Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

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  • Author : James L. Bernat
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 472 pages
  • ISBN : 0444535047
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by James L. Bernat and published by Newnes which was released on 09 January 2014 with total page 472 pages. We cannot guarantee that Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethics Includes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James L. Bernat,Richard Beresford
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Eric Racine,Emily Bell,Michael Shevell
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Neurodevelopmental disabilities, like autism spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy are a common health problem in children. Given the impact of these conditions on children, families, and healthcare and social systems, the care of developmentally challenged children raises questions related to values and ethical principles. We review the common features of neurodevelopmental disorders that help understand the associated ethical questions. We focus on three major areas where ethical questions arise for clinicians and those involved in making decisions for or caring

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Robert M. Taylor
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Clinical ethics is the application of ethical theories, principles, rules, and guidelines to clinical situations in medicine. Therefore, clinical ethics is analogous to clinical medicine in that general principles and concepts must be applied intelligently and thoughtfully to unique clinical circumstances. The three major ethical theories are consequentialism, whereby the consequences of an action determine whether it is ethical; deontology, whereby to be ethical is to do one’s duty, and virtue ethics, whereby ethics is a matter of cultivating

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Lois Margaret Nora
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented. Examples

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Robert C. Macauley
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Perhaps no other field of medicine illustrates the ethical dilemmas occasioned by the explosion of technology more than neurology. Many dilemmas which at first appear to be ethical, however, are actually biotechnical, informational, or interpersonal in nature. For those which are, indeed, ethical, a review of existing information and acquisition of additional data can often serve to identify the proper response. When the optimal course of action remains unclear, the comprehensive, structured approach described in this chapter is both philosophically

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Marie-Aurélie Bruno,Steven Laureys,Athena Demertzi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Patients in coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and in minimally conscious states pose medical, scientific, and ethical challenges. As patients with disorders of consciousness are by definition unable to communicate, the assessment of pain, quality of life, and end-of-life preferences in these conditions can only be approached by adopting a third-person perspective. Surveys of healthcare workers’ attitudes towards pain and end of life in disorders of consciousness shed light on the background of clinical reality, where no standard medical-legal

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Timothy Lahey
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

The increasing conduct of clinical research in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is motivated by the desire to promote host country access to biomedical research, to enhance LMIC access to modern clinical care, and opportunities to conduct research with simpler regulatory requirements and at lower cost. Yet clinical research in LMIC is associated with ethical risks beyond those of clinical research conducted in high-income countries (HIC). Ethical challenges particular to clinical research in LMIC include the conduct of placebo-controlled clinical

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Peter B. Kang
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

The field of neurogenetics is moving so rapidly that new discoveries are announced almost weekly. The tools available for the diagnosis of neurogenetic disorders have become powerful and complex, and raise new ethical dilemmas that did not exist just a few years ago. In addition to previous concerns about presymptomatic genetic testing and carrier testing, the widening availability of next-generation sequencing raises concerns about the reporting of incidental findings of unclear significance. Genetically targeted therapies have now been proven to

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Eric Racine
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

In this chapter, evolution of ethics and bioethics is traced to show how an abstract and individualistic paradigm was at the core of mainstream ethics prior to the advent of bioethics and applied ethics. Bioethics has transformed this individualistic paradigm because of its inherent interdisciplinarity and real-world connection. This evolution has raised questions regarding how nonabstract (e.g., experiential) and nonindividualistic (e.g., social, relational) components of ethics could be married to normative theory and ethics reflection, the latter usually

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Eran Klein,Jason Karlawish
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Caring for persons with Alzheimer’s disease presents neurologists with ethical challenges. Some of these, such as end-of-life care or research participation, are well known and have significant overlap with challenges in other areas of medicine or other neurologic diseases, such as cancer or traumatic brain injury, while others, such as the rise of biomarker-based diagnostics, are more novel and reflect the impact of developments in the science and clinical care of Alzheimer’s disease. A thoughtful and systematic approach

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James A. Anderson,Marleen Eijkholt,Judy Illes
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

In this chapter, we use the special features of neuroimaging to illustrate research ethics issues for the clinical neurologic sciences, and focus on one particularly compelling case: studies involving first-episode schizophrenic treatment-naïve individuals (FESTNIs) (). FESTNIs are scanned prior to the administration of medication in order to control for the confounding effects of treatment. By concentrating on this program of research, we capture the distinctive ethical challenges associated with neuroimaging research overall, and foreground the issues particular to neuroimaging research

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Jerry Menikoff
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

A history of past abuses on research with human subjects has led to various sets of rules that are designed to insure ethical practices to protect research subjects appropriately. To understand these rules, it is important to appreciate the significant differences between being a patient, where protecting the best interests of that patient is the primary goal, and being a research subject, where that is generally not the case. In the research setting, there can be a conflict between attempting

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James L. Bernat
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release : 26 January 2022
GET THIS BOOK Ethical Issues in Neurology

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : James L. Bernat
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

The definition and criterion of death have been rendered ambiguous by developments in organ support technology, particularly the positive-pressure ventilator and vasopressor medications, that uncouple the unitary loss of vital functions in death and create cases in which the brain has been destroyed while circulation and ventilation can be supported. Developing a biophilosophic analysis of the meaning of death before physicians can declare it requires four sequential steps: (1) agreement on the paradigm conditions that frame the analysis and clarify the

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology
  • Author : Leo Mccluskey
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 09 January 2014
GET THIS BOOK Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Acute and chronic peripheral and/or central disorders of the voluntary motor system can produce profound paresis or paralysis, at times with ophthalmoplegia, while preserving consciousness and language function. Although at times appearing to be unconscious, these patients are awake and alert but unable to communicate, manipulate their environment, or participate in medical decision-making. Clinicians caring for these patients are ethically tasked with recognizing this clinical reality, enacting measures to facilitate communication, and abiding by ethical and legal principles that