History Of The Johnstown Flood
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📒Official History Of The Johnstown Flood ✍ Frank Connelly
✏Official History of the Johnstown Flood Book Summary : Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
📒History Of The Johnstown Flood ✍ Willis Fletcher Johnson
✏History of the Johnstown Flood Book Summary : History of the Johnstown flood This book, "History of the Johnstown flood," by Willis Fletcher Johnson, is a replication of a book originally published before 1889. It has been restored by human beings, page by page, so that you may enjoy it in a form as close to the original as possible.
📒History Of The Johnstown Flood Including All The Fearful Record ✍ Willis Fletcher Johnson
✏History of the Johnstown Flood Including all the Fearful Record Book Summary :
✏Official History of the Johnstown Flood Book Summary : This book was written while relief efforts were still underway.
📒History Of The Johnstown Flood With Full Accounts Also Of The Destruction On ✍ Willis Fletcher Johnson
✏History of the Johnstown Flood With Full Accounts Also of the Destruction on Book Summary : Willis Fletcher Johnson (1857 - March 29, 1931), was an author, lecturer and for twenty years foreign and diplomatic editorial writer for The New York Tribune.The Johnstown Flood (locally, the Great Flood of 1889) occurred on May 31, 1889, after the catastrophic failure of the South Fork Dam on the Little Conemaugh River 14 miles (23 km) upstream of the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The dam broke after several days of extremely heavy rainfall, unleashing 20 million tons of water (18 million cubic meters) from the reservoir known as Lake Conemaugh. With a volumetric flow rate that temporarily equalled that of the Mississippi River, the flood killed 2,209 people and caused US$17 million of damage (about $450 million in 2015 dollars).The American Red Cross, led by Clara Barton and with 50 volunteers, undertook a major disaster relief effort.Support for victims came from all over the United States and 18 foreign countries. After the flood, survivors suffered a series of legal defeats in their attempts to recover damages from the dam's owners. Public indignation at that failure prompted the development in American law changing a fault-based regime to strict liability.History The village of Johnstown was founded in 1800 by the Swiss immigrant Joseph Johns (anglicized from "Schantz") where the Stony Creek and Little Conemaugh rivers joined to form the Conemaugh River. It began to prosper with the building of the Pennsylvania Main Line Canal in 1836 and the construction in the 1850s of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Cambria Iron Works. By 1889, Johnstown's industries had attracted numerous Welsh and German immigrants. With a population of 30,000, it was a growing industrial community known for the quality of its steel. The high, steep hills of the narrow Conemaugh Valley and the Allegheny Mountains range to the east kept development close to the riverfront areas. The valley had large amounts of runoff from rain and snowfall. The area surrounding Johnstown is prone to flooding due to its location on the rivers, whose upstream watersheds include an extensive drainage basin of the Allegheny plateau. Adding to these factors, slag from the iron furnaces of the steel mills was dumped along the river to create more land for building. Developers' artificial narrowing of the riverbed to maximize early industries left the city even more flood-prone.The Conemaugh River immediately downstream of Johnstown is hemmed in by steep mountainsides for about 10 miles (16 km). Today, a plaque at the scenic overlook on Pennsylvania Route 56 about 4 miles (6 km) outside Johnstown cites this gorge as the deepest river gap in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains.
📒Johnstown S Flood Of 1889 ✍ Neil M. Coleman
✏Johnstown s Flood of 1889 Book Summary : Science now reveals the true cause of the dam breach flood that destroyed Johnstown in 1889. The tragic loss of more than 2200 lives was preventable; the initial investigation of the flood was hijacked, delayed, and distorted by powerful members of the industrial elite. This book bridges the gap between history and science, reexamining eyewitness accounts of the flood and historic documents about the investigation, and applying new LiDAR, GPS, and hydraulic studies to solve the mystery – what caused the Great Flood of 1889? The book includes a notable chapter on the “sister” of the South Fork Dam, “The Forgotten Dam” at Hollidaysburg, PA.
📒Johnstown Flood ✍ David McCullough
✏Johnstown Flood Book Summary : The stunning story of one of America’s great disasters, a preventable tragedy of Gilded Age America, brilliantly told by master historian David McCullough. At the end of the nineteenth century, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was a booming coal-and-steel town filled with hardworking families striving for a piece of the nation’s burgeoning industrial prosperity. In the mountains above Johnstown, an old earth dam had been hastily rebuilt to create a lake for an exclusive summer resort patronized by the tycoons of that same industrial prosperity, among them Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, and Andrew Mellon. Despite repeated warnings of possible danger, nothing was done about the dam. Then came May 31, 1889, when the dam burst, sending a wall of water thundering down the mountain, smashing through Johnstown, and killing more than 2,000 people. It was a tragedy that became a national scandal. Graced by David McCullough’s remarkable gift for writing richly textured, sympathetic social history, The Johnstown Flood is an absorbing, classic portrait of life in nineteenth-century America, of overweening confidence, of energy, and of tragedy. It also offers a powerful historical lesson for our century and all times: the danger of assuming that because people are in positions of responsibility they are necessarily behaving responsibly.
📒History Of The Johnstown Flood Including All The Fearful Record The Breaking Of The South Fork Dam Etc ✍ Willis Fletcher Johnson
✏History of the Johnstown Flood Including All the Fearful Record the Breaking of the South Fork Dam Etc Book Summary :
✏History and Souvenir of the Johnstown Flood Book Summary :
📒The Johnstown Flood Story ✍ George E. Gore
✏The Johnstown Flood Story Book Summary : A history of the floods in 1889 and 1936 is given.