Evolution Of Fossil Ecosystems

Evolution Of Fossil Ecosystems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems
✏Author : Paul Selden
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9780124046290
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Book Summary : The first edition of Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems was widely praised for its coverage and approach in describing and illustrating 14 well-known fossil sites from around the world. The authors have now updated the text and added 6 new chapters with many new color illustrations. Following a general introduction to fossil Lagerst�tten, each chapter deals with a single site and follows the same format: its evolutionary position and significance; its background sedimentology, stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment; a description of the biota and palaeoecology; a comparison with other similar Lagerst�tten; and a list of relevant museums and suggestions for visiting the sites. This study of exceptionally well-preserved fossil sites from different periods in geological time provides a picture of the evolution of ecosystems through the ages. Covers several sites that are not listed in other Lagerstatten books making this the most comprehensive book on the topic; Beautifully illustrated throughout with more than 450 color photographs and diagrams; Provides value to a wide range of students and professionals in palaeontology and related sciences.

Fossil Ecosystems Of North America Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fossil Ecosystems of North America
✏Author : Paul Selden
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2008-03-20
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9781840765076
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fossil Ecosystems of North America Book Summary : Most major recent advances in understanding the history of life on Earth have been through the study of exceptionally well preserved biotas (Fossil-Lagerstätten). These are windows on the history of life on Earth and can provide a fairly complete picture of the evolution of ecosystems through time. This book follows the success of Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems by the same authors which covered Fossil-Lagerstätten around the world. The success of the first book prompted this new book which draws on four localities from the original book and adds another ten, all located in North America. Following an introduction to Fossil-Lagerstätten, each chapter deals with a single fossil locality. Each chapter contains a brief introduction placing the Lagerstätte in an evolutionary context; there then follows a history of study of the locality; the background sedimentology, stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment; a description of the biota; discussion of the palaeoecology, and a comparison with other Lagerstätten of a similar age and/or environment. At the end of the book is an Appendix listing museums in which to see exhibitions of fossils from each locality and suggestions for visiting the sites.

Exam Prep For Evolution Of Fossil Ecosystems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems
✏Author :
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✏Exam Prep for Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Book Summary :

Evolution Of Fossil Ecosystems Second Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Second Edition
✏Author : Selden
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1066562728
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Second Edition Book Summary :

Exam Prep For Evolution Of Fossil Ecosystems Second  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Second
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Exam Prep for Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems Second Book Summary :

📒Palaeoecology ✍ Dr P J Brenchley

Palaeoecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Palaeoecology
✏Author : Dr P J Brenchley
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 1998-12-18
✏Pages : 432
✏ISBN : 0412434504
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Palaeoecology Book Summary : The first palaeoecology book to focus on evolutionary palaeoecology, in both marine and terrestrial environments. Discusses reconstruction of the past ecological world at population, community and biogeographic levels. A well-illustrated and substantial volume giving accessible coverage of the full range of subjects within palaeoecology. Reviews and summarises all the major mass extinctions.

Quantifying The Evolution Of Early Life Book PDF
✏Book Title : Quantifying the Evolution of Early Life
✏Author : Marc Laflamme
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-02-28
✏Pages : 464
✏ISBN : 9400706804
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Quantifying the Evolution of Early Life Book Summary : This volume provides a detailed description of a wide range of numerical, statistical or modeling techniques and novel instrumentation separated into individual chapters written by paleontologists with expertise in the given methodology. Each chapter outlines the strengths and limitations of specific numerical or technological approaches, and ultimately applies the chosen method to a real fossil dataset or sample type. A unifying theme throughout the book is the evaluation of fossils during the prologue and epilogue of one of the most exciting events in Earth History: the Cambrian radiation.

Evolution Of Hydrothermal Ecosystems On Earth And Mars  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution of Hydrothermal Ecosystems on Earth and Mars
✏Author : Gregory R. Bock
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2008-04-30
✏Pages : 346
✏ISBN : 9780470514993
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution of Hydrothermal Ecosystems on Earth and Mars Book Summary : This book explores the possibility that life exists on Mars. It provides an interdisciplinary overview of the early evolution of life in hydrothermal ecosystems on Earth, focusing on the problem of remote sensing and incorporating geological work relevant to the search for evidence of early life on Earth and Mars. It discusses the belief that studying thermal spring deposits as part of this search may be the best opportunity to test whether life on earth is a "unique experiment," or whether there is life elsewhere in the solar system.

📒Introducing Palaeontology ✍ Patrick Wyse Jackson

Introducing Palaeontology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introducing Palaeontology
✏Author : Patrick Wyse Jackson
✏Publisher : Dunedin Academic Press Ltd
✏Release Date : 2010-09-23
✏Pages : 144
✏ISBN : 9781903544426
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introducing Palaeontology Book Summary : Life on Earth can be traced back over three thousand million years into the past. Many examples of the Earth's past inhabitants are to be found in rocks, preserved as beautiful and fascinating fossils. The earliest life forms were bacteria and algae; these produced the oxygen that enabled more complex life forms to develop. About 600 million years ago multi-cellular organisms appeared on Earth, some of which could protect themselves with hard parts such as shells. Many of these life forms were readily fossilized and are used to subdivide geological time. Numerous species have evolved and most are now extinct. Lineages can be traced and extinctions explained as a consequence of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial events. Lavishly illustrated with photographs and explanatory diagrams Introducing Palaeontology provides a concise and accessible introduction to the science of palaeontology. The book is divided into two parts. The first explains what a fossil is; how fossils came to be preserved; how they are classified; and what information they can tell scientists about the rocks in which they are found. The second part introduces the major fossil groups taking a systematic view from algae and plants, through the numerous examples of invertebrate animals, to the vertebrates and finally to man's ancestors. Technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided.

Geological Field Techniques Book PDF
✏Book Title : Geological Field Techniques
✏Author : Angela L. Coe
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2011-07-26
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9781444348231
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Geological Field Techniques Book Summary : The understanding of Earth processes and environments over geological time is highly dependent upon both the experience that can only be gained through doing fieldwork, and the collection of reliable data and appropriate samples in the field. This textbook explains the main data gathering techniques used by geologists in the field and the reasons for these, with emphasis throughout on how to make effective field observations and record these in suitable formats. Equal weight is given to assembling field observations from igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. There are also substantial chapters on producing a field notebook, collecting structural information, recording fossil data and constructing geological maps. The volume is in a robust and handy size, with colour coded chapters for ease of use and quick reference in the field. Geological Field Techniques is designed for students, amateur enthusiasts and professionals who have a background in geology and wish to collect field data on rocks and geological features. Teaching aspects of this textbook include: step-by-step guides to essential practical skills such as using a compass-clinometer, making a geological map and drawing a field sketch; tricks of the trade, checklists, flow charts and short worked examples; over 200 illustrations of a wide range of field notes, maps and geological features; appendices with the commonly used rock description and classification diagrams; a supporting website hosted by Wiley Blackwell.

📒Transformative Paleobotany ✍ Michael Krings

Transformative Paleobotany Book PDF
✏Book Title : Transformative Paleobotany
✏Author : Michael Krings
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2018-07-14
✏Pages : 732
✏ISBN : 9780128130131
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Transformative Paleobotany Book Summary : Transformative Paleobotany: Papers to Commemorate the Life and Legacy of Thomas N. Taylor features the broadest possible spectrum of topics analyzing the structure, function and evolution of fossil plants, microorganisms, and organismal interactions in fossil ecosystems (e.g., plant paleobiography, paleoecology, early evolution of land plants, fossil fungi and microbial interactions with plants, systematics and phylogeny of major plant and fungal lineages, biostratigraphy, evolution of organismal interactions, ultrastructure, Antarctic paleobotany). The book includes the latest research from top scientists who have made transformative contributions. Sections are richly illustrated, well concepted, and characterize and summarize the most up-to-date understanding of this respective and important field of study. Features electronic supplements, such as photographs, diagrams, tables, flowcharts and links to other websites Includes in-depth illustrations with diagrams, flowcharts and photographic plates (many in color for enhanced utility), tables and graphs

Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time Book PDF
✏Book Title : Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time
✏Author : John D. Damuth
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 1992-08-15
✏Pages : 568
✏ISBN : 0226041549
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time Book Summary : Breathtaking in scope, this is the first survey of the entire ecological history of life on land—from the earliest traces of terrestrial organisms over 400 million years ago to the beginning of human agriculture. By providing myriad insights into the unique ecological information contained in the fossil record, it establishes a new and ambitious basis for the study of evolutionary paleoecology of land ecosystems. A joint undertaking of the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and twenty-six additional researchers, this book begins with four chapters that lay out the theoretical background and methodology of the science of evolutionary paleoecology. Included are a comprehensive review of the taphonomy and paleoenvironmental settings of fossil deposits as well as guidelines for developing ecological characterizations of extinct organisms and the communities in which they lived. The remaining three chapters treat the history of terrestrial ecosystems through geological time, emphasizing how ecological interactions have changed, the rate and tempo of ecosystem change, the role of exogenous "forcing factors" in generating ecological change, and the effect of ecological factors on the evolution of biological diversity. The six principal authors of this volume are all associated with the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems program at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.

The Trace Fossil Record Of Major Evolutionary Events Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Trace Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events
✏Author : M. Gabriela Mángano
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-11-17
✏Pages : 358
✏ISBN : 9789401796002
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Trace Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events Book Summary : This volume addresses major evolutionary changes that took place during the Ediacaran and the Paleozoic. These include discussions on the nature of Ediacaran ecosystems, as well as the ichnologic signature of evolutionary radiations, such as the Cambrian explosion and the Great Ordovician biodiversification event, the invasion of the land, and the end-Permian mass extinction. This volume set provides innovative reviews of the major evolutionary events in the history of life from an ichnologic perspective. Because the long temporal range of trace fossils has been commonly emphasized, biogenic structures have been traditionally overlooked in macroevolution. However, comparisons of ichnofaunas through geologic time do reveal the changing ecology of organism-substrate interactions. The use of trace fossils in evolutionary paleoecology represents a new trend that is opening a window for our understanding of major evolutionary radiations and mass extinctions. Trace fossils provide crucial evidence for the recognition of spatial and temporal patterns and processes associated with paleoecologic breakthroughs.

📒Paleobotany ✍ Edith L. Taylor

Paleobotany Book PDF
✏Book Title : Paleobotany
✏Author : Edith L. Taylor
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2009-01-21
✏Pages : 1252
✏ISBN : 008055783X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Paleobotany Book Summary : This book provides up-to-date coverage of fossil plants from Precambrian life to flowering plants, including fungi and algae. It begins with a discussion of geologic time, how organisms are preserved in the rock record, and how organisms are studied and interpreted and takes the student through all the relevant uses and interpretations of fossil plants. With new chapters on additional flowering plant families, paleoecology and the structure of ancient plant communities, fossil plants as proxy records for paleoclimate, new methodologies used in phylogenetic reconstruction and the addition of new fossil plant discoveries since 1993, this book provides the most comprehensive account of the geologic history and evolution of microbes, algae, fungi, and plants through time. * Major revision of a 1993 classic reference * Lavishly illustrated with 1,800 images and user friendly for use by paleobotanists, biologists, geologists and other related scientists * Includes an expanded glossary with an extensive up-to-date bibliography and a comprehensive index * Provides extensive coverage of fungi and other microbes, and major groups of land plants both living and extinct

📒Paleobotany And The Evolution Of Plants ✍ Wilson Nichols Stewart

Paleobotany And The Evolution Of Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants
✏Author : Wilson Nichols Stewart
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1993-02-26
✏Pages : 521
✏ISBN : 0521382947
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants Book Summary : This 1993 textbook describes and explains the origin and evolution of plants as revealed by the fossil record.

A Natural History Of The New World Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Natural History of the New World
✏Author : Alan Graham
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 387
✏ISBN : 9780226306803
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Natural History of the New World Book Summary : A Natural History of the New World traces the evolution of plant ecosystems, beginning in the Late Cretaceous period and ending in the present, charting their responses to changes in geology and climate.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Flies Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolutionary Biology of Flies
✏Author : David K. Yeates
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2005-06-22
✏Pages : 440
✏ISBN : 9780231501705
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolutionary Biology of Flies Book Summary : Flies (Dipteria) have had an important role in deepening scientists'understanding of modern biology and evolution. The study of flies has figured prominently in major advances in the fields of molecular evolution, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics, and ecology over the last century. This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers.

📒Geobulletin ✍ Geological Society of South Africa

Geobulletin Book PDF
✏Book Title : Geobulletin
✏Author : Geological Society of South Africa
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2005-06
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105121632330
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Geobulletin Book Summary : Quarterly news bulletin/Kwartaallikse nuusbulletin.

📒Fossils In The Making ✍ Anna K. Behrensmeyer

Fossils In The Making Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fossils in the Making
✏Author : Anna K. Behrensmeyer
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 1988-02-15
✏Pages : 338
✏ISBN : 0226041530
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fossils in the Making Book Summary : Oregon residents W. C. McRae and Judy Jewell give their unique perspective on coastal Oregon — from the best places to grab a seaside snack to hiking the Coastal Trail. Packed with information on dining, transportation, and accommodations,Moon Coastal Oregonhas options for a range of travel budgets and offers endless options for inn-hopping or surfing along the southern beaches.

📒Antarctic Ecosystems ✍ R. Bargagli

Antarctic Ecosystems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Antarctic Ecosystems
✏Author : R. Bargagli
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 395
✏ISBN : 3540220917
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Antarctic Ecosystems Book Summary : This volume provides an overview of climate change data, its effects on the structure and functioning of Antarctic ecosystems, and the occurrence and cycling of persistent contaminants. It discusses the role of Antarctic research for the protection of the global environment. The book also examines possible future scenarios of climate change and the role of Antarctic organisms in the early detection of environmental perturbations.

New Scientist Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Scientist
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015059059553
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Scientist Book Summary :

📒Fossil Fungi ✍ Thomas N Taylor

Fossil Fungi Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fossil Fungi
✏Author : Thomas N Taylor
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2014-08-14
✏Pages : 398
✏ISBN : 9780123877543
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fossil Fungi Book Summary : Fungi are ubiquitous in the world and responsible for driving the evolution and governing the sustainability of ecosystems now and in the past. Fossil Fungi is the first encyclopedic book devoted exclusively to fossil fungi and their activities through geologic time. The book begins with the historical context of research on fossil fungi (paleomycology), followed by how fungi are formed and studied as fossils, and their age. The next six chapters focus on the major lineages of fungi, arranging them in phylogenetic order and placing the fossils within a systematic framework. For each fossil the age and provenance are provided. Each chapter provides a detailed introduction to the living members of the group and a discussion of the fossils that are believed to belong in this group. The extensive bibliography (~ 2700 entries) includes papers on both extant and fossil fungi. Additional chapters include lichens, fungal spores, and the interactions of fungi with plants, animals, and the geosphere. The final chapter includes a discussion of fossil bacteria and other organisms that are fungal-like in appearance, and known from the fossil record. The book includes more than 475 illustrations, almost all in color, of fossil fungi, line drawings, and portraits of people, as well as a glossary of more than 700 mycological and paleontological terms that will be useful to both biologists and geoscientists. First book devoted to the whole spectrum of the fossil record of fungi, ranging from Proterozoic fossils to the role of fungi in rock weathering Detailed discussion of how fossil fungi are preserved and studied Extensive bibliography with more than 2000 entries Where possible, fungal fossils are placed in a modern systematic context Each chapter within the systematic treatment of fungal lineages introduced with an easy-to-understand presentation of the main characters that define extant members Extensive glossary of more than 700 entries that define both biological, geological, and mycological terminology

American Paleontologist Book PDF
✏Book Title : American Paleontologist
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105132740320
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏American Paleontologist Book Summary :

📒Evolution ✍ Steve Parker

Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolution
✏Author : Steve Parker
✏Publisher : Firefly Books
✏Release Date : 2015-09-01
✏Pages : 576
✏ISBN : 1770854819
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolution Book Summary : What happened, how it happened, and when. Ten expert contributors tell the story.

The Evolutionary Strategies That Shape Ecosystems Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Evolutionary Strategies that Shape Ecosystems
✏Author : J. Philip Grime
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2012-03-26
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 9781118223277
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Evolutionary Strategies that Shape Ecosystems Book Summary : In 1837 a young Charles Darwin took his notebook, wrote "I think"and then sketched a rudimentary, stick-like tree. Each branch ofDarwin's tree of life told a story of survival and adaptation– adaptation of animals and plants not just to theenvironment but also to life with other living things. However,more than 150 years since Darwin published his singular idea ofnatural selection, the science of ecology has yet to account forhow contrasting evolutionary outcomes affect the ability oforganisms to coexist in communities and to regulate ecosystemfunctioning. In this book Philip Grime and Simon Pierce explain how evidencefrom across the world is revealing that, beneath the wealth ofapparently limitless and bewildering variation in detailedstructure and functioning, the essential biology of all organismsis subject to the same set of basic interacting constraints onlife-history and physiology. The inescapable resulting predicamentduring the evolution of every species is that, according tohabitat, each must adopt a predictable compromise with regard tohow they use the resources at their disposal in order to survive.The compromise involves the investment of resources in either theeffort to acquire more resources, the tolerance of factors thatreduce metabolic performance, or reproduction. This three-waytrade-off is the irreducible core of the universal adaptivestrategy theory which Grime and Pierce use to investigate howtwo environmental filters selecting, respectively, for convergenceand divergence in organism function determine the identity oforganisms in communities, and ultimately how different evolutionarystrategies affect the functioning of ecosystems. This book reflectsan historic phase in which evolutionary processes are finallymoving centre stage in the effort to unify ecological theory, andanimal, plant and microbial ecology have begun to find a commontheoretical framework. Visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/grime/evolutionarystrategies"www.wiley.com/go/grime/evolutionarystrategies/ato access the artwork from the book.

📒Fossils ✍ Richard A. Fortey

Fossils Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fossils
✏Author : Richard A. Fortey
✏Publisher : White Lion Publishing
✏Release Date : 2009
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105124121018
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fossils Book Summary : Richard Fortey shows how fossils, far from being dry bones, can be used to reconstruct the history of the Earth and our past. He discusses what fossils are, how they form and how they provide us with the evidence for evolution and the emergence of life.

📒Evolutionary Paleoecology ✍ Warren D. Allmon

Evolutionary Paleoecology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Evolutionary Paleoecology
✏Author : Warren D. Allmon
✏Publisher : Columbia University Press
✏Release Date : 2001-02-14
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9780231528528
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Evolutionary Paleoecology Book Summary : One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.

📒Boundaries Of Evolution ✍ Theodore R. Johnstone M.D.

Boundaries Of Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Boundaries of Evolution
✏Author : Theodore R. Johnstone M.D.
✏Publisher : Trafford Publishing
✏Release Date : 2014-08-30
✏Pages : 202
✏ISBN : 9781490745671
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Boundaries of Evolution Book Summary : Boundaries of Evolution describes the unlikelihood of evolutionary theory to explain how it is supposed to scale three major biological cliffs. The first cliff is the need for a logical explanation of how random chemical reactions could produce the first living cell from the primordial soup. The second is the problem of explaining how the first single-celled eukaryote evolved from a prokaryote. Mathematical improbabilities of evolutionary theory to scale the first two cliffs, in the time available, are demonstrated. The third insurmountable cliff is the necessity for a reasonable explanation of how millions of different kinds of multi-celled eukaryotes could have quickly evolved from single-celled eukaryotes. Random mutations occurring in DNA, accepted or rejected by natural selection, are hailed as the source of advancement for the increase in biotic complexity. The most common time for mutations to occur in the DNA is during replication. Therefore, evolutionary advancement should occur faster in biota with the most frequent replication cycles. If both evolutionary theory and the fossil record are correct, prokaryotes, which replicate in as little as 20 minutes took 2 billion years to evolve the first single-celled eukaryote. Single-celled eukaryotes, generally having shorter reproductive times than multi-celled eukaryotes, took another billion years to evolve the first multi-celled eukaryote. Then during Cambrian times, the multi-celled eukaryotes with the longest reproductive cycles literally exploded in diversity in a comparatively short time. How could this be? Other inadequacies of Darwin's theory are presented for everyone to see.

📒Reef Evolution ✍ Postdoctoral Researcher Empires of Faith Project Rachel Wood

Reef Evolution Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reef Evolution
✏Author : Postdoctoral Researcher Empires of Faith Project Rachel Wood
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
✏Release Date : 1999
✏Pages : 414
✏ISBN : 0198577842
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reef Evolution Book Summary : Visible from outer space, reefs are extraordinary phenomena. Reef Evolution documents the biological innovations that played a role in the evolution of reef ecosystems and left the legacy of complex communities found today throughout the world.

📒Ecosystems Oceans ✍ Trevor Day

Ecosystems Oceans Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ecosystems Oceans
✏Author : Trevor Day
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2014-07-10
✏Pages : 226
✏ISBN : 9781135943462
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ecosystems Oceans Book Summary : The oceans are teeming with life of all kinds. Changing sea levels, plate tectonics, chemical cycling, sedimentation, and the atmosphere greatly impact these habitats. The ocean's currents and sea level are tied closely to weather patterns and in turn to such issues as global warming and El Nino. Oceans provides a complete overview of the ecosystem that exists in these bodies of water. From the coastal wetlands to the deep ocean waters, the geography, geology, chemistry, and physics of oceans are thoroughly examined in this volume. Today, the impact that human use of ocean resources has on these habitats, including habitat loss and overharvesting, is in constant debate. Oceans looks at these possible threats and concludes with a balanced look at the ways to manage the oceans, as well as the future of this ecosystem.