Feud In Medieval And Early Modern Europe
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📒Feud In Medieval And Early Modern Europe ✍ Jeppe Büchert Netterstrøm
✏Feud in Medieval and Early Modern Europe Book Summary : We tend to think of a feud as being a long established state of hostilities, especially between families or clans, which normally manifests itself in revengeful violence. One of the articles in this volume thus states: "What began as a dispute over the property rights of a woman to whom both parties were related quickly mutated into a violent clash between men, in which honour and reputation were at stake -- and from here to a full-blown feud the distance was rather short". However, the studies of feuds presented in this publication leave no doubt that they were very different in different societies. The phenomenon of feud turns out to be intimately connected with developments in society and state. Consequently, in recent years a growing interest has been aroused in further researching the topic and the aim of this book is therefore to present some of the principal positions of this new research. Contributions by leading scholars in the field cover a large span of years, from the classic Icelandic feuds of the Sagas to more recent Early-Modern incidents. One contribution even takes us back to the roots of mankind, but the focus of the book is mainly on the Medieval and Early-Modern period. The volume is opened with a comprehensive introduction to the field, followed by a chapter that seeks general definitions. Hereafter, we are presented with specific cases of Icelandic women from the Sagas who promote feuds, studies of feuds in 14th century Marseilles, Italian Medieval vendettas, and feuding in Medieval Germany and Denmark.
📒The Feud In Early Modern Germany ✍ Hillay Zmora
✏The Feud in Early Modern Germany Book Summary : This groundbreaking book explains the widely accepted practice of feuding amongst noblemen and princes in its social context.
📒Political Order And Forms Of Communication In Medieval And Early Modern Europe ✍ Yoshihisa Hattori
✏Political Order and Forms of Communication in Medieval and Early Modern Europe Book Summary : Selected papers presented at the conference held in Leeds, England, July 9-12, 2012, and other essays.
✏Gender and Emotions in Medieval and Early Modern Europe Destroying Order Structuring Disorder Book Summary : States of emotion were vital as a foundation to society in the premodern period, employed as a force of order to structure diplomatic transactions, shape dynastic and familial relationships, and align religious beliefs, practices and communities. At the same time, societies understood that affective states had the potential to destroy order, creating undesirable disorder and instability that had both individual and communal consequences. These had to be actively managed, through social mechanisms such as children's education, acculturation, and training, and also through religious, intellectual, and textual practices that were both socio-cultural and individual. Presenting the latest research from an international team of scholars, this volume argues that the ways in which emotions created states of order and disorder in medieval and early modern Europe were deeply informed by contemporary gender ideologies. Together, the essays reveal the critical roles that gender ideologies and lived, structured, and desired emotional states played in producing both stability and instability.
📒The Shape Of The State In Medieval Scotland 1124 1290 ✍ Alice Taylor
✏The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland 1124 1290 Book Summary : This is the first full-length study of Scottish royal government in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries ever to have been written. It details how, when, and where the kings of Scotland started ruling through their own officials, developing their own system of courts, and fundamentally extending their power over their own people. It uses the neglected evidence of medieval Scottish law to understand this change. It argues that, contrary to previous views, Scottishroyal government was not a miniature version of English government; there were profound differences between the two polities that were fundamentally based on the different role and function thataristocratic power played in each kingdom. The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 thus explains that aristocratic power need not be inimical to the formation of institutional states and, at the end, sets the developments in Scotland within a wider European perspective.
📒Noble Power In Scotland From The Reformation To The Revolution ✍ Keith M Brown
✏Noble Power in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution Book Summary : Analyses the relations between nobility, crown and state, first in Scotland and then in the first courts of the unified kingdoms.
📒Kings Lords And Men In Scotland And Britain 1300 1625 ✍ Steve Boardman
✏Kings Lords and Men in Scotland and Britain 1300 1625 Book Summary : This book brings unusually brings together work on 15th century and the 16th century Scottish history, asking questions such as: How far can medieval themes such as OCylordshipOCO function in the late 16th-century world of Reformation and state formation? How"e;
📒Women Crime And Forgiveness In Early Modern Portugal ✍ Darlene Abreu-Ferreira
✏Women Crime and Forgiveness in Early Modern Portugal Book Summary : Looking at the experiences of women in early modern Portugal in the context of crime and forgiveness, this study demonstrates the extent to which judicial and quasi-judicial records can be used to examine the implications of crime in women’s lives, whether as victims or culprits. The foundational basis for this study is two sets of manuscript sources that highlight two distinct yet connected experiences of women as participants in the criminal process. One consists of a collection of archival documents from the first half of the seventeenth century, a corpus called 'querelas,' in which formal accusations of criminal acts were registered. This is a rich source of information not only about the types of crimes reported, but also the process that plaintiffs had to follow to deal with their cases. The second primary source consists of a sampling of documents known as the ‘perdão de parte.’ The term refers to the victim’s pardon, unique to the Iberian Peninsula, which allowed individuals implicated in serious conflicts to have a voice in the judicial process. By looking at a sample of these pardons, found in notary collections from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Abreu-Ferreira is able to show the extent to which women exercised their agency in a legal process that was otherwise male-dominated.
📒Legalism ✍ Fernanda Pirie
✏Legalism Book Summary : 'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.
📒The Settlement Of Disputes In Early Medieval Europe ✍ Wendy Davies
✏The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe Book Summary : This is a collection of original essays on the settlement of disputes in the early middle ages, a subject of central importance for social and political history. Case material, from the evidence of charters, is used to reveal the realities of the settlement process in the behaviour and interactions of people - instead of the prescriptive and idealised models of law-codes and edicts. The book is not therefore a technical study of charters evidence. The geographical range across Europe is unusually wide, which allows comparison across differing societies. Frankish material is inevitably prominent, but the contributors have sought to integrate Celtic, Greek, Italian and Spanish material into the mainstream of the subject. Above all, the book aims to 'demystify' the study of early medieval law, and to present a radical reappraisal of established assumptions about law and society.