Engineered Biomimicry

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  • Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 496 pages
  • ISBN : 0123914329
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Engineered Biomimicry full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Akhlesh Lakhtakia and published by Newnes which was released on 24 May 2013 with total page 496 pages. We cannot guarantee that Engineered Biomimicry book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Lianbing Zhang,Mato Knez
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

With the development of new synthetic procedures and technological processes, the interest in biomimicry has gathered rejuvenation in the past decades. One particularly interesting research method is the atomic layer deposition (ALD), which was established in various fields of technology as a vacuum-based chemical-processing technique and enabler for the deposition of extremely thin functional coatings. The benefits of this technology over similar techniques make it increasingly attractive for applications in biomimicry. In this chapter, short descriptions of the technology and

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Javaan Chahl,Akiko Mizutani
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Insects are dependent on the spatial, spectral, and temporal distributions of light in the environment for flight control and navigation. This chapter reports on flight trials of implementations of insect-inspired behaviors on unmanned aerial vehicles. Optical-flow methods for maintaining a constant height above ground and a constant course have been demonstrated to provide navigational capabilities that are impossible using conventional avionics sensors. Precision control of height above ground and ground course were achieved over long distances. Other demonstrated vision-based techniques

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Thamira Hindo,Shantanu Chakrabartty
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Even though current micro-nano fabrication technology has reached integration levels at which ultra-sensitive sensors can be fabricated, the sensing performance (bits per Joule) of synthetic systems are still orders of magnitude inferior to those observed in neurobiology. For example, the filiform hair in crickets operates at fundamental limits of noise and energy efficiency. Another example is the auditory sensor in the parasitoid fly Ormia ochracea that can precisely localize ultra-faint acoustic signatures in spite of the underlying physical limitations. Even

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Mohsen Shahinpoor
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

This chapter discusses properties and characteristics of ionic biopolymer-metal nanocomposites (IBMCs) as biomimetic multifunctional distributed nanoactuators, nanosensors, nanotransducers, and artificial muscles. After presenting some fundamental properties of biomimetic distributed nanosensing and nanoactuation of ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) and IBMCs, the discussion extends to some recent advances in the manufacturing techniques and 3-D fabrication of IBMCs and some recent modeling and simulations, sensing and transduction, and product development. This chapter also presents procedures on how biopolymers such as chitosan and perfluorinated

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Michael S. Ellison
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

In a sense, the archetype of bioinspiration for materials design and use is textiles. The field of biomimesis has spawned many new materials and continues to be a fruitful field of investigation. This chapter presents the current state of bioinspiration in textiles, how this has resulted in improved fibrous materials, how it may inform our continued progress. Because I have found many preconceived notions about the field that need addressing before the application of biomimetics to textiles can be truly

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Torben Lenau,Thomas Hesselberg
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Self-organization and self-healing appeal to humans because difficult and repeated actions can be avoided through automation via bottom-up nonhierarchical processes. This is in contrast to the top-level controlled manner we normally apply as an action strategy in manufacturing and maintenance work. This chapter presents eight different self-organizing and self-healing approaches in nature and takes a look at realized and potential applications. Furthermore, the core principles for each approach are described using simplified drawings in order to make the ideas behind

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Aditi S. Risbud,Michael H. Bartl
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Nature generates structurally complex architectures with feature sizes covering several length scales under rather simple environmental conditions and with limited resources. Today, researchers understand how many of these structures look and behave, but, in many instances, we still lack nature’s ability to marry elegant structures with complex functionality. By unraveling the wonders of nature’s design, scientists have developed biomimetic and biotemplated materials with entirely new functions and behaviors. In particular, solution-based methods provide simple, inexpensive routes to generating

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Princeton Carter,Narayan Bhattarai
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

The fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) scaffold architectures that closely approximate or effectively mimic native tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential for regenerative success. In tissue engineering, native differentiable cells are incorporated into 3D scaffolds along with growth factors and other proteins. Materials used for the 3D scaffold construction must be biocompatible and bioresorbable to minimize adverse reactions during tissue regeneration. A 3D architecture is created by utilizing materials with specific surface properties, porosity, mechanical strength, etc., to improve desired cell

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Erwin A. Vogler
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

The principal motivation behind surface engineering and modification for improved biocompatibility of a biomaterial is to control interactions of the biomaterial with components of living systems or subsets thereof in a manner that mimics the normal physiological state or produces a desired change in biological state. This pursuit of biomimicry is discussed in this chapter within the context of the core mechanisms of the biological response to materials. A tutorial on surfaces, interfaces, and interphases leads to the identification of

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : H.D. Wolpert
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Animals, insects, and birds are capable of some amazing feats of speed, jumping, weight carrying, and endurance capabilities. As Olympic contestants, the records of these competitors challenge and in many cases exceed the best of human exploits and inspire us to emulate natural mechanisms and functionalities.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Blayne M. Phillips,Peng Jiang
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

The compound eyes of moths are composed by hexagonal arrays of non-close-packed nipples that exhibit low reflectance. The outer surface of the cornea of a moth consists of periodic arrays of conical protuberances, termed corneal nipples, typically of sub-250nm height and spacing. These arrays of subwavelength nipples generate a graded transition of refractive index, leading to minimized reflection over a broad range of wavelengths and angles of incidence. In this chapter, the fabrication, characterization, and modeling of moth-eye antireflection

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Ranjan Vepa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Some basic features of biomimetic robotics and the technologies that are facilitating their development are discussed in this chapter. The emergence of smart materials and structures, smart sensors and actuators capable of mimicking biological transducers, bio-inspired signal-processing techniques, modeling and control of manipulators resembling biological limbs, and the shape control of flexible systems are the primary areas in which recent technological advances have taken place. Some key applications of these technological developments in the design of morphing airfoils, modeling and

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Jayant Sirohi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

This chapter describes recent developments in the area of manmade microflyers. The design space for microflyers is described, along with fundamental physical limits to miniaturizing mechanisms, energy storage, and electronics. Aspects of aerodynamics at the scale of microflyers are discussed. Microflyer concepts developed by a number of researchers are described in detail. Because the focus is on bioinspiration and biomimetics, scaled-down versions of conventional aircraft, such as fixed-wing micro air vehicles and micro-helicopters, are not addressed. Modeling of the aeromechanics

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Mohammad Mirkhalaf,Deju Zhu,Francois Barthelat
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 24 May 2013
GET THIS BOOK Engineered Biomimicry

Materials such as bone, teeth, and seashells possess remarkable combinations of properties despite the poor structural quality of their ingredients (brittle minerals and soft proteins). Nacre from mollusk shells is 3,000 times tougher than the brittle mineral it is made of, a level of toughness amplification currently unmatched by any engineering material. For this reason, nacre has become the model for bio-inspiration for novel structural materials. The structure of nacre is organized over several length scales, but the microscopic brick-and-mortar arrangement