General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 708 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Anonim and published by Elsevier which was released on 18 July 2007 with total page 708 pages. We cannot guarantee that General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might wish. An important task of the philosophy of the special sciences, such as philosophy of physics, of biology and of economics, to mention only a few of the many flourishing examples, is the clarification of such subject specific concepts and principles. Similarly, an important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation' and principles like 'the unity of science'. It is evident that clarfication of concepts and principles only makes sense if one tries to do justice, as much as possible, to the actual use of these notions by scientists, without however following this use slavishly. That is, occasionally a philosopher may have good reasons for suggesting to scientists that they should deviate from a standard use. Frequently, this amounts to a plea for differentiation in order to stop debates at cross-purposes due to the conflation of different meanings. While the special volumes of the series of Handbooks of the Philosophy of Science address topics relative to a specific discipline, this general volume deals with focal issues of a general nature. After an editorial introduction about the dominant method of clarifying concepts and principles in philosophy of science, called explication, the first five chapters deal with the following subjects. Laws, theories, and research programs as units of empirical knowledge (Theo Kuipers), various past and contemporary perspectives on explanation (Stathis Psillos), the evaluation of theories in terms of their virtues (Ilkka Niiniluto), and the role of experiments in the natural sciences, notably physics and biology (Allan Franklin), and their role in the social sciences, notably economics (Wenceslao Gonzalez). In the subsequent three chapters there is even more attention to various positions and methods that philosophers of science and scientists may favor: ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions (James Ladyman), reduction, integration, and the unity of science as aims in the sciences and the humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton), and logical, historical and computational approaches to the philosophy of science (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies). The volume concludes with the much debated question of demarcating science from nonscience (Martin Mahner) and the rich European-American history of the philosophy of science in the 20th century (Friedrich Stadler). Comprehensive coverage of the philosophy of science written by leading philosophers in this field Clear style of writing for an interdisciplinary audience No specific pre-knowledge required

General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

General Philosophy of Science  Focal Issues
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 July 2007
GET THIS BOOK General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Paul Humphreys,Anjan Chakravartty,Margaret Morrison,Andrea Woody
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 18 May 2021
GET THIS BOOK The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

Advertisement for the philosophy of the computational sciences / Oron Shagrir -- Part I. Overviews. Philosophy of the social sciences : naturalism and anti-naturalism in the philosophy of social science / Francesco Guala -- Philosophy of biology / Ben Fraser and Kim Sterelny -- Philosophy of the psychological and cognitive sciences / Mark Sprevak -- Philosophy of the physical sciences / Carl Hoefer and Chris Smeenk -- Having science in view : general philosophy of science and its significance / Stathis Psillos -- Part II. Traditional topics. Causation

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume IV

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume IV
  • Author : Pablo Lorenzano,Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Eduardo Ortiz and Carlos Delfino Galles
  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 27 September 2010
GET THIS BOOK HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume IV

History and Philosophy of Science and Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in four volumes covers several topics such as: Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; The Nature and Structure of Scientific Theories Natural Science; A Short History of Molecular Biology; The Structure of the

Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science

Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science
  • Author : Maria Cristina Amoretti,Nicla Vassallo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 21 December 2015
GET THIS BOOK Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science

This volume offers a meta-philosophical reflection on feminist philosophies of science. It emphasizes and discusses both the connections and differences between "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. The collection systematically analyses feminist contributions to the various philosophies of specific sciences. Each chapter is devoted to a specific area of philosophy of science: general philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of climate sciences, philosophy of cognitive sciences and neurosciences, philosophy of economics, philosophy of history and archaeology,

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 27 November 2009
GET THIS BOOK Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded

Philosophy of Science A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy of Science  A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Samir Okasha
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 30 May 2002
GET THIS BOOK Philosophy of Science A Very Short Introduction

What is science? Is there a real difference between science and myth? Is science objective? Can science explain everything? This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir Okasha goes on to investigate the nature of scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, revolutions in science, and theories such as realism and anti-realism. He also looks at philosophical issues in particular sciences, including

Philosophy of Science and the Occult

Philosophy of Science and the Occult
  • Author : Patrick Grim
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 01 January 1982
GET THIS BOOK Philosophy of Science and the Occult

This book both introduces the philosophy of science through examination of the occult and examines the occult rigorously enough to raise central issues in the philosophy of science. Placed in the context of the occult, philosophy of science issues become immediately understandable and forcefully compelling. Divergent views on astrology, parapsychology, and quantum mechanics mysticism emphasize topics standard to the philosophy of science. Such issues as confirmation and selection for testing, causality and time, explanation and the nature of scientific laws,

History of Philosophy of Science

History of Philosophy of Science
  • Author : M. Heidelberger,F. Stadler
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 17 April 2013
GET THIS BOOK History of Philosophy of Science

This volume includes recent contributions to the philosophy of science from a historical point of view and of the highest topicality: the range of the topics covers all fields in the philosophy of the science provided by authors from around the world focusing on ancient, modern and contemporary periods in the development of the science philosophy. This proceedings is for the scientific community and students at graduate level as well as postdocs in this interdisciplinary field of research.

Philosophy Of Science

Philosophy Of Science
  • Author : Alexander Bird
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 09 May 2006
GET THIS BOOK Philosophy Of Science

An up-to-date, clear but rigorous introduction to the philosophy of science offering an indispensable grounding in the philosophical understanding of science and its problems. The book pays full heed to the neglected but vital conceptual issues such as the nature of scientific laws, while balancing and linking this with a full coverage of epistemological problems such as our knowledge of such laws.

Scientific Knowledge

Scientific Knowledge
  • Author : Janet A. Kourany
  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 18 May 1998
GET THIS BOOK Scientific Knowledge

Containing 31 readings reflecting the dynamism of the field, this book provides readers with the most current and relevant readings available on issues in the philosophy of science. All of the readings have been selected based on their clarity and coverage of the prevailing debates in the philosophy of science--from logical positivism to anit-realism. The book assumes no specialized training in formal logic or scientific methods and therefore can be appreciated by a wide range of readers.

Thinking about Life

Thinking about Life
  • Author : Paul S. Agutter,Denys N. Wheatley
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 05 November 2008
GET THIS BOOK Thinking about Life

Our previous book, About Life, concerned modern biology. We used our present-day understanding of cells to ‘define’ the living state, providing a basis for exploring several general-interest topics: the origin of life, extraterrestrial life, intelligence, and the possibility that humans are unique. The ideas we proposed in About Life were intended as starting-points for debate – we did not claim them as ‘truth’ – but the information on which they were based is currently accepted as ‘scientific fact’. What does that mean?

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Anouk Barberousse,Denis Bonnay,Mikael Cozic
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 28 June 2018
GET THIS BOOK The Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science studies the methods, theories, and concepts used by scientists. It mainly developed as a field in its own right during the twentieth century and is now a diversified and lively research area. This book surveys the current state of the discipline by focusing on central themes like confirmation of scientific hypotheses, scientific explanation, causality, the relationship between science and metaphysics, scientific change, the relationship between philosophy of science and science studies, the role of theories and models,

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Mario Bunge
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 12 July 2017
GET THIS BOOK Philosophy of Science

Originally published as Scientific Research, this pair of volumes constitutes a fundamental treatise on the strategy of science. Mario Bunge, one of the major figures of the century in the development of a scientific epistemology, describes and analyzes scientific philosophy, as well as discloses its philosophical presuppositions. This work may be used as a map to identify the various stages in the road to scientific knowledge. Philosophy of Science is divided into two volumes, each with two parts. Part 1 offers