Entropy Of Complex Processes And Systems

Entropy Of Complex Processes And Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems
✏Author : Eugene Barsky
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2020-07-21
✏Pages : 308
✏ISBN : 9780128225394
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems Book Summary : Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions. Provides methodologies for controlling and optimizing complex processes in branches of industry that involve transformation of materials or substances Describes entropy as the universal characteristic of a stochastic process independent of the system Introduces a new definition of entropy specifically related to dynamical phenomena

Entropy Principle For The Development Of Complex Biotic Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems
✏Author : Ichiro Aoki
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 107
✏ISBN : 9780123914934
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems Book Summary : The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

Decoherence And Entropy In Complex Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems
✏Author : Hans-Thomas Elze
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2004-01-20
✏Pages : 403
✏ISBN : 3540206396
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems Book Summary : The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics And The Production Of Entropy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy
✏Author : Axel Kleidon
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2004-11-18
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 3540224955
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy Book Summary : The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Entropy Based Design And Analysis Of Fluids Engineering Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Entropy Based Design and Analysis of Fluids Engineering Systems
✏Author : Greg F. Naterer
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2008-02-27
✏Pages : 344
✏ISBN : 1420006916
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Entropy Based Design and Analysis of Fluids Engineering Systems Book Summary : From engineering fluid mechanics to power systems, information coding theory and other fields, entropy is key to maximizing performance in engineering systems. It serves a vital role in achieving the upper limits of efficiency of industrial processes and quality of manufactured products. Entropy based design (EBD) can shed new light on various flow processes, ranging from optimized flow configurations in an aircraft engine to highly ordered crystal structures in a turbine blade. Entropy Based Design of Fluid Engineering Systems provides an overview of EBD as an emerging technology with applications to aerospace, microfluidics, heat transfer, and other disciplines. The text extends past analytical methods of Entropy Generation Minimization to numerical simulations involving more complex configurations and experimental measurement techniques. The book begins with an extensive development of basic concepts, including the mathematical properties of entropy and exergy, as well as statistical and numerical formulations of the second law. It then goes on to describe topics related to incompressible flows and the Second Law in microfluidic systems. The authors develop computational and experimental methods for identifying problem regions within a system through the local rates of entropy production. With these techniques, designers can use EBD to focus on particular regions where design modifications can be made to improve system performance. Numerous case studies illustrate the concepts in each chapter, and cover an array of applications including supersonic flows, condensation and turbulence. A one-of-a-kind reference, Entropy Based Design of Fluid Engineering Systems outlines new advances showing how local irreversibilities can be detected in complex configurations so that engineering devices can be re-designed locally to improve overall performance.

The Local Information Dynamics Of Distributed Computation In Complex Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Local Information Dynamics of Distributed Computation in Complex Systems
✏Author : Joseph T. Lizier
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-11-06
✏Pages : 236
✏ISBN : 9783642329524
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Local Information Dynamics of Distributed Computation in Complex Systems Book Summary : The nature of distributed computation in complex systems has often been described in terms of memory, communication and processing. This thesis presents a complete information-theoretic framework to quantify these operations on information (i.e. information storage, transfer and modification), and in particular their dynamics in space and time. The framework is applied to cellular automata, and delivers important insights into the fundamental nature of distributed computation and the dynamics of complex systems (e.g. that gliders are dominant information transfer agents). Applications to several important network models, including random Boolean networks, suggest that the capability for information storage and coherent transfer are maximised near the critical regime in certain order-chaos phase transitions. Further applications to study and design information structure in the contexts of computational neuroscience and guided self-organisation underline the practical utility of the techniques presented here.

Foundations Of Complex Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Foundations of Complex Systems
✏Author : G. Nicolis
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9789814366618
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Foundations of Complex Systems Book Summary : This book provides a self-contained presentation of the physical and mathematical laws governing complex systems. Complex systems arising in natural, engineering, environmental, life and social sciences are approached from a unifying point of view using an array of methodologies such as microscopic and macroscopic level formulations, deterministic and probabilistic tools, modeling and simulation. The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of one of the most open, markedly interdisciplinary and fast-growing branches of present-day science.

Complexity Science Living Systems And Reflexing Interfaces New Models And Perspectives Book PDF
✏Book Title : Complexity Science Living Systems and Reflexing Interfaces New Models and Perspectives
✏Author : Orsucci, Franco
✏Publisher : IGI Global
✏Release Date : 2012-09-30
✏Pages : 466
✏ISBN : 9781466620780
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Complexity Science Living Systems and Reflexing Interfaces New Models and Perspectives Book Summary : There are new and important advancements in today’s complexity theories in ICT and requires an extraordinary perspective on the interaction between living systems and information technologies. With human evolution and its continuous link with the development of new tools and environmental changes, technological advancements are paving the way for new evolutionary steps. Complexity Science, Living Systems, and Reflexing Interfaces: New Models and Perspectives is a collection of research provided by academics and scholars aiming to introduce important advancements in areas such as artificial intelligence, evolutionary computation, neural networks, and much more. This scholarly piece will provide contributions that will define the line of development in complexity science.

📒The Complexity Paradox ✍ Kenneth Mossman

The Complexity Paradox Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Complexity Paradox
✏Author : Kenneth Mossman
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2014-08-26
✏Pages : 240
✏ISBN : 9780199330362
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Complexity Paradox Book Summary : Living systems exhibit a fundamental contradiction: they are highly stable and reliable, yet they have the capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. This paradoxical behavior arises from the complexity of life--a high degree of order and cooperation that emerges from relatively simple interactions among cellular components. The Complexity Paradox proposes inventive, interdisciplinary approaches to maintaining health and managing and preventing disease by considering the totality of human biology, from the cellular level on up to entire populations of individuals. From the perspective of complexity, which acknowledges that there are limits to what we can know, Kenneth L. Mossman opens the door to understanding essential life processes in new and extraordinary ways. By tying together evolution, functional dynamics, and investigations into how the body processes energy and uses genetic information, Mossman's analysis expresses a unified theory of biology that fills a critical niche for future research in biology, medicine, and public health.

Water In Biological And Chemical Processes Book PDF
✏Book Title : Water in Biological and Chemical Processes
✏Author : Biman Bagchi
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2013-11-14
✏Pages : 376
✏ISBN : 9781107434721
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Water in Biological and Chemical Processes Book Summary : Building up from microscopic basics to observed complex functions, this insightful monograph explains and describes how the unique molecular properties of water give rise to its structural and dynamical behaviour which in turn translates into its role in biological and chemical processes. The discussion of the biological functions of water details not only the stabilising effect of water in proteins and DNA, but also the direct role that water molecules themselves play in biochemical processes, such as enzyme kinetics, protein synthesis and drug-DNA interaction. The overview of the behaviour of water in chemical systems discusses hydrophilic, hydrophobic and amphiphilic effects, as well as the interactions of water with micelles, reverse micelles, microemulsions and carbon nanotubes. Supported by extensive experimental and computer simulation data, highlighting many of the recent advances in the study of water in complex systems, this is an ideal resource for anyone studying water at the molecular level.

Complex Dynamical Systems In Education Book PDF
✏Book Title : Complex Dynamical Systems in Education
✏Author : Matthijs Koopmans
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-02-19
✏Pages : 412
✏ISBN : 9783319275772
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Complex Dynamical Systems in Education Book Summary : This book capitalizes on the developments in dynamical systems and education by presenting some of the most recent advances in this area in seventeen non-overlapping chapters. The first half of the book discusses the conceptual framework of complex dynamical systems and its applicability to educational processes. The second half presents a set of empirical studies that that illustrate the use of various research methodologies to investigate complex dynamical processes in education, and help the reader appreciate what we learn about dynamical processes in education from using these approaches.

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Modern Engineering Thermodynamics
✏Author : Robert T. Balmer
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2011-01-25
✏Pages : 825
✏ISBN : 0080961738
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Modern Engineering Thermodynamics Book Summary : Modern Engineering Thermodynamics is designed for use in a standard two-semester engineering thermodynamics course sequence. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs. The text has numerous features that are unique among engineering textbooks, including historical vignettes, critical thinking boxes, and case studies. All are designed to bring real engineering applications into a subject that can be somewhat abstract and mathematical. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide opportunities to practice solving problems related to concepts in the text. Provides the reader with clear presentations of the fundamental principles of basic and applied engineering thermodynamics. Helps students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques. Introduces the Second Law of Thermodynamics through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic. Covers Property Values before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems offer students extensive opportunity to practice solving problems. Historical Vignettes, Critical Thinking boxes and Case Studies throughout the book help relate abstract concepts to actual engineering applications. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet. Available online testing and assessment component helps students assess their knowledge of the topics. Email [email protected] for details.

📒Symphony Of The Earth ✍ Johannes Herman Frederik Umbgrove

Symphony Of The Earth Book PDF
✏Book Title : Symphony of the Earth
✏Author : Johannes Herman Frederik Umbgrove
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-06-29
✏Pages : 220
✏ISBN : 9789401194631
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Symphony of the Earth Book Summary :

Entropy Measures Maximum Entropy Principle And Emerging Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Entropy Measures Maximum Entropy Principle and Emerging Applications
✏Author : Karmeshu
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2003-03-11
✏Pages : 297
✏ISBN : 3540002421
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Entropy Measures Maximum Entropy Principle and Emerging Applications Book Summary : This book is dedicated to Prof. J. Kapur and his contributions to the field of entropy measures and maximum entropy applications. Eminent scholars in various fields of applied information theory have been invited to contribute to this Festschrift, collected on the occasion of his 75th birthday. The articles cover topics in the areas of physical, biological, engineering and social sciences such as information technology, soft computing, nonlinear systems or molecular biology with a thematic coherence. The volume will be useful to researchers working in these different fields enabling them to see the underlying unity and power of entropy optimization frameworks.

Diet And Exercise In Cognitive Function And Neurological Diseases Book PDF
✏Book Title : Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases
✏Author : Akhlaq A. Farooqui
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2015-02-06
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9781118840566
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases Book Summary : Diet and exercise have long been recognized as important components of a healthy lifestyle, as they have a great impact on improving cardiovascular and cerebrovascular functions, lowering the risk of metabolic disorders, and contributing to healthy aging. As a greater proportion of the world’s population is living longer, there has been increased interest in understanding the role of nutrition and exercise in long-term neurological health and cognitive function. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases discusses the role and impact that nutrition and activity have on cognitive function and neurological health. The book is divided into two sections. The first section focuses on diet and its impact on neurobiological processes. Chapters focus on the impacts of specific diets, such as the Mediterranean, ketogenic and vegan diets, as well as the role of specific nutrients, fats, fatty acids, and calorie restriction on neurological health and cognitive function. The second section of the book focuses on exercise, and its role in maintaining cognitive function, reducing neuroinflammatory responses, regulating adult neurogenesis, and healthy brain aging. Other chapters look at the impact of exercise in the management of specific neurological disorders such Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases is a timely reference on the neurobiological interplay between diet and exercise on long-term brain health and cognitive function.

📒Beyond The Second Law ✍ Roderick C. Dewar

Beyond The Second Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : Beyond the Second Law
✏Author : Roderick C. Dewar
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2013-12-02
✏Pages : 434
✏ISBN : 9783642401541
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Beyond the Second Law Book Summary : The Second Law, a cornerstone of thermodynamics, governs the average direction of dissipative, non-equilibrium processes. But it says nothing about their actual rates or the probability of fluctuations about the average. This interdisciplinary book, written and peer-reviewed by international experts, presents recent advances in the search for new non-equilibrium principles beyond the Second Law, and their applications to a wide range of systems across physics, chemistry and biology. Beyond The Second Law brings together traditionally isolated areas of non-equilibrium research and highlights potentially fruitful connections between them, with entropy production playing the unifying role. Key theoretical concepts include the Maximum Entropy Production principle, the Fluctuation Theorem, and the Maximum Entropy method of statistical inference. Applications of these principles are illustrated in such diverse fields as climatology, cosmology, crystal growth morphology, Earth system science, environmental physics, evolutionary biology and technology, fluid turbulence, microbial biogeochemistry, plasma physics, and radiative transport, using a wide variety of analytical and experimental techniques. Beyond The Second Law will appeal to students and researchers wishing to gain an understanding of entropy production and its central place in the science of non-equilibrium systems – both in detail and in terms of the bigger picture.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
✏Author : Yasar Demirel
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2007-10-10
✏Pages : 754
✏ISBN : 008055136X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book Summary : Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences. Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

Thermodynamic Optimization Of Complex Energy Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Thermodynamic Optimization of Complex Energy Systems
✏Author : Adrian Bejan
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1999-07-31
✏Pages : 465
✏ISBN : 0792357264
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Thermodynamic Optimization of Complex Energy Systems Book Summary : A comprehensive assessment of the methodologies of thermodynamic optimization, exergy analysis and thermoeconomics, and their application to the design of efficient and environmentally sound energy systems. The chapters are organized in a sequence that begins with pure thermodynamics and progresses towards the blending of thermodynamics with other disciplines, such as heat transfer and cost accounting. Three methods of analysis stand out: entropy generation minimization, exergy (or availability) analysis, and thermoeconomics. The book reviews current directions in a field that is both extremely important and intellectually alive. Additionally, new directions for research on thermodynamics and optimization are revealed.

📒Social Entropy Theory ✍ Kenneth D. Bailey

Social Entropy Theory Book PDF
✏Book Title : Social Entropy Theory
✏Author : Kenneth D. Bailey
✏Publisher : SUNY Press
✏Release Date : 1990-01-01
✏Pages : 310
✏ISBN : 0791400565
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Social Entropy Theory Book Summary : Social Entropy Theory illuminates the fundamental problems of societal analysis with a nonequilibrium approach, a new frame of reference built upon contemporary macrological principles, including general systems theory and information theory. Social entropy theory, using Shannon's H and the entropy concept, avoids the common (and often artificial) separation of theory and method in sociology. The hallmark of the volume is integration, as seen in the author's interdisciplinary discussions of equilibrium, entropy, and homeostasis. Unique features of the book are the introduction of the three-level model of social measurement, the theory of allocation, the concepts of global-mutable-immutable, discussion of order and power, and a large set of testable hypotheses.

A Complete Course In Isc Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Complete Course in ISC Biology
✏Author : V. B. Rastogi
✏Publisher : Pitambar Publishing
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages : 592
✏ISBN : 8120908228
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Complete Course in ISC Biology Book Summary :

The Jossey Bass Reader On Educational Leadership Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Jossey Bass Reader on Educational Leadership
✏Author : Jossey-Bass Publishers
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2012-06-14
✏Pages : 496
✏ISBN : 9781118429655
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Jossey Bass Reader on Educational Leadership Book Summary : This expanded and thoroughly updated edition of the popular anthology assembles the best book excerpts, articles, and reports that define and drive the field of educational leadership today. Filled with critical insights from respected authors, education researchers, and expert practitioners, this comprehensive volume features twenty-six chapters in six primary areas of interest: Principles of Leadership, Moral Leadership, Culture and Change, Standards and Systems, Diversity and Leadership, and the Future of Leadership.

Proceedings Of The Ninth International Conference On Dependability And Complex Systems Depcos Relcomex June 30 July 4 2014 Brun W Poland Book PDF
✏Book Title : Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS RELCOMEX June 30 July 4 2014 Brun w Poland
✏Author : Wojciech Zamojski
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-05-16
✏Pages : 534
✏ISBN : 9783319070131
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS RELCOMEX June 30 July 4 2014 Brun w Poland Book Summary : DepCoS – RELCOMEX is an annual series of conferences organized by Wrocław University of Technology to promote a comprehensive approach to evaluation of system performability which is now commonly called dependability. In contrast to classic analyses which were concentrated on reliability of technical resources and structures built from them, dependability is based on multi-disciplinary approach to theory, technology and maintenance of a system considered to be a multifaceted amalgamation of technical, information, organization, software and human (users, administrators, supervisors, etc.) resources. Diversity of processes being realized (data processing, system management, system monitoring, etc.), their concurrency and their reliance on in-system intelligence often severely impedes construction of strict mathematical models and calls for application of intelligent and soft computing methods. This book presents the proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS-RELCOMEX, which took place in Brunów Palace, Poland, from 30th June to 4th July, 2014. The articles selected for this volume illustrate the variety of topics that must be included in system dependability analysis: tools, methodologies and standards for modelling, design and simulation of the systems, security and confidentiality in information processing, specific issues of heterogeneous, today often wireless, computer networks or management of transportation networks.

Energy Optimization In Process Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Energy Optimization in Process Systems
✏Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2009-05-06
✏Pages : 768
✏ISBN : 008091442X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Energy Optimization in Process Systems Book Summary : Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

📒Foundations Of Complex Systems ✍ Gregoire Nicolis

Foundations Of Complex Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Foundations of Complex Systems
✏Author : Gregoire Nicolis
✏Publisher : World Scientific
✏Release Date : 2012-03-08
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9789814458160
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Foundations of Complex Systems Book Summary : This book provides a self-contained presentation of the physical and mathematical laws governing complex systems. Complex systems arising in natural, engineering, environmental, life and social sciences are approached from a unifying point of view using an array of methodologies such as microscopic and macroscopic level formulations, deterministic and probabilistic tools, modeling and simulation. The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of one of the most open, markedly interdisciplinary and fast-growing branches of present-day science. Contents:The Phenomenology of Complex Systems:Complexity, a New ParadigmSignatures of ComplexityOnset of ComplexityFour Case StudiesSumming UpDeterministic View:Dynamical Systems, Phase Space, StabilityLevels of DescriptionNormal FormsThe Limit of UniversalityDeterministic ChaosEmergenceCoupling-Induced ComplexityModeling Complexity Beyond Physical ScienceProbabilistic Description:Need for a Probabilistic ApproachProbability Distributions and Their Evolution LawsThe Retrieval of UniversalityComplexity in the Probabilistic DescriptionEmergence RevisitedTransitions Between StatesSimulating Complex SystemsDisorder-Generated ComplexityComplexity, Entropy and Information:Information EntropyDynamical EntropiesInformation Entropy ProductionLarge Deviations, Fluctuation Theorems and the Probabilistic Properties of Time SequencesAlgorithmic Complexity and ComputationDynamical Systems as Information Sources: Scaling Rules and SelectionFurther Information MeasuresSumming UpPrediction:Communicating with a Complex SystemClassical Approaches and Their LimitationsNonlinear Data AnalysisThe Monitoring of Complex FieldsThe Predictability HorizonRecurrenceExtreme EventsSelected Topics:The Arrow of TimeNanosystemsAtmospheric DynamicsClimate DynamicsNetworksPerspectives on Biological ComplexityEquilibrium Versus Nonequilibrium in Complexity and Self-OrganizationEpistemological Insights from Complex SystemsOutlook. The Future of Complexity Readership: Graduate students, researchers, academics and professionals interested in nonlinear science. Keywords:Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Self-Organization;Emergence;Probability and Information;Predictability;Non-Equilibrium Systems;Irreversibility;Systems BiologyKey Features:A unique vision highlighting complexity as part of fundamental science and a clear, unifying presentation of the concepts and tools needed to analyze complex systemsIllustrates the interdisciplinary dimension of complexity research through representative examples pertaining to problems of current concernNew edition, including a large collection of exercises and problems with hints for solution and an updated survey of the literatureReviews: “The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of the field.” Zentralblatt MATH

📒Modern Thermodynamics ✍ Dilip Kondepudi

Modern Thermodynamics Book PDF
✏Book Title : Modern Thermodynamics
✏Author : Dilip Kondepudi
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-11-05
✏Pages : 552
✏ISBN : 9781118698709
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Modern Thermodynamics Book Summary : Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to 20th century thermodynamics that can be applied to both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems, unifying what was traditionally divided into ‘thermodynamics’ and ‘kinetics’ into one theory of irreversible processes. This comprehensive text, suitable for introductory as well as advanced courses on thermodynamics, has been widely used by chemists, physicists, engineers and geologists. Fully revised and expanded, this new edition includes the following updates and features: Includes a completely new chapter on Principles of Statistical Thermodynamics. Presents new material on solar and wind energy flows and energy flows of interest to engineering. Covers new material on self-organization in non-equilibrium systems and the thermodynamics of small systems. Highlights a wide range of applications relevant to students across physical sciences and engineering courses. Introduces students to computational methods using updated Mathematica codes. Includes problem sets to help the reader understand and apply the principles introduced throughout the text. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material provided online at http://sites.google.com/site/modernthermodynamics/. Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition is an essential resource for undergraduate and graduate students taking a course in thermodynamics.

Complex Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Complex Systems
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1997
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCSC:32106012584832
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Complex Systems Book Summary :

Organic Reaction Mechanisms Book PDF
✏Book Title : Organic Reaction Mechanisms
✏Author : Bansal
✏Publisher : Tata McGraw-Hill Education
✏Release Date : 1998-02
✏Pages : 611
✏ISBN : 0074620835
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Organic Reaction Mechanisms Book Summary :

📒Complex Nonlinearity ✍ Vladimir G. Ivancevic

Complex Nonlinearity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Complex Nonlinearity
✏Author : Vladimir G. Ivancevic
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-05-31
✏Pages : 844
✏ISBN : 9783540793571
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Complex Nonlinearity Book Summary : Complex Nonlinearity: Chaos, Phase Transitions, Topology Change and Path Integrals is a book about prediction & control of general nonlinear and chaotic dynamics of high-dimensional complex systems of various physical and non-physical nature and their underpinning geometro-topological change. The book starts with a textbook-like expose on nonlinear dynamics, attractors and chaos, both temporal and spatio-temporal, including modern techniques of chaos–control. Chapter 2 turns to the edge of chaos, in the form of phase transitions (equilibrium and non-equilibrium, oscillatory, fractal and noise-induced), as well as the related field of synergetics. While the natural stage for linear dynamics comprises of flat, Euclidean geometry (with the corresponding calculation tools from linear algebra and analysis), the natural stage for nonlinear dynamics is curved, Riemannian geometry (with the corresponding tools from nonlinear, tensor algebra and analysis). The extreme nonlinearity – chaos – corresponds to the topology change of this curved geometrical stage, usually called configuration manifold. Chapter 3 elaborates on geometry and topology change in relation with complex nonlinearity and chaos. Chapter 4 develops general nonlinear dynamics, continuous and discrete, deterministic and stochastic, in the unique form of path integrals and their action-amplitude formalism. This most natural framework for representing both phase transitions and topology change starts with Feynman’s sum over histories, to be quickly generalized into the sum over geometries and topologies. The last Chapter puts all the previously developed techniques together and presents the unified form of complex nonlinearity. Here we have chaos, phase transitions, geometrical dynamics and topology change, all working together in the form of path integrals. The objective of this book is to provide a serious reader with a serious scientific tool that will enable them to actually perform a competitive research in modern complex nonlinearity. It includes a comprehensive bibliography on the subject and a detailed index. Target readership includes all researchers and students of complex nonlinear systems (in physics, mathematics, engineering, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology, economics, medicine, etc.), working both in industry/clinics and academia.

📒Dynamical Systems ✍ Jürgen Jost

Dynamical Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Dynamical Systems
✏Author : Jürgen Jost
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2006-03-30
✏Pages : 190
✏ISBN : 9783540288893
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Dynamical Systems Book Summary : Breadth of scope is unique Author is a widely-known and successful textbook author Unlike many recent textbooks on chaotic systems that have superficial treatment, this book provides explanations of the deep underlying mathematical ideas No technical proofs, but an introduction to the whole field that is based on the specific analysis of carefully selected examples Includes a section on cellular automata

📒Asiasim 2012 Part Iii ✍ Tianyuan Xiao

Asiasim 2012 Part Iii Book PDF
✏Book Title : AsiaSim 2012 Part III
✏Author : Tianyuan Xiao
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2012-10-06
✏Pages : 444
✏ISBN : 9783642343872
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏AsiaSim 2012 Part III Book Summary : The Three-Volume-Set CCIS 323, 324, 325 (AsiaSim 2012) together with the Two-Volume-Set CCIS 326, 327 (ICSC 2012) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Asia Simulation Conference, AsiaSim 2012, and the International Conference on System Simulation, ICSC 2012, held in Shanghai, China, in October 2012. The 267 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 906 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling theory and technology; modeling and simulation technology on synthesized environment and virtual reality environment; pervasive computing and simulation technology; embedded computing and simulation technology; verification, validation and accreditation technology; networked modeling and simulation technology; modeling and simulation technology of continuous system, discrete system, hybrid system, and intelligent system; high performance computing and simulation technology; cloud simulation technology; modeling and simulation technology of complex system and open, complex, huge system; simulation based acquisition and virtual prototyping engineering technology; simulator; simulation language and intelligent simulation system; parallel and distributed software; CAD, CAE, CAM, CIMS, VP, VM, and VR; visualization; computing and simulation applications in science and engineering; computing and simulation applications in management, society and economics; computing and simulation applications in life and biomedical engineering; computing and simulation applications in energy and environment; computing and simulation applications in education; computing and simulation applications in military field; computing and simulation applications in medical field.