Fragile States

📒Fragile States ✍ Lothar Brock

✏Book Title : Fragile States
✏Author : Lothar Brock
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2013-05-08
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 9780745659510
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Fragile States Book Summary : Today a billion people, including about 340 million of the world's extreme poor, are estimated to live in 'fragile states'. This group of low-income countries are often trapped in cycles of conflict and poverty, which make them acutely vulnerable to a range of shocks and crises. This engaging book defines and clarifies what we mean by fragile states, examining their characteristics in relation to "weak" and "failed" states in the global system, and explaining their development from pre-colonial times to the present day. It explores the connections between fragile statehood and violent conflict, and analyses the limitations of outside intervention from international society. The complexities surrounding 'successes' such as Costa Rica and Botswana - countries which ought to be fragile, but which are not - are analysed alongside the more precarious cases of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan and Haiti. Absorbing and authoritative, Fragile States will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international relations, security studies and development.

✏Book Title : The Political Invention of Fragile States
✏Author : Sonja Grimm
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2016-04-14
✏Pages : 152
✏ISBN : 9781317625445
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Political Invention of Fragile States Book Summary : This book investigates the emergence, the dissemination and the reception of the notion of ‘state fragility’. It analyses the process of conceptualisation, examining how the ‘fragile states’ concept was framed by policy makers to describe reality in accordance with their priorities in the fields of development and security. Contributors investigate the instrumental use of the ‘state fragility’ label in the legitimisation of Western policy interventions in countries facing violence and profound poverty. They also emphasise the agency of actors ‘on the receiving end’, describing how the elites and governments in so-called ‘fragile states’ have incorporated and reinterpreted the concept to fit their own political agendas. A first set of articles examines the role played by the World Bank, the OECD, the European Union and the G7+ in the transnational diffusion of the concept, which is understood as a critical element in the new discourse on international aid and security. A second set of papers employs three case studies (Sudan, Indonesia and Uganda) to explore the processes of appropriation, reinterpretation and the strategic use of the ‘fragile state’ concept. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

📒Aid That Works ✍ James Manor

✏Book Title : Aid that Works
✏Author : James Manor
✏Publisher : World Bank Publications
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 301
✏ISBN : 9780821362020
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Aid that Works Book Summary : Research in recent years on aid effectiveness shows that significant obstacles in fragile states - insecurity, poor governance and weak implementation capacity - usually prevent aid from achieving the desired results in these environments. This study investigates the attributes and effectiveness of donor-supported programmes and projects that worked well under difficult conditions in fragile states. Presented in this study are nine development initiatives in six less developed countries - Afghanistan, Cambodia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Timor Leste and Uganda. The cases show that development initiatives, which engage local communities and local level governments, are often able to have significant impact. However, for more substantial improvements to take places, localized gains need to be scaled up either horizontally (other localities) or vertically (to higher levels). Given the advantages of working at the local level and the difficulty of working through mainstream bureaucratic agencies at higher levels in these countries, donors often prefer to create 'parallel-agencies' to reach out to larger numbers of beneficiaries. However, this may in the long run weaken the legitimacy of mainstream government institutions, and donor agencies may therefore choose to work as closely as possible with government officials from the beginning to build trust and demonstrating that new initiatives are non-threatening and help prepare the eventual mainstreaming of 'parallel agencies'.

✏Book Title : Governance and Political Adaptation in Fragile States
✏Author : John Idriss Lahai
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2018-07-21
✏Pages : 305
✏ISBN : 9783319907499
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Governance and Political Adaptation in Fragile States Book Summary : The book examines the various ways that fragile states (or states with limited statehood) in Africa, Asia, the Pacific, and the Americas have adopted, and adapted to, the processes of liberal political governance in their quests to address the problem of political fragility. It presents the stories of resilience in the political adaptation to Western liberal conceptions of governance. In addition to singular or comparative country case studies, this project also examines the interplay of culture, identities, and politics in the creation of people-centric governance reforms. Towards these ends, this volume sheds light on weak states’ often constructive engagement in the promotion of state governance with a variety of political conditions, adverse or otherwise; and their ability to remain resilient despite the complex political, sociocultural, and economic challenges affecting them. Through a multidisciplinary approach, the authors aim to counter the noticeable shortcomings in the discursive representations of fragility, and to contribute a more balanced examination of the narratives about and impact of political adaption and governance in people’s lives and experiences.

📒Fragile States ✍ Wim Naudé

✏Book Title : Fragile States
✏Author : Wim Naudé
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2011-08-25
✏Pages : 213
✏ISBN : 9780199693153
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Fragile States Book Summary : Fragile states are often mired in civil conflict. This volume focuses on the relationship between conflict and state stability and illustrates the causes and effects of fragile states on neighbouring countries and the global community.

✏Book Title : Fixing Fragile States A New Paradigm for Development
✏Author : Seth D. Kaplan
✏Publisher : ABC-CLIO
✏Release Date : 2008-06-30
✏Pages : 232
✏ISBN : 9780275998295
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Fixing Fragile States A New Paradigm for Development Book Summary : Fragile states are a menace. Their lawless environments spread instability across borders, provide havens for terrorists, threaten access to natural resources, and consign millions of people to poverty. But Western attempts to reform these benighted places have rarely made things better. Kaplan argues that to avoid revisiting the carnage and catastrophes seen in places like Iraq, Bosnia, and the Congo, the West needs to rethink its ideas on fragile states and start helping their peoples build governments and states that actually fit the local landscape. Fixing Fragile States lays bare the fatal flaws in current policies and explains why the only way to give these places a chance at peace and prosperity is to rethink how development really works. Flawed governance systems, not corrupt bureaucrats or armed militias, are the cancers that devour weak states. The cure, therefore, is not to send more aid or more peacekeepers but to redesign political, economic, and legal structures-to refashion them so they can leverage local traditions, overcome political fragmentation, expand governance capacities, and catalyze corporate investment. After dissecting the reasons why some states prosper and others sink into poverty and violence, Fixing Fragile States visits seven deeply dysfunctional places—including Pakistan, Bolivia, West Africa, and Syria—and explains how even the most desperate of them can be transformed.

✏Book Title : Engaging with Fragile States
✏Author :
✏Publisher : World Bank Publications
✏Release Date : 2006-01-01
✏Pages : 184
✏ISBN : 9780821368480
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Engaging with Fragile States Book Summary : During fiscal 2003-05, World Bank lending and administrative budgets to fragile states amounted to $4.1 billion and $161 million, respectively. This report assesses the effectiveness of this Bank support. The report finds that the Bank and the donor community have improved their operational readiness to engage with fragile states, and made substantial progress on donor coordination at the international policy level. Significant challenges remain, however. Donor agendas have been overly ambitious and need to be made more selective, the effectiveness of donor programs needs to be improved after the immediate post-conflict phase in war-ravaged countries when structural change is needed, and donors need to develop transparent aid allocation criteria that ensure that fragile states will be neither under- nor over-aided. The report makes recommendations to overcome these challenges and distills lessons for the Bank and other donors.

✏Book Title : Creating Jobs in Africa s Fragile States
✏Author : Nora Dudwick
✏Publisher : World Bank Publications
✏Release Date : 2013-07-18
✏Pages : 88
✏ISBN : 9780821398326
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Creating Jobs in Africa s Fragile States Book Summary : This book addresses the urgent need for job creation in conflict-affected states in sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that job creation through public works, training, and community-based livelihood often is unsustainable.

✏Book Title : Conflict and Fragility Fragile States Resource Flows and Trends
✏Author : OECD
✏Publisher : OECD Publishing
✏Release Date : 2013-03-04
✏Pages : 108
✏ISBN : 9789264190399
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Conflict and Fragility Fragile States Resource Flows and Trends Book Summary : This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.

📒Weak Links ✍ Stewart Patrick

✏Book Title : Weak Links
✏Author : Stewart Patrick
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2011-05-23
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9780199876952
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Weak Links Book Summary : Conventional wisdom holds that weak and failing states are the source of the world's most pressing security threats. However, our assumptions are based on anecdotal arguments, not on a systematic analysis. Analyzing terrorism, transnational crime, WMDs, pandemic diseases, and energy insecurity, Stewart Patrick shows that while some global threats do emerge in failed states, most of their weaknesses create misery only for their own citizenry. Moreover, many threats originate farther up the chain, in wealthier and more stable countries like Russia and Venezuela. Weak Links will force policymakers to rethink what they assume about state failure and transnational insecurity.