Handbook of Ferroalloys

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  • Author : Lauri Holappa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Pages : 536 pages
  • ISBN : 0128054956
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Handbook of Ferroalloys full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Lauri Holappa and published by Elsevier Inc. Chapters which was released on 04 May 2013 with total page 536 pages. We cannot guarantee that Handbook of Ferroalloys book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. The word ferroalloy refers to an alloy of iron containing a significant proportion of one or more other elements like silicon, manganese, chromium, aluminum, or titanium. The main applications of ferroalloys occur in the steelmaking process. They are added to steel to improve properties like strength, ductility, and fatigue or corrosion resistance. Additionally, ferroalloys can have several other tasks, such as in refining, deoxidation, modification, and control of nonmetallic inclusions and precipitates. The production and role of ferroalloys are briefly introduced, both from a historical perspective and in light of current and future prospects. Examples of production figures, producers, and markets are presented. Recent developments and main drivers in ferroalloys processing, including energy saving, environmental issues, primary and secondary raw materials resources, and development trends in technology, are briefly discussed.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Lauri Holappa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Handbook of Ferroalloys

The word ferroalloy refers to an alloy of iron containing a significant proportion of one or more other elements like silicon, manganese, chromium, aluminum, or titanium. The main applications of ferroalloys occur in the steelmaking process. They are added to steel to improve properties like strength, ductility, and fatigue or corrosion resistance. Additionally, ferroalloys can have several other tasks, such as in refining, deoxidation, modification, and control of nonmetallic inclusions and precipitates. The production and role of ferroalloys are briefly

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Heikki Jalkanen,Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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The metallurgical processing of ferroalloys is based on a coherent combination of many scientific fields, which are briefly outlined in this chapter. The metal’s recovery process is based on reduction reactions, where metallurgical thermodynamics and kinetics are of a paramount importance. This includes the knowledge and ability to calculate, monitor, and change the formation of solutions and phases, rate of the reactions, and handling of reaction products in the most efficient way. In parallel, theoretical and engineering data on

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This handbook gathers, reviews and concisely presents the core principles and varied technology involved in processing ferroalloys. Background content in thermodynamics, kinetics, heat and mass transfer is accompanied by an overview of electrical furnaces theory and practice as well as sustainability issues. The work includes detailed coverage of the major technologies of ferrosilicon, ferronickel, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, ferrovanadium, ferromanganese and lesser known minor ferroalloys. Distilling the results of many years' experience in ferroalloys, Michael Gasik has assembled contributions from the worlds'

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Merete Tangstad
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter examines the theory and technology applied for the production of manganese ferroalloys. The focus is on smelting of ferromanganese, silicomanganese, and manganese metal in electric furnaces with different process types. The properties of manganese as well as its major compounds, minerals, and ores are presented. Agglomeration methods used to prepare ores for smelting are described. Refining techniques for low-carbon manganese ferroalloys are discussed, and postprocessing operations are outlined, together with tapping and casting processes. Additionally, the energy balance

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter deals with tungsten and its ferroalloy technology. An overview of tungsten is presented, its properties are described, and reactions with other elements and compounds are outlined with major relevant phase equilibria diagrams. The raw materials, sources, and methods for reducing tungsten are presented. Different technologies for smelting ferrotungsten alloy are described.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Johan Basson,Jorma Daavittila
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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High carbon ferrochrome is one of the most common ferroalloys produced and is almost exclusively used in the production of stainless steel and high chromium steels. Production takes place primarily in countries with substantial chromite ore supply. Relatively cheap electricity and reductants also contribute to the viability of high carbon ferrochrome. The most common production technology utilized is submerged arc smelting in AC furnaces, although open arc smelting in DC furnaces is becoming increasingly common. A more advanced technology route

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter deals with the technology of ferrotitanium alloys. An overview of titanium, its basic properties, and its reactions with other elements is presented, and major relevant phase equilibria diagrams are given. The raw materials for titanium are discussed, and methods for titanium oxide reduction are presented. Ferrotitanium grades are described, and the technology for smelting ferrotitanium by aluminum reduction is discussed.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter deals with molybdenum and its ferroalloy technology. An overview of molybdenum is presented, its properties are discussed, and its reactions with other elements and compounds are outlined with major relevant phase equilibria diagrams. The raw materials, sources, and methods for preparing and reducing molybdenum are presented. Different technologies for smelting ferromolybdenum alloys are described.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Isobel Mc Dougall
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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The process by which ore is converted to a ferroalloy contains a number of steps. These include mining of the ore; preparing the ore by processes such as crushing, screening, washing, grinding, or milling; and sometimes applying beneficiation processes such as flotation, followed by smelting and refining. This chapter describes the equipment used for the smelting of ferroalloys. The first section covers furnace technology and operation by discussing AC and DC furnaces, their electrical operation, electrodes, and related plant such

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter explores the technology of vanadium recovery from raw materials and the production of vanadium ferroalloys (FeV, FeSiV, FeMnV, and FeVN). The properties of vanadium and its main reactions with other elements are outlined. Different sources of vanadium are presented, and the methods used for processing vanadium slags and vanadium pentoxide are listed. Smelting of ferrovanadium alloys in combination with silicon and aluminum reduction is presented.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Handbook of Ferroalloys

This chapter deals with zirconium and its ferroalloys technology. An overview of zirconium and of its properties and its reactions with other elements is presented, and major relevant phase equilibria diagrams are given. Zirconium sources (raw materials) and methods for zirconium reduction are discussed. Technologies for smelting ferrosilicozirconium (FeSiZr) and ferro-alumino-zirconium (FeAlZr) alloys are described.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Oleg Polyakov
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter deals with ferroalloys as well as several alloying elements (complex ferroalloys) that are normally used as efficient steel and alloy deoxidizers. Some other minor ferroalloys and master alloys (including those intended for nonferrous applications) are also described in brief. The emphasis is on alloy composition, processing, and applications, because raw materials, the reduction process, and the peculiarities of the behavior of specific elements are discussed in relevant chapters. The exothermic ferroalloy mixtures and their application are also presented.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Oleg Polyakov
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This chapter deals with ferroalloys containing rare-earth metals (REM). Among known REM, only three have significant metallurgical relevance (lanthanum, yttrium, and cerium), and they are considered in more detail. This chapter presents an overview of these REM, their properties, and their reactions with other elements and explores major relevant phase equilibria diagrams. REM sources (raw materials) and methods for their reduction are also presented. Technology for smelting of FeSiREM alloys by carbon and aluminum reduction methods is described.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Merete Tangstad
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Handbook of Ferroalloys

This chapter examines the theory and technology of the production of silicon and ferrosilicon alloys. An overview of silica raw materials, silica transformations, and carbon reductants for smelting is presented together with an exploration of the thermodynamics of silicon reduction and the formation of silicon carbide. For industrial practice, the results of furnace operation and zones formation are discussed, along with the main parameters required to ensure a smooth furnace operation. Finally, post–tap hole processes (refining and casting) and

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys
  • Author : Michael M. Gasik
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 May 2013
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This introductory chapter describes the importance of ferroalloys in modern steelmaking and the benefits of applying ferroalloys instead of pure alloying elements. The idea, scope, and structure of the book are outlined.