrams that help amplify key concepts. • Contains several worked-out examples for better understanding of the subject matter. • Provides numerous chapter-end exercises to foster conceptual understanding.

Non Equilibrium Processing Of Materials Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Processing of Materials
✏Author : C. Suryanarayana
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 1999-07-22
✏Pages : 437
✏ISBN : 0080537626
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Processing of Materials Book Summary : The rapid technological developments during the later half of the 20th century have demanded materials that are stronger, capable of use at much higher temperatures, more corrosion-resistant, and much less expensive than those currently used. These demands become even more significant on the threshold of the new century and the millennium. Significant improvements in properties can only be achieved by processing the materials under far-from-equilibrium (or non-equilibrium) conditions. Several new processing technologies have been developed during the past few decades including, rapid solidification, spray forming, mechanical alloying, ion mixing, vapor deposition, laser processing and plasma processing. Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of these processes used to synthesize, characterize, and apply these materials processed under non-equilibrium conditions. Some of these techniques have evolved from laboratory curiosity to commercial-scale manufacturing in just a few years. In other cases, industrial necessity prompted development of the technology, and the science followed later. The chapters in this book have been written by people who are world-recognized experts in their respective fields. Each chapter describes the principles, processing techniques, special features of the materials produced, and their applications. An extensive list of references is provided at the end of each chapter that will facilitate location of additional information on specific aspects of any technique.

Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics
✏Author : Gerd Röpke
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-03-14
✏Pages : 382
✏ISBN : 9783527670598
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Book Summary : Authored by a well-known expert in the field of nonequilibrium statistical physics, this book is a coherent presentation of the subject suitable for masters and PhD students, as well as postdocs in physics and related disciplines. Starting from a general discussion of irreversibility and entropy, the method of nonequilibrium statistical operator is presented as a general concept. Stochastic processes are introduced as a necessary prerequisite to describe the evolution of a nonequilibrium state. Different standard approaches such as master equations, kinetic equations and linear response theory, are derived after special assumptions. This allows for an insight into the problems of nonequilibrium physics, a discussion of the limits of the approaches, and suggestions for improvements. The method of thermodynamic Green's function is outlined that allows for the systematic quantum statistical treatment of many-body systems. Applications and typical examples are given, as well as fully worked problems.

📒Gasdynamic Lasers An Introduction ✍ John D. Jr. Anderson

Gasdynamic Lasers An Introduction Book PDF
✏Book Title : Gasdynamic Lasers An Introduction
✏Author : John D. Jr. Anderson
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2012-12-02
✏Pages : 192
✏ISBN : 9780323160445
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Gasdynamic Lasers An Introduction Book Summary : Gasdynamic Lasers: An Introduction is a 12-chapter introductory text to major development generations of gasdynamic lasers, focusing on their underlying physical and fundamental aspects. The opening chapters discuss the basic detailed physical phenomena that ultimately are responsible for producing gasdynamic laser action and the methods of calculating the performance of these devices. These topics are followed by a chapter on confirmation of the performance calculations through arc and shock tunnel experiments. The discussion then shifts to vibrational relaxation process behind normal shock waves in CO2-N2-He mixtures and assesses their population inversions occurring in the nonequilibrium flow. Other chapters explore the concepts of downstream mixing and optical cavity in gasdynamic lasers, as well as the laser beam extracted from these devices. A systematic study of aerodynamic windows that use supersonic flow across the aperture is presented in the concluding chapters, along with the phenomena associated with gasdynamic laser diffusers. This introductory text will be of great value to professional scientists and engineers, as well as to students and workers in the field who are interested in interdisciplinary applied science.

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics And The Production Of Entropy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy
✏Author : Axel Kleidon
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2004-11-18
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 3540224955
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy Book Summary : The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Frontiers In Computational And Systems Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Frontiers in Computational and Systems Biology
✏Author : Jianfeng Feng
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2010-06-14
✏Pages : 24
✏ISBN : 1849961964
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Frontiers in Computational and Systems Biology Book Summary : Biological and biomedical studies have entered a new era over the past two decades thanks to the wide use of mathematical models and computational approaches. A booming of computational biology, which sheerly was a theoretician’s fantasy twenty years ago, has become a reality. Obsession with computational biology and theoretical approaches is evidenced in articles hailing the arrival of what are va- ously called quantitative biology, bioinformatics, theoretical biology, and systems biology. New technologies and data resources in genetics, such as the International HapMap project, enable large-scale studies, such as genome-wide association st- ies, which could potentially identify most common genetic variants as well as rare variants of the human DNA that may alter individual’s susceptibility to disease and the response to medical treatment. Meanwhile the multi-electrode recording from behaving animals makes it feasible to control the animal mental activity, which could potentially lead to the development of useful brain–machine interfaces. - bracing the sheer volume of genetic, genomic, and other type of data, an essential approach is, ?rst of all, to avoid drowning the true signal in the data. It has been witnessed that theoretical approach to biology has emerged as a powerful and st- ulating research paradigm in biological studies, which in turn leads to a new - search paradigm in mathematics, physics, and computer science and moves forward with the interplays among experimental studies and outcomes, simulation studies, and theoretical investigations.