General Philosophy Of Science

General Philosophy Of Science Focal Issues Book PDF
✏Book Title : General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2007-07-18
✏Pages : 708
✏ISBN : 0080548547
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues Book Summary : Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might wish. An important task of the philosophy of the special sciences, such as philosophy of physics, of biology and of economics, to mention only a few of the many flourishing examples, is the clarification of such subject specific concepts and principles. Similarly, an important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation' and principles like 'the unity of science'. It is evident that clarfication of concepts and principles only makes sense if one tries to do justice, as much as possible, to the actual use of these notions by scientists, without however following this use slavishly. That is, occasionally a philosopher may have good reasons for suggesting to scientists that they should deviate from a standard use. Frequently, this amounts to a plea for differentiation in order to stop debates at cross-purposes due to the conflation of different meanings. While the special volumes of the series of Handbooks of the Philosophy of Science address topics relative to a specific discipline, this general volume deals with focal issues of a general nature. After an editorial introduction about the dominant method of clarifying concepts and principles in philosophy of science, called explication, the first five chapters deal with the following subjects. Laws, theories, and research programs as units of empirical knowledge (Theo Kuipers), various past and contemporary perspectives on explanation (Stathis Psillos), the evaluation of theories in terms of their virtues (Ilkka Niiniluto), and the role of experiments in the natural sciences, notably physics and biology (Allan Franklin), and their role in the social sciences, notably economics (Wenceslao Gonzalez). In the subsequent three chapters there is even more attention to various positions and methods that philosophers of science and scientists may favor: ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions (James Ladyman), reduction, integration, and the unity of science as aims in the sciences and the humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton), and logical, historical and computational approaches to the philosophy of science (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies). The volume concludes with the much debated question of demarcating science from nonscience (Martin Mahner) and the rich European-American history of the philosophy of science in the 20th century (Friedrich Stadler). Comprehensive coverage of the philosophy of science written by leading philosophers in this field Clear style of writing for an interdisciplinary audience No specific pre-knowledge required

The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Paul Humphreys
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 917
✏ISBN : 9780199368815
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Advertisement for the philosophy of the computational sciences / Oron Shagrir -- Part I. Overviews. Philosophy of the social sciences : naturalism and anti-naturalism in the philosophy of social science / Francesco Guala -- Philosophy of biology / Ben Fraser and Kim Sterelny -- Philosophy of the psychological and cognitive sciences / Mark Sprevak -- Philosophy of the physical sciences / Carl Hoefer and Chris Smeenk -- Having science in view : general philosophy of science and its significance / Stathis Psillos -- Part II. Traditional topics. Causation in science / James Woodward -- Confirmation and induction / Jan Sprenger -- Determinism and indeterminism / Charlotte Werndl -- Epistemology and philosophy of science / Otavio Bueno -- Ethics in science / David B. Resnik -- Experiment / Uljana Feest and Friedrich Steinle -- Game theory / Cristina Bicchieri and Giacomo Sillari -- Instrumentalism : global, local, and scientific / P. Kyle Stanford -- Laws of nature / John T. Roberts -- Metaphysics in science / Richard Healey -- Models and theories / Margaret Morrison -- Natural kinds / Muhammad Ali Khalidi -- Probability / Antony Eagle -- Representation in science / Mauricio Suarez -- Reduction / Andreas Huttemann and Alan C. Love -- Science and non-science / Sven Ove Hansson -- Scientific concepts / Hyundeuk Cheon and Edouard Machery -- Scientific explanation / Bradford Skow -- Scientific progress / Alexander Bird -- Scientific realism / Timothy D. Lyons -- Scientific theories / Hans Halvorson -- Values in science / Heather Douglas -- Part III. New directions. After Kuhn / Philip Kitcher -- Astronomy and astrophysics / Sibylle Anderl -- Challenges to evolutionary theory / Denis Walsh -- Complexity theory / Michael Strevens -- Computer simulation / Johannes Lenhard -- Data / Aidan Lyon -- Emergence / Paul Humphreys -- Empiricism and after / Jim Bogen -- Mechanisms and mechanical philosophy / Stuart Glennan -- Philosophy and cosmology / Claus Beisbart -- Philosophy of neuroscience / Adina L. Roskies and Carl F. Craver -- Social organization of science / Martin Carrier -- Spaces / Dean Rickles.

Journal For General Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Journal for General Philosophy of Science
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1996
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCAL:B4335831
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Journal for General Philosophy of Science Book Summary :

History And Philosophy Of Science And Technology Volume Iv Book PDF
✏Book Title : HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume IV
✏Author : Pablo Lorenzano
✏Publisher : EOLSS Publications
✏Release Date : 2010-09-27
✏Pages : 412
✏ISBN : 9781848263260
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume IV Book Summary : History and Philosophy of Science and Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in four volumes covers several topics such as: Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; The Nature and Structure of Scientific Theories Natural Science; A Short History of Molecular Biology; The Structure of the Darwinian Argument In The Origin of Species; History of Measurement Theory; Episodes of XX Century Cosmology: A Historical Approach; Philosophy of Economics; Social Sciences: Historical And Philosophical Overview of Methods And Goals; Introduction to Ethics of Science and Technology; The Ethics of Science and Technology; The Control of Nature and the Origins of The Dichotomy Between Fact And Value; Science and Empires: The Geo-Epistemic Location of Knowledge; Science and Religion; Scientific Knowledge and Religious Knowledge - Significant Epistemological Reference Points; Thing Called Philosophy of Technology; Transitions from Function-Oriented To Effect-Oriented Technologies. Some Thought on the Nature of Modern Technology; Technical Agency and Sources of Technological Pessimism These four volumes are aimed at a broad spectrum of audiences: University and College Students, Educators and Research Personnel.

📒Scientific Knowledge ✍ Janet A. Kourany

Scientific Knowledge Book PDF
✏Book Title : Scientific Knowledge
✏Author : Janet A. Kourany
✏Publisher : Cengage Learning
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : UOM:39015040360581
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Scientific Knowledge Book Summary : Containing 31 readings reflecting the dynamism of the field, this book provides readers with the most current and relevant readings available on issues in the philosophy of science. All of the readings have been selected based on their clarity and coverage of the prevailing debates in the philosophy of science--from logical positivism to anit-realism. The book assumes no specialized training in formal logic or scientific methods and therefore can be appreciated by a wide range of readers.

📒Philosophy Of Science ✍ Mario Bunge

Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Mario Bunge
✏Publisher : Transaction Publishers
✏Release Date : 1998
✏Pages : 445
✏ISBN : 1412830834
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Originally published as "Scientific Research, "this pair of volumes constitutes a fundamental treatise on the strategy of science. Mario Bunge, one of the major figures of the century in the development of a scientific epistemology, describes and analyzes scientific philosophy, as well as discloses its philosophical presuppositions. This work may be used as a map to identify the various stages in the road to scientific knowledge. "Philosophy of Science "is divided into two volumes, each with two parts. Part 1 offers a preview of the scheme of science and the logical and semantical took that will be used throughout the work. The account of scientific research begins with part 2, where Bunge discusses formulating the problem to be solved, hypothesis, scientific law, and theory. The second volume opens with part 3, which deals with the application of theories to explanation, prediction, and action. This section is graced by an outstanding discussion of the philosophy of technology. Part 4 begins with measurement and experiment. It then examines risks in jumping to conclusions from data to hypotheses as well as the converse procedure. Bunge begins this mammoth work with a section entitled "How to Use This Book." He writes that it is intended for both independent reading and reference as well as for use in courses on scientific method and the philosophy of science. It suits a variety of purposes from introductory to advanced levels. "Philosophy of Science "is a versatile, informative, and useful text that will benefit professors, researchers, and students in a variety of disciplines, ranging from the behavioral and biological sciences to the physical sciences.

📒Philosophy Of Science ✍ Alexander Bird

Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy Of Science
✏Author : Alexander Bird
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2006-05-09
✏Pages : 328
✏ISBN : 9781135364236
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy Of Science Book Summary : An up-to-date, clear but rigorous introduction to the philosophy of science offering an indispensable grounding in the philosophical understanding of science and its problems. The book pays full heed to the neglected but vital conceptual issues such as the nature of scientific laws, while balancing and linking this with a full coverage of epistemological problems such as our knowledge of such laws.

Philosophy Of Technology And Engineering Sciences Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2009-11-27
✏Pages : 1472
✏ISBN : 0080930743
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences Book Summary : The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded technology as mere applied science and focused on physics, biology, mathematics and the social sciences. • First comprehensive philosophical handbook on technology and the engineering sciences • Unparalleled in scope including explorative articles • In depth discussion of technical artifacts and their ontology • Provides extensive analysis of the nature of engineering design • Focuses in detail on the role of models in technology

📒Thinking About Life ✍ Paul S. Agutter

Thinking About Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thinking about Life
✏Author : Paul S. Agutter
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-11-05
✏Pages : 267
✏ISBN : 9781402088667
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thinking about Life Book Summary : Our previous book, About Life, concerned modern biology. We used our present-day understanding of cells to ‘define’ the living state, providing a basis for exploring several general-interest topics: the origin of life, extraterrestrial life, intelligence, and the possibility that humans are unique. The ideas we proposed in About Life were intended as starting-points for debate – we did not claim them as ‘truth’ – but the information on which they were based is currently accepted as ‘scientific fact’. What does that mean? What is ‘scientific fact’ and why is it accepted? What is science – and is biology like other sciences such as physics (except in subject m- ter)? The book you are now reading investigates these questions – and some related ones. Like About Life, it may particularly interest a reader who wishes to change career to biology and its related subdisciplines. In line with a recommendation by the British Association for the Advancement of Science – that the public should be given fuller information about the nature of science – we present the concepts underpinning biology and a survey of its historical and philosophical basis.

📒The Philosophy Of Science ✍ Anouk Barberousse

The Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Anouk Barberousse
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2018-06-28
✏Pages : 688
✏ISBN : 9780190690663
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Philosophy of science studies the methods, theories, and concepts used by scientists. It mainly developed as a field in its own right during the twentieth century and is now a diversified and lively research area. This book surveys the current state of the discipline by focusing on central themes like confirmation of scientific hypotheses, scientific explanation, causality, the relationship between science and metaphysics, scientific change, the relationship between philosophy of science and science studies, the role of theories and models, unity of science. These themes define general philosophy of science. The book also presents sub-disciplines in the philosophy of science dealing with the main sciences: logic, mathematics, physics, biology, medicine, cognitive science, linguistics, social sciences, and economics. While it is common to address the specific philosophical problems raised by physics and biology in such a book, the place assigned to the philosophy of special sciences is much more unusual. Most authors collaborate on a regular basis in their research or teaching and share a common vision of philosophy of science and its place within philosophy and academia in general. The chapters have been written in close accordance with the three editors, thus achieving strong unity of style and tone.

📒Philosophy Of Science ✍ Gerhard Schurz

Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Gerhard Schurz
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-11-20
✏Pages : 460
✏ISBN : 9781134101153
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach combines a general introduction to philosophy of science with an integrated survey of all its important subfields. As the book’s subtitle suggests, this excellent overview is guided methodologically by "a unified approach" to philosophy of science: behind the diversity of scientific fields one can recognize a methodological unity of the sciences. This unity is worked out in this book, revealing all the while important differences between subject areas. Structurally, this comprehensive book offers a two-part approach, which makes it an excellent introduction for students new to the field and a useful resource for more advanced students. Each chapter is divided into two sections. The first section assumes no foreknowledge of the subject introduced, and the second section builds upon the first by bringing into the conversation more advanced, complementary topics. Definitions, key propositions, examples and figures overview all of the core material. At the end of every chapter there are selected readings and exercises (with solutions at the end of the book). The book also includes a comprehensive bibliography and an index.

📒Philosophy In Science ✍ Michael Heller

Philosophy In Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy in Science
✏Author : Michael Heller
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-03-19
✏Pages : 167
✏ISBN : 3642177050
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy in Science Book Summary : The traditional topics of the "philosophy of nature" — space, time, causality, the structure of the universe — are overwhelmingly present in our modern scientific theories. This book traces the complex paths that discussion of these topics has followed, from Plato and Aristotle, through Descartes, Leibniz, Kant and other great thinkers, right up to the relativistic cosmologies and the grand unified theories of contemporary science. In the light of this historical development, it becomes clear that modern science gives us not only a technological power over the world, but also a deeper understanding of physical reality. In this sense, science could be regarded as an heir to the traditional "philosophy of nature". Moreover, the reader will learn why science itself deserves to be the subject of philosophical reflection.

The Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Richard Boyd
✏Publisher : MIT Press
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages : 800
✏ISBN : 0262521563
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Using formal logic, Reconstructing the Past seeks to clarify and resolve themethodological issues that arise when biologists try to answer such questions as whether humanbeings are more closely related to chimps than they are to gorillas. It explores the case forconsidering the philosophical idea of simplicity/parsimony as a useful principle for evaluatingtaxonomic theories of evolutionary relationships. Bringing together philosophy, biology, andstatistics, Sober builds a general framework for understanding the circumstances in which parsimonymakes sense as a tool of phylogenetic inference.Elliott Sober is Professor of Philosophy at theUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison, and the author of The Nature of Selection.

📒Philosophy Of Science ✍ Samir Okasha

Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Samir Okasha
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 140
✏ISBN : 9780198745587
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science Book Summary : How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully "objective?" What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of science, and investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these. Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to the way scientific ideas change over time, and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today, and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy Of Science And The Occult Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science and the Occult
✏Author : Patrick Grim
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1982-01-01
✏Pages : 395
✏ISBN : 1438404980
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science and the Occult Book Summary : This book both introduces the philosophy of science through examination of the occult and examines the occult rigorously enough to raise central issues in the philosophy of science. Placed in the context of the occult, philosophy of science issues become immediately understandable and forcefully compelling. Divergent views on astrology, parapsychology, and quantum mechanics mysticism emphasize topics standard to the philosophy of science. Such issues as confirmation and selection for testing, causality and time, explanation and the nature of scientific laws, the status of theoretical entities, the problem of demarcation, theory and observation, and science and values are discussed. Significantly revised, this second edition presents an entirely new section of quantum mechanics and mysticism including instructions from N. David Mermin for constructing a device which dramatically illustrates the genuinely puzzling phenomena of quantum mechanics. A more complete and current review of research on astrology has been included in this new edition, and the section on the problem of demarcation has been broadened.

Feminism Science And The Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Feminism Science and the Philosophy of Science
✏Author : J. Nelson
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1997-08-31
✏Pages : 316
✏ISBN : 0792346114
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Feminism Science and the Philosophy of Science Book Summary : Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science brings together original essays by both feminist and mainstream philosophers of science that examine issues at the intersections of feminism, science, and the philosophy of science. Contributors explore parallels and tensions between feminist approaches to science and other approaches in the philosophy of science and more general science studies. In so doing, they explore notions at the heart of the philosophy of science, including the nature of objectivity, truth, evidence, cognitive agency, scientific method, and the relationship between science and values.

Chinese Studies In The History And Philosophy Of Science And Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
✏Author : Fan Dainian
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1996-09-30
✏Pages : 471
✏ISBN : 0792334639
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology Book Summary : The articles in this collection were all selected from the first five volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 1979 and 1985. The Journal was established in 1979 as a comprehensive theoretical publication concerning the history, philosophy and sociology of the natural sciences. It began publication as a response to China's reform, particularly the policy of opening to the outside world. Chinese scholars began to undertake distinctive, original research in these fields. This collection provides a cross-section of their efforts during the initial phase. To enable western scholars to understand the historical process of this change in Chinese academics, Yu Guangyuan's `On the Emancipation of the Mind' and Xu Liangying's `Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society' have been included in this collection. Three of the papers included on the philosophy of science are discussions of philosophical issues in cosmology and biology by scientists themselves. The remaining four are written by philosophers of science and discuss information and cognition, homeostasis and Chinese traditional medicine, the I Ching (Yi Jing) and mathematics, etc. Papers have been selected on the history of both classical and modern science and technology, the most distinctive of which are macro-comparisons of the development of science in China and the west. Some papers discuss the issue of the demarcation of periods in the history of science, the history of ancient Chinese mathematics, astronomy, metallurgy, machinery, medicine, etc. Others discuss the history of modern physics and biology, the history of historiography of science in China and the history of regional development of Chinese science and technology. Also included are biographies of three post-eighteenth-century Chinese scholars, Li Shanlan (1811-1882), Hua Hengfang (1833–1902), and Cai Yuanpei (1868–1940), who contributed greatly to the introduction of western science and scholarship to China. In addition, three short papers have been included introducing the interactions between Chinese scholars and three great western scientists, Niels Bohr, Norbert Wiener, and Robert A. Millikan.

The Philosophy Of Science And Technology Studies Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Philosophy of Science and Technology Studies
✏Author : Steve Fuller
✏Publisher : Psychology Press
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 191
✏ISBN : 0415941040
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Philosophy of Science and Technology Studies Book Summary : This book provides a general account of the underlying philosophical character, assumptions, and implications of science and technology studies and its relationship to traditional and contemporary philosophy.

New Waves In Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Waves in Philosophy of Science
✏Author : P. D. Magnus
✏Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
✏Release Date : 2009-12
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 0230222641
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Waves in Philosophy of Science Book Summary : "This book captures the diverse array of issues in the rapidly developing area of philosophy of science by bringing together a pool of talented young philosophers from across the globe to debate the field and show where it's heading"--Provided by publishe

📒Theory And Reality ✍ Peter Godfrey-Smith

Theory And Reality Book PDF
✏Book Title : Theory and Reality
✏Author : Peter Godfrey-Smith
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2009-12-11
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 0226300617
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Theory and Reality Book Summary : How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field. Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

Science Between Truth And Ethical Responsibility Book PDF
✏Book Title : Science Between Truth and Ethical Responsibility
✏Author : Mario Alai
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2015-04-30
✏Pages : 337
✏ISBN : 9783319163697
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Science Between Truth and Ethical Responsibility Book Summary : This book offers the most complete and up-to-date overview of the philosophical work of Evandro Agazzi, presently the most important Italian philosopher of science and one of the most influential in the world. Scholars from seven countries explore his contributions in areas ranging from philosophy of physics and general philosophy of science to bioethics, philosophy of mathematics and logic, epistemology of the social sciences and history of science, philosophy of language and artificial intelligence, education and anthropology, metaphysics and philosophy of religion. Agazzi developed a complete and coherent philosophical system, anticipating some of the turns in the philosophy of science after the crisis of logical empiricism and exerting an equal influence on continental hermeneutic philosophy. His work is characterized by an original synthesis of contemporary analytic philosophy, phenomenology and classical philosophy, including the scholastic tradition and these threads are reflected in the different backgrounds of the contributors to this book. While upholding the epistemological value of science against scepticism and relativism, Agazzi eschews scientism by stressing the equal importance of non-scientific forms of thought, such as metaphysics and religion. While defending the freedom of research as a cognitive enterprise, he argues that as a human and social practice it must nonetheless respect ethical constraints.

50 Philosophy Of Science Ideas You Really Need To Know Book PDF
✏Book Title : 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know
✏Author : Gareth Southwell
✏Publisher : Hachette UK
✏Release Date : 2013-09-26
✏Pages : 208
✏ISBN : 9781782061427
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know Book Summary : Science first began as a branch of philosophy, but it has since grown up and moved out of the family home, and its successes have put its parent in the shade. Thanks to scientific knowledge we have walked on the Moon, cured once-fatal illnesses, and even identified the very building blocks of life and the universe. But it is these very successes that underline the need for philosophy. How much should we trust the pronouncements of scientists that we read in the media? What are the ethical implications of our delving into the foundations of our DNA, reproductive treatments, or artificially prolonging life? And are there limits to what science can tell us about the world we think we know? In straightforward and accessible terms, 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know explains the key philosophical questions that continue to lie at the heart of the nature and practice of science today. The ideas explored include: Appearance and reality; Knowledge; Anti-realism; Metaphysics; Science and gender; Phenomenology and science.

Philosophy Of Science A Very Short Introduction Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science A Very Short Introduction
✏Author : Samir Okasha
✏Publisher : Oxford Paperbacks
✏Release Date : 2002-05-30
✏Pages : 144
✏ISBN : 0192802836
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science A Very Short Introduction Book Summary : This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir Okasha goes on to investigate the nature of scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, revolutions in science, and theories such as realism and anti-realism. He also looks at philosophical issues in particular sciences.

Logic And General Theory Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Logic and General Theory of Science
✏Author : Edmund Husserl
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date : 2019-10-01
✏Pages : 437
✏ISBN : 9783030145293
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Logic and General Theory of Science Book Summary : The stated subject of these lecture courses given by Husserlbetween 1910 and 1918is ‘reason, the word for the mental activities and accomplishments that govern knowledge, give it form and supply it with norms.’ They show their author still pursuing the course set out in the Logical Investigations up to the end of the second decade of the century and displaying utter consistency with stands that he began taking on meaning, analyticity, Platonism, manifolds, mathematics, psychologism, etc. in the 1890s. Thus, they undermine many idées reçues about the development of his thought. The centerpiece of this work is an exploration of the realm of meaning. Moreover, they add new dimensions to standard discussions by taking readers back to the place where phenomenology and analytic philosophy diverged. They show that Husserl tangled long and hard with the very ideas that went into the making of the latter and offer a wealth of interesting insights into sense and meaning, theory of judgment, complete and incomplete meanings, states of affairs, extensional logic, the relationship between logic and mathematics, functions and arguments, propositional functions, quantification, existential generalization, the word ‘all,’ number theory, sets, modality, deductive theory, ideas that are still under discussion today. Prepared for oral delivery in the classroom, they are refreshingly lively and spontaneous. They are clearer, more explicit, and readable than the books Husserl published during his lifetime.

The Philosophy Of Scientific Experimentation Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation
✏Author : Hans Radder
✏Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 311
✏ISBN : 0822972395
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation Book Summary : Since the late 1980s, the neglect of experiment by philosophers and historians of science has been replaced by a keen interest in the subject. In this volume, a number of prominent philosophers of experiment directly address basic theoretical questions, develop existing philosophical accounts, and offer novel perspectives on the subject, rather than rely exclusively on historical cases of experimental practice. Each essay examines one or more of six interconnected themes that run throughout the collection: the philosophical implications of actively and intentionally interfering with the material world while conducting experiments; issues of interpretation regarding causality; the link between science and technology; the role of theory in experimentation involving material and causal intervention; the impact of modeling and computer simulation on experimentation; and the philosophical implications of the design, operation, and use of scientific instruments.

The Routledge Companion To Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Martin Curd
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-07-24
✏Pages : 736
✏ISBN : 9781135011093
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science Book Summary : The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science is an indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science. It contains sixty-two specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers:historical and philosophical context debates concepts the individual sciences. The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science addresses all of the essential topics.

📒Science Teaching ✍ Michael R. Matthews

Science Teaching Book PDF
✏Book Title : Science Teaching
✏Author : Michael R. Matthews
✏Publisher : Psychology Press
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 287
✏ISBN : 041590899X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Science Teaching Book Summary : The author argues that science teaching can be improved if the science curriculum includes the historical and philosophical dimensions of topics. He outlines the history of contextual approaches and explores curriculum developments that address questions about the nature of science.

Introducing Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introducing Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Ziauddin Sardar
✏Publisher : Icon Books Ltd
✏Release Date : 2015-06-18
✏Pages : 176
✏ISBN : 9781848319806
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introducing Philosophy of Science Book Summary : What do scientists actually do? Is science "value-free"? How has science evolved through history? Where is science leading us? "Introducing Philosophy of Science" is a clear and incisively illustrated map of the big questions underpinning science. It is essential reading for students, the general public, and even scientists themselves.

Essays In The Philosophy Of Chemistry Book PDF
✏Book Title : Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry
✏Author : Eric R. Scerri
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 410
✏ISBN : 9780190494599
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry Book Summary : The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this field. This edited volume will serve to map out the distinctive features of the field and its connections to the philosophies of the natural sciences and general philosophy of science more broadly. It will be a reference for students and professional alike. Both the philosophy of chemistry and philosophies of scientific practice alike reflect the splitting of analytical and continental scholastic traditions, and some philosophers are turning for inspiration from the familiar resources of analytical philosophy to influences from the continental tradition and pragmatism. While philosophy of chemistry is practiced very much within the familiar analytical tradition, it is also capable of trail-blazing new philosophical approaches. In such a way, the seemingly disparate disciplines such as the "hard sciences" and philosophy become much more linked.

📒Philosophy Of Science ✍ Timothy McGrew

Philosophy Of Science Book PDF
✏Book Title : Philosophy of Science
✏Author : Timothy McGrew
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2009-05-04
✏Pages : 660
✏ISBN : 9781405175432
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Philosophy of Science Book Summary : By combining excerpts from key historical writings with commentary by experts, Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology provides a comprehensive history of the philosophy of science from ancient to modern times. Provides a comprehensive history of the philosophy of science, from antiquity up to the 20th century Includes extensive commentary by scholars putting the selected writings in historical context and pointing out their interconnections Covers areas rarely seen in philosophy of science texts, including the philosophical dimensions of biology, chemistry, and geology Designed to be accessible to both undergraduates and graduate students