Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery Development and Treatment

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  • Author : Shibashish Giri
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Pages : null pages
  • ISBN : 2889639320
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery Development and Treatment full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Shibashish Giri and published by Frontiers Media SA which was released on 07 August 2020 with total page null pages. We cannot guarantee that Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery Development and Treatment book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Establishment of a normal phenotype involves dynamic epigenetic regulation of gene expression that when affected contributes to human diseases. On a molecular level, epigenetic regulation is marked by specific covalent modifications (acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, sumoylation, PARylation and ubiquitylation) of DNA and its associated histones. Studies also suggest the influence of such epigenetic modifications on non-coding RNA expression implicated in normal and diseased phenotypes. Epigenetic control of genetic expression is a reversible process essential for normal development and function of an organism. Alteration of epigenetic regulation leads to various disease forms such as cancer, diabetes, inflammation and neuropsychiatric disorders. Assessing these alterations provides a deeper insight into the changes induced in the genome, which is often informative for identifying disease subtypes or developing suitable treatments. Therefore, epigenetics proves to be a key area of clinical investigation in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of complex diseases. Genetic mutations, environmental stress, pathogens and drugs of abuse are some of the predominant factors that induce and impact changes on chromatin, which directly dictate a diseased phenotype. It is essential to consider the interaction between genetic and epigenetic factors to understand the molecular mechanisms of complex human diseases for safer and efficient drug development. Furthermore, genetic variation in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) genes is insufficient to account for interindividual variability of drug response. Therefore, current efforts aim to identify epigenetic components of ADME gene regulation, which include phase-I and phase-II enzymes, uptake transporters, efflux transporters and nuclear receptors involved in regulation of ADME genes. Monitoring circulatory epigenetic biomarkers in liquid biopsies (blood, saliva, urine, cerebrospinal fluid) of disease-associated and drug-associated epigenetic alterations may prove useful for decision support for routine clinical treatment and drug discovery. Hence, recent drug discovery efforts on targeting the epigenome, has emerged an area of interest with several new drugs being developed, tested and some already approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These new insights into the complexities of epigenetic regulation are key contributors to our basic understanding of this process in human health and disease, which will provide scope for innovative drug therapies. It is of urgency to aid the present understanding of epigenomics driven diseased outcomes, with the expectation that further studies will identify early markers of disease and targets for therapeutics.

Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery Development and Treatment

Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery  Development and Treatment
  • Author : Shibashish Giri,Chandravanu Dash
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 07 August 2020
GET THIS BOOK Epigenetic Approaches in Drug Discovery Development and Treatment

Establishment of a normal phenotype involves dynamic epigenetic regulation of gene expression that when affected contributes to human diseases. On a molecular level, epigenetic regulation is marked by specific covalent modifications (acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, sumoylation, PARylation and ubiquitylation) of DNA and its associated histones. Studies also suggest the influence of such epigenetic modifications on non-coding RNA expression implicated in normal and diseased phenotypes. Epigenetic control of genetic expression is a reversible process essential for normal development and function of an

Epi Informatics

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 24 February 2016
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Epi-Informatics: Discovery and Development of Small Molecule Epigenetic Drugs and Probes features multidisciplinary strategies with strong computational approaches that have led to the successful discovery and/or optimization of compounds that act as modulators of epigenetic targets. This book is intended for all those using or wanting to learn more about computational methodologies in epigenetic drug discovery, including molecular modelers, informaticians, pharmaceutical scientists, and medicinal chemists. With a better understanding of different molecular modeling and cheminformatic approaches, readers can incorporate

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  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 27 March 2014
GET THIS BOOK Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine

The Future of Clinical Research and Health Care: From Empirical to Precision Medicine Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine explores recent advances related to biomarkers and their translation into clinical development. Leading clinicians, biostatisticians, regulators, commercial professionals, and researchers address the opportunities and challenges in successfully applying biomarkers in drug discovery and preclinical and clinical development. Robust Biomarkers for Drug Development and Disease Treatment The first four chapters discuss biomarker development from a clinical perspective. Coverage ranges from an

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  • Author : Janos Fischer,Wayne E. Childers
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 05 December 2016
GET THIS BOOK Successful Drug Discovery

Retaining the successful approach found in the previous volume in this series, the inventors and primary developers of drugs that successfully made it to market tell the story of the drug's discovery and development and relate the often twisted route from the first candidate molecule to the final marketed drug. eleven selected case studies describe recently introduced drugs that have not been previously covered in textbooks or general references. These range across six different therapeutic fields and provide a representative

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  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 21 August 2012
GET THIS BOOK Drug Discovery from Natural Products

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 03 October 2016
GET THIS BOOK Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery

Despite considerable technological advances, the pharmaceutical industry is experiencing a severe innovation deficit, especially in the discovery of new drugs. Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery: Ethnopharmacology, Systems Biology and Holistic Targeting provides a critical review and analysis of health, disease and medicine, and explores possible reasons behind the present crisis in drug discovery. The authors illustrate the benefits of systems biology and pharmacogenomics approaches, and advocate the expansion from disease-centric discovery to person-centric therapeutics involving holistic, multi-target, whole systems approaches.

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  • Author : Rudy Schreiber
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 17 June 2021
GET THIS BOOK Modern CNS Drug Discovery

This textbook provides a comprehensive overview of the currently used concepts, approaches and technologies in the discovery and development of new treatments for the full spectrum of disorders of the central nervous system. It guides the reader through all essential steps, from finding an innovative idea, to the registration of a new drug. Divided into four sections, the book starts by presenting a broad perspective on current approaches in central nervous system (CNS) drug discovery. The second section addresses the

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  • Author : Jose Luis Garcia-Gimenez
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 22 November 2021
GET THIS BOOK Epigenetics in Precision Medicine

In recent years, knowledge of epigenetic mechanisms underlying disease onset and progression has proven crucial for the development of novel early diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers for patient stratification and precision medicine. Epigenetics in Precision Medicine, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough discussion and overview of current developments in clinical epigenetics with special emphasis on epigenetic biomarkers that can be used for clinical diagnosis, prognosis, patient stratification, and treatment monitoring. Disease types discussed include cancer, metabolic

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 01 November 2019
GET THIS BOOK Prognostic Epigenetics

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can

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  • Author : Beverly A. Teicher
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 09 November 2007
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Leading experts summarize and synthesize the latest discoveries concerning the changes that occur in tumor cells as they develop resistance to anticancer drugs, and suggest new approaches to preventing and overcoming it. The authors review physiological resistance based upon tumor architecture, cellular resistance based on drug transport, epigenetic changes that neutralize or bypass drug cytotoxicity, and genetic changes that alter drug target molecules by decreasing or eliminating drug binding and efficacy. Highlights include new insights into resistance to antiangiogenic therapies,

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  • Author : Cell Press
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 10 December 2013
GET THIS BOOK Cell Press Reviews Cancer Therapeutics

Cell Press Reviews: Cancer Therapeutics informs, inspires, and connects cancer researchers at all stages in their careers with timely, comprehensive reviews written by leaders in the field and curated by Cell Press editors. The publicatio offers a broad view of some of the most compelling topics in cancer therapeutics including: Genetic approaches for personal oncology Targeting epigenetic dysregulation and protein interaction networks Vaccines and antibodies in cancer immunotherapy Tumor heterogeneity and chemotherapy resistance Tumor associated macrophages in anticancer treatment Contributions

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  • Author : Antonio Giordano,Marcella Macaluso
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 07 October 2011
GET THIS BOOK Cancer Epigenetics

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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 12 December 2013
GET THIS BOOK Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer

The growing knowledge about disturbances of epigenetic gene regulation in hematopoietic stem cell disorders is now being translated into treatment approaches that target the epigenetic defects pharmacologically. This book first presents the latest evidence regarding the epigenetic regulation of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation and hemoglobin production. The significance of DNA methylation abnormalities in hematopoietic disorders and of epigenetic disturbances in lung cancer and other solid tumors is then discussed. A major part of the book, however, relates specifically to the

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 13 August 2020
GET THIS BOOK Stem Cell Epigenetics

Stem Cell Epigenetics, Volume 16, examines how epigenetics are involved in stem cell differentiation, how a stem cell rapidly transitions into a molecularly distinct cell type, and how this process may be reversed or managed via epigenetic reprogramming. Topics discussed include chromatin in pluripotency, epigenetic regulation of reprogramming, stem cells and DNA methylation, histone modifications in stem cells and differentiation, higher-order chromatin conformation in pluripotent cells, epigenetics and disease modeling, organoids from pluripotent cells, transcriptional regulation in stem cells and differentiation,

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 15 March 2019
GET THIS BOOK Advances in Cancer Research

Advances in Cancer Research, Volume 142, the latest release in this ongoing, well-regarded serial, provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. Provides information on cancer research Offers outstanding and original reviews on a range of cancer research topics Serves as an indispensable reference for researchers and students alike